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a Translation of Ramsay's Travels of Cyrus, in nical inventions and improvements. He invented 4to. ; in 1733 he revised a translation of The several astronomical instruments for making obHistory of the Conquest of Mexico by the Spa- servations both at sea and land; and was parniards, by Thomas Townsend, esq.; printed in ticularly serviceable to Mr. Boyle in completing 2 vols. 8vo.; and in the same year he published, the invention of the air-pump. Sir John Cutler in 4to., the first volume of The Roman History, having founded a mechanical school, in 1664, he from the building of Rome to the ruin of the settled an annual stipend on Mr. Hooke for life, Commonwealth ; illustrated with maps and other entrusting the president, council, and fellows of plates. In the dedication to this volume, Mr. the Royal Society, to direct him with respect to Hooke took the opportunity of telling Pope, that the number and subject of his lectures ; and on the displaying his name at the head of those the 11th of January, 1664, 1665, he was elected sheets was like the hanging out a splendid sign, by that society curator of experiments for life, to catch the traveller's eye, and entice him to with an additional salary. The rebuilding of the make trial of the entertainment the place affords.' city of London after the dreadful fire in 1666 The volume is introduced by Remarks on the requiring an able person to set out the ground to History of the Seven Roman Kings, occasioned the proprietors, Mr. Hooke was appointed one by Sir Isaac Newton's objections to the supposed of the surveyors. Mr. Oldenburgh, secretary to 244 years duration of the royal state of Rome. the Royal Society, dying in 1677, Mr. Hooke His nervous pen was next employed in digest- was appointed to supply his place, and began to ing An Account the conduct of the Dowager take minutes at the meeting in October, but did duchess of Marlborough, from her first coming to not publish the Transactions. In 1691 he was Court to the year 1710, in a letter from herself employed in forming the plan of the hospital to lord - in 1742, 8vo.; her grace was so near Hoxton, founded by Robert Aske, alderman well pleased with this performance, that she of London, who appointed archbishop Tillotson complimented the author with a present of one of his executors; and in December, the same £5000, a sum which far exceeded his expectations. year, Hooke was created M. D. by a warrant The second volume of his Roman History ap- from that prelate. In 1696 an order was granted peared in 1745; to which Mr. Hooke added to him for repeating most of his experiments at The Capitoline Marbles, or Consular Calendars, the expense of the Royal Society, upon a proan ancient Monument accidentally discovered at mise of his finishing the observations, and deRome in the year 1545, during the Pontificate ductions from them, and of perfecting the of Paul III. In 1758 he published Observations description of all the instruments contrived by on, 1. The Answer of M. l'Abbé de Vertot to him; but his increasing illness and general de the late earl of Stanhope's Enquiry, concerning cay rendered him unable to perform it. He the Senate of ancient Rome : dated December continued some years in this wasting condition, 1719. 2. A Dissertation upon the Constitution till he was quite emaciated. He died March of the Roman Senate, by à Gentleman : pub- 3rd, 1702, at his lodgings in Gresham College, lished in 1743. 3. A Treatise on the Roman and was buried in St. Helen's church, BishopsSenate, by Dr. Conyers Middleton : published gate Street, his funeral being attended by all the in 1747. 4. An Essay on the Roman Senate, members of the Royal Society, then in London. by Dr. Thomas Chapman : published in 1750; He wrote, 1. Lectiones Cutlerianæ. 2. Microwhich he inscribed to Mr. Speaker Onslow. The graphia, or Descriptions of minute bodies made third volume of Mr. Hooke's Roman History, to by magnifying glasses. 3. A Description of the end of the Gallıc war, was printed under his Helioscopes. 4. A Description of some Meinspection before his last illness; but did not chanical Improvements of Lamps and Water appear till after his death, which happened in Poises. 4to. 5. Philosophical Collections. 1764. The fourth and last volume was publish- After his death were published, 6. Posthumous ed in 1771. Mr. Hooke left two sons; of whom works collected from his papers by Richard one was a divine of the church of England; the Waller, secretary to the Royal Society. other a doctor of the Sorbonne, and professor of HOOKER (John), was born in Exeter, about astronomy in that formerly illustrious seminary. 1524. He was instructed in grammar by Dr.

