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o with such knowledge as to fce, that what?oever things were written aforetime in holy fcripture were written for our learning.'
Mr. Greenhill, we imagine, has good lungs that will carry him through the longest fentence; but woe be to those who are obliged to read after him. Art 22. A Sermon preached at the Ordination of the Reverend
Mr. William Porter, July 7, 1756, at Miles's Lane, London, by John Conder. Together with an Introductory Discourse, by Timothy Jollie. 11r. Porcer's Confeffion of Faith. And an Exhortation to him, by Thomas Hall. 8ve. Pr. is. Buckland.
The reader will easily perceive from the title page, the pleasure or profit which he has to expect from this pious performance : after* Mr. Timothy Jollie's introductory discourse follows Mr. Porter's confeffion of faith, from which we shall extract an article or two for the benefit of our readers, and leave them to peruse the relt whenever they fall find any inclination to it
Art. IV. • I believe, that God from all cternity, according to the • counsel of his own will, and for the exaltation of his glorious • attributes, hath fore-ordained whatsoever comes to pass ; yet so, • that he is not the author of fin, nor is any violence offered to
the will of the creature ; and though God certainly knows what'soever does, or can come to pafs on all supposed conditions, "yet we are not to conceive, that the purposes of his will depend upon his foreknowledge in these cases. à Being predestinated ac
cording to the purpose of him, who worketh all things after the “ counsel of his own will."
Art. XI. • I believe, that our persons are not only guilty, but • our natures depraved, and unclean through the fall; that • hearts are deceitful above all things and desperately wicked; that our • minds and consciences are defiled; that we are spiritually dead in • trespasses and fins, having no hope, and withoni God in the worl!.
Art. XII. I believe, that God from all eternity, forefeeing man's rebellion against him, had thoughts of peace towards fome of his apoftate creatures ; and therefore merely out of the riches of his sovereign grace and distinguishing love, and not from a foresight of any good in them, did eletă a particular number to · holiness here, and happiness hereafter. According as he hath “ chosen us in him, before the foundation of the world, that we “ should be holy, and without blame before him in love. Who “ hach saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not accord.. "ing to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace " which was given us in Chrift, before the world began.'
Art. XIX. I believe, that those whom God has elected, ho • doth in his own due time call by his grace, out of a state of * darkness into his marvellous light, and om the power of fin and. • satan to the living God; effečtually drawing them to himfelf by * his word and spirit; yet so as they come most freely, they being by this grace made truly willing in the day of his power.
“ Whom he did predestinate them he also called, and whom he
called, them he also justified. Art. XX. • Accordingly I believe, that those whom God effectually calls, he justifies by the righteousness of Jesus Christ, they • being enabled by the influences of the Spirit, to trust in him, and receive his righteousness by faith, which is hereupon imputed to them, so that their fins are pardoned, their persons are accepted, they being freed from all the demands of the law • and justice: and all this, not for any thing wrought in them, or • done by them, but for Christ's sake alone. Being justified
freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Chrift. « For he hath made him to be fin for us, who knew no fin, “ that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.'.
XXIII. I believe, that those whom God calls and sanctifies .by his Spirit, Mall never finally fall away from grace, but per• severe to the end, and be eternally saved. " For whom he · justifies, them he also glorifies. Who are kept by the power of “God, through faith to falvation, Receiving the end of your faith, the salvation of
fouls." Art. 23. Some important Cafes of Conscience answered, at the
Casuistical Exercise, on Wednesday Evenings, in Little St. Helen's, Bishopsgate-Street, by S. Pike and S. Hayward. Vol. II. 8vo. Pr. Is. 6 d. Buckland.
Where Meff. Pike and Hayward took their degrees in Theology, or who made them Cajuistical Profesjors, we cannot pretend to de. termine: the questions however seem extremely well adapted to the persons who answer ther; and are only fit for the dirty euthufiafts of Little St. Helen's: viz.
• How may we diftinguith the suggestions of Satan from the cor“ruptions of our own hearts?
How may a person know when he has the affiftance of the • Spirit in prayer ?
How may we keep from spiritual pride after special enlargements • in duty ?
• How may a Christian know that he grows in Grace? &c. &c.
The rest of the questions are of a piece with these : a very short extract from Mr. Harward's answer to the last, which we have in.. serted, viz. How may a Christian know that he grows in grace is will be sufficient to give our readers an idea of this notable per. formance :
• Sometimes (fay's Nir. Hayward) growth in grace is more quick • and visible. God does great work in a little time. Some. Christians make great improvements, and come foon to a late : of manhood. They ripen apace for a better world, and make * great advances in divine life. When God is as dez to their souls, • they revive as the corn, grozu as the vine, thoot forth their
branches, and make a green and flourishing appearance. When “ the sun of righteousness arises upon them with healing under his “ wings, they go forth, and grow up as calves of the llall.' Md. civ. 2.
As the sun in his return from the winter solstice by his "warmth nourishes frozen Nature, and makes it look green and
« beautiful ;
• beautiful; fo when the fun of righteousness, after some long time • of withdrawment, comes to shine again upon the soul, he feels * the warmth of his reviving , beams, and finds a glorious and • sudden alteration. He is then like calves of the fall, which are • fitting for Naughter, and therefore makes much quicker im“provements than those that are in the open field : The Christian, • like them, grows fat, and makes very vilible advances in holiness. • When God fills the pool of ordinances with his heavenly rain, we • are fenfible of it, feel the refreihment, and go
from ftrength to • ftrength.'
