« PreviousContinue »
educated at Maidstone, and took his degrees of part of his life; which was supposed to be oc M. A. and D.D. at Oxford. In 1753 he entered casioned by the loss of 6000 forins he had eninto orders, and was soon distinguished as a trusted with an alchymist at the Hague. His preacher. In 1776 he was elected vice-chancel- works are, 1. Historia Ecclesiastica, ad ann. lor; and, in 1781, bishop of Norwich. Having 1666, which is esteemed; 2. De Originibus early adopted the principles of Hutchinson, he Americanis, 1652, 8vo.; 3. Geographia Vetus et displayed his abilities in defending them. He Nova; 4. Orbis Politicus. wrote, 1. An impartial state of the case between HORNPIPE, a common instrument of music in Sir Isaac Newton and Mr. Hutchinson; 2. The Wales, consisting of a wooden pipe, with holes Theology and Philosophy in Cicero's Somnium at stated distances, and a horn at each end; the Scipionis explained, 8vo.; 3. Spicilegium Shuck- one to collect the wind blown into it by the fordianum, or A Nosegay for the Critics, 8vo.; mouth, and the other to carry off the sounds as 4. A View of Mr. Kennicott's Method of Cor- modulated by the performer. recting the Hebrew Text, 8vo.; 5. Considera Hornpipe is also the name of an English air, tions on the Life and Death of John the Baptist, probably derived from the above instrument. 8vo., 1769; 6. A Commentary on the Psalms, The measure is triple time, with six crotchets in 2 vols. 4to.; 7. A Letter to Adam Smith, LL.D., a bar; four beats with the hand down and two up. on the Life, Death, and Philosophy of David HORNSEA, a town of Yorkshire, 188 miles Hume, 12mo.; 8. Letters on Infidelity, 12mo. from London. It is almost surrounded by a 9. A Letter to Dr. Priestley, 8vo.; 10. Sermons, small arm of the sea ; and the church, having a 5 vols.; and several other works. He died at high steeple, is a noted sea-mark. Bath in 1792; and was much esteemed for his HORNSBY (Thomas), D.D., an English learning and piety.
mathematician and astronomer, was born 1734, HORNECK (Dr. Anthony), a learned divine, and became Savilian professor of astronomy, born at Baccharach, in the Lower Palatinate, in profesor of natural philosophy, lecturer on ex1641. He studied divinity under Dr. Spanheim perimental philosophy, and keeper of the Ratat Heidelberg; afterwards completed his studies cliffe library, Oxford. He had taken the degrees at Oxford, and became vicar of Allhallows in of M.A. and D.D., and was a fellow of the that city. In 1665 he became tutor to lord Royal Society. He published the following Torrington, son of the duke of Albemarle, who papers in their Transactions :-On the Parallax presented him to the rectory of Doulton in of the Sun, 1763; Observations on the Solar Devonshire, and a prebend in Exeter. He was Eclipse, April 1st, 1764, at Oxford ; Account of afterwards chosen preacher of the Savoy. In the Improvements to be made by Observations 1693 he was collated to a prebend in West- of the Transit of Venus, in 1769; Observations minster, and to another in the cathedral of Wells. on the Transit of Venus, and Eclipse of the Sun, He published, 1. The Great Law of Considera- June 3d, 1769; The Quantity of the Sun's Paraltion; 2. The Happy Ascetic; 3. Delight and lax, as deduced from Observations of the Transit Judgment; 4. The Fire of the Altar; 5. The of Venus, on June 3d, 1769; Enquiry into the Exercise of Prayer; 6. The Crucified Jesus; Quantity and Direction of the proper Motion of Several Sermons, and other works. He died in Arcturus; with some Remarks on the Diminution 1696, and was interred in Westminster Abbey, of the Obliquity of the Ecliptic. Dr. Hornsby where a monument is erected to his memory. also distinguished himself as the editor of the
HORNER (Francis), esq., M.P. and barrister- Astronomical Observations of Dr. Bradley, at at-law, was born at Edinburgh in the year 1778. Greenwich, which were published in 2 vols. He was educated at the high school, and finished folio, 1798. his studies at the university of that place, where HOROGʻRAPHY, n. s. Fr. horographie ; Gr. he formed an intimacy with lord Henry Petty, wpa and ypaow. An account of the hours. subsequently marquis of Lansdowne, Mr. Broug HOR'OLOGE, 76. S.
Latin horologium ; ham, and the early conductors of the Edinburgh HOROL'OGY.
3 Greek ωρα and λεγω. Review. He himself was one of its ablest writers. Any instrument that tells the hour: as a clock; He first came into parliament in the year 1806. a watch; an hour-glass. In 1810 he was chairman to the Bullion Com
He'll watch the horologe a double set, mittee, and the author of the then excellent re If drink rock not his cradle Shakspeare. port on that intricate subject. His application Before the days of Jerome there were horologies, io business, however, so much impaired his con- that measured the hours not only by drops of water in stitution, that he was obliged to seek the climate glasses, called clepsydra, but also by sand in glasses, of Italy, and died, greatly lamented, at Pisa, called clepsammia.
Browne. 8th February, 1817.
HOROLOGE, HOROLOGIUM, Qpoloylov, of wpa, Hornet, in zoology. See Vespa.
an hour, and leya, I read or speak, a common Horn-fisu, or GAR-Fisu. See Esox. name among the ancient writers for any instru
HORNING, in Scots law, a writing issuing ment or machine for measuring the hours; such from the signet, in his majesty's name, at the in- are our clocks, watches, sun-dials, &c. Modern stance of a creditor against his dehtor, command- inventions, and gradual improvements, have ing him to pay or perform within a certain time, given birth to some new terms that come properly on pain of being declared rebel, and by a caption under this head, and annexed new meanings to put in prison.
others totally different from what they had HORNIUS (George), professor of history at originally. All chronometers that announced the Leyden, was born in the Palatinate, and died at hour by striking on a bell were called clocks: Leyden in 1670. He went mad at the latter thus, we read of pocket-clocks. In like manner,
all clocks that did not strike the hour, were called signify the extreme of those sensations, which, watches or time-pieces. In Sir Isaac Newton's through the eye for the most part produce correport to the house of commons, in 1713, relative responding feelings. The order is thus : fearful ; to the longitude act, he states the difficulties of dreadful; frightful; tremendous; terrible ; terascertaining the longitude by means of a watch: rific; horrible; horrid. Crabb says, shrieks yet it is obvious, from several circumstances, may be frightful, thunder and lightning trementhat his remarks were to be understood of a tiine- dous, the roaring of a lion terrible, the glare of piece regulated by a pendulum ; for his objec- his eye terrific, the actual spectacle of killing tions are founded on the known properties of the horrible or horrid.' Horrisonous, sounding pendulum, some of which differ essentially from dreadfully. Horrent, pointed outwards; bristled the properties of the balance and spring. At with points. Horror is extreme terror, mixed this time, such machines for measuring time as with detestation; dreadful thoughts; gloom; are fixed in their place are called clocks, if they dreariness: a term used in medicine to describe strike the hour: if they do not strike the hour, the first stage of an ague fit. they are called time-pieces; and when con Horrour is always drede of harme that is to come. structed with more care, for a more accurate
Chaucer. The Persones Tale. measure of time, they are called regulators. Mr. Certes, ther is non so horrible sinne of man that ne John Harrison first gave the name of time- may in his lif, be destroyed by penitence, thurgh verkeeper to his watch, for which he received tue of the passion and of the death of Crist. Id. £20,000.
Over them sad horrour, with grin hue, HOROM'ETRY, n. s. Fr. horometrie ; Gr. Did always soar, beating his iron wings ; ωρα and μετρεω.