Hooke (Robert), an eminent English mathe- Moreman, vicar of Menhiniot in Cornwall, and matician and philosopher, was born in the Isle thence removed to Oxford. He next travelled of Wight, in 1635. He very early discovered to Germany, and resided some time at Cologne, a genius for mechanics, hy making curious toys where he kept exercises in law, and graduated. with great art and dexterity. He was educated Thence he went to Strasburg, where he studied under Dr. Busby in Westminster school; where divinity under the famous Peter Martyr. He he acquired Greek and Latin, with Hebrew and now returned to England, and soon after visited some other oriental languages; and made him- France, intending to proceed to Spain ar.d Italy; self master of a great part of Euclid's Elements. but was prevented by a declaration of war. ReAbout 1653 he went to Christ Church in Oxford, turning therefore again to England, he fixed his and in 1655 was introduced to the Philosophical residence in his native city, where, having marSociety there; who first employed him to assist Dr. ried, he was in 1554 elected chamberlain, being Wallis in his operations in chemistry, and after- the first person who held that office, and in 1571 wards recommended him to the honorable Robert represented his fellow-citizens in parliament. Boyle, whom he served several years in the same He died in 1601, and was buried in the cathecapacity. He was also instructed in astronomy dral at Exeter. He wrote, among other works, about this time by Dr. Seth Ward, and hence 1. Order and Usage of keeping of Parliaments forward distinguished himself by many mecha- in Ireland. 2. The events of Comets or Blazing

Stars, made upon the sight of the Comet Pagonia, celebrity, was born in London, December 1727, which appeared in November and December, and was the son of a watchmaker. He acquired at 1577. 3. Ar addition to the Chronicles of a private boarding school an accurate knowledge Ireland from 1546 to 1568; in the second vo of the Latin and French languages, and at the lume of Holinshed's Chronicles. 4. A Des- age of seventeen entered as a clerk at the East cription of the city of Exeter, and of the Son- India House, where he closely studied the Itadrie Assaults given to the same; Holinshed's lian language. He commenced the translation Chronicle, vol. III. 5. A Book of Ensigns. 6. of the Jerusalem Delivered of Tasso in 1758, Translation of the History of the Conquest of and published it in 1763. The dedication to Ireland, from the Latin of Giraldus Cambrensis; the queen was composed by Dr. Johnson. In in Holinshed's Chronicle, vol. ii. 7. Synopsis 1767 he published a translation of six dramas Chorographica, or an Historical record of the of Metastasio, in 2 vols.; and the next year province of Devon; never printed.

brought out his tragedy of Cyrus ; Timanthes Hooker (Richard), a learned divine, nephew in 1770, and Cleone in 1775, all equally unto the preceding, born at Heavytree, near Exeter, successful dramatic efforts. In 1773 he puts in 1553. By his uncle he was first supported at lished the first volume of his Orlando Furioso, the University of Oxford, with the addition of a the farther progress of which was impeded by small pension from Dr. Jewel, bishop of Salis- his advancement to the auditorship of the Indian bury, who in 1561 got him admitted one of the accounts; he however concluded it in 1783, in clerks of Corpus Christi College. In 1573 he 5 vols. 8vo. In 1785 he wrote the life of his was elected scholar. In 1577 he took the de- friend, Mr. Scott, of Amwell, and having regree of M. A. and was admitted fellow. In July, tired from the India House, after a service of 1579, he was appointed deputy professor of the forty-two years, he took up his abode, with his Hebrew lauguage. In 1581 he took orders; wife and son, at the parsonage-house of Abinger, and, being appointed to preach at St. Paul's near Dorking. Here he connected the narrative cross, he came to London, where he was un- of his Orlando in twenty-four books, and disfortunately drawn into a marriage with Joan posed the stories in a regular series. In 1792 Churchman, the termagant daughter of his he translated Tasso's Rinaldo, and ended his hostess. Having thus lost his fellowship he litarary labors with a Collection of dramas from continued in the utmost distress till 1584, when Metastasio : but his translations are considered he was presented by John Cheny, esq. to the meagre and spiritless. He died respected in rectory of Drayton-Beauchamp, in Buckingham- 1803. shire. In this retirement he was visited by Mr. HOOP, n. s. & v. a. Sax. þop; Swed. hop; Edwin Sandys, and Mr. George Cranmer, his HooP'ER, n. s. Belg. hoep. Any thing former pupils. They found him, with a Horace circular by which something else is bound, parin his hand, tending some sheep in the common, ticularly casks or barrels ; the whalebone with his servant having been ordered home by his which women extend their petticoats; a farXantippe. They attended him to his house; thingale; any thing circular. Hooper, a cooper, but were soon deprived of his company by an one that hoops tubs. Hoop, to encircle ; clasp ; order from his wife for him to come and rock the surround ; bind or enclose with hoops. cradle. Mr. Sandys's representation to his fa

Thou shalt prove a shelter to thy friends, ther of his tutor's situation, procured him the A hoop of gold to bind thy brothers in, mastership of the Temple. Here he met with That ibe united vessel of their blood considerable molestation from one Travers, lec Shall never leak. Shakspeare. Henry IV. turer of the Temple, and a bigoted Puritan, who

If I knew in the afternoon endeavoured to confute the doc What hoop would hold us staunch, from edge to trine he had delivered in the morning. From

edge this disagreeable situation he solicited archbishop

O'the world, I would pursue it. Shakspeare. Whitgift to remove him to some country retire

A quarrel, ho, already! what's the matter ?

· About a hoop of gold, a paltry ring. Id. ment, where he might prosecute his studies in

If ever henceforth thou tranquillity. Accordingly, in 1591 he obtained

Shalt hoop his body more with thy embraces, the rectory of Boscomb in Wiltshire, together

I will devise a death.

Id. Winter's Tale. with a prebend in the church of Salisbury, of

The three-hooped pot shall have ten hoops, and I which he was also made sub-dean. In 1594 he will make it felony to drink small beer. Shakspeare. was presented to the rectory of Bishops-Bourne The casks for his majesty's shipping were hooped as in Kent, where he died in 1600. He was buried a wine-cask, or hooped with iron.

Raleigh. in his parish church, and a monument 'erected I hoop the firmament, and make to his memory by William Cooper, Esq. He This my embrace the zodiack. Cleaveland. wrote, 1. Ecclesiastical Polity, in eight books. To view so lewd a town, and to refrain, 2. A Discourse of Justification, &c., with two

What hoops of iron could my spleen contain !

Dryden. sermons, Oxford, 1612, 4to. 3. Several other

That shelly guard, which hoops in the eye, and sermons printed with the Ecclesiastical Polity. Hooker, in naval architecture, a vessel much hides the greater part of it, might occasion his mis

Grew. used by the Dutch, built like a pink, but rigged

I have seen at Rome an antique statue of Time, and masted like a hoy. Hookers will lie nearer with a wheel or hoop of marble in his hand. a wind than vessels with cross sails can do. They

Addison. are from fifty to 200 tons burden, and with a And learned Athens to our art must stoop, few hands will sail to the East Indies.

Could she behold us tumbling through a hoop. HOOLE (John), a poet and translator of some




At coming in you saw her sloop :

Gloucester on the 9th of February, 1554, being The entry brushed against her hoop. Swift. then near sixty years of age. He was an avowAll that hoops are good for is to clean dirty shoes, ed enemy to the church of Rome, and in the and to keep fellows at a distance.


former reign had been one of Bonner's accusers. Hoop, v. n. & v.a. Goth. wongan or

HOORN, a sea-port town of the Netherlands, Iloop'ING-COUGH, n. s. wopyan,

or French in North Holland; in the department of the houpper, derived from the Gothic. This word is Texel, and late province of West Friesland. Its often written whoop, which is more proper if name is derived from the curving shape of the we deduce it from the Gothic; and hoop if we port; and it is the capital of an extensive district derive it from the French.-Johnson. To shout; of North Holland. In 1426 it was surrounded to make an outcry by way of call or pursuit. with the walls, and, in 1508, greatly enlarged; Hooping-cough, or whooping-cough, from hoop but in 1557 it was almost destroyed by a storm to shout. A convulsive cough, so called from and inundation which broke down the dams. its noise; the chincough.

