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fastened to the earth with a hook or two, and divining rod is treated as absurd (vol. iv. p. 260 covered with some fresh mould at a competent 7), she wrote a long letter to him, signed X.Y.Z., depth, will produce a great number of suckers, stating the facts which she knew. The and thicken and furnish a copse speedily. The answered it, begging further information ; lady fruit, leaves, and catkins of this tree are very N. wrote again, and he, in his second letter, recommonly found in peat mosses, and in the allu- quested the name of his correspondent: that vial accumulations in the bottoms of valleys, lady N. also gave. having but little fall, and on the flat shores of "A few years afterwards she went, at Dr. Hutlakes. In the alluvial flats in the valleys of ton's particular request, to see him at Woolwich, Derbyshire, &c., hazel-nuts, &c., are very com- and she then showed him the experiment, and dismon in layers, between the silt and gravet. covered a spring in a field which he had lately Woodward, in his Catalogue of Fossils, mentions bought near the New College, then building. nuts being found in Milnclose mine, which This same field he has since sold to the college, doubtless fell or were washed into opens from and for a larger price in consequence of the the surface; and on the whole it seems clear, spring. that all these belong to the class of peat fossils, * Lady N. this morning shewed the experiand are preserved in the most modern of the ment to lord G., Mr. S., and me, in the park at earthy deposits or accumulations.
W. She took a thin forked hazel twig, about Hazel Earth, or Hazley Earth, a kind of sixteen inches long, and held it by the end, the red loam, which is said to be an excellent mix- joint pointing downwards. When she came to ture with other sorts of earth; uniting what is a place where water was under the ground, the too loose, codling what is too hot, and gently twig immediately bent, and the motion was more retaining the moisture.
or less rapid as she approached or withdrew from Hazel, Witch. See HAMAMELIS, and Ul- the spring. When just over it, the twig turned
so quick as to snap, breaking near her fingers, Hazel Divining Rods. We have glanced which by pressing it were indented, and heated, at this subject more than once. See BAGVETTE and almost blistered; a degree of agitation was DIVINATOIRE, and Divining Rods. The fact also visible in her face. When she first made is, that, in compiling both the foregoing articles, the experiment, she says, this agitation was great: we obscurely recollected having seen a narrative and to this hour she cannot wholly divest herself on the subject, which we are at last able to pre- of it, though it gradually decreases. She resent to our readers. It is from a note in the peated the trial several times in different parts Quarterly Review. • The narrative has been of the park, and her statements were always lately communicated to us,' says the writer, by a accurate. Among those persons in England friend residing in Norfolk, and puts the subject who have the same faculty, she says, she never in the clearest point of view. We shall simply knew it so strong in any as in Sir C. H. and state that the parties, whose names are well Miss F. It is extraordinary that no effect is
proknown to many of our readers, are utterly inca- duced at a well or ditch, or where earth does not pable either of deceiving others, or of being de- interpose between the twig and the water. The ceived themselves.
exercise of the faculty is independent of any " January 21st, 1818.—It is just fifty years volition.' since lady N's attention was first called to this “So far our narrator, in whom, we repeat, the subject; she was then sixteen years old, and most implicit confidence may be placed. The was on a visit with her family at a château in faculty so inherent in certain persons is evidently Provence, the owner of which wanted to find a the same with that of the Spanish Zahories, spring to supply his house, and for that purpose though the latter do not employ the hazel twig.' had sent for a peasant, who could do so with a
HE. Pronoun. Gen. him; plur. they; gen. twig. The English party ridiculed the idea, but them. Dut. hy; Sax. þe. It seems to have still agreed to accompany the man, who, after borrowed the plural from dir, plural das, dative walking some way, pronounced that he had arrived at the object of his search, and they accord- disum. The man that was named before. ingly dug and found him correct. He was quite
All the conspirators, save only he, an uneducated man, and could give no account
Did that they did in envy of great Cæsar.
Shakspeare. of the faculty in him, or of the means which he
If much you note him, employed, but many others, he said, could do
You shall offend him, and increase his passion; the same.
Feed and regard him not.