And after him owls and night-ravens few, . The art of measuring hours.
The hateful messengers of heavy things. It is no easy wonder how the hurometry of anti
Faerie Qucene quity discovered not this artifice.
Browne. HOROSCOPE, n. s. Fr. horoscope ; Greek
Give colour to my pale cheek with thy blood,
That we the horrider may seem to those wpOgkotos. The configuration of the planets at
Which chance to tind us. Shakspeare. Cymbeline. the hour of birth. The Greek names this the horoscope ;
Not in the legions
Of horrid hell can come a devil more damned, This governs life, and this marks out our parts, Our humours, manners, qualities and arts.
In evils to top Macbeth. Shakspeare. Macbeth. Creech.
I have supt full with horrours ; A proportion of the horoscope unto the seventh Direncss, familiar to my slaughterous thoughts, house, or opposite sigas every seventh year, oppresseth Cannot once start me.
d. living creatures.
Brownc. No colour affecteth the eye much with displeasure : Him born beneath a boding horoscope,
there be sights that are horrible, because they excite His sire, the blear-eyed Vulcan of a shop,
thn memory of things that are odious or fearful. From Mars his forge sent to Minerva's school.
Bacon. . Dryden. All objects of the senses, which are very offensive, How unlikely is it, that the many, almost number. do cause the spirits to retire ; and, upon their flight, less conjunctions of stars, which occur in the progress the parts are in some degree destitute, and so there of a man's life, should not match and countervail that is induced in them a trepidation and horrour. one horoscope or conjunction which is found at his
Id. Natural History. birth.
A dungeon horrible on all sides round, They understood the planets and the zodiack by As one great furnace flamed.
Milton. instinct, and fell to drawing schemes of their own ho
Horror on them fell, roscopes in the same dust they sprung out of.
And horrid sympathy.
Him a globe Horoscope, from spa, an hour, and over touar,
Of fiery seraphim incircled round
I. I consider, in astrology, is the degree or point of
With bright emblazonry and horrent arms.
Mo damp horrour chilled the heavens rising above the eastern point of the
At such bold words, vouched with a deed so bold horizon at any given time, when a prediction is
Id to be made.
Death Horoscope is also used for a scheme or figure Grinned horrible a ghastly smile to hear, of the twelve houses or twelve signs of the zodiac, His famine should be filled ; and blest his maw, wherein is marked the disposition of the heavens Destined to that good hour. Id. Paradise Lost, for any given time.
O conscience into what abyss of tears HORREA, in Roman antiquity, were public
And horrors hast llou driven me. Milion. magazines of corn and salt meat, out of which Deep horrour seizes every human breast; the soldiers were furnished on their march in the Their pride is humbled, and their fear confest. military roads of the empire. Horrea was also
I can forgive the name which they gave to their granaries.
A foe, but not a mistress, and a friend! HOR'RENT, adi. Fr. horreur; Lat. hor
Treason is there in its most horrid shape HORRIBLE, adj. reo, horror, horridus,
Where trust is greatest ! and the soul resigned HOR'RIBLENESS, n. s. horrificaus, horrisonus. Is stabb’d by her own guards.
Id Hor'ribly, adj. Words severally ex The contagion of these ill precedents, both in ci. Hor'rid, adj. pressive of feelings vility and virtue, horribly infects children. Locke. Hor'RIDNESS, n. S. which affect the senses
Eternal happiness and eternal misery, meeting with Horrif'ic, adj. more than the mind.
a persuasion that the soul is inmortal, are of all Ilorrisonous, adj, Horrid and horrible, others, the first the most desirable, and the latter the Hor'roR, 1. s. derivatives of horror, most horrible to human apprehension. South.
A bloody designer suborns his instrument to take Of Preter John ne all his tresory, away such a ivan's life, and the confessor represents Might not unneth have bought the tenth party. the horridness of the fact, and brings him to repent
Chaucer. The Floure and the Leafe. Hammond.
