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Trenches should be digged, and drains made to be put between the pots, it will keep them dryer carry off the water wherever it stands; a large than earth. Flowers and shrubs in pots should flower pot, placed downwards in the earth, will be plunged into the ground, to keep the frost carry off a great quantity of water.

from the roots. Forest trees may still be planted, Fruit garden and orchard.--Finish gathering if there be not much frost; otherwise it is better apples and pears; after they have lain together to defer it till spring. Shrubs and trees may and sweated, the most valuable sorts, which still be pruned ; and long litter, &c., laid over keep long, should be ped dry with a cloth. the roots of those lately planted. Trenches Prune and plant apple and pear trees. Frune, and drains should be made wherever the water and pull off the green figs. Attend to the fruit stands. room; pick out every leaf, and all specked and Fruit garden and orchard:-Examine apples decayed apples or pears. Finish planting or- and pears in the fruit room; pick out such as chards at the beginning of this month, and stake appear the soundest of the best sorts, and wrap the trees. Finish planting and pruning of espa- each in a piece of paper. This will cause them liers, standard and wall trees, early in the month. to keep several weeks longer. Repair espaliers; Place strawberries in pots for forcing, under prune the trees ; spread some rotten dung on frames; and attend to the alpines. Finish pruning the border, and fork it in. Finish pruning fig and planting of wall trees.

Guard the fruit room from frost, but give 1 Greenhouse.—Give air in the middle of the it some air, when the weather is not very damp day, unless when very foggy. Earth the tops of nor frosty. Examine the orchard, and take care any of the pots, when any mould appears on that the newly planted trees are well staked and them. Constantly pick off geranium leaves as mulched; and cut out the dead wood from the they decay more than any others, and give them standard trees. Finish pruning and planting water very sparingly : also, all decayed leaves, as wall trees early in the month. they corrupt the air of the house very much. Greenhouse. --Air must be given whenever the Succulent plants, as aloes, ficoides, &c., will weather is mild and will permit it. Earth the require but very little water; large aloes the tops of the pots, but first take out a little of the most. Water woody plants often, but give them old. Frost must be guarded against, by keeping only little at a time; as dampness is more pre- the doors and windows close, when it begins to judicial in a greenhouse than cold.

freeze. Constantly pick off decayed leaves.

Myrtles and other greenhouse plants against DECEMBER.

walls will require to have mats placed before The gurden is no longer decorated with flowers them; and in the middle of fine days, before the or verdure; but it contains many things of pro- frost is set in, rolled up, but let down again at mise, which demand attention. There are still night. Long litter, or rotten tan, should also be some works of labor; and, where there is plenty laid over the roots to preserve them from the of dung and frames, hot-beds may be made use of, frost. Myrtles may also be preserved in deep and spring anticipated.

pits made against a south wall, and covered in Kitchen garden.-Asparagus must be planted very frosty weather with mats and straw nearly a for the third crop, and give it both light and air foot thick. Many are preserved in the nurseries to color it. If the beds be not warm enough, near London, with only hurdles laid over the pit, line them with fresh dung. Boorcole, broccoli, without any glass, and covered very thick in and cabbages must be well earthed up, to keep frost with straw and mats. Succulent plants them upright, and all decayed leaves picked off. will require but very little water. Water those Cauliflower plants must have air while the wea- plants which require it very sparingly. Open ther is mild, and pick off dead leaves. Earth the windows for three or four hours in the middle up celery when dry, for blanching. Sow cress, of the day. mustard, and radishes, on hot-beds every week.

Sect. V.-MODERN IMPROVEMENTS IN HORTI. Weed and turn over dunghills in frosty weather. Tie

up endive for blanching. Hot-beds must be attended to, and plenty of hot dung and loam

Thus far the general directions we have given provided for cucumbers and melons. Lettuces will enable the reader to superintend the ordiunder glasses must have air given them in the nary occupations of the garden throughout the middle of mild days. Mushroom beds must year. Certain considerable improvements in this have dry straw. Earth up peas and beans art within the last few years demand a more parabove ground. Roots preserved in sand, as ticular description. We shall class them alphacarrots, potatoes, &c., should be finished before betically under the same general divisions of the frost sets in. Search for snails in the holes horticultural la'vor that pervade our calendar, of the walls. Sow cress, mustard, and radishes, viz. the kitchen, flower, and fruit garden :on hot-beds every week. Repair, grind, and

I. In the Kitchen GARDEN-1. An early pur. put in order tools. Set traps to catch mice in; ple variety of broccobi, called the Cape broccoli, and make trenches to drain off the water. first attracts our notice. It is of a very superior

Flower garden and shrubbery.—Examine auri- flavor, but apt in cultivation to start into flower; culas frequently, and pick off all decayed leaves. clever management, however, will obviate this. Bulbous roots for forcing must be constantly Two crops are sown in the middle of April and attended to, to give them water, which should May, the first on any border of light soil. The plants always be soft; and change that in the glasses may be removed in a month into sandy loam, when foul. Carnations in pots should be manured; and should not stand nearer than two plunged into the ground; but, if ashes or sand feet apart. Frequent hoeing is necessary. The



second crop should be planted in pots directly down, to the depth of a foot or more; but the from the seed bed. Then sink the pots until the fermentation produced should never exceed 60° broccoli heads are formed. If these pots in the Fahrenheit. In the space of a month shoots will end of November, are placed in a glass frame, be ready for cutting; and successive shoots may very fine broccoli may be had in the depth of be thus obtained throughout the winter. This winter.

method of forcing sea-kale, has universally su2. Calé, Sea.-Sea-cale is now cultivated on perseded the plan of planting it in hot-beds, a very superior principle, and is an important under glass frames, where it has been tried. market vegetable at Covent Garden. It should 3. Cauliflower plants have been of late prebe trenched at least two feet deep in a light soil, served through the winter in the following way :and having a dry hottom. Recent dung or At the end of October the firmest and best coarse manure must not be added, the shoots shaped are lifted with a ball of earth attached to being apt to imbibe a disagreeable flavor from the roots, and arranged round the borders of the them : sea-weed or rotten leaves are best as ma- peach-house, or vinery, close together, but

The plant may be propagated by offsets, without touching. The larger outside leaves are or by small pieces of the root, having eyes or removed, and any points of leaves that immedibuds attached to them; but it rises freely from ately overhang the flower. While the houses seed, sown in patches in March, and leaving are kept without fire, in the first part of the fully two feet between each patch. During the winter; mats and straw are used to cover the first two years, it must be well hoed and weeded. cauliflower plants from frost. You may also At the approach of winter, some gardeners plant them in hot-bed frames, and draw off the throw a little light stable dung, or a covering of glass in mild days; covering them with mats, fresh sandy soil, over the whole bed. In the &c., as the weather becomes severe, and carefully third year, the plants are fit for blanching; and, removing the decayed leaves. if the bed be well managed, it will continue 4. Cress, America. This-is, in fact, a biennial productive for several years. It is proper, how- variety of ours, erysimum præcos, and much ever, to sow a small bed yearly to ensure a suc- resembles the common winter cress, E. barbarea, cession of young and vigorous plants. Fresh but its leaves bave a pleasanter and milder while seed may be kept in readiness, by allowing two warm taste. It has latterly become a favorite or three plants to produce their flowers and seeds sallad, and may be sown at two or three times each year; the flowers, which are white and during the sunımer, either broadoast, or in smell of honey, appear in May, and the seeds drills a foot asunder, on a light soil. When the in September.

outer leaves are gathered it should be so maIn the first volume of the Memoirs of the naged, that the new ones are regularly produced. Caledonian Horticultural Society, Sir George Make a late sowing in August or September, on Mackenzie describes an excellent method of a sheltered border, and the plants will afford blanching. The sea-cale bed is covered early leaves until March. in the spring with clean and dry oat-straw, 5. Melons. The ingenious and scientific Mr. which is removed as often as it becomes musty. Knight has given some useful cautions to garThe shoots rise through the straw, and are at the deners respecting preserving the leaves of mesame time pretty well blanched. Mr. Barton, lons. Many old horticulturalists have stripped the gardener at Bothwell Castle, employed tree- plant of them, as he contends, most injudiciously, leaves for this purpose. He found that a thin the fineness of the fruitoften being sacrificed therecovering of stable dung, sufficient only to keep by. He recommends the employing pegs more the leaves from being blown about, was useful in freely both to keep the plant, the roots particularly, forwarding the production of the sea-cale shoots, in its place, and the leaves upright and steady. The a slight fermentation being thus induced. The Valentia and the Salonica melon are modern fashoots rise sweet and tender among the leaves, in vorites. The former will keep many weeks, and the early part of spring ; but it must evidently has reached us in our late intercourse with the be difficult in this way to regulate the heat of Peninsula. It is, generally speaking, to be fermentation. Another method consists in plac- managed like the common melon : the fruit ing over each plant a lower-pot of the largest gathered when nearly ripe, and suspended in a size, inverted ; and blanching-pots, constructed dry airy room, will keep till February. It is for this express purpose, are described by Mr. of a lozenge or long oval shape; the skin thin, Maher, in the first volume of the Transactions and of a dark green color; the pulp whitish, of the Horticultural Society of London. Each firm, and juicy. The Salonica is nearly spheripot, during the season, will, upon an average, cal, with a smooth face, and of a gold color; furnish a dish and a half of shoots.

the pulp of the same general appearance as the By means of these pots sea-cale is forced Valentia, but more abundant in saccharine. with great facility. In autumn vigorous sea 6. Mushrooms are thus raised by what is kale is dressed off in the open border, that is, called Oldacre's method. For the compost he the stalks are cut over, and all decayed leaves obtains fresh short dung, which has neither been are removed. The ground is at the same time exposed to wet nor fermentation; to which is loosened around the plants, and a thin covering added about a fifth part of sheep's droppings, or of fine gravel, or sifted ashes, laid on the surface. of the cleanings of a cow-house ; the whole being A pot with a moveable lid is now placed over well mixed and incorporated. The beads are now each plant, or patch of plants, if two or more formed in coarse wooden boxes. (1.) A stratum have remained together, and stable litter is close- of the prepared mixture, about three inches thick, ly packed all round the pots, and pressed firmly is beaten together on the bottom with a flat wooden


mallet; then another layer beaten as before; and potatoes which have grown late in the preceding this is repeated till the beds are half a foot thick, year, or have been only imperfectl_ ripened. It and very firm. (2.) The boxes are now placed is likewise important to observe that it seems in the mushroom-house, or any place where a established, if a valuable kind is exhausted, or slight increase of temperature can be procured. has lost its good qualities, it may be restored (3.) When fermentation takes place, and the beds merely by planting the tubers late in the sumare about milk-warm, holes are dibbled in the mer, and preserving the produce of this late mass, about nine inches apart, for receiving the planting for seed-stock. spawn, which

is of course to be previously pre Supplies of young potatoes are often produced, pared. (4.) These holes are left open until the during winter, in boxes placed in the mushroomheat is on the decline, and before it is quite house, in the shade at the back of a hol-house, gone a piece of spawn is thrust into each, and or in a common cellar, out of the reach of frost. they are closed with the compost. (5.) A week Old potatoes are placed in October in layers, alterafterwards the beds are covered with a coating nating with a mixture of tree leaves, sand, and of rich mould, mixed with about a fifth part of light mould. Vegetation soon proceeds; and, horse-droppings, and beaten down with the back there being no opportunity for the unfolding of of a spade. (6.) The place is now kept as nearly stems and leaves, the energies of the plants

are and equally at 55° Fahrenheit as it can be. expended in the production of young ones. BeWhen the boxes become dry, it is found neces- fore mid-winter these attain the usual size and sary to sprinkle over them a little soft water, but appearance of early potatoes; but they are inthis must be done with circumspection. The ferior and of a watery taste. more free air can be admitted, so as to exclude 10. No modern addition to our horticultural the frost, the better for the flavor of the mush- productions has been more extensively approved

than that of rhubarb stalks, and they are every 7. Onions are much improved, it has been year improving. We do not find them adopted found, by transplanting. Mr. Knight's plan is in any other country; but they are an important to sow the seed (preferring the variety named article of trade to the green-grocers both of Lonwhite Portugal onion), at the usual spring sea- don and Edinburgh. By the employment of son, thick under the shade of trees, and in a poor young seedling plants, say of Rheum rhapontisoil. In the autumn the bulbs being small, but cum, hybridum, compactum, or Sibiricum, the of firm texture, are taken from the ground, and proper removal of leaves, and the keeping of the preserved till the succeeding spring, when they plants from flowering, the succulent stalk, when are planted at equal distances, perhaps six peeled, cut down, and baked into tarts, has the inches from each other. The plants thus pro- appearance of apples, and a mild sweetness preduced possess superior strength and vigor to ferred by many people. In the open ground the those raised directly from the seed, owing to the stalks are produced from April till midsummer. quantity of previously generated sap being Vegetation may be hastened during March, by greater in the bulb than the seed. In Spain and throwing over the plants some loose haum, care Portugal they can accomplish this in one summer. being taken not to injure the shoots. Rhubarb