Id. * The English party now tried for themselves,
I am weary of this moon; would he would change. but all in vain, till it came to the turn of lady
Id. N., when, to her amazement and alarm, she found
Adam spoke ; that the same faculty was in her as in the peasant, So cheered he his fair spouse, and she was cheered.
Milton. and, on her return to England, she often exerted it, though in studious concealment. She was
When Adam waked, he on bis side afraid lest she should be ridiculed, or should,
Leaning half raised hung over her. Id. perhaps, get the name of a witch, and in either Thus talking, hand in hand, along they passed
Id. case she thought that she should certainly never
On to their blissful bowers.
Extol get a husband !
Him first, him last, him midst. Id. • Of late years her scruples began to wear away; and when Dr. Hutton published Ozanam's The man; the person. It sometimes stands Researches, in 1803, where the effect of the without reference to any foregoing word.
He is never poor
Your head I him appoint; That little hath, but he that much desires.
And by myself have sworn, tò him shall bow
Daniel. All knees in heaven, and shall confess him lord. Man or male being.
Milton. Such mortal drugs I have; but Mantua's law The heads of the chief sects of philosophy, as Is death to any he that utters them. Shakspeare: Thales, Anaxagoras, and Pythagoras, did consent to I stand to answer thee, or any he the proudest of this tradition.
Tillotson. thy sort.
Id. Place of honor; the first place. Tros and his race the sculptor shall employ, Notwithstanding all the justices had taken their And he the god who built the walls of Troy. places upon the bench, they made room for the old Dryden. knight' at the head of them.
Addison. Male :
; as, a he-bear, a he-goat. It is used Place of command. where the male and female have not different An army of fourscore thousand troops, with the denominations.
duke of Marlborough at the head of them, could do The he's in birds have the fairest feathers. nothing.
Addison on the War. Bacon. Countenance; présence. In the two last senses he is rather a noun than Richard not far from hence hath hid his head. pronoun.
Shakspeare. Richard II. HEAD, n. s. Sax. þeafod, þeafd; Belgic And never shew thy head by day or light.
With Cain go wander through the shades of night, houed; old English heved, whence, by contrac
Shakspeare. tion, head. The part of the animal that contains
Ere to-morrow's sun shall shew his head. Dryden. the brain, or the organ of sensation and seat of
Understanding; faculties of the mind : comthought.
monly in a ludicrous sense. But now a litel while I wol bewaile,
The wenches laid their heads together. This Pompeius, this noble governour
L'Estrange. Of Rome, which that fed at this bataille.
Oh, says Reynard, never trouble your head, but I sảy on of his men, a false traitour,
leave that to me.
Id. His hed of smote, to winnen him favout
Work with all the ease and speed you can, without Of Julins, and him the hed be brought :
breaking your head, and being so very industrious in Alas Pompeie! of the orient conquerour, starting scruples.
Dryden. That Fortune unto swiche a fin thee brought.
The lazy and inconsiderate took up their notions by Chaucer. The Monkes Zule.
chance, without much bcating their heads about them. Vein-healing verven, and head-purging dill.
Locke. Spenser. If a man shews that he has no religion, why should Over head up-grew
we think that be beats his head, and troubles himself Insuperable height of loftiest shade. Milton
to examine the grounds of this or that doctrine ? Id. The dewy paths of meadows we will tread,
When in ordinary discourse we say a man has a For crowns and chaplets to adorn thy head.
fine head, we express ourselves metaphorically, and
Dryden. I could still have offers, that some, who held their speak in relation to his understanding; and when
we say of a woman she has a fine head, we speak heads higher, would be glad to accept. Swift.
only in relation to her commode.
Addison. And far beneath the earth and ocean spread
We laid our heads together to consider what grievRound him are icy rocks, and loudly blow
ances the nation had suffered under king George. Contending tempests on bis naked head,
Id. And thus reward the toils which to those summits led.
Face; front; fore part.
The gathering crowd pursues ;
The ravishers turn head, the fight renews. Dryden. What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it
Resistance ; hostile opposition. lie on my head.
Then made he head against his enemies,
And Hymner slew.
