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lawful in those whose interest is immediately concerned, either to defend himself or his property, or to recover reparation of damages, or to inflict punishment. : The last chapter of the first volume, treats of Navery ; establishes the difference between despotism and parental power; and asserts, that 'no man is naturally a have. Then he numbers up the causes of lavery : a man may be enslaved by the act of his parents ; by his own consent; by doing damage, for which he has no other way of making reparation ; and by guilt: nevertheless, the master, merely upon account of that right which we call despotism, cannot dispose of his slave's life at pleasure. Then he shews in what manner slavery may be the consequence of juft war; and why the children of Llaves follow the condition of their mothers. Thus ends the firft volume.
[To be continued.]
FOREIGN ARTICLES. Art. X. La Coquette Corrigée, &c. The Reformed Coquet,
A Comedy. As it has been several times aéled at Paris with great success.
HE merits of this piece lie rather in sentiment, conduct,
and stile, than in intricacy of plot, comic pleasantry, or variety of incidents: hence, on the firft night of representation it went off but heavily; strengthened however by some happy corrections, it succeeded better at the next representation. People of taste, who had once seen it, thought the pleasure worth renewing. Such is the constant effect of works whose beauties are founded on a solid basis; whereas such as are light and frivolous, tire upon repetition.
La None, the actor who wrote this comedy, and plays one of the principal parts, on its being first represented, previously intreated the indulgence of the public, more especially as he was cruelly obliged to be present at, and superintend the whole action, exposed to every possible mortification ; whereas other authors have the advantage of concealing themselves, and from some obscure corner marking the exhibition. This address was received with applause, and the piece hcard gith attention.
In the first scene we find Clitander conferring with Orphifa concerning a letter she had just received from Julia the coquette, Orphisa's niece, wherein he was severely rallied upon his supposed passion for the aunt. The latter informs him, that he had inspired her with this notion, as a first ftep to her reformation. The heart of Clitander had been long bias'd in favour of Julia, but the levity of her character had deterred him from addressing her, to which he is now encouraged by Orpbisa, who relies upon the honour, affection, and amiable qualities of Clitander, to fix the regard of Julia; which the better to secure, the is to use every means in her power of increasing her jealousy ; it being that young lady's disposition to look with a jealous eye upon every person who carries away any attachment from herself.
Erasius is the next person that appears upon the stage, com: plaining of Julia's having used him very ill, after having artfully seduced his love from Lucilia ; to whom Clitander engages him to return, moderates his indignation against Julia, and dissuades him from printing her letters. Then appears a positive, testy, shallow-witted count, who is also one of the coquet's admirers, and whom he had induced to believe that him he preferred to all her youthful lovers. His nephew, wha is a marquiss, congratulates him upon his conquest, and sends hiin off in high fpirits to pursue it. Then Clitander and the marquiss fall into discourse about Julia, and lay open still more of her character to the audience ; just at that time the croffes the stage in pursuit of some new intrigue, but stops to jest with the marquiss and Clitander ; while the latter, so far from tak. ing notice of her various arts to engage his attention, fcárcely deigns to look at her, and even returns a letter unopened that he had received from her, to her maid Rosetta ; and the act concludes.
In the second act, Rosetta acquaints her mistress with the ill success of her negotiation; which Julia, tho' inwardly piqued at, finds a means to construe to her own advantage ; fhe then goes out to preside at an affembly, which, she is told by her aunt, waits her presence.
Cütander next succeeds, whom Orphisa encourages to pursue his designs upon the coquet, which she tells him will cer2
tainly turn out to his wish, as Julia was undoubtedly jealous of him, jealousy being a strong mark of love. Clitander, however, determines to pursue his own systems, and not openly to address Julia until he is convinced of her change of temper.
Rosetta, in the next scene, gives a pleasant account of the dispositions Julia has made for her parties at cards, and thereby thews that a coquet is nothing but a compound of artifices, and omits nothing that may contribute to her triumph.
The count now appears with Rosetta in the saloon, where the company is met. Orphifa, seeing him and the maid in conference, withdraws.
Julia comes on, and informs Clitander she has some tender thoughts for the count, one of his rivals; Clitander affects not to understand her, and feigning much indifference, goes fo far as to tell her he pities her. This address hurts her vanity, and she obliges him to explain his sentiments upon the true nature of what alone deserves to be called love. Their conversation is interrupted by the count, who is enraged at her playing him such a scurvy trick as giving him only her hand to hold, whereas she went out to entertain his rival. The marquiss, who follows his uncle, thinks the trick an excellent one, and gives him to understand that his reign is over. The count treats Julia and his nephew very peevishly, and goes out saying, that the loss of a coquet is not very much to be regretted. The marquiss rallies Julia and Clitander, asserting that he has promised him to a president's lady, to whom he insists on presenting him ; but Julia obliges him to go with her into the room where the company is.
In the third act, Clitander tells Orphisa that his hopes of reforming Julia decrease every day. That she had thrown out every lure to entrap him, that she could devise. He feels the more the danger to which he exposes himself, and is very for
that all these advances are no more than coquetry at bottom. Orphisa assures him they are really pure love, that Julia is already become more serious, and that her jealousy redoubles. She then withdraws to leave Clitander and Julia together, having first recommended to the latter, the loving Clitander för het own fake, Julie wants in vain to get out of Clitander her aunt's
fecret, which she fancies she has obtained, in fuppofing that they had concerted a private marriage, for which the blames her aunt, and Clitander justifies her on the account of her charms, which he describes as not yet paft their meridian ; he also observes, that a husband is better pleased with virtue and good fense in a wife, than with personal perfections.
The marquiss. entering, reproaches Julia with giving audience to Clitander, who is of a temper very unfit for her, and who had better first take some lessons froin the baroness, the being a charming woman; or else he may begin his course with the president's lady, who is full as fit to fashion and qualify him for Julia's service. Clitander seems to relish his advice, leaves Julia with the marquifs, who wants to engage her to a party at supper, where Ghloe the president's lady and other women are to be on a scheme of playing a cruel trick to one of their society, and to set a husband and wife together by the ears ; Julia refuses to go without her aunt, at which resolution the marquiss is highly scandalized; he threatens Julia to desert her acquaintance if she does not shake off that decency she still affects, which hurts that glory and reputation he has been endeavouring to give her in the world, and which she has not hitherto done any thing material to deferve. : She teļls him, she is afraid of committing an irregularity; the marquiss answers, that nothing is so noble as irregularity; and lays down very pernicious maxims for manners. At length he takes leave of her, and assures her, that if she does not become more tractable, he will be the first to depreciate and ridicule her. Julia, who has already begun to open her eyes, finding the marquiss too dangerous, and his amusements too hurtful, retires, with design to deliver herself up to serious reflections.
Act. IV. The effect of these reflections is being more and more engrossed with the idea of Clitander; she talks of nothing else to Rosetta. Orphisa comes in to tell her they must foon separate, and that indispensable reasons oblige her to take another house. Julia expresses her concern, and wants to know the cause of this change. Her aunt confesses she is going to be married, and that this change of her condition will not allow of her living with her; but declines telling her the narge of the husband the has chosen. Julia, unable to conceal her jealousy, does not doubt but it is Clitander; wherefore she is extremely agitated and out of humour. She orders herself to be denied* to every body; and, to punish Clitander, resolves on becoming more perfect and estimable. Clitander only is ad. mitted to see her. He acquaints Julia with the good office he has done her by hindering Erastus from diverting the public with her letters to him, which he delivers to her. This proves to Julia the goodness of Clitander's heart, and makes her feel the danger to which her levity had exposed her reputation, in listening to the addreffes of so giddy a youth,
The president's lady, who next enters with the marquiss, what with the indecency of her talk, and the irregularity of her conduct, compleats Julia's reformation, who begins now to be afraid that others have the same contempt for her, as what the prefident's lady had inspired herself with ; she goes, out full of shame as well as remorse, and quite in love with Clitander.
Act. V. Rofetta acquaints Orphisa with her mistresses's. change; who had passed the night without sleeping, and burned all her love-letters and lampoons. Julia comes in herfelf, and confirms to her aunt this alteration of her sentiments; Orphisa tells her, that thefe are only transient fits of the spleen, and that to restore her gaiety she has contrived a supper for the evening, where all the pretty fellows, and fine ladies of their acquaintance, will appear.
Julia tells her, that the has renounced, for ever, such worthless company; that she is resolved on a new plan of conduct; defiring that the past might be forgot, which she could not help. She declares, that, from henceforward the will only live for a man of merit that she loves.
Orphifa reproaches her for not having sooner trusted her with her design of marrying. Julia, very much embarrassed, avers to her aunt, that her happiness depends upon her alone, and that Clitander is the person who has made the conquest of her heart. Orphífa feigns some perplexity, and consents at length that Clitander should decide between them. Upon this the aunt goes to meet Clitander as he is enfering, and tells him that Julia has something very impor