In 1577 the harbour was built, which is reckoned

the best on the Zuider Zee. The adjacent lands And, therwithal, they shriked and they houped ;

are fertile, and famed for fattening cattle. The It semed as that the heven shulde falle.

town is still fortified, and has five gates, several Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale.

churches and hospitals. Hence also commences Dastard nobles

a canal, which leads through Alcmaer to Petten, Suffered me, by the voice of slaves, to be

and connects the Zuider Zee with the North Sea. Hooped out of Rome. Shakspeare. Coriolanu.

The manufactures are of carpets and woollen HOOPER (George), a learned author, born cloths; ship-building is also extensively carried on. at Grimeley in Worcestershire, about 1640. He Its trade is in cattle, butter, cheese, and herrings, was educated at Westminster, studied at Oxford, and is very extensive. This town was entered by a and was well skilled in mathematics, and the strong body of British (12,000), on the 19th of eastern languages. In 1672 he became chaplain September, 1799, while the Russians and the to the bishop of Winchester; and soon after to remainder of our troops were engaged at Alcarchbishop Sheldon ; and in 1677 almoner to maer in an action which terminated unfavorably; the princess of Orange, whom he accompanied these troops bore a part next day in the second to Holland. In 1691 he was made dean of battle of Alcmaer. Hoorn was the birth-place Canterbury; and in 1702 bishop of Bath and of Schouten the navigator. Population about Wells. He wrote, 1. The Church of England 9000 : fourteen miles east of `Alcmaer, and free from the imputation of Popery; 2. A twenty N. N. E. of Amsterdam. Discourse concerning Lent; 3. New danger of Hoorn, or Horn, a town of France in the Presbytery; 4. An Enquiry into the state of department of the Lower Meuse, and late bishthe Ancient Measures ; 5. De Valentinianorum opric of Liege; three miles west of Ruremond, hæresi conjecturæ; 6. Several sermons; and 7. and twelve south of Venlo. Long. 5° 55' E, An Enquiry into the state of the Ancient Mea- lat. 51° 12' N. sures; the Attic, Roman, and Jewish; with an

Hoorn, or Horn Islands, two islands in the appendix, concerning our old English money South Pacific Ocean, on the north of the Friendly and measures ; 1721, 8vo. He died in 1727. Isles, discovered in the year 1616 by Le Maire All his works were printed in 1 vol. folio, at and Schouten, who landed and staid here some Oxford, 1757.

days; their ship lying at anchor at the mouth of HOOPER (John), bishop of Worcester, was a river called, after the name of the vessel, the born in Somersetshire, and educated at Oxford. Gulf of Concord. They are supposed to be the In 1518 he took the degree of A. B., and after- same islands which are called Hamoa by the wards became a Cistercian monk; but, disliking natives. Long. 171° 30' E., lat. 15° S. his fraternity, returned to Oxford, and became HOORNBĚCK (John), professor of divinity somewhat of a Lutheran. In 1539 he was in the universities of Leyden and Utrecht, was made chaplain and steward to Sir John Arundel, born at Haerlem in 1617. He was well acwho afterwards suffered with the protector in quainted with the classical, oriental, and Eurothe reign of Edward VI. But that very Catholic pean languages, and published many works ; knight, as Wood calls him, discovering him to among which are, 1. A refutation of Socinianbe a heretic, he was obliged to leave the king- ism, in 3 vols. 4to.; 2. A Treatise for the condom. After continuing some time in France viction of the Jews; 3. Of the Conversion of he returned to England, and lived with a gentle- the Heathen ; 4. Institutiones Theologicæ, &c. man named Seintlow; but, being again discover- Bayle represents him as a complete model of a ed, he escaped in the habit of a sailor to Ireland; divinity professor. thence embarked for the continent, and fixed his

HOOT, v. n., v. a., & n. s. Fr. huer, huec; abode in Switzerland. Upon Edward's acces

Welsh hut; Swed. hut. To shout in contempt; sion, Mr. Hooper returned once more to his

to cry as an owl; to drive with noise and shout. native country." In 1550, by his old patron Sir Clamor ; noise; shouