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“ It requiring a proper person to infpect into and manage “ those affairs, I have taken upon me to give Mr. Milbourne “ Marshe (his majesty's naval officer that was at Mahon, and “ who came down with Capt. Edgcumbe) an order to act as « master shipwright, which I hope, their lordships will ap« prove, and have given him orders to use his beft endeavours “ to put the wharf, &c. in the best condition he can, for very “ soon they will be wanted ; as I apprehend, this is the only “ place the ships of the fquadron can come to refit, and many 6c of them are in want of repairs and careening; particularly “ the Portland, who has not been cleaned these twelve months, “ nor the Chesterfield, ten; besides many of the fhips that came 66 out with me are foul : I fear from the inconveniencies we « shall mect with here, there will be great difficulty in keep“ ing the ships clean, as there is but one wharf for them to
prepare and careen at.
“ By a council of war, held by general Fowke, a copy of " which is herewith transmitted, it was not thought proper « to send a detachment equal to a battallion for the relief of “ Minorca, as it would evidently weaken the garrison of “ Gibraltar, and be no way effectual to the relief of that c island, for the reasons therein given; but, as I had repre« sented that there was a deficiency of men on board the “ fhips late under the command of capt. Edgcumbe, on ac-" “ count of his having left a number of sailors and marines at “ Minorca to affift in the defence of that place, and that it “ was necessary to send a detachment on board those ships “ to help to man them, this the general complied with, and “ I shall distribute some seamen from the ships that came out “ with me to compleat their complement.
“ The Chesterfield, Portland, and Dolphin are on their passage “ from Mahon for this place. The Phoenix is gone to Leg« horn by order of capt. Edgcumbe for letters and intelligence ; " and the Experiment is cruizing of Cape Pallas, who I exo “ pect in every hour.
“ By a letter from Mr. Banks, our conful at Carthagena, “ to general Fowke, dated the 21st of April, it appears, that “ twelve fail of Spanish men of war are ordered for Cadiz
“ and Ferrol, which are expected at that port, but on what « account he could not tell the governor.
“We are employed in taking in wine and compleating our “ water with the utmoft dispatch, and fhall let no opportunity
Nip of failing from hence.
of such papers as “ have been delivered me, which I thought necessary for their “ lordship's inspection.
66 I am,
“ J. B. “ Hon. J-- C-d, Esq;"
The sensible reader must perceive that these paragraphs and this letter were not suppressed out of tenderness to Mr. B-g. He must see the injustice of pretending to foretel the ad-l's cowardice from any of the above expressions; as well as of dismissing him with difgrace, unheard, upon the partial misrepresentation of a professed enemy; before the mấy could possibly know the particulars of the engagement. In order to refute the affertion that Mr. B-g retired before an enemy of inferior force, he inserts two tables comparing the different fleets, in the articles of guns, weight of metal, and number of men; by which it appears that the French had a confiderable advantage over him; and then he insists upon the English ad's having defeated them in spite of this superiority.
Whether Mr. B-shall prove on his trial, that he did his duty in the engagement, or it shall appear that he betrayed the honour of the British flag, we cannot help thinking that pains have been taken to charge upon him the loss of Minorca, which it was not in his power to save. We hope he will meet with that justice and impartiality of judgment to which every individual of this happy nation is intitled by his birth right; and that neithér rank, quality, or undue influence wil screen the guilty, whosoever they may be, from the right vengeance of an injured people.
ART. VI. An enquiry into the occasional and standing similitudes
of the Lord God, in the Old and New Testament ; or the forms made use of by Jehovah Aleim to represent themselves to true believers, before and since tbe law by Moses. With a disertation on the supposed confusion of tongues at Babel. By Julius Bate, A. M. 8vo. Pr. 45. Withers.
E need not, perhaps, take the pains to acquaint our
readers that the author of this performance, Filius, or, as he is generally called, Katsoxnu, Rabbi Bate, is one of the chief pillars of the Hutchinsonian temple; an edifice built on the ruins of scripture and common sense, and supported by enthusiasm and false philosophy. - Our staunch disciple is full as confident and almost as unintelligible as his master, and seems to demand our pity, as one of those whom much cabalistical learning hath made mad ; which will sufficiently appear from a very few extracts which we shall here fubmit to the judgment of the public. A vulgar reader, unacquainted with the rabbinical language, would not be able even to conceive what our author means in the title page, by occasional and standing fimilitudes of the Lord God, (ling. num.) representing themselves (plural) to true believers. But Mr. Bate will inform thein, that scripture is its own best comment, and the knowledge there, is to be dug for, as well as what we get elsewhere. It is no wonder therefore that Mr. Bate, who has dug so very derp, shou'd bury himself in utter darkness, or, as Milton calls it, darkness visible : Mr. Julius Bate therefore, after being a long time under ground, steps forth into light, and acquaints us with the fubterraneous treasures which he had there diseovered: he assures us first, that we are taught by fcripture (which, by the bye, is more than we ever dream'd of) what the substance of matter is, viz. small, impenetrable, and indivisible units. But Jehovah the father, the deity itfelf, no man hath seen or can see; his attributes however may be illustrated by fymbols, signs, and figures. It is plain from scripture (says Mr. Bate) that it hath pleased God, in revealing himself to his prophets in visions and dreams, to convey
ideas of his attributes and designs by animal forms, and other corporeal figures and appearances, standing and permanent,
or occasional, and temporary; the Lord came down on the project of Babel; no doubt to give directions in perfon, to those who were willing to renounce a settlement in this world, and become wanderers, to escape the contagion that was broke out in the land of Shinar. To Abrahan God appeared several times, before he left his own country, and afterwards, in what form is not mentioned ; till at the promise of Ifaac; nor with what infignia, till at the confirming of the covenant to him, by cutting off a purifier with him, Gen. xv. When a smoaking furnace and a burning lamp, i. e. the fiery cloud in miniature, passed between the parts of the creatures on God's behalf; as substitutes of himself. No other visible is mentioned, nor any animal form, till at fixing the time for the birth of that son through whom the promised seed should be transinitted to mankind, Gen. chap. xviii. where we are told, that “Jehovah ' appeared to Abraham amongst the oaks of 80's the most High,
and he fat in the tent or tabernacle door, in the heat of the day.' At mid-day, as the vision was to St. Paul, “and he • lift up his eyes and looked, and lo three men stood by him, ' fc. by Jehovah, not by Abraham, for he was at a distance, and 6
ran to meet them.' Here it is plain, that these three men were for Jehovah that appeared, or the visible personators of what could not be seen in itself. The men speak as Jehovah, and are so called ; both in the plural and singular nuinberg as being one Jehovah, and three persons. Abraham therefore (Jays Mr. Bate) according to the testimony of our church, did here entertain the Lord in trinity, though the common opinion is, that he did not, but that one only was Fehovah, and the other, something no-body knows what.
Thus, reader, may'st thou find the doctrine of the trinity where thou didit never expect it: such is the wonderful power of rabbinical learning, and the immense profundity of Julius Bate.
There lived heretofore a gentleman whom some of our readers may possibly have heard of, one Sir Isaac Newton, who was reckon'd, in his time, a man of no contemptible abilities, and who had a tolerable knack at a system ; but the fagacious Mr. Homan and his followers have since discovered him to be a mere empirick in philofophy, and his system
a very idle and improbable fiction. They have therefore taken the pains to substitute something else in its stead, infinitely more ingenious; for a perfect account of which we must refer our readers to Mr. Hutchinson's Moses' principia, content. ing ourselves, at present, with a little sketch of it extracted from his illustrious disciple in the work before us.
Glory (Jays our author) is the powers of this system in epitome. The solar fire and light issuing from it in all directions ; warming and actuating the whole body of heaven, or fluid mass of aerial matter, (as far as it was neceffary the motion should extend) surrounded with thick darkness or stagnated air. The inertia of matter setting bounds to the empire of the expansion ; and as in a whirlpool, the circulating fluid becoming a wall to itself, and that motion, which within a proper distance of the centre, shall draw any thing into its vortex, gradually decreasing till it become a perfect calm towards the circumference. This philosophy afferts a plenum in opposition to that novel doctrine of a vacuum, and the occult qualities of Sir Isaac Newton and his followers; and ascribes all to the impulse of the aerial Auid, which mechanically performs all the operations of nature. The motion begins at the sun ; or as Philo de munda, p. 1154. expresies it, from
the middle, and reaches to the extremes ; and presently after, turns back its course from the circumference, to the • place it first set out from.' The return of the spirit to the solar fire, has been thought a difficulty, but if ail be full, it muft, as in a whirlpool of water, be a confinement, or to ule Philo's metaphor, a bond to itself; and prevent its going off to all distances; and as some goes out, other matter muft come in. Motion in a plenum has been thought, at least represented, as impoffible, without considering that the Auid circulates round into the place the moving body leaves, as it shifts its ground, and that immediately; as a fish moves in
This expanfive power of the scripture differs from the Cartesian vortex, being a motion from center to circumference, and vice versa, the light issuing from the sun, necessarily causing the spirit or groffer air to return, quantity for quantity. And here I do with great pleasure, and full confidence, refer the reader to The enquiry after philosophy and theo