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if they are judiciously led about the garden, have size of the ground: these in a small garden should a better effect than large stagnating ponds or be six feet broad, but in a large one ten, and on canals. When wildernesses are intended, they each side of the walk there should be allowed a should not be cut into stars and other ridiculous border three or four feet wide between it and the figures, nor formed into mazes or labyrinths, or espalier. In these borders may be sown small any thing which in a great design might appear sallads, or any other herbs that do not take deep trifling.
root or continue long; but they should not be In a word, the several parts of a garden should sown or planted with the same plants two years be diversified; but, in places where the eye takes together. in the whole at once, the two sides should be In the quarter nearest to the stables, and best always the same. The general disposition of a defended from the cold winds, should be the hotgarden and of its parts ought to be accommodated beds, for early cucumbeis, melons, &c., and to to the different situations of the ground, to hu- these there should be a passage from the stables, mor its inequalities, to proportion the number of and a gate through which a small cart may ensorts of trees and shrubs to each part, and to shut ter. The most important points of general culout from the view of the garden no objects that ture consist in well digging and manuring the may become ornamental.
soil, and giving a proper distance to each plant, Practical attention to a garden is by some es- according to their different growths: as also in teemed a degrading employment. It is true, keeping them clear from weeds; for which purindeed, that pastoral and agricultural manners, pose, always observe to keep the dunghills free if we may form a judgment from the dignified from them, otherwise their seeds will be condescriptions of Virgil, are greatly degenerated. stantly brought in and spread with the dung. The employments of shepherds and husbandmen are now become mean and sordid, and the work
Sect. IV.—THE GARDENER'S KALENDAR. of the garden is usually left to a peasant. But Under this head we proceed to point out what the operations of grafting, of inoculating, of is proper to be done in the different months of pruning, of transplanting, are curious experi- the year, is the Kitchen-Garden, Flower-Garden, ments in natural philosophy; and, that they are Orchard, &c. The arrangement is drawn up for pleasing as well as curious, those can testify who the climate of the midland counties of England; remember what they felt on seeing their attempts but will suit more northern parts where the cliin these branches of practical gardening attend- mate is mild, equally well, upon allowing a difed with success. Among the employments suit- ference of ten or twelve days later for sowing or able to old age, Cicero has enumerated the su- planting. Where the seasons are still more perintendance of a garden. It requires no great backward, a proportional allowance will be maile exertion of mind or body; and its satisfactions by the judicious gardener. are of that kind which please without violent agitation. Its beneficial influence on health is
JANUARY an additional reason for an attention to it at an In January every thing should be done that the age when infirmities abound.
weather and circumstances will permit (even if not A very limited tract, properly attended to, will absolutely necessary), in order to lessen the woris furnish ample employment for an individual. of next month, which, when it happens to be un Nor let it be thought a mean care; for the same open season, is a very important one, in which the hand that raised the cedar, formed the hyssop on loss of a single day is of consequence. the wall. Even the orchard, cultivated solely Kitchen garden.-Asparagus, in this season, for advantage, exhibits beauties unequalled in the being one of the greatest rarities which the art of shrubbery; nor can the green-house produce an gardening affords, ought to be planted every appearance to excel the blossom of the apple month, to have a regular succession of it till April, and the almond.