Faerie Queene. The evil on him brought by me, will curse
Sometimes hath Henry Bolingbroke made head My head? ill fare our ancestor impure. Milton.
against my power.
Shakspeare. O breast of pity void ! ť oppress the weak,
Two valiant gentlemen making head against them, To point your vengeance at the friendless head,
seconded by half a dozen more, made forty run away. And with one mutual cry insult the fallen! Emblem too just of man's degenerate race.
Raleigh. Somerville's Chase.
Sin having depraved his judgment, and got posHead and ears. The whole person.
session of his will, there is no other principle left
him naturally, by which he can make head against it. In gingling rhimes well fortified and strong,
Seruth, He fights intrenched o'er head and ears in song.
Spontaneous resolution. Denomination of any animals.
The bordering wars in this kingdom were made al.
together by voluntaries, upon their own head, without When Innocent desired the marquis of Carpio to furnish thirty thousand head of swine, he could not
any pay or commission from the state. Dacies. spare them; but thirty thousand lawyers he had at
State of a deer's horns, by which his age is his service.
Addison. known. The tax upon pasturage was raised according to a It was a buck of the first head. Shakspeure. certain rate per head upon cattle. Arbuthnot. The buck is called the fifth year a buck of the first Chief; principal person; one to whom the head.
Id. rest are subordinate ; leader ; commander.
Individual. It is used in numbers or comFor their commons there is little danger from them, putation. except it be where they have great and potent heads. If there be six millions of people, then there are Bacon. about four acres for every head.
The top of any thing bigger than the rest. Body; conflux.
His spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of People ander command chuse to consult, and after 2Ton.
1 Samuel, to march in order ; and rebels contrariwise, run upon As high an head together in confusion.
Bacon. As his proud head is raised towards the sky,
A mighty and a fearful head they are, So low towards hell bis roots descend.
As ever offered foul play in a state. Shakspeare.
Denham. Far in the marches here we heard you were, Trees which have large and spreading heads, would Making another head to fight again.
Id. lie with their branches up in the water. Woodward.
Let all this wicked crew gather If the buds are made our food, they are called Their forces to one head.
Ben Jonson. heads or tops ; so heads of asparagus or artichokes.
Power; armed force.
My lord, my lord, the French have gathered head. Head is an equivocal term; for it signifies the head
Shakspeare. of a nail, or of a pin, as well as of an animal. Id.
At sixteen years,
When Tarquin made a head for Rome, be sought The scattered clouds fly cross the heaven,
Beyond the mark of others.
Id. Oft have we from some mountain's head,
Liberty in running a horse.
He gave his able horse the head,
And bounding forward struck his agile heels The fore part of any thing, as of a ship.
Against the panting sides of his poor jade By gallies with brazen heads, she might transport
Up to the rowel head,
Shakspeare. over Indus at once three hundred thousand soldiers.
License ; freedom from restraint; a metaphor His gallies moor;
from horsemanship. Their heads are turned to sea, their sterns to shore.
God will not adinit of the passionate man's apo
Dryden. logy, that he has so long given his unruly passions That which rises on the top.
their head, that he cannot now govern or controu!
South. Let it stand in a tub four or five days before it be them. put into the cask, stirring it twice a-day, and beating
It is very improperly applied to roots. down the head or yeast into it.
Mortimer. How turnips hide their swelling heads below,
And how the closing coleworts upwards grow. The blade of an axe.
Gay. A man fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve.
Head and shoulders. By force; violently,
Deut. xix. 5. People that hit upon a thought that tickles them, Upper part of a bed.
will be still bringing it in by head and shoulders, over Israel bowed upon the bed's head. Gen. xlvii. 31.
and over, in several companies. L'Estrange. The brain.
They bring in every figure of speech, head and As eastern priests in giddy circles run,
shoulders by main force, in spite of nature and their And turn their heads to imitate the sun. Pope.
Felton. Dress of the head.
Head, adj. & v. a. Chief, principal, wheLadies think they gain a point when they have HEAD'ER, n. s. ther applied to persons teazed their husbands to buy them a laced head or a HEAD'INÉSS, n. s.
or things; to lead, infine petticoat.