8. Mr. Knight some years ago obtained a new may be forced much in the manner of sea-kale; and most beautiful pea, by pollen taken from but the stalks thus become not only of a lighter different varieties of blossom, white and gray, color, but have less of the peculiar flavor of the the plant generally rising to the height of eight plant. Mr. Knight mentions a method of forcing or ten feet. In exposed situations it is apt to be rhubarb by planting it in pots. In the beginning injured by the winds; but in sheltered places, of winter a number of roots of rhubarb are dus and with the aid of stakes, it proves extremely up, and placed in some large and deep pots, productive. The blossoms are large and white, each being made to receive as many as it will and both the legumes or cods, and the seeds or contain. Some fine sandy loam is then washed peas, are large. The peas are of a cream color: in, so as closely to fill the interstices between the as they begin to dry, they shrivel or contract in roots, the tops of which are so placed as to be some degree; from which circumstance the name level with each other, and about an inch below of wrinkled pea has been given them among the surface of the mould in the pots. The pots seedsmen. The flavor, when boiled, is peculiarly are placed in any kind of hot-house; and other rich, no pea indeed bas hitherto been found to pots of the same size are inverted over them. yield an equal quantity of saccharine, and it If water be freely supplied, vegetation proceeds retains its favor in autumn uncommonly well. very rapidly: three successive crops of leafIt should not be sown before April or May. stalks may generally be obtained. The shaded

9. Potatoes have been improved under the spaces of vineries or peach-houses, which are auspices of the Horticultural Societies of the generally wholly unoccupied, are exceedingly country, but a hardy growth of them is yet well suited for this operation. wanted. An important fact in the cultivation of 11. Sprouts, called Brussels sprouts (the chou potatoes was noticed about the year 1806, by à jets of that neighbourhood), are the smaller Mr. Thomas Dickson of Edinburgh, viz. that rosettes of the stem leaves of this kind of cabbage, the most healthy and productive plants were to resembling the Savoy. They are very delicate be obtained by employing as seed-stock tubers eating, and are cultivated much in the manner of which had not been thoroughly ripened, or even coleworts in general. The seed is to be sown in by planting only the wet, or least ripened ends Spring, and seedlings planted out before midof long-shaped potatoes. Mr. Knight has also summer on showery days. The plants grow as shown the advantage of using, as seed-stock, high as three feet, and the sprouts form a narrow

pyramidal growth round the stem. In October The Siberian lilac is a pretty shrub of .ate inthe plants should be furnished round the roots troduction. The size of the leaf is between that with additional earth. The earliest sprouts be- of the two old species. It seems to be the varin come fit for use in November; and, if the wea- of the French. "Ribes aureum, , or the yellowther be mild, they continue good, or even flowered currant,makes also a fine appearance when improving till March. Two or three of the best in blossom. It requires shelter, or to be trained. plants, with the rosettes small and closely set, The tree-peony, or moutan, is also planted in a should be allowed to run to flower, in order to sheltered situation, and forms a beautiful ornasecure a supply of seed. In the London Hor- ment to the garden or shrubbery when in flower. ticultural Transactions, vol. iii., Mr. Van Mons The cultivation of dahlius, we may add, has of Brussels states, that, by successive sowings, become very fashionable ; and the showy gerathe sprouts are there obtained for the greater diums have greatly increased. Acacias have part of the year. The tops of the plants are cut been yielded from New Holland in great abundoff a fortnight before beginning to gather the ance ; while the heaths of the Cape of Good sprouts; which, it is thought, promotes the pro- Hope have become so numerous, and are so beauduction of rosettes. The sprouts are preferred tiful, that upwards of 200 species of them are when small or young; if they be more than half already adopted. an inch in diameter, they are thought too large. III. The Fruit GARDEN and NURSERY opeIn the spring, when the plants have a tendency rations have received more attention and imto run to flower, their growth is checked, by provement of late years, perhaps, than any other transplanting them to a cool situation.

branch of horticulture. We shall first notice 2. Turnips—The navew, or navet of the the chief new varieties of fruit that have been French, is a variety of our brassica napus, first introduced. cultivated in this country during the late war. 1. Of Apples.—Mr. Knight has distinguished The cultivation is similar to that of other tur- himself in the culture both of the apple and pear. nips ; but the root, which is carrot-shaped, is of We owe to him, or his improved methods of cula much higher flavor. It is put whole into soups, tivation, the yellow Ingestrie pippin, the Scotch after being scraped. The Maltese turnip, a fine nonpareil and the Braddock nonpareil. The yellow variety of a round shape and very smooth Downton pippin, so named after Mr. Knight's seat, skin, has also been much cultivated of late: it is has been long known. The Wormsley pippin best preserved in sand during winter. The Aber- is a variety of the latter, and a very fine large deen yellow turnip is something similar to it in juicy fruit. The russet nonpareil was raised at appearance. The Swedish ruta baga is also now Pitmaston near Worcester, from 'seeds of the preferred by many for the winter, on account of nonpareil. The blossom is more hardy than that its rich flavor and agreeable sweetness. It may of the parent variety, and the fruit compressed either be stored in sand, or, being a hardy plant, of a dull green, and much covered with russet ; may remain in the ground till wanted. Powdered the pulp is of a pleasant and very aromatic conquick-lime sprinkled over the young plants has şistence. The martin nonpareil is another fine been found an excellent remedy against the ra- dessert species raised near Worcester America vages of the turnip Ay.

has of late yielded, the important addition · II. In the FloWER GARDEN and SHRUBBERY of the Newtown pippin of Long Island, a fine we may notice the additions which have been dessert apple, similar to the rennet; it keeps made of late years to the rose tribes cultivated well, is in perfection in January, but continues in this country. These have been largely in- good till March or April. In this country creased from China, as in Lady Banks', the blush, the tree requires a wall with a good aspect. The the crimson, and the Macartney rose. Some varie. Spitzenberg apple has somewhat of the pine-apple ties of the crimson China rose, with semi-double flavor: the tree requires a sheltered west situation flowers, are particularly beautiful. Varieties of and good soil; the fruit is of fine appearance. the Scots and Ayrshire roses have also extended The American nonpareil, or pomme de grise, is a themselves over England. The latter grows with high-flavored apple, introduced only a few remarkable rapidity, and has been found useful years ago : and also flourishes best on a west in covering walls or paling. It is the R. ca- wall. The Canadian rennet may be added as preolata of Don.

a good wall apple. Several Japan shrubs have been also adopted 2. The Elton cherry was produced by Mr. as highly ornamental. We may enumerate, 1. Knight from the pollen of the white heart and the The Japan apple, (Pyrus Japonica); the gold blossom of the graffion. It has a deep crimson plant (Aucuba Japonica); and the corchorus, or tinge on the petals, and very long fruit sialks. The Kerrea Japonica.

black eagle he obtained from the graffion and mayFrom Ireland, within these few years, have duke. The Waterloo-and early black cherry were been brought three very ornamental evergreens. similarly produced. All these are great improve1. The most important is a broad-leaved Irish ments in regard to handsome and juicy fruit. ivy, the most superior plant of that tribe. It 3. The cranberry of America (Vaccinium Maboth grows more freely, and has leaves three or crocarpum) is a useful recent addition to our four times larger, as well as of a much brighter hardy fruit. It is large for a cranberry, grows green, than the common ivy. 2. The next plant freely, and to a good height, and is distinguished we shall mention is a kind of yew, remarkable for by the smoothness of its stem. It flourishes its upright growth, and fine dark foliage. 3. most in a damp situation or near water. The Irish furše, also remarkable for its upright 4. In currants nothing exceeds the large Dutch growth.

white and the Champagne, an intermediate currant

between red and white, but larger and more 11. In the third volume of the London Horjuicy thau the red. The Pollock white is an ticultural Transactions, Mr. Hooker has deexcellent and very sweet variety, raised from scribed Wilmot's new early Orleans plum. It the seed, at the garden of Sir John Maxwell, resembles generally the common Orleans ; but Bart.

the fruit ripens three weeks before that fruit; 5. Gooseberries have been considerably im- while the blossom expands later than in almost proved in Lancashire, where they speak highest any of the plum tribe. The fruit resembles the of the Warrington, the Captain, the Old Iron- Orleans, but is more juicy, and of finer flavor; monger, and the red Champagne. Wilmot's the tree is vigorous and fertile. Coe's golden early red likewise deserves mention : it is early drop is also a new variety: The leaves are unripe, large, and of excellent flavor; in May, it commonly large, and this is the principal characis better for tarts and sauces than most others, ter of the variety. When the fruit is ripe, the the skin melting down with the rest of the berry. pulp is of a gold yellow color; it is dotted It is easily cultivated and very productive. next the sun with. violet and crimson. The

6. Grapes are too important for an incidental fruit may be kept for many weeks hung up in a notice like the present, see Vine. But we may dry place. The trees require a west wall. here mention that Mr. Knight has successfully Improvements in the rearing of fruit trees.mingled the pollen of the Aleppo grape with the Mr. Knight, in his treatise on the apple and flower of the white chassilas, and produced one pear, notices the fact that some of the finest of the best of the new varieties the grape, the cider and perry fruits of the seventeenth century variegated chasselas.

have become extinct, and observes that, as each. 7. The Woodhall is the only new variety of variety of fruit springs from an individual at nectarine ; and is so named from its having been first, it is by means of grafting or budding, that raised at Woodball, near Holyton in Scotland, the individual has been extended. Whatever by Mr. Walter Henderson, á successful culti- tendency to decay and extinction existed in the vator of the citrus and erica tribes. The fruit, individual at first, must, he remarks, exist in all which is very successful, generally approaches to the extensions of that individual accomplished the elruge; but it is more juicy, and of a higher by means of buds or grafts. By careful manageflavor. The tree has never shown the slightest ment, or fortunate situation, the health and life of symptom of mildew. The blossom is small, a particular individual or original tree, therefore, early, and hardy.

may be prolonged; and, in like manner, some 8. In the Orangery large trees are not now so buds or grafts, placed on vigorous stocks and frequently found as formerly. The citron and nursed in favorable situations, may long survive the lemon are preferred for :raining on trellises, the other buds or grafts from the same tree, or or for covering the back wall of a hot-house. may long survive the original unengrafted tree. Mr. Benham of Islesworth, and Mr. Henderson Still, in all of them, there is a progress to exof Woodhall, are considered, we believe, among tinction; the same inevitable fate awaits them : the most successful cultivators of the orange the only renewal of an individual, the only trưe tribes, and have lately introduced the Malta or reproduction, is by seed. Mr. Knight's doctrine, sweet Philippine orange. It is of a beautiful in this respect, seems now to be establisbed, and round shape, reddish-yellow rind, and crimson the importance of acquiring new varieties of our juice. The fruit is small. The shaddock some- staple fruits is generally acknowledged. times attains in England a large size, the fruit Our author has taken uncommon pains to proweighing from four pounds to eight pounds or cure promising seeds for this purpose. For exupwards; but it is not fit to be eaten in a raw ample, he prepared stocks of the best kinds of state.

apple capable of being propagated by cuttings, 9. Mr. Knight meets us again as a successful and planted these stocks against a wall in a rich cultivator of peaches. He planted several trees soil; these were next year grafted with the in large pots, and paid every attention to bring- golden pippin. In the course of the following ing them to a state of high health and vigor; he winter the young trees were raised from the then applied to the pistil of one good kind the ground, and, the roots being shortened, they were antheræ of another; each tree was allowed to replanted. By this mode of treatment they were bring not more than three peaches to perfection; brought into a bearing state at the end of two and thus he produced the Acton and Spring seasons. Only two apples were suffered to reGrove peach, both of a beautiful bright color, main on each tree; these consequently attained and firm but melting vinous pulp. Braddick's a large size and perfect maturity; and the seeds. American peach is recommended in the London thus procured were sown to procure seedlings Horticultural Transactions, vol. ii. It is a large allied to the golden pippin. yellow fruit, red next the sun ; the pulp yellow, Mr. Knight, Mr. Macdonald, and others, have and of high flavor. It is not, however, hardy, also been at great pains to bring the pollen of nor does the tree freely produce.

one kind of approved fruit in contact with the 10. In pears the Wormsley Bergamot, and the pistils of others; an operation of great nicety. Bon Chretien, much cultivated near London, are Mr. Knight opened the unexpanded blossom of the only importan: new varieties. The Wormsley the variety destined to be the female parent of Bergamot has been raised by Mr. Knight from the new progeny, and with a pair of small pointed the blossom of the autumn bergamot, dusted scissors cut away all the stamina while the anwith the pollen of the St. Germain. The sickle thers were yet unripe, taking great care to leave pear of America is also an addition to our fruit the style and stigmata uninjured. The full gardens.

blown blossoms of the other variety were after

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