as it is above three weeks before it will be fit to The kitchen garden ought to be situated on cut, and the fourth hot-bed should now be made. one side of the house, near the stables, whence Beans of the early mazagan sort must be planted the dung may be easily conveyed to it; and, af- for the second crop. Beets and cabbages of ter having built the wall, borders should be made every sort, intended to procure seed from, should under them, which, according to Mr. Miller, now be planted, if this was omitted in October. should be eight or ten feet broad. Upon these Carrots, to draw young, for the first crop, should borders, exposed to the south, many sorts of now be sown; and those intended for seed early plants may be sown; and, upon those ex- should be planted. Cauliflower plants under posed to the north, may be sown some late crops; glasses and frames should be covered with peataking care not to plant any deep-rooting plants, straw, or mats, to defend them from the frost. especially beans and peas, too near the fruit Celery should be digged up as soon as the frost
begins, for daily use, and the other covered with Next proceed to divide the ground into quar- straw. Cress, mustard, radish, and rape, should ters ; the best figures for these are a square or be sown every week on a hot-bed. Cucumbers, an oblong, if the ground will admit of it. The for the first crop, to come early in March, should size of these quarters should be proportioned to now be sown. As soon as they are three or four that of the garden ; iftoo small, the ground will days' old put each into a small pot, be lost in walks, and, the quarters being enclosed week sow more to have plenty of plants. Dung by espaliers of fruit trees, the plants will draw
be wh ed into the kitchen-garden in up slender, for want of a more open exposure. frosty weather, when other work cannot be done. The walks should also be proportioned to the Endive should be digged up, like the celery, as
soon as the frost begins, and the rest covered planting should be prepared by digging the with straw. Ground lying vacant should be holes ready; and, if wettish, a cart load of good digged up, if omitted in October, and thrown loam should be brought for each standard tree, up into ridges. Hot-beds and loam should be and formed into a little hill before the tree be prepared for asparagus, cucumbers, and melons. planted. Scrape off the moss from all fruit trees. Lettuces under glasses should be examined, and, Orchards in general are much neglected, by not if they be killed, sow more on a hot-bed. Mint cutting out the dead wood and branches that should be planted in pots, and, if there be no cross each other, Pear-trees require pruning, hot-bed, it will grow in a warm room. Mush- both standards, espaliers, and against walls, as room beds will require regular attendance, and soon as the weather becomes mild. Prune curfrost and rain must be kept out by dry straw rants, gooseberries, and raspberries. Strawand inats. Onions, to draw young, should be berries in pots may be placed on hot-beds for sown on a warm border. Peas under the south forcing. Vines should not be pruned till towards wall, for the first crop, should have the earth the end of the month. drawn up to them in a dry day, and sticks placed Greenhouse.--Air may be given to the plants. to them to defend them from the violence of the if the weather be mild. Fire must be made if it winds ; and sow the second crop. Plant aspa- freezes, and particularly when it begins to thaw, ragus for the fourth crop. Beans for the second or if it is foggy weather, to dry the house; for crop of Mazagans. Beets, cabbages, carrots, dampness is as prejudicial as cold; and, if there
snips, for seed. Mint and potatoes on a hot- be no fue, light a few candles in frosty weather. bed. Onions for eschalions and seed. Radishes To know for a certainty when it begins to freeze, for the second crop, sow in a warm situation, set a pan of water near the windows. Leaves, and the first crop on a hot-bed. Small sallading, which are any way decayed should be constantly as cress, mustard, rape, radishes, sow every picked off, particularly from the geraniudis. week on a hot-bed. Sow carrots for the first Succulent plants, such as aloes, ticoides, &c., crop, and the second of peas. Sow on hotbeds, should not have any water this month. Water carrots and cucumbers for the first crop. Cress, for all sorts of plants should be the softest that mustard, radish, and rape for sallads : sow like- can be got; rain-water is the best; the chillness wise turnips.
should be taken off by letting it stand in the Flower garden and shrubbery.-Anemones house some days before it is used; and this which were planted in the autumn, will require month it should be given very sparingly. Winto be covered with pea-straw, rotten tan, ordows in frosty weather should be kept very mats. Auricula and polyanthus seeds may now be close, by pasting strips of paper where the wind sown in boxes or pots in mild weather. Auriculas blows in, for that contributes to the frost; and, should be sheltered from violent rains and frost if the windows must be covered with mats, take by mats; and at the end of the month fresh earthed. them down in tlie daytime to admit the light; Beds for bulbous roots should be digged and for, if plants be shut up in the dark, their leaves thrown up into ridges, that they may be planted will soon fall off; and the outward door should the first fine weather, if any roots remain un- he opened as seldom as possible; but, to have planted; but it is bad policy not to plant them it proper, there should be another door leading in (October or the beginning of November. Bulb- through a shed. ous rooted flowers in boxes or glasses should be
FEBRUARY removed in frosty weather, before night, from the windows; nor should they be set on chim When the ground can be conveniently worked, ney-pieces until they are in flower, for shade this is a very busy month, and no time should be draws all flowers up very weak. Boxes under lost, nor hunds spared, that every thing, may be five inches deep, eight wide, aud sixteen long, done in its earliest season.
