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with so old a bead. I leave him to your gracious acceptance, whose
trial mall better publish his commendation.
Enter Portia, dress'd like a doĉtor of laws.
Duke. You hear the learn’d Bellario, what he writes,
And here, I take it, is the doctor come:
Give me your hand. Came you from old Bellario?
Por. I did, my lord.
Duke. You're welcome: take your place.
Are you acquainted with the difference
That holds this present question in the court ?
Por. I am informed throughly of the case.
Which is the merchant here? and which the Jew ?
Duke. Anthonio and old Shylock, both stand forth.
Por. Is your name Shylock ?
Shy. Shylock is my name.
Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow;
Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law
Cannot impugn you, as you do proceed.
You stand within his danger, do you
Anth. Ay, so he says.
Por. Do you confess the bond ?
Anth. I do.
Por. Then must the few be merciful.
Shy. On what compulsion must I? tell me that.
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain’d;
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heav'n
Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless’d;
It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes :
'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes
The throned monarch better than his crown:
His fceptre shows the force of temporal pow'r,
The attribute to awe and majesty,
Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;
But mercy is above this sceptred sway,
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
It is an attribute to god himself;
And earthly pow'r doth then show likeft god's,
When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew,
Though justice be thy plea, consider this,
That, in the course of justice, none of us
Should see salvation: we do
And that same pray’r doth teach us all to render
The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much
To mitigate the justice of thy plea;
Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice
Must needs give fentence’gainst the merchant there.
Shy. My deeds upon my head 1 I crave the law,
, The penalty and forfeit of
Pör. Is he not able to discharge the money ?
Bas. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court;
Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice,
I will be bound to pay it ten times o’er,
On forfeit of my hands, my
hands, my head, my heart.
If this will not suffice, it muft appear
That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you,
Wrest once the law to your authority:
To do a great right, do a little wrong;
And curb this cruel devil of his will.
Por. It must not be; there is no pow's in Venice
Can alter a decree established.
'Twill be recorded for a precedent;
And many an errour by the fame example
Will rush into the state. It cannot be.
Shy. A Daniel come to judgment ! yea, a Daniel !
O wise young judge, how do i honour thee !
Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.
Shy. Here'tis, moft rev’rend doctor, here it is.
Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd thee.
Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heav'n.
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
No, not for Venice.
Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
A pound of Aesh, to be by him cut off
Nearest the merchant's heart. Be merciful;
Take thrice thy money; bid me tear the bond.
Shy. When it is pay'd according to the tenour.
It doth appear you are a worthy judge;
You know the law, your exposition
Hath been most sound. I charge you by the law,
Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment. By my soul I swear,
There is no power in the tongue of man
To alter me.
I stay here on my bond.
Anth. Most heartily I do beseech the court
To give the judgment.
Por. Why then, thus it is:
You must prepare your bosom for his knife.
Shy. O noble judge! o excellent young man!
Por. For the intent and purpose of the law
Hath full relation to the penalty,
Which here appeareth due upon the bond.
Shy. 'Tis very true. O wise and upright judge !
How much more elder art thou than thy looks!
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom.
Sby. Ay, his breast;
So says the bond; doth it not, noble judge ?
Nearest his heart, those are the
Por. It is so. Are there scales to weigh the Aesh?
Shy. I have them ready.
Por. Have by fome surgeon, Shylock, on your charge,
To stop his wounds, left he should bleed to death.
Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ?
Por. It is not so express’d; but what of that?
'Twere good you do so much for charity.
Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond.
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say?
Anth. But little: I am arm’d, and well prepar’d.
Give me your hand, Bassanio ; fare you
Grieve not that I am fall’n to this for you;
For herein fortune shows herself more kind
Than is her custom: it is still her use
To let the wretched man outlive his wealth,
To view with hollow eye and wrinkled brow
An age of poverty: from which ling’ring penance
Of such a milery doth she cut me off.
Commend me to your honourable wife;
Tell her the process of Anthonio's end;
Say how I lov’d you ; speak me fair in death :
And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge,
Whether Bassanio had not once a love.
shall lose your friend,
And he repents not that he pays your debt;
For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.
Baj. Anthonio, I am marry'd to a wife
Which is as dear to me as life itself;
But life itself, my wife, and all the world,
Are not with me esteem’d above thy life.
I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all
Here to this devil, to deliver you.
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for that,
If she were by to hear you make the offer.
Gra. I have a wife whom, I protest, I love; I would, she were in heaven, so she could Entreat some pow'r to change this currish Jew.
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back;
The wish would make else an unquiet house.
Shy. These be the christian husbands. Iv’e a daughter ;
Would, any of the stock of Barrabas
Had been her husband, rather than a christian! [afide.
We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue fentence.
Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is thine;
The court awards it, and the law doth give it.
Shy. Most rightful judge !
Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his breast;
The law allows it, and the court awards it.
Shy. Most learned judge! a sentence; come, prepare.
Por. Tarry a little; there is something else.
This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood;
The words expressly are, a pound of Aesh.
Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of Aesh;
But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed
One drop of christian blood, thy lands, and goods,
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
Unto the state of Venice.
Gra. O upright judge! mark, Jew; o learned judge !
Shy. It that the law?
Por. Thyself shall see the act :
For, as thou urgest justice, be assur’d
Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st.
Gra. O learned judge! mark, Jew; a learned judge !
Shy. I take this offer then; pay the bond thrice,
And let the christian go.
Bal. Here is the money.
Por. The Jew shall have all justice; soft! no haste;
He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge !
Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the Aesh;
Shed thou no blood, nor cut thou less nor more
But just a pound of Aesh: if thou tak’st more,
Or less, than a just pound, be't but so much
As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance,
Or the division of the twentieth part
Of one poor scruple; nay, if the scale turn
But in the estimation of a hair,
Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.
Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew !
Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip.