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other in a triple range, which are covered with and speaks of them as standing at equal distances snow, and so luigh as to be visible at the distance about the throne of Sol; of twelve leagues. It is not far from Ceram

— et positæ spatiis æqualibus, Horæ. Island, in long. 32° 11' E., and lat. 46° 45' N. HOPEA, in botany, a genus of the polyan- lored or embroidered robes, and gliding on with

The poets represent them as dressed in fine codria order, and polyadelphia class of plants : CAL. quinquefid, superior: cor. pentapetalous;

a quick and easy motion. They presided over the stamina are many, and coalited into five the seasons, and were worshipped at Athens. pencils ; there is one style; the fruit is a plum, consisting

of fruits, &c., offered in spring, sum

HORÆA, in antiquity, solemn sacrifices, with a trilocular kernel. There is only one species, viz. a native of Carolina.

mer, autumn, and winter; that heaven might Hope, Good, CAPE OF. See Good Hope.

grant mild and temperate weather. These, acHOPKINS (Ezekiel), bishop of Derry in cording to Meursius, were offered to the godIreland, was the son of a clergyman in Devon

desses called Iloræ. shire; and was for some time chorister of Mag

HORAL, adj. 7 Fr. horaire ; Lat. hora. Redalen College, Oxford, and usher of the adjoining

Horary, adj. Slating to the hour; continuschool. He was afterwards a presbyterian mi- ing for an hour. See Hour. pister, and was extolled as an excellent preacher.

I'll draw a figure that shall tell you Lord Roberts, happening to hear him preach,

What you perhaps forgot befell you, was so pleased with his discourse and his man

By way of horary inspection,

Which some account our worst erection. ner, that he retained him as his chaplain, when

Hudibras. he was sent as lord lieutenant into Ireland, and

When, from a basket of summer-fruit, God by preferred him to the deanery of Raphoe; and, Amos foretold the destruction of his people, thereby on his being recalled, so strongly recommended was declared the propinquity of their desolation, and him to his successor that he was soon preferred that their tranquillity was of no longer duration than to the bishopric of Raphoe, whence he was trans those horary or soon decaying fruits of summer. lated to Derry. During the war under the ear!

Browne's Vulgar Errours. of Tyrconnel, at the revolution, he withdrew into In his answer to an horary question, is what hour England; and was chosen minister of St. Mary, of the night to set a fox-trap, he has discussed, under Aldermanbury, in London, where he died in the character of Reynard, the manner of surprising 1690. His Sermons, his Exposition of the ten all sharpers.

Tatier. Commandments, and that of the Lord's

prayer,

Howe'er reduced and plain, are much esteemed. Hi works were printed

The watch would still a watch remain ; together, folio, in 1710.

But, if the horal orbit ceases, HOPLITE, or HOPLITES, from òxlov, ar

The whole stands still, or breaks to pieces.

Prior. mour, in antiquity, were such of the candidates at the Olympic and other sacred games as ran

HORAPOLLO, or Horus APOLLO, a gramraces in armour. One of the finest pieces of marian of Panaplus in Egypt, according to Suithe famous Parrhasius was a painting which re- das, who first taught at Alexandria, and then at presented two hoplites; the one running, in a

Constantinople under Theodosius. There are violent perspiration, the other laying his arms extant, under his name, two books on the hierodown, as quite spent and out of breath. glyphics of the Egyptians; which Aldus first

HOPLITODROMOS, from orlov, armour, published in Greek in 1505, in folio; and they and opepw, I run, in the ancient gymnastic sports, have often been published since, with a Latin a term applied to such persons as went through version and notes. It is not certain, however, those toilsome and robust exercises in complete that the grammarian of Alexandria was the auarmour; by which the exercise became much thor of these books; they being rather thought more violent, and the wearing of armour in the to belong to another Horapollo of more ancient time of ba'tle much more easy.

date: on which bead, see Fabricius's Bibliotheca HOPLOMACHI, ‘Oplouaxou, of on lov, and Græca. paxopar, I fight, in antiquity, a species of gla

HORATII, three Roman brothers, who, in diators who fought in armour, either completely the reign of Tullus Hostilius, fought against the armed from head to foot, or only with a casque three Curiatii, who belonged to the army of the and cuirass.

Albans. The two armies being equal, three HOR, a mountain, or mountainous tract of brothers on each side were chosen to decide the Arabia Petræa, situated in that circuit which the contest of superiority. Two of the Horatii were Israelites took to the south and south-east of first killed; but the third, by his address, sucEdom in their way to the borders of Moab. cessively slew the three Curiatii, and by this Aaron died on it. It was also called Seir. victory rendered the city of Alba subject to the

HORÆ, 'Qpal, the Hours, in ancient mytho- Romans. See Rome. logy, were esteemed goddesses, the daughters of HORATIUS, surnamed Cocles from his losJupiter and Themis; at first only three in num- ing an eye in combat, was nephew to the consul ber, Eunomia, Dice, and Irene; to whom were Horatius Pulvillus, and descended from the surafterwards added two more, Carpo and Thallote. viving brother who killed the Curiatij. PorHomer makes them the door-keepers of heaven. senna, laying siege to Rome, drove the Romans Ovid allots them the employment of harnessing from Janiculum; and pursued them to the ne sun's horses;

wooden bridge over the Tiber which joined the

city to Janiculum. Largius, Herminius, and Jungere equos Titan vclocibus imperat Horis ; Horatius Cocles, sustained the sheck of the

enemy on the bridge, and prevented their enter-mount Sinai; the scene of many miraculous ap ing the city with the Romans; but, Largius and pearances. Herminius having passed the bridge, Horatius HOREHOUND. See MARRUBIUM. Cocles was left alone, and repulsed the enemy HOREHOUND, Base. See Stachys. til the bridge was broken under him : he then HoREHOUND, Bastard. See SIDERITIS threw himself armed into the Tyber, swam HorenoUND, WATER. See Lycopus. across the river, and entered Rome in triumph. HORESTI, an ancient nation of North Bri

Horatius Flaccus (Quintus), a celebrated tain, beyond Solway Frith, mentioned by Tacitus. lyric Roman poet, was the grandson of a freed Their country, according to Camden, is now man, and was born at Venusium, 64 B. C. He called Eskdale. had the best masters in Rome, after which he HORITES, an ancient people, who at first completed his education at Athens. Having dwelt in the mountains of Seir beyond Jordan taken up arms, he embraced the party of Brutus (Gen. xiv. 6.) They had princes, and were powand Cassius, but threw away his shield at the erful, even before Esau made a conquest of their battle of Philippi. Some time after he gave country. (Gen. xxxvi. 20—30.) The Horites, the himself up entirely to the study of poetry. His descendants of Seir, and the Edomites, seem talents soon made him known to Augustus and afterwards to have been confounded, and to have Mecænas, who had a particular esteem for him, composed but one people. (Deut. ii. 2, xxxiii. 2, and loaded him with favors. Horace also con- and Judg. v. 4.) They dwelt in Arabia Petræa tracted a strict friendship with Agrippa, Pollio, and Arabia Deserta, to the south-east of the proVirgil, and all the other great men of his time. mised land. We find the Hebrew word dinin He lived without ambition, and led a tranquil Chorim, which in the book of Genesis is transand agreeable life with his friends, but was sub- lated Horites, used in an appellative sense in ject to a defluxion in his eyes. Ile died at the several other passages of Scripture, and to sigage of_fifty-seven. There are still extant his nify nobles, or great and powerful men (1 Kings Odes, Epistles, Satires, and Art of Poetry; of xxi. 8, 11, and Neh. ii. 16, iv. 14, v. 7, vi. 17, which there have been a great number of edi- vii. 5, xii. 17, Eccl. x. 17, Isa. xxxiv. 12, Jer. tions. The best are those of the Louvre, in xxvii. 20, xxxix. 6); and it has been supposed, 1642, folio; of Paris, 1691, 4to.; of Cambridge, that the Greeks might derive hence their heroes, 1699; that with Bentley's emendations, printed in like manner as they derived Anax, a king, from at Cambridge in 1711; Fowlis' edition, Glas- the sons of Anak, the famous giant. gow, 1744; and, we may add, the edition printed HORI'ZON, n. s. Gr. opiswy. The line at St. Andrews, in 1796, under the care of the Horizon’tal, adj. that terminates the learned Dr. Hunter, who, in correcting it, com Horizon’TALLY, adv. ) view, distinguished into pared the text with those of above forty other sensible and real : the sensible horizon is the copies.

circular line which limits the view ; the real is HORDE, n. s. A clan; a migratory crew of that which would bound it, if it could take in people. It is applied only to the Tartars. the hemisphere. Near the horizon; parallel to

Of lost mankind, in polished slavery suuk, the horizon; on a level. Drove martial horde on horde with dreadful sweep,

When the morning sun shall raise his car
And gave the vanquished world another form.

Above the border of this horison,
Thomson.

We'll forward towards Warwick and his matos.
Nor would the hostile horde

Shakspeare. Of many-nationed spoilers from the Po

She began to cast with herself from what coast this Quaff blood and water. Byron. Childe Haruld.

blazing star should first appear, and at what time it HORDEUM, barley, in botany, a genus of must be upon the horison of Ireland. the digynia order, and triandria class of plants; As when the sun, new risen, natural order fourth, gramina : cal. lateral, bi Looks through the horizontal misty air, valved, uniflorous, and triple. The involucrum Shorn of his beams; or from behind the moon, consists of six leaves, and contains three flowers.

In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds Common receptacle toothed and excavated.

On half the nations.

Milton.

In his East the glorious lamp was seen, There are ten species; only one of which, viz:

Regent of day; and all the horizon round 1. H. murinum, or wall barley grass, is a na Invested with bright rays. tive of Britain.

As it will not sink into the bottom, so will it neither 2. H. vulgare, or common barley, cultivated

float above, like lighter bodies; but, being near in in our fields. Its native place is said to be Si- weight, lic superficially, or almost horizontally unto it. cily. For the culture &c. of common barley, see RURAL ECONOMY.

An obelisk erected, and golden figures placed horiHORDICALIA, or HordicIDIA, in anti- zontal about it, was brought out of Egypi by Augus. quity, a religious feast held among the Romans on the 15th of April, wherein they sacrificed

The morning lark, the messenger of day, cattle big with young. A great part of the offer

Saluted in ber song the morning gray; rings were made in the temple of Jupiter. They That all the horizon laughed to sce the joyous sight.

And soon the sun arose with beams so bright, consisted of thirty cows big with calf, and were

Dryden. offered to Tellus, the earth. The calves taken out

When the sea is worked np in a tempest, so that of their bellies were burnt at first by the ponti- the horizon on every side is nothing but foaming bilfices, afterwards by the eldest vestal virgin. lows and floating mountains, it is impossible to

HOREB, or Oreb, a mountain of Arabia Pe- describe the agreeable hortour that rises from such a træa, contiguous to and on the south side of prospect.

Adilisons

Bacon.

Brozone.

tus.

Id.

The problem is reduced to this : what perpendicu whatever happens to be there will stick to it, and lar height is necessary to place several ranks of row so be brought out. ers in a plane inclined to a horisontal line in a given HORN, n. s.

Saxon, born; Gothic, angle?

Arbuthnot on Coins.

Horn'-BEAK, n. S. haurn; Belg. horn, hoorn. Fields, woods, and streams,

Horn'rish, n. s. The hard bodies which Each towering hill, each humble vale below,

Horn'-BEAM, n. s. Shall hear my cheering voice; my hounds shall wake

grow on the heads of Horn'book, n. s.

some graininivorous quaThe lazy morn, and glad the horizon round.

HORN'ED, adj.
Somerville's Chase.

drupeds, and serve them Hail to the joyous day! with purple clouds

Horn'er, n. s.

for weapons. An instruThe whole horison glows.

Thomson. Hlor'net, n. s. ment of wind music: the She who was named Eternal, and arrayed

Horn'-root, n. s. xtremity of the moon, Her warriors but to conquer-she who veiled

Horn'-owl, n. s. when waxing or waning; Earth with her haughty shadow, and displayed,

Horx'-PIPE, n. s.

the feelers of a snail : Until the o'er-canopied horizon failed,

Horn'-stone, n. s. this gives rise to the Her rushing wings--Oh she was Almighty hailed! Horn'-work, n. s. proverb, to 'pull in your Byron. Childe Harold.

Horn'y, adj. horns ;' to repress one's The Ilorizon, in geography and astronomy, ardor: a drinking-cup: antler of a cuckold: is a great circle of the sphere, dividing the world figuratively horn-mad, mad as a cuckold. Horninto two parts or hernispheres ; the one upper beak, horn-fish, a kind of fish. Horn-beam, a and visible, the other lower and hid. The word species of tree. Horn-book, the first book used literally signifies bounding the sight; being by children, and covered with horn. Horner, formed of 'opíšw, I bound. See Astronomy and one that works in, or sells horn. Hornet, Sax. GEOGRAPHY.

þynnette, from its horns: a very large strong Horizon, RationAL, TRUE, or AstronomI stinging fly, which makes its nest in hollow trees. CAL, also called simply and absolutely the ho Horn-foot, hoofed. · Horn-owl, a species of owl rizon, is a great circle, whose plane passes through with horns. Hornpipe, a country dance. Hornthe centre of the earth, and whose poles are the stone, a kind of blue stone. Horn-work, a kind zenith and nadir.

of angular fortification : horned, horny, made Horizon, SENSIBLE, VISIBLE, or APPARENT, of, or resembling horn. is a less circle of the sphere, which divides He shewed him, or they went to soupere, the visible part of the sphere from the invisible. Forestes, parkes, ful of wilde dere;Its poles, too, are the zenith and nadir: and con Ther saw he hartes with hir hornes hie sequently the sensible horizon is parallel to the The gretest that were ever seen with eie. rational; and it is cut at right angles, and into

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale. two equal parts, by the verticals. The sensible Janus sit by the fire with double berd horizon is divided into eastern and western.

And drinketh, of his bugle horn, the wine. Id. A Horizontal DIAL is that drawn on a

A lusty tabrere,

That to thee many a hornpipe played, parallel to the horizon: having its gnomon or

Whereto they dauncen each one with his maid. style elevated according to the altitude of the

Spenser. pole of the place it is designed for. Horizon

The squire 'gan nigher to approach, tal dials are, of all others, the most simple and And wind his horn under the castle wall, easy.

That with the noise it shook as it would fall. Horizontal Line, in perspective, is a right

Id. Faerie Queene. line drawn through the principal point, parallel As when two rams, stirred with ambitious pride, to the horizon : or it is the intersection of the Fight for the rule of the rich fleeced fock, horizontal and perspective planes. See Perspec

Their horned fronts so fierce on either side
Do meet, that, with the terrour of the shock,

Id. HorizontAL PLANE is that which is parallel Astonished both stand senseless as a block. to the horizon of the place, or nothing in There's a post come from my master, with his horn clined thereto. The business of levelling is to full of good news.

Shakspeare. find whether two points be in the horizontal I am glad he went not in himself : if he had, he plane; or how much is the deviation. See LE- would have been horn-mad.

Id.

He teaches boys the hornbook. HORMINUM, clary, in botany, a genus of Love's feeling is more soft and sensible, the gymnospermia order, and didynamia class of Than are the tender horns of cockled snails. ld. plants : natural order forty-second, verticillatæ ;

Aufidius, Cal. campanulated, with four segments nearly Hearing of our Marcius's banishment, equal; the fourth larger, and emarginated : COR.

Thrust forth his horns again into the world, upper lip concave. There are several species; And durst not once peep out. Which were inshelled when Marcius stood for Rome,

Id. the most remarkable of which is the

If I have horns to make one mad, H. verbenaceum, or common wild clary. It

Let the proverb go with me, I'll be horn-mad. Id. grows naturally on sandy and gravelly ground in many parts of Britain. It has sometimes been

There many a hornpipe he tuned to his Phyllis.

Raleigh. called oculus Christi, from the supposed virtues

No bcast that hath horns hath upper teeth. of its seeds in clearing the sight, which it does

Bacon. by its viscous covering; for when any thing hap

Let all the quicksilver i' the mine pens to fall into the eye, if one of the seeds is

Run to the feet veins, and refine put in at one corner, and the eyelid kept close Your firkhum jerkhum to a dance, uver it, moving the seed gently along the eye, Shall fetch tba fiddlers out of France,

TIVE.

VELLING.

Id.

Id.

Id.

To wonder at the hornpipes here

This moon, which rose last night round as my shield,
Of Nottingham and Derbyshire. Ben Jonson. Had not yet filled her horn, when by her light
Yes I have brought (to help our vows)

A band of fierce barbarians from the hills
Horned poppy, cypress boughs.

Rushed like a torrent down upon the vale, Mad frantick men, that did not inly quake!

Sweeping our flocks and herds.

Home's Douglas.

I'll call him
With hornfoot horses, and brass wheels, Jove's storms
to emulate.
Hakewill un Providence.

Who bears the golden horn, and bears such bright
Thither all the horned host resorts,

And blooming aspect, Huon; for he looks
To graze the ranker mead.

Denham. Like to the lovely boy lost in the forest

And never found till now.
He thought he by the brook of Cherith stood,
And saw the ravens with their horny beaks

Byron. Deformed Transformed. Food to Elijah bringing even and morn. Milton. Horn, in physiology, is of the same nature as Retiring from the popular noise I seek

the gelatinous matter of animals, and is only This unfrequented place to find some ease, that matter charged with a less quantity of waEase to the body some, none to the mind, ter, and a larger quantity of earth,

and sufficiently From restless thoughts, that like a deadly swarm condensed to have a firm and solid consistence. Of hornets armed, no sooner found alone,

By digesting horn with water, in Papin's digester, Bat rush upon me thronging, and present

it may be entirely converted into jelly. Horn is Time past, what once I was, and what am now.

Id. Samson Agonistes.

a perfectly animalised matter, and furnishes in Merchants, venturing through the main,

distillation the same principles as all animal Slight pyrates, rocks, and horns for gain. matters; that is, at first a pure phleghm, with a

Hudibras. degree of heat not exceeding that of boiling The goddess to her crooked horn water; then a volatile alkaline spirit, which beAdds all her breath : the rocks and woods around, comes more and more penetrating and strong; a And mountains, tremble at the infernal sound. fetid, light, and thin oil; a concrete volatile salt,

Dryden. which forms ramifications upon the sides of the Fair Ascanius, and his youthful train,

receiver; much air; fetid oil, which becomes With horns and hounds a hunting match ordain.

more and more black and thick; and, lastly, it Id.

leaves in the retort a considerable quantity of Tyrrheus, the foster-father of the beast, Then clenched a hatchet in his horny fist.

almost incombustible coal, from which, after its

Id, She blessed the bed, such fruitfulness conveyed,

incineration, scarcely any fixed alkali can be ob'That ere ten moons had sharpened either horn,

tained. Animal oil, and particularly that which To rown their bliss, a lovely boy was born.

is drawn first in the distillation of horn, is susThou king of horned floods, whose plenteous urn ceptible of acquiring great thinness and volatility Suffices fatness to the fruitful corn.

Id. by repeated distillations. The horns of stags, Silence, in times of suffering, is the best; contain a larger quantity of the same kind of "Tis dangerous to disturb a hornet's nest. Id. earth which is in bones; hence they seem to Nothing has been considered of rhis kind out of the possess an intermediate nature betwixt horns and ordinary road of the hornbook and primer. Locke.

bones. Horns make a considerable article in the The horny or pellucid coat of the eye doth not lie

arts and manufacturcs. Bullocks' horns, sofin the same superficies with the white of the eye, but tened by the fire, serve to make lanterns, combs, riscth up above its convexity, and is of an hyperboli

knives, ink-horns, tobacco-boxes, &c. cal figure.

Ray on the Creation. Hornets do mischief to trees by breeding in them.

In the staining or dyeing of horn the black Mortimer.

dye is given by steeping brass in aqua-fortis till The skin of a bull's forehead is the part of the hide it be returned green : with this the horn is washed made use of by horners, whereupon they sbave their once or twice, and then put into a warmed dehorns.

Grew. coction of logwood and water. Green is begun Florinda danced the Derbyshire hornpipe in the by boiling it, &c., in alum water; then with verpresence of several friends.

Tatler. digris, ammoniac, and white wine vinegar; keepBending the bull's tough neck with pain, ing it hot therein till sufficiently green.

Red is That tosses back his horns in vain. Addison.

begun by boiling it in alum water, and finished The pineal gland was encompassed with a kind of by decoction in å liquor compounded of quickhorny substance.

Id.

lime steeped in rain water, strained, and to every To master John the English maid A hornbook gives of gingerbread ;

pint an ounce of Brasil-wood added. In this And, that the child may learn the better,

decoction the bone, &c., is to be boiled till suffiAs he can name, he eats the letter. Prior. ciently red. As the serum of the blood is resolvable by a small In order to imitate tortoise-shell, the horn to heat, a greater heat coagulates it so as to turn it be dyed must be first pressed into proper plates, horny, like parchment; but when it is thoroughly pu- scales, or other flat form; then take of quicktrified, it will no longer concrete. Arbuthnot. lime two parts, and of litharge one part: temper

All that process is no more surprising than the them together to the consistence of a soft paste eruption of horns in some brutes, or of teeth and with soap lie. Put this paste over all the parts beard in men at certain periods of age. Bentley.

of the horn, except such as are proper to be left The moon

transparent, in order to give it a nearer resemWears a wan circle round her blunted horns.

Thomson.

blance of the tortoise shell. The horn must re

main in this manner covered with the paste till Unhappy confiding in the length Of horny beak, or talons crooked strength,

it be thoroughly dry; when, the paste being Who durst abide his rage ; the blade descends,

brushed off, the horn will be found partly opaque And from the panting trunk the pinion rends.

and partly transparent, in the manner of tortoiseBeattie. shell : and when put over a foil, of the kind of

aten called assidue, will be scarcely distinguish- less shining, thicker, and rectangular.

It is geable from it. It requires some degree of fancy nerally found amongst iron ores, and sometimes and judgment to dispose of the paste in such a intermixed with mica, forming a compact stone. manner as to form a variety of transparent parts HORNCASTLE, a market town of Lincolnof different magnitudes and figures; and it will shire. It had a castle, from the architecture of be an improvement to add semitransparent which, and the coins sometimes dug up, it is parts; which may be done by mixing whiting thought to have been a station of the Romans. with some of the paste to weaken its operation The town is well built and tolerably healthy. It in particular places; by which spots of a reddish- is a signiory of thirteen lordships. It has a marbrown will be produced, which, if properly in- ket on Saturday, and fairs in June and August. terspersed, especially on the edges of the dark It is twenty miles east of Lincoln, and 136 north parts, will greatly increase both the beauty of the of London. work, and its similitude with the real tortoise HORN-DISTEMPER, a disease incident to shell.

homed cattle, affecting the internal substance of Horn, in geography. See Hoorn.

the horn, commonly called the pith, which it inHorn, a musical instrument of the wind kind, sensibly wastes, and leaves the horn hollow. The is chiefly used in hunting, to animate and bring pith is a spongy bone, the cells of which are together the dogs and the hunters. The term was filled with an unctuous matter. It is furnished anciently, wind a horn, all horns being in those with a great number of small blood vessels, is times of a winding shape; but, since straight overspread with a thin membrane, and appears hoins were made, we say blow a horn, and some to be united by sutures with the bones of the times sound a horn. See Music The Hebrews head. According to an account of this distemmade use of horns formed of ram's horns to per published by Dr. Tufts in the Memoirs of proclaim the Jubilee.

the American Academy, vol. i., the spongy bone Horn, French, is a wreathed or contorted is sometimes partly, and sometimes entirely trumpet. It labors under the same defects as the wasted. The horn loses its natural heat, and a trumpet itself; but these have of late been so degree of coldness is felt upon handling it. The palliated as to require no particular selection of distemper, however, is seldom suspected without keys for this instrument.

a particular acquaintance with the other sympHorn, an island on the coast of Florida, be- toms, which are a dulness in the countenance of tween Ship and Massacre Islands. It is nearly the beast, a sluggishness in moving, a failure of seventeen miles long, and about half a mile wide, appetite, an inclination to lie down, and, when having many trees on the middle of it.

accompanied with an inflammation of the brain, a Honn, Cape, is the inost southern extremity giddiness and frequent tossing of the head. The of South Ainerica, and the south point of a group limbs are sometimes affected with stiffness, as in of islands, of unequal extent, lying before Nassau a rheumatism; in cows the milk often fails, the Bay, known by the name of the Hermit Islands. udder is hard, and in almost all cases there is a North-west of the cape are two peaked rocks, sudden wasting of the flesh. As soon as the like sugar-loaves. Some other straggling rocks lie distemper is discovered, an opening into the diswest, and one south of it; but they are all near eased horn should be immediately made; which the shore. It is cold, lofty, and covered with may be done with a gimlet of a moderate size, wood. It was discovered by Jacob le Maire, a in such a part of the horn as is most favorable Dutchman, in 1616; and Anson and others have for the discharge. It is recommended as most encountered, in passing this cape, the most prudent to bore at first two or three inches above dreadful tempests; but of late years it has been the head. If it is found hollow, and the gimlet the common course of all vessels, being found passes through to the opposite side, and no blood much preferable to the tedious passage through discharges from the aperture, it may be best to the straits of Magellan. The shore is inhabited bore still lower, and as near the head as it shall by savages, of whom little is known. Long. 67° be judged that the hollowness extends. This 46' W., lat. 55° 58' S.

opening is affirmed to be a necessary measure, Horn, False, Cape, a cape of South Ame- and often gives immediate relief. Care must be rica, nine miles north-east of Cape Horn. taken to keep it clear, as it is apt to be clogged

HORNBACH, a town of Germany in the by a thin fluid that gradually oozes out and fills late duchy of Deux Ponts, now annexed to the up the passage. Some saw off the hom; but, French republic, and included in the depart- according to the best information, it does not ment of Savre and Moselle. It is seated on the succeed better than boring. From the cases Dr. river Horn, with a Benedictine abbey, five miles Tufts has seen, he is led to conclude that injecsouth-east of Deux Ponts. Long. 7° 36' E., lat. tions are in general unnecessary; that, when the 49° 10' N.

distemper is early discovered, no more is reHorn-Beam, in botany. See CARPINUS. quired than a proper opening into the horn, keep

HORNBERG, an ancient town of Germany, ing it sufficiently clear for the admission of fresh in the Black Forest, and duchy of Wirtemberg, air, the removal of the compression, and the diswith a fortress upon a mountain. It is seated charge of floating matter. But when the distemon the river Gutlash, twenty-one miles north- per has communicated its effects to the brain, so east of Friburg. Long. 8° 27' E., lat. 48° 12' N. as to produce a high degree of inflammation, it HORN-BILL. See Buceros.

is doubted whether any method of cure will sucHORNBLEND is a black or green indurated ceed. bole of clay, consisting of scaly particles, which Horne (George), D.D., bishop of Norwich. are distinguishable from those of mica, by being was born at Otham in Kent, in 1730. He was

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