The last week is purfilled with light sandy earth, without any dung, ticularly important ; some full crops should then are better than glasses, and will not require so be sown, and many other things be done which are much trouble. Stir up the earth often with a frequently neglected. table fork. Carnations must be sheltered from Kitchen garden.- Asparagus should have the violent rains and frost by mats. Plant at the mats taken off the glasses, except when it snows; end of the month, or sooner if the weather be for without light it will not be green; and the mild, all sorts of bulbous roots, as crocuses, jon- fifth and last crop should be planted on a hotquilles, narcissuses, polyanthus-narcissuses, snow- bed. Beans of ihe early sorts must now be drops, tulips, &c. Plant flowering shrubs, which planted for the third crop, and at the end of this are hardy, and flower early, as almonds, double- month the first crop of the large sorts, as Windflowering cherries, honeysuckles, lilacs, meze- sor, long-podded, "&c. Sow beets, but let the reons, roses, &c. Shrubs and trees of all sorts ground be digged very deep. Boorcole or kale, may be planted at the end of this month.- and broccoli, will want earthing up, but let the Trenches should be cut to carry off the water, if dead leaves be first picked off. Sow cabbages, it stands any where after heavy rains.
for the second crop of sugarloaf, and the first of Fruit gorden and orchard.--Apple-trees should red, and plant out those sown in August. Sow be pruned as soon as the violent frosts are over. carrots at the end of the month for the general Espaliers ought always to be repaired before the crop, on a deep sandy soil. Cauliflowers under buds of the trees begin to open. The fruit room glasses must be examined, all the dead leaves should be often examined, to pick out all fruit picked off, and the earth stirred up. In mild which begins to decay; and nail mats before the weather give them air, and plant some out, windows to keep out the frost. Ground for leaving only the two strongest under each glass.
Sow the second crop on a gentle hot-bed. the earth should be stirred up once a week. Sow celery for the first crop on a gentle hot- Carnations must be fresh potted, and sheltered bed, and draw earth up to blanch what remains from heavy rains by mats. Flowering shrubs in the ground, in dry weather. Sow coleworts and forest trees of all sorts, except ever-greens, for the first crop : cress and mustard every may be planted at the end of the month. Grass week on hot-beds. Cucumber beds must be walks, if intended to be made next month, constantly attended to, to keep them up to a should have the ground prepared by levelling it. proper heat, and another made for the plants Hot-beds for sowing amaranths, balsams, and raised last month : when they have three or other tender annuals, should be prepared, and four rough leaves, plant them out, three or four the seed sown at the end of the month. Hyato each light, and sow more seed. Tie up en- cinths which are above ground should be dive for blanching, and plant out some for seed. covered with mats supported by hoops. MigEschalots, garlic, and rocambole, should not be nonette must be sown on a hot-bed, or it will deferred planting, or the roots will be very do in a pot placed in a warm room where the small. Ground lying vacant should be digged sunshine comes; but let the seed be sown very and thrown up into ridges, to prepare it ready thin. Perennial-rooted flowers at the end of for sowing. Horse-radish should now be planted. the month may be removed from the seed-beds, Hot-beds for cucumbers, melons, and small and the old roots transplanted. Plant anemones sallading, prepare, and have plenty of dung. and ranunculuses. Shrubbery should be digged Sow leeks, and mark some for seed. Plant out over and raked smooth, to destroy the young lettuces from under glasses, if the weather be weeds beginning to shoot; but the trees should mild, and sow the second crop. Give plenty of first be pruned. Shrubs of all sorts should have air to the forced ones. Sow melons at the the suckers taken off, and, if small, be planted beginning of the month for the first crop, and, in beds a foot asunder until they are stronger; when about three days old, plant each in a and any sorts may now be planted. small pot. Plant mint in pots on a hot-bed. Fruit garden and orchard.--Apple and pear Defend mushrootn beds from wet. Sow onions trees should be finished pruning the first mild at the end of this month or beginning of the weather. Plant cuttings of currants and goose next for the general crop: weed those sown in berries. Prepare grafts of apples and peary. autumn, and plant some for seed. Sow parsley Place hurdles against peaches, nectarines, and for edgings, and some curled, very thin on a apricots, in the beginning of the month ; they bed, to grow large for garnishing of dishes, and should be about two feet higher than the walls, the large rooted. Sow parsnips on ground dig- that they may be set sloping; and must be ged very deep. Peas out of the ground should fastened with stakes, and remain there till the have the earth drawn up to them, as they ad- fruit is set. Sow kernels of apples and pears, vance in dry weather, and will require sticking. for stocks. Planting all sorts of fruit-trees Sow marrowfats and other large sorts, and the should be finished early in the month, and the third crop of hotspurs. Plant asparagus for roots covered with mulch. Pruning wall-trees forcing, for the last crop: beans for a third crop: should be finished. Strawberries may be planted Windsors for the first : cauliflowers from under at the end of the month, and the old beds the glasses : endives for blanching and seed: dressed; those on hot-beds must be frequently eschalots, garlic, and rocambole: horse-radish: watered. Vines, finish pruning before they lettuces from under glasses : leeks, onions, and bleed. Wall-trees, as apricots, nectarines, parsley for seed : potatoes in hot-beds for the peaches, plums, pears, should be finished first crop. Uncover radishes in mild weather, pruning in the month, and those done in Ocand put the straw on again at night. Sow fennel. tober must be examined, and the dead ends cut Sow on hot-beds, cauliflowers, celery, cress, off. cucumbers, melons, mustard, radish, rape for Greenhouse.-Admit air very freely in mild sallads. Sow spinach, the first crop, and hoe weather. Earth the top of the pots, but first the winter crop if it be too thick. Water should take out the old an inch deep. Fire must be be carried away, if it stands after heavy rains, made in foggy weather to dry the house. Leaves by cutting trenches.