I've seen the French, Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene,
And they can well on horseback. Shakspeare. Shades every flower, and darkens every green;
Stalls, bulks, windows Deepens the murmur of the falling floods,
Are smothered, leads are filled, and ridges horsed And breathes a browner horrour on the woods. With variable complexions; all agreeing Pope. In earnestness to see him.
Id. Already I your tears survey,
A horse ! a horse ! my kingdom for a horse ! Id. Already hear the horrid things they say. Id.
I did hear His jaws horrifick, armed with three-fold fate, The galloping of horse : who was't came by! Here dwells the direful shark. Thomson.
Id. But hence ye thoughts ! that rise in Horror's shape, five thousand horse and foot, for the repulsing of the
The armies were appointed, consisting of twentyThis hour bestows or ever bars escape.
enemy at their landing. Bacon's War with Spuin. Byron. The Bride of Abydos.
If they had known that all the king's horse were Horror strictly signifies such an excess of quarterea behind them, their foot might very well have fear as makes a person tremble. See Fear, marched away with their horse. Clarendon. Fright, and TERROR. In medicine it denotes Then came the thrifty troop of privateers a shivering and shaking of the whole body, Whose horses each with other interferes, coming by fits. It is common at the beginning
Before them Higgins rides with brow compact, of all fevers, but is particularly remarkable in Mourning his countess anxious for bis act. those of the intermittent kind.
Marvell, Horror of A Vacuum was an imaginary wherein there were any elephants, and that was with
Alexander fought but one remarkable batilo, principle among the ancient philosophers, to Porus, king of India; in which notwithstanding he which they ascribed the ascent of water in pumps,
was on horseback.
Browne. and other similar phenomena, which are now He came out with all his clowns, horsed upon such known to be occasioned by the weight of the air. cart-jades, and so furnished, as I thought with myself,
HORROX (Jeremiah), a celebrated English if that were thrift, I wisht none of my friends ever to mathematician and astronomer of the seventeenth thrive,
Sidney. century, was born at Toxteth, near Liverpool, When mannish Mevia, that two-handed whore, about 1619, and educated at Emanuel College, Astride on horseback hunts the Tuscan boar. Cambridge. He began, about 1633, to study
The' Arcadian horse astronomy; but made little proficiency in the science for about three years, after which we
With ill success engage the Latin force.
Id. Eneid. find him in correspondence with the Gresham
We call a little horse, such a one as comes not up College professor. He accurately observed the to the size of that idea which we have in our minds transit of Venus over the sun's disk, November
to belong ordinarily to horses.
Locke, 24th, 1639; but was , unfortunately cut off by If you let him out to horse more mares than your death January 30, 1640-1; only a few days after own, you must feed him well.
Diurlimer. he had finished his treatise, entitled Venus in I took horse to the lake of Constance, which is Sole visa. Other productions of his pen, left in formed by the entry of the Rhine. Addison on Ituly. an imperfect state, were collected and published If your ramble was on horseback, I am glad of it on by Dr. Wallis, in 1673, under the title of Opera account of your health.
Swift to Gay. Posthuma. Horrox seems to have been the first
Stern Hassan only from his horse
Disains to light, and keeps his course. who ever predicted or observed the passage of Venus over the sun's disk; and his theory of
Byron. The Giaour. lunar motions afforded assistance to Newton, Horse, in zoology. See Equus. Horses were who spoke of him as a genius of the highest very rare in Judea till Solomon's time. Before order.
him we find no horsemen mentioned in the arHORSE, n. s. & v.a. ? Sax. þors. A neigh- mies of Israel. David, having defeated Hadadezer
HORSEBACK, n. s. Sing quadruped, used in king of Shobah (2 Sam. viii. 4, 5), took 1700 war, and draught, and carriage; a constellation: horses, and lamed all belonging to the chariots to take a horse to set out to ride : used in a of war, reserving only 100 chariots. The judges plural sense for horses, horsemen ; cavalry; and princes of Israel rode on mules or asses. something on which linen is hung to dry; a
After David's time horses were more common woolen machine which soldiers ride by way of in Judea. Solomon had a great number of punishment : joined to another substantive, it horses; but he kept them rather for pomp than signifies something large or coarse, as horse-face. for war, for he had no military expeditions. Horse, to mount; to carry on the back; to ride; Moses had forbidden the king of the Hebrews to to cover a mare. Iborseback, riding postur
keep a great number of horses (Deut. xvii. 16),
lest at any time he should be inclined to carry And, after that, within a while, I sie
the people into Egypt. Josiah took away the such a rout
horses which his predecessors had consecrated to As all men on erth had ben assembled,
the sun (2 Kings xxiii. 17). We know the sun On that place, well horsed for the nones,
was worshipped over all the east, and that the Stering so fast that all the erth trembled.
horse, the swiftest of tame beasts, was conseBut for lo speke of riches and stones,
crated to this deity, who was represented as And men and horse, I trow the large woncs riding in a chariot drawn by the most beautiful
and swiftest horses in the world, and performing horse is partly dried, and ceases to heat in the every day his journey from east to west, in order flanks, let him be unbridled, his bit washed, to communicate his light to mankind.
cleansed, and wiped, and let him eat his hay at Xenophon describes a solemn sacrifice of pleasure. If he be very dry, and has not got horses to the sun : they were all the finest steeds, water on the road, give him oats washed in good and were led with a white chariot, crowned, and mild ale. The dust and sand will sometimes so consecrated to the god. The horses which Josiah dry the tongues and mouths of horses, that they removed out of the court of the temple were lose their appetites. In such case, give him probably appointed for similar sacrifices. The bran well moistened with water to cool and rerabbins say that these horses were every morning fresh his mouth; or wash his mouth and tongue put to the chariots dedicated to the sun, whereof with a wet sponge, to oblige him to eat. These there is mention made in the same book; and directions are to be observed after moderate that the king, or some of his officers, got up and riding ; but, if you have rode excessively hard, rode to meet the sun in its rising, as far as from unsaddle your horse, and scrape off the sweat the eastern gate of the temple to the suburbs of with a knife, or scraper, holding it with both Jerusalem. Others are of opinion that the horses bands, and scraping always with the hair; then mentioned in the book of Kings were of wood, rub his head and ears with a large hair-cloth, stone, or metal, erected in the temple in honor wipe him also between the fore and hind legs; of the sun. Horses were used both among the in the mean time, his body should be rubbed all Greeks and Romans in war, but were not origi- over with straw, especially under his belly and nally very numerous; for, as each horseman beneath the saddle, till he is thoroughly dry. provided his own horse, few would be able to That done, set on the saddle again, cover him; bear the expense. Horses, for a considerable and if you have a warm place, let him be gently time, were managed by the voice alone, or by a led up and down in it, for a quarter of an hour; switch, without bridle, saddle, or stirrups. Their but if you have not, let him dry whert he stands. harness was skins of beasts, and sometimes cloth. Or you may unsaddle him immediately; scrape Both horses and men, amongst the Greeks, un- off the sweat; let the hostler take a little vinegar derwent a severe probation before their admis- and squirt it into the horse's mouth; then rub sion into the cavalry.
his head between the fore and hind legs, and In the management of a horse, upon a journey, his whole body, till he is pretty dry: let him not see that his shoes be not too strait, or press his drink till he be thoroughly cool, and has eaten a feet, but be exactly shaped; and let him be shod few oats; for many, by drinking too soon, have some days before you begin a journey, that they been spoiled. Set the saddle in the sun or by a may be settled to his feet. Observe that he is fire, in order to dry the pannels. furnished with a bit proper for him, and by no When horses are arrived in an inn, a man means too heavy, which may incline him to carry should, before they are unbridled, lift up their low, or to rest upon the hand when he grows feet, to see whether they want any of their shoes, weary, which horsemen call making use of his or if those they have do not rest upon their sides; fifth leg. The mouth of the bit should rest upon afterwards he should pick and clear them of the his bars about half a finger's breadth from his earth and gravel, which may be between ibeir tushes, so as not to make him frumble from his shoes and soles. If you water them abroad, lips; the curb should rest in the hollow of his upon their return from the river cause their feet beard a little above the chin; and, if it gall him, to be stopped with cow-dung, which will ease you must defend the place with a piece of buff their pain; and, if it be in the evening, let the or other soft leather. Observe that the saddle do dung continue in their feet all night, to keep not rest upon his withers, reins, or back bone, them soft and in good condition: but, if your and that one part of it do not press his back horse have brittle feet, it will be requisite to more than another. Some riders gall a horse's anoint the fore feet, at the onsetting of the hoofs, sides below the saddle with their stirrup-leathers, with butter, oil, or hog's grease, before you water especially if he be lean; to prevent this, you him in the morning, and in dry weather they should fix a leather strap between the points of should also be greased at noon. Many horses, the fore and hind bows of the saddle, and make as soon as unbridled, instead of eating, lay themthe stirrup leather pass over them. Begin your selves down to rest, because of the pain they feel journey with short marches, especially if your in their feet, so that one is apt to think them unhorse has not been exercised for a long time; well: but, if their eyes are lively and good and if suffer him to stale as often as you find him in- they will eat lying, they are in good health; yet clined; and even invite him to it; but do not if you handle the feet perhaps they will feel exexcite mares to stale, as their vigor is thereby tremely hot, which discovers their suffering in diminished. Ride softly for a quarter or half an that part. Examine, therefore, if their shoes do hour before you arrive at an inn, that the horse, not rest upon their soles, which is somewhat difnot being too warm, nor out of breath, when put ficult to be certainly known without unshoeing into the stable, you may unbridle him; but, if them ; but if you take off their shoes, and look business obliges you to ride fast, you must then to the inside of them, you may perceive that (the weather being warm) let him be walked, those parts which rest upon the soles are more that he may cool by degrees; if it be very cold, smooth and shining than the others: in this case, let him be covered with cloths; but, in case you pare the feet in those parts, and fix on their shoes have not the conveniency of a sheltered walk, again, anointing the hoofs, and stopping the soles stable him forthwith, and let his whole body be with hog's-lard. rubbed and dried with straw. As soon as the After a long day's journey, at night feel your
horse's back : if he be pinched, galled, or swelled by rendering them subject to the farcy. Be (if you do not immediately discover it, perhaps cautious, therefore, in giving them too great a you may after supper), there is nothing better quantity at a time. When a horse begins to than to rub it with good brandy, or with lead drink water heartily, it is a certain sign that he water. If the galls are between the legs, use the will recover in a short time. All the time you same remedy; but if the hostler rubs him well are upon a journey, let your horse drink of the between the legs, he will seldom be galled in first good water you come to, after seven o'clock that part. To preserve horses after travel, as in the morning if it be in summer, and after nine soon as you arrive from a journey, immediately or ten in winter. That is accounted good water draw the two heel-nails of the fore feet; and, which is neither too quick and piercing, nor too if it be a large shoe, then four: two or three days muddy. This is to be done, unless you would after, you may blood him in the neck, and feed have him gallop a long time after drinking; for him for ten or twelve days only with wet bran, if so, you must forbear. Though it is the cuswithout giving him any oats; but keep him well stom in England to run and gallop horses after littered. The reason of drawing the heel-nails drinking; yet, says M. de Sollysel, it is the most is because the heels are apt to swell, and, if they pernicious practice that can be imagined for are not thus eased, the shoes would press