We apprehend this specimen will abundantly satisfy the curiosity of our readers, and shall therefore conclude this article by subjoining to the cases of conscience the following question, which we submit to the solution of these two learned divines, viz. ·
Whether Meff. Pike and Hayward could not employ themselves much more rationally and usefully in some honest trade or profession, than in thus bewildering themselves and others in idle discuffions, and fruitless lectures at Little St. Helen's?? Art. 24. The odious nature of Unfaithfulness in general, with
some particular aggravations of its guilt, and preservatives from it. A Sermon preached at Stafford, August 22, 1756. at the Alfizes held there by the Right Honourable the Lord Chief Baron Parker, and the Honourable Mr. Justice Clive, boy Joleph Crewe, D. D. Rector of Muxon, Staffordshire. 4to. Pr. 6 d. Whifton and White.
The author in this sermon endeavours to sew the evil tendency of unfaithfulness ; from the confideration, first, of its nature and effects in general; and, secondly, the aggravations of guilt, which it deriveth from some particular circumstances not uncommonly attending it. The discourse is well adapted to the occasion, and might, for aught we know, have its desired effect on the congregation during its delivery, which we apprehend is as much as any modern preacher can expect: it cannot however give much pleasure in the clolet, on account of ftile, which from a visible affectation of purity is rendered extremely tiff and disagreeable. For instance :
• By opposing (Jays the Doctor) the circulation of good offices, or wilfully failing in their reciprocal performance, it .. tendeth to destroy the cement of society: and out of the very foundation, on which hopes of the best services had, not unreafonably, been
built, it caufeth apprehensions of the worst to spring.' Is not the last period remarkably aukward ? And again a little further in the discourse :
When the plumage, as it were, of the most innoxious animal is assumed, for the fake of infusing the venom of the most noxious, without
any, 'or wich less, fufpicion; what had been called a bene: •ficent or friendly mind, loseth, at once, its nature and its name ; and degenerateth into the meanness of infamous craft, and the
malignity of dangerous perfidy. lll designs, profeffed, alarm our caution, and put us upon our guard: and from the dishonour or * "detriment, projected by an open enemy, fecurity may successfully, * fometimes, be fought in retirement, or prudent methods of defence. * But, in walking or maintaining familiar intercourse with the un
faithful, disguiled under the mask of friends, we walk, as it were, and on fire, concealed under materials of harmless appearance: and, % whilft our feeps had seemed to be safely: taken; continually are we indangered by the latent deceit.'.....
As this, author doth, in our opinion, seem to labour under kind of tumour, or verlofity, which cannot but be painful to himself as well as his readers, we would recommend to him as the terta piacula, a frequent perasal of the works of Addison, Skerlack, and Middleton, which could not fail of-reducing his hydrops, and rendering his next performance less elaborate and prolix, as well as much more correct and intelligible.
E have received an angry letter from fome zealous, friend of
Dr. Patter, concerning our remarks on that gentleman's Apology: (see our Review NO VIII, Art. 7.) the letter is fign'd 11.11, which, being interpreted, cin only fignify--miftaken man: The author hath there ventured to allert, that the CRITICAL Reviewers have some latent conneftions to warp their integrily, that they con dispense with faults in one writer, which they never pardan in another, and that the REV! E.wis an body astice, erected for tbe beretical prarity of thole mifoelievers who differ from a particuXar set of men, patronised and protected by the authors of the REXIEW. In answer to this and all other such charitable opinions of our pers formance, we beg leave in justice to ourselves to afiure 11. 1. or the miftaken tan, that we are inthely guiltless of the crines laid to our charge ; that to his friend, Dr. Patten, we are abloluie ftrangers, and as to his adversary the author of the Remarks on the bife op of London's Discourses, whom the ketter-writer is so angry with us foç admiring, we do not so much as kno:v his name ; we have no pri yate connections, prejudice, or parziality in favour of or opposition to any particular set of men, We only claim an equal privilege with the reit of mankind of declaring our opinions, and shall alivays fubmit them' with the utinost deference to the judgment and determination of the public,
We are oblig'd to T: H. for the hints given us in his Lester, and fhould have been glad if he had menu, n'd the pieces of poetry, & Co omitted in our REVIEW, that we may give our remarks on chem the firit opportunity.
The typographical errors pointed out io us by our obliging cora respondent X. M. fhall be taken notice of in our errata; the adiice which he has given will be followed, and the uniformity which is recomends, obfervd.
For the Month of December, 1756.
ARTICLE I. The History of Great Britain. Vol. II. Containing the Com
monwealth, and the Reigns of Charles II. and James II. By David Hume, Esq; 4to.
Price 14 s. in Boards. Millar. HIS is one of the few performances of modern authors, which we
can read with satisfaction and commend with pleasure. The materials are well arranged; the facts are, in general, related with perspicuity and precision ; new lights are thrown upon many occurrences which were not well understood before : the connections of states, and politics of princes, are judiciously explained and unravelled : the paroxysms of the English constitution carefully noted and diligently described : the characters accurately delineated, and the relections just and pertinent. The author seems to be master of his subject : his language is copious, and his diction correct. Yet with all this merit, the work may not be altogether without imperfections.
We do not, however, by way of reproach, observe, that the historian seeins to have begun his performance with a warm (not to call it a weak) side towards those princes of the Stuart family who have sat upon the throne of England, and a pique, of education, against the Protestant Diffenters. Without such prepossessions, perhaps, no writer ever assumed the pen; and we have the less reason to impute them as capital defects to Mr. Hume, as they do not seem to have warped him from the truth in any part of the narration : on the contrary, we think we can perceive, in the course of his production, those prejudices vanishing before the power of histoVOL. II. Cc