this month decay very fast; therefore they will Flouer garden and shrubbery.Anemones require picking off almost every day, but espeand ranunculuses should not be deferred plant- cially from the geraniums. Myrtles, oranges, ing the first mild weather, or thay will flower winter cherries, and some others, water freweak; and the beds should be prepared some quently, but not too inuch at a time. Succulent time beforehand. Hardy annual flowers, such plants, as aloes, ficoides, &c., must not have any as sweet-peas, lark-spurs, candy-tuft, alysson, water given them in this month, for it will cause corn-bottles, persicarias, and some few others, them to rot. Water the plants which require it may be now sown, and they will flower very frequently, but very sparingly; for too much early. Auriculas must be defended by mats moisture in the house will injure the plants. from wet, the decayed leaves constantly pulled Windows may be opened for a few hours in the off, and fresh earthed. Box for edgings may be middle of the day, but should be shut again planted in mild weather. Buloous roots of about two o'clock, or whenever it begins to be every kind unplanted should not be deferred the foggy. first opportunity which offers of mild weather;
MARCH. and let the beds he thrown up into ridges beforehand. Bulbous roots in boxes, pots, or glasses, The first week in this month, like the last in require a regular aitention to water them; and Fcbruary, is very valuable to the good gardener
and must be used industriously if he would have rosemary, rue, sage, savory, thyme, &c, Pot things in season. Necessary assistance must not and sweet-herbs should now be sown. Slip potbe spured. Nature now wuits for us, let us not marjoram, savory, and thyme. Weed potatoes, neglect to attend upon her.
and plant the principal crop. Sow radishes, the Kitchen garden.--Alisanders sown in autumn, fourth crop, and rampions. Sow angelica, should be hoed to a foot asunder, and more basil, borage, burnet, celeriac, chervil, clary, seed sown.
Aromatic shrubs and herbs on beds, corianders, cucumbers, dill, fennel, hyssop, marweed and fresh earth, early in the month; and joram, marygolds, melons, purslane, rampions, sow and plant more of all sorts. Dress arti- , salsa fy, savory, scorzonera, sea-kale, skirrets, chokes, and take the suckers off' for a fresh plan- surrel, spinach, tarragon, thyme, tomatoes. tation. Asparagus seed must now be sown to Weed spinach, and sow the second crop. Plant raise roots for forcing, and for fresh beds : at the tarragon, and sow tomatoes. Turnips, sow the end of about twelve years destroy the old beds, first crop. Sow water-cresses, in a moist place, but take up the roots and force them : by now or where it may be constantly supplied with and then making one new bed, a constant suc waste water from the pump. Destroy weeds cession may be kept up in full vigor. Plant out while small, which will save future trouble. that which was sown last year. Fork up the Flower garden and shrubbery.- Anemones beds, and rake them smooth, but do not leave and ranunculuses, if any remain unplanted, must the alleys above six inches lower than the top of not be deferred longer than the first mild day. the bed. Water the reds in a morning in dry Anemones in flower should be covered with weather, early in the morth, with the drainings mats in windy or rainy weather. Annual flowfrom a dunghill, to forward them. Make freshers which are tender, if sown early in the month, plantations in moist weather. Plant beans for will require a second hot-bed to be transplanted the fourth early crop, and the second of Wind- into ; and, if not sown, should not be deferred sors: cut off the tops of those in flower. Finish any longer, to have them early and strong. Sow sowing beets. Sow boorcole of various sorts for those also mentioned in sect. II. of the general the first crop. Sow broccoli of the early sort catalogue, on a moderate hot-bed. Annual for the first crop: Cabbages; sow the third flowers of all the hardy sorts in the catalogue crop of sugarloaf, the second of red, and the may be sown about the middle of the month in first of savoys. Sow carrots now for the prin- small patches where they are to remain ; hollow cipal crop. Sow capsicurs, for pickling, on a the earth out in the form of a basin, fifteen inches hot-bed. " Cauliflowers must be planted out, over, and an inch deep, and sow the seeds very leaving two only of the strongest to each glass: thin all over it, and not a small patch in the middraw earth up to the stems, and prop up the dle, as is too frequently the custom. Auriculas glasses. Prick out those sown last month, and should be removed into the stand, and, if some sow the third crop. Prick out the last crop of flat oyster-shells be laid on the earth, they will celery from the seed-bed, and sow the second. keep it moist, and save trouble in watering them. Chardons must be sown, and cives planted. Borders of the flower-garden will require to be Prick out the first crop of colewort. Cress, hoed over or weeded, to destroy weeds which mustard, radish, and rape, may now be sown are beginning to shoot, and then raked, that in the open ground for sallading; and cover the they may appear neat. Box for edgings, in mild seed for a few days with a mat, or place hand- weather. Bulbous roots in beds should be coglasses over it. Sow cress and mustard very vered with mats in rainy or stormy weather, and thin for seed. Cucumber beds must be kept to the earth stirred gently up with the fingers to a good heat, by cutting off some around the destroy the weeds; those also in the house must sides, and adding fresh hot dung instead of it. be constantly attended to. Carnations, if not Plant out the second crop on a fresh bed. About potted last month should be done the beginning the 20th sow seeds of the Turkey, and some for of this. Evergreen shrubs, and trees of all bell-glasses. Prepare hot-beds for planting sorts, may be planted in mild weather; then cucumbers and melons. Plant Jerusalem arti cover the roots with turf turned downwards, chokes. Sow leeks. Sow kidney-beans at the moss, fern, pea-straw, or some such things, to end of the month, on a warm border. Plant keep the ground moist, which is better, and out lettuces, from under the glasses. Sow the gives less trouble than watering. Plant flowerthird crop of Cos or other sorts. Plant out ing shrubs and forest-trees of all sorts, early in melons from the first hot-bed. Sow cantaleupes the month, and cover the roots. Grass walks for the second crop, and some on a tan-bed, and must be swept and rolled. Gravel walks will need for bell-glasses. Mint beds, weed and earth, and turning and rolling, after being weeded, and plant more, Mushroom beds make for summer cleaned from moss with a birch broom. Hyause. Nasturtiums for pickling, sow at the end cinths must be covered with mats or canvas, to of the month. Carefully weed onion beds before prevent their flowers from being spoiled, but not the weeds are high; and finish sowing the prin- kept too close. Larkspurs, in beds or patches, cipal crop. Sow parsley, both curled and large must be thinned and not left nearer than eight rooted. Finish sowing parsnips. Earth up peas or ten inches. Mignonette, sown last month, in dry weather, and stick. Sow the second crop should be transplanted, and more of it sown. of marrowfats. Plant artichokes, asparagus, Myrtles, winter cherries, and other hardy greenbeans, cives, cucumbers, Jerusalem artichokes, house plants, planted against walls, should have lettuces, melons, mushrooms, potatoes, and tar- the mats rolled up in fine weather, and the dust ragon. Plant aromatic herbs and shrubs; as washed off from their leaves, but covered again balm, camomile, lavender, mint, pennyroyal, at night. Perennial and biennial flowers must
be sown on beds, very thin, that they may be the house for two or three days to take off the stroog; those sown last year should be trans- chillness, and use soft water. Windows may be planted, and the old roots of the perennials opened for a few hours in the middle of all fine divided. Plant annuals from the first hot-bed: days. biennials and perennials from the seed-bed:
APRIL. evergreens of all sorts : perennials, by dividing their roots, and seedlings of last year's sowing: If by any means the proper early cropping of shrubs and trees early in the month : strawber- the ground has been prevented, make no delay to ries and thrift for edging. Shrubberies should finish and to get the gurden into a complete state be pruned early in the month : the suckers of cultivation. Let nothing now be met with that taken off, and planted a foot at least asunder, appears slovenly or disgusting: and the rows two feet apart: the ground hoed Kitchen-garden.- April being the latest time or digged, and then raked over, that it may ap- for sowing the principal crops of the kitchen pear neat and clean. Plant strawberries, for an garden, if any thing directed to be performed edging to the shrubbery, at six inches asunder; last month was omitted, or the weather would the flowers make a pleasing appearance and af not permit, let it be done early in this. Aroterwards
you will have very large fruit by their matic herbs and shrubs of all the following sorts being in a single row. Plant strawberry trees, should now be planted, as balm, camomile, against a south wall, which will preserve the pennyroyal, peppermint, spearmint, tansey, laflowers, and ripen the fruit. Constantly destroy vender, rosemary, rue, sage, southernwood, weeds by hoeing while small, with a Dutch hue, wormwood, &c. Finish both sowing and plantmade to cut both ways, by which method you ing asparagus early in the month. Let the beds may always keep your shrubbery in order, with be forked and raked smooth, and watered twice very little trouble.
a-week with drainings of a dunghill. Cut off Fruit garden and orchard.-Apricot, necta- every bud, however small; for, if they be left rine, and peach trees, should have hurdles placed on, they weaken the others; this method is in before them, to defend the blossoms from hail; general only practised by the London kitchenor else stick branches of yew, fern, or fir, gardeners. Never suffer any weeds to remain amongst them, but hurdles are the best. Fig after they are an inch high, for they weaken the trees which have mats nailed over them should asparagus very much. Beans in flower should have them taken away by degrees, by first un- have their tops cut off; and draw the stalks of the nailing them at the bottom, towards the end of first crop close to the wall by strings, and earth the month. Graft trees, and cut down the bud- them up. Plant the third crop of Windsors. Kale ded ones. Peach and nectarine trees ought to and broccoli should have the first crop pricked be finished pruning at the beginning of the out, and the second sown. Cabbages of the early month, if omitted till then; the heads of those sort should have their leaves tied up to forward lately planted should be cut off. Planting of their cabbaging. Prick out from the seed-bed all sorts should be finished at the beginning of the third crop of sugarloaf, the second of red, the month. Strawberry beds should now be and the first of savoys. Prick out capsicums attended to; hoe them first to destroy the weeds, from the seed-bed, to prevent their growing weak, and stir up the earth between them; then spread upon another hot-bed. Weed carrots, thin the some very rotten dung and earth over them. first crop, and sow the second to draw young. Those on hot-beds want frequent watering, and Search for caterpillars, upon cabbages and applethe dead leaves should be constantly picked off, trees particularly. Cauliflowers should have the to let the sun come to the fruit. New planta- earth drawn up very high to raise the glasses, tions may now be made. Vines may now be and a piece of brick put under each corner, and layered: draw some strong bearing branches at the end of the month taken quite away. through the bottom of the pot, and plunge the Break down the leaves when the flowers of any pot into the ground; and then they may be begin to appear; earth the second crop, and transplanted the next season, and produce fruit prick out the third. Celery, prick out the the first year; plant cuttings. Finish pruning second crop, and sow the third. Sow cress and wall trees, and mulch those lately planted. mustard every week. Cucumber beds must be
Greenhouse.—Give air freely in the middle attended to, and plenty of air given them, when of the day, except the wind be very cold. Place mild; and, if the heat declines, fresh dung must geraniums near the windows to prevent their be added to the sides. Make a gentle hot-bed being drawn up weak. Myrtles, winter cher- within the ground for those that are to be under ries, and other hardy plants, will want fresh pot- bell or hand glasses, and plant them on it at the ting, and, if the weather be mild, may be taken end of the month. Sow more seed, that you out to make more room, but set them in a shel- may have plenty of plants. Endive planted out tered place at first. Orange trees, if their leaves for seed should be earthed up, and the first crop be mildewed, will want washing with a sponge Sow finochio, in drills a foot asunder, and warm water. Those with ill shaped heads for the first crop. Hot-beds for sowing of melons should be cut down, and placed on a strong for bell glasses must be prepared, and loam and hot-bed. Sow kernels in pots, good strong seed, rotten dung procured, to be ready. Sow kidney and, if they are set an inch asunder, they will beans, the second crop, and the first of the scargrow faster. Succulent plants may now have a let flowering. Tie up lettuces, to assist their little water, but not much at a time. Water the cabbaging; those in beds should be thinned to a plants in the middle of the day, and only when foot distance; others planted out, and the fourth the sun shines; but the water should be set in crop sown very thin in an airy place. Melon