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• which, though especially of late highly considered by them, was never but subordinated to their general system, they bore

it with even pleasure, hugging themselves in the irreparable • damage, they justly knew we were doing ourselves in the • opinion of the public, and in the fair handle they saw it

would give them for repairing of Dunkirk, which had ever « been their capital object, and the reproach for which from

hence they treated as so premature, that the French king, in « his manifest, made no scruple of giving the lie in the face of • all Europe to the ministry here, without scarcely mincing the

term: an usage, which, if undeserved, must in this nation * create a resentment equal, if that were possible, to so enorm«ous an outrage, unless it should be utterly dead to that senfia

bility of honour, the loss of which is ever one of the surest & and most deplorable symptoms of an approaching dissolution.'

In the 14th and 15th pages of this pamphlet, the very little service the treaty with Rufia could have been of to the immediate interest of Great Britain, however Han-r might have thereby been benefited, is fully demonstrated; as well as the incomprehensibility of the immediate succeeding one struck up with P-a, whereby that made with Rawas effectually defeated.

His reflections upon the neglect of the soldiery are judicious; those on the navy are also worth attending to, and in the fole lowing extract are contained too many melancholy truths.

It must not have been, in those times, an undiverting <scene, though rather of the lowest droll kind, to have at• tended one of your little men of power's levy, to have noted

the figure and air of those animalcules who were plyers at it: • to have seen wretches of birth, and fortune, without the pléa

ofwant, and valuing themselves only according to the price they • proposed fetching at that infamous market, paying their court

to one perhaps their inferior in every point, except that of < power, which too was a scandal to themselves, as he might 6 never have got into it, but for their abjection and fupine re( missness in leaving that field open to him, of which they

were afterwards mean enough to cringe to him for any little «share of the harvest, he would please to allot them, on their selling themselves and country to obtain it. One sees, mee

thinks !

thinks ! one of those illustrious idlers, daubed over with cmbroidery, and perhaps betaudered with a ribbon, emphatically expressing, by his address, his hunger for a place or spension, somewhat in the manner of Plautus his sycophant:

Nunc fi ridiculum hominem quærit quispiam,
Venalis ego fum cum ornamentis omnibus,

Inanimentis explementum quærito. · Yet out of the spiritless beggars of this stamp, vacancies • of employs were often, if they could not, properly speaking, • be called filled, at least fo abusively bestowed, as to exclude those much worthier subjects who disdained to solicit for * what, in all good policy, they ought to have been sought • for, and courted to accept. Whilst the groveling mob of

dependents, and subalterns, could naturally be no more dir. pleased at seeing power and profit run in those mudd; channels, than a shoe-boy at not seeing the streets clean, who is ( to get his livelihood by the dirt of them. The comparison may

be low; but can it be lower than the object of its application for what could be more favourable to such as they, than to see places of the most national importance

within the reach of every thing but merit, that greatest re4 quisite, and therefore the surest of exclusion, and now be(come even the sport, as it were, of chance or caprice, deal*ing them out at random, to some, for having perfunctorily discharged a provincial office without any affinity to public

affairs, or any conversancy of theirs in them; to others for

the empty sound-sake of some name, once of account, but 6 which nature never meant them to fill, or for some trivial in<fignificant circumstance, of no more relation, or proportion • to the general system of things, than the shooting of LondonBridge, or taking a west-country barge with a man of war's • boat's-crew, would be to the direction in chief of the Navy.

• Thus a mean, frivolous, and false taste universally prevailing, the times themselves being no longer favourable to the forming of great men for the service of their country, • one might, amongst the eminent post-lollers of those times, * have pointed out, more than one secretary of state that could not write, and ambassadors that could not speak.'

Though

Though our author presents us with this picture as of former times, it is much to be feared it may be reconciled to the prefent, for even in these days we have marked that

. Whilst the ruling band proceeded very solemnly, making capital points of trilles, and trifles of capital points ; though

one would have hardly thought them very tempting models • of imitation, the times themselves look too strong a tincture of their worthlessness. All the liberal arts and sciences, whether of peace, or war, with their effential train of de

pendences, fell into neglect, and disregard, whilst they were + so industriously cultivated in a neighbouring nation (whose

follies alone were thought worthy of imitation, and that a

most aukward one indeed!) and whose vices, though to the full as great, and as rife as any where else, are however « dignified, if that were possible, by some taste, and compen• fated by some virtues.'

What we have said of this pamphlet is sufficient to furnish the readers with an idea of its merits ; for the rest we recommend them to peruse the piece itself, in which we can assure those who have any taste for politics, that they will find fome pleasure.

It is written with spirit and correctness, and intermixed with an entertaining vein of irony. Upon the whole, it seems to be the production of a man of genius, who in some places affects a singularity of stile that becomes him : if he has any fault, it is making, sometimes, his periods too long; and this perhaps may be owing to the corrector of the press.

Art. VI. The Life and Memoirs of Mr. Ephraim Tristram

Bates, commonly called Corporal Bates, a broken-hearted Soldier: Who, from a private Centinel in the Guards, was, from his Merits, advanced, regularly, to be Corporal, Serjeant, and Pay-master Serjeant; and, had he lived a few Days longer, might have died a Commission Officer, to the great Loss of his lamentable Lady, whose Marriage he had intended to declare as soon as his Commision was signed; and who, to make up for the Loss of so dear an Husband, and her Pension, which then no Duke on Eurth could have hindered, in order to put Bread into the Mouths of feven small Children, the youngest now at her Breas, the sweet Creatures being two Twins, publishes these Memoirs from the original Papers, sealed up with the Seal of dear Mr. Bates, and found, exactly as he mentioned in his laft Will and Teftament, in a Oven, never used, where, in his Lifetime, he secreted many State-Papers, &c. &c. &c. Pr. 35. Owen.

I 2mo.

M

'R.

a native of Dorsetshire, and from his infancy manifested a strong liking to å military life; as appears by the following letter, fent to his mother by the schoolmaster, who had the care of his education.

« Madam, - Your Son has very good Parts, but applies them very strangely. People in the neighbourhood complain of broken, (windows done by him, which he calls storming their castles. • When chickens are loft, and found on him, he says he only

went a maroding. His books are all military, and whatever he fees in them he instantly puts in practice. He cuts off their springs of water, so that their pumps are all. • dry in the parish ; and when I punish'd him for it, though "my arm is now tir'd of doing it, he cries, I read of the duke ,

of Marlborough's doing so. But, these are trifles. A neigh-, bour's sow, near her time, was decoy'd by him into his • chamber, and fed till she farrow'd, and brought fixteen pigs: He invited his school-fellows to partake as long as • they latted, and now has turn'd the fow home.

punish'd for this; but he stood to it that it was no crime «to intercept an enemy's provision. The owner, who had • proposed paying his rent out of them, threatens law. Pray • send me money to satisfy the fellow; and as soon as convenient order your fon home. Who am,

Your loving friend,

Ebenezer Birch, M. A. • Fellow of Queen's, Oxm, and curate of

He was

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P.S. I now teach French, dancing, music, and fencing, having learned a little of each when I was last in London. • I have, also, advertis'd in the best London papers, which

you will read (as, at your public house, I have too often feen "the London Evening) and, for my parts and abilities, have

fixt on some worthy and capable friends there, cousin Twist, the rope-maker, in Hemp-yard--Mrs. Cardinal, the

noted milliner in Marigold-court, by the, Strand-nephew Hyde, currier-my good friend Slice, the eating-bouse in Gun-powder-alley—with mnany others.'

In consequence of this elegant epistle he was called home; and soon after eloped with a recruiting serjeant, with whom he enlisted as a soldier ; whereby he entirely forfeited the good graces of his parents. Being skilled in gunnery and other branches of the mathematics, and having the highest notions of honour, he determined to advance himself in life; and to owe that advancement to nothing but his own merits. In this view he was disappointed, being never able to rise beyond that rank under which we find him distinguished in the title page of this book.

The authors of the CRITICAL Review, who are warmed with pleasure when a work of any merit falls in their way, and never condemn without regret, never, they hope, without justice, lament their being obliged to pronounce this book among those of the lowest class, with which either the caprice of the book sellers, or the partiality of writers have wearied out the public patience. From beginning to end there is nothing interesting; no settled plan of adventure to engage the attention or warm the imagination ; we find the author attempts often, but in vain, to be witty; and we have extracted the following passage, because it seems to be the higheft pitch of humour to which he could strain his extraordinary talents.

• But the distant found of drums from the city, one morning, engaged his attention, “ cven there, perhaps, I may “ learn something, says he, though I fear it.” On enquiry,

the valiant army of London was to be reviewed. • says Bates : He arrives : dunghils are stormed: prisoners bransomed: mines fprung: batteries raised; and dismounted

I'll go,

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