and horses. Although a borse be warm, and sweat straiten them too much; it is also advisable to very much, yet if he is not quite out of breath, stop them with cow-dung for a while; but do and you have still four or five miles to ride, he not take the shoes off nor pare the feet. will be better after drinking a little, than if he
The following bath will be very serviceable for had drunk none at all. But if the horse be very preserving a horse's leg. Take the dung of a cow warm, you should at coming out of the water, or ox, and make it thin with vinegar, so as to be redouble your pace, to warm the water in his of the consistence of thick broth; and, having belly. If when you bait he be hot or sweaty, added a handful of small salt, rub his fore legs you must not let him drink, as it would enfrom the knees, and the hind legs from the gam- danger his life; and, when his bridle is taken off, brels, chafing them well with and against the his excessive thirst will hinder him from eating, hair, that the remedy may sink in and stick to so that he will not offer to touch bis meat for an those parts. Thus leave the borse till morning, hour or two; therefore he should have his oats not wetting his legs, but giving him his water given him washed in ale or beer, or only a part that evening in a pail; next morning lead him of them, if you intend to feed him again after he to the river, or wash his legs in soft water, which has drunk. Some think that horses are often will keep them from swelling. Those persons spoiled by giving them oats before their water; who, to recover their horse's feet, make a hole in because they say the water makes the oats pass them, which they fill with moistened cow-dung, too soon, and out of the stomach undigested. and keep it in their fore feet during the space of But M. de Sollysel affirms, that though it be the a month, act very injudiciously; because, though common custom uot to do it till after, yet it is the continual moisture that issues from the dung proper to feed with oats both before and after, esoccasions the growing of the hoof, yet it dries pecially if the horse be warm, and has been hard and shrinks it so excessively when out of that rode. place, that it splits and breaks like glass, and the HORSE, STONE. See STALLION. foot immediately straightens. It is certain that The count de Buffon gives the following dicow-dung, contrary to the opinion of many rections for breeding horses :- When the stallion people, spoils a horse's hoof; it does indeed is chosen, and all the mares intended for him are moisten the sole; but it dries up the hoof, which collected together, there must be another stoneis of a different nature from it. In order, there horse, to discover which of the mares are in fore, to recover a horse's feet, instead of cow- heat; and, at the same time, contribute to indung, fill a hole with blue wet clay, and make Alame them. All the mares are to be brought him keep his fore feet in it for a month. Most successively to this stone-horse; which should horses that are fatigued, or over-ridden, and also be inflamed, and suffered frequently to made lean by long journeys, have their flanks neigh. As he is for leaping every one, such as altered without being pursy, especially vigorous are not in heat keep him off, while those which horses that have worked too violently. To re- are so suffer him to approach them. But, incover them, give each of them in the morning stead of being allowed to satisfy his impulse, he half a pound of honey very well wingled with must be led away, and the real stallion substiscalded bran; and, when they readily eat the tuted in his stead. This trial is necessary half pound, give them the next time a whole one, ascertaining the true time of the mare's heat, and afterwards two pounds, every day continu- especially of those which have not yet had a ing this course till your horses are empty, and colt; for, with regard to such as have recently purge kindly with it; but, as soon as you perceive foaled, the beat usually begins nine days after that their purging ceases, give them no more their delivery; and on that very day they may honey. Administer powder of liquorice in the be led to the stallion to be covered ; and nine scalded bran for a considerable time; and, 10 days after, by the experiment above-mentioned, cool their blood, it will not be improper to let it may be known whether they are still in heat. them have three or four glisters. If the horse be If they are, they must be covered a second time; very lean, give him some wet bran, over and and thus successively every ninth day while above his proportion of oats ; and grass is also their heat continues : for when they are impregbeneficial, if he be not pursy. Sometimes exces- nated their heat abates, and in a few days ceases sive feeding may do horses more harm than good, entirely. The stud must be fixed in a good soil,