Swift. Head'Iess, adj. fluence, or direct; to Principal topic of discourse.
HEAD'LONG, adj. behead; to fit any thing These heads are of a mixed order, and we propose HEAD'Y, adj. with a head; to lop only such as belong to the natural world.
HEAD'STRONG, adj. the branches of trees.
Burnet's Theory. Header, one whose office it is to head pins or Tis our great interest and duty, to satisfy ourselves nails, &c.; the first brick of the angle. Headion this heud, upon which our whole conduct depends.
ness, haste; rashness; stubborness. Headless, Source of a stream.
without a head; without a chief; ignorant; ob
stinate; careless; inconsiderate. Headlong, It is the glory of God to give ; his
very nature Jelighteth in it: his mercies in the current, through precipitate; steep; rash. Headstrong, violent; which they would pass, may be dried up, but at the ungovernable; resolute; one that will not be head they never fail.
Hooker. restrained. Heady, apt to affect the head; verThe current by Gaza is bat a small stream, rising tiginous; violent; impetuous. between it and the Red Sea, whose head from Gaza is
If any rashly blame such his choice of old and unlittle more than twenty English miles.
wonted words, him may I more justly blame and con
Raleigh's History. dema, either of witless headiness in judging, ur of Some did the song, and some the choir maintain, headless hardiness in cordemning. Spenser. Beneath a laurel shade, where mighty Po
His shining belmet he 'gan soon unlace, Mounts up to woods above, and hides his head below.
And left his headless body bleeding at the place. Drydeni
Id. Crisis ; pitch.
Headed with fints and feathers bloody dyed, The indisposition which has long hung upon me, is Arrows the Indians in their quivers hide. at last grown to such a head, that it must quickly
Id. Faerie Queene. make an end of me, or of itself.
but Power; influence ; force; strength; domi- for ten years together, you'll be glad to give out a nion.
commission for more heads.
Shakspeare. Within her breast though calm, her breast though Take pity of your town and of your people, pure,
While yet the cool and temperate wind of grace Motherly cares and fears got head, and raised
O’erblows the filthy and contagious clouds Some troubled thoughts.
Milton. Of heady murther, spoil, and villany. Id.
I am advised what I say :
To give Abab such warning as' might infallibly Neither disturbed with the effect of wine,
have prevented his destruction, was esteemed by bir Nor, heady rash, provoked with raging ire ; evil; and to push him on headlong into it, because he Albeit my wrongs might make one wiser mad. Id. was fond of it, was accounted good.
Id. I'll forbear,
If in good days, like these, the headstrong herd And am fallen out with my more heady will. Grow madly wanton and repine, it is To take the indisposed and sickly fit
Because the reins of power are held too slack For the sound man.
And reverend authority of late
Has worn a face of mercy more than justice.
Rowe's Jane Shore, Topple down headlong.
Men, naturally warm and heady, are transported: Never can reformation in a fond
with the greatest flush of goud-nature. Addison. With such a heady current scowering faults ;
This lord had headed his appointed bands
In firm allegiance to bis king's commands.
So when dread Jove the son of Phobus hurled, Were I man, a duke, and next of blood,
Scared with dark thunder, to the nether world, I would remove these tedious stumbling-blocks,
The headstrong coursers tore the silver reins, And smooth my way upon their headless necks.
And the sun's beamy ruin gilds the plains. Gay.
Flow, Welsted ! Bow, like thine inspirer beer; They rested not until they had made the empire stand headless about seventeen years.
Headlong from thence the glowing fury springs, To betray heady husbands, rob the easy.
And o'er the Theban palare spreads her wings. Id.
Ben Jonson. On the cold earth lies the upregarded king,
And Haidee met the morning face to face ; A headless carcase, and a nameless thing.
rer own was freshest, though a feverish fusha
Denham, Had dyed it with the headlong blood whose race He liked the advice, and then soon it essayed,
From heart to cheek is curbed into a blush. And presents crowd headlong to give good example,
Byron, Don Juan. So the bribes overlaid her that Rome once betrayed, HEAD OF A Suip, an ornamental figure erected The tribes ne'er contributed so to the temple. on the continuation of a ship's stem, as being
expressive of her name, and emblematical of The senate, which should headstrong princes stay, Let loose the reins and gave the realm away ;
war, navigation, commerce, &c. Head is also With lavish hands they constant tributes give,
used in a more enlarged sense, to signify the And annual stipends for their guilt receive. Id.
whole front or forepart of a ship, including ine
bows on each side ; the head therefore opens the It suddenly fell from an excess of favour, which column of water through which the ship passes many examples having taught them, never stopt his race, 'till it came to a headlong overthrow. Sidney.
when advancing. Hence we say, head-sails,
head-sea, head-way, &c. See NAVIGATION, and If the header of one side of the wall is toothed as
Suip-BUILDING. much as the stretcher on the outside, it would be a
HE'ADACH, n. s. Head and ach. Pain in stronger toothing, and the joints of the headers of one side would be in the middle of the headers of the
the head. course they lie upon of the other side. Mo.zon.
From the cruel headach,
Sidney. I was entertained with a sort of wine which was
Nothing more exposes to headachs, colds, catarrhs, very heady, but otherwise seemed to be sack. Boyle.
Locke. Those ouly are regarded who are true to their and coughs, than keeping the head warm.
In the headach he orders the opening of the vein of party; and all the talent required is to be hot, to be
Arbuthnot. heady, to be violent on one side or the other.
At some dear idle time,
Nor plagued with headachs, or the want of rhyme. Abas, who seemed our friend, is either fled,
Pope. Or, what we fear, our enemies does head.
Dryden. HEAD'BAND, n. s. A fillet for the head; Some ask for envy'd power, which publick hate a topknot; the band at each end of a book. Pursues, and hurries headlong to their face,
The Lord will take away the bonnets, and the Down go the titles. Id. headbands.
Isaiah. Of cornel-wood a spear upright,
HEAD'BOROUGH, n. s. Head and borough. Headed with piercing steel, and polished bright. A constable; a subordinate constable.
Here lies John Dod, Prickly stubs, instead of trees, are found;
Father or mother, sister or brother, be never knew Headless the most, and hideous to behold. Id.
none; Since hearty beef and mutton will not do,
A headborough and a constable, a man of fame, Here's julep-dance, ptisan of song and show : The first of his house, and last of his name. Give you strong sense, the liquor is too heady;
Camden. You're come to farce, that's ass's milk, already.
This none are able to break thorough,
Until they're freed by head of borongh.
Hudibras. entire : it may be necessary to head them too.
HEAD'DRESS, n. s. The covering for a
Mortimer. Nor is what has been said of princes less true of woman's head: any thing prominent on the all other governours, from him that heads an army to head ; resembling a head-dress. him that is master of a family, or of one single ser Among birds the males very soon appear in a most vant,
South. beautiful headdress, whether it be a crest, a comb, a
tuft of feathers, or a naturai little plume, erected like The word is given ; with eager speed they lace a kind of pinnacle on the very top of the head. The shining headpiece, and the shield embrace. Addison.
Dryden. There is not so variable a thing in nature as a This champion will not come into the field, before lady's headdress : I have known it rise and fall. Id. his great blunderbuss can be got ready, his old rusty
If ere with airy horns I planted heads, breastplate scoured, and his cracked headpiece Or discomposed the headdress of a prude.
A reason for this fiction of the one-eyed Cyclops, The HEAD DRESS, amongst the ancient Jew
was their wearing a headpiece, or martial vizor, that had but one sight.
Broome. ish, Grecian, and Roman ladies, as among ourselves, was various, according to the times, and HEAD'QUARTERS, n. S.
Head and quarthe fluctuations of fashion. It principally ters. The place of general rendezvous, or lodgconsisted of their hair differently dressed. it ment for soldiers. This is properly two words. was usually divided before, with a bodkin, into
The horse made their escape to Winchester, the two equal parts; sometimes it was covered with headquarters.
Clarendon a net, or put into a kind of purse, or tied Those spirits, posted upon the out-guards, immebehind in the form of a knot, or bound back and diately scour off to the brain, which is the headplaited with ribands. It was washed with great quarters, or office of intelligence, and there they care; essence and perfumes were applied to it, make their report.
Collier. and gold dust sometimes made use of as powder. HEAD'SHIP, n. s. From head. Dignity; Pearls and jewels made a part of their orna- authority; chief place. ments; and pendants were worn in the ears. To HEAD'SMAN, n. s. Head and man. Execover the defect of hair, perukes were made use cutioner; one that cuts off heads. of by the gentlemen at Rome. Otho had a
Rods broke on our associates' bleeding backs, covering of false hair.
And headsmen lab'ring 'till they blunt their ax? HEAD'GARGLE, n. s. Head and gargle.
Dryden. A disease in cattle.
HEAD'STALL, n. s. Head and stall. Part For the headgargle give powder of fenugreek. of the bridle that covers the head.
His horse, with a balf-checked bit, and a headHEAD'LAND, n. s. A promontory; a cape; stall of sheep's leather, which, being restrained to ground under the hedges.
keep him from stumbling, bath been often burst, Now down with the grass upon headlands about,
and now repaired with knots.
Shakspeare. That groweth in shadow so rank and so stout. HEAD'STONE, n. S. Head and stone. The
first or capital stone. An heroick play ought to be an imitation of an he The stone, which the builders refused, is become roick poem, and consequently love and valour ought the headstone.
Psa, cxvii, 24, to be the subject of it : both these Sir William Davenant began to shadow; but it was so as discoverers
HEAL, v. a. & v. n. Sax. pælan, from draw their maps with headlands and promontories.
HEAL'er, n. S.
peel; Goth. halgun; Dryden. Heal'ing, adj.
Belg. heelen ; Teut. HEADLEY (Henry), B. A., an ingenious
Health, n. s.
heilen. To cure a
HEALTH'FUL, adj. person : young poet, born at Norwich in 1765, and educated under Dr. Parr. He studied at Trinity
HEALTH'FULLY, adv. from hurt or sick
HEALTH'FULNESS, n. S. ness; the person or College, Oxford, where he took his degree. He
HEALTHI'LY, adv. published a volume of poems; several pieces in
the means by which HEALTH'INESS, n. s.
it is done; a cure : the Olla Podrida; and a curious work entitled Select Beauties of Ancient English Poetry, with
HEALTH'SOME, adj. mild, gentle, assuaremarks; in 2 vols. 8vo. He died at Norwich
Health'y, adj. sive. Health, free
HEALTH'less, adj. dom from pain or in 1788, aged twenty-three. HEAD-MOULD-SHOT, in medicine, is a
sickness as to the body; as to the mind, welfare; disease wherein the sutures are so closely locked purity; goodness; salvation: also a wish for haptogether, as to compress the internal parts, the piness, used in drinking : healthful, wholesome; meninges, or even the brain. It is supposed to salutary: healthless, weak; sickly; infirm; that
which is not conducive to health, aumit of no cure from medicine, unless room could be given by manual operation or a divul
Our father is in good health, he is yet alive. sion of the sutures.
Genesis. It is the opposite of the horse-shoe head.
My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me, HEAD'PIECE, n. s. Head and piece. Ar- and art so far from my health, and from the words of
Psalms. mour for the head ; helmet; understanding; force my complaint ?
I will not be an healer.
Isaiah. of mind.
Thou bast no healing medicines. "Tis done by some severals
Jer. xxx. 13. Of headpiece exraordinary, lower messes I will restore health, and heal thee of thy wounds. Perchance are to this business purblind.
Jer. XXX. Shakspeare.
ther n'is erthe, water, fire, ne aire, Eumenes had the best headpiece of all Alexander's Ne creature that of her maked is, captains.
Prideaux. That may me hele or don comfort in this. I pulled off my headpiece, and humbly entreated
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale. her pardon, or knowledge why she was cruel.
For now is Palamon in alle wele,
Living in blisse, in richesse, and in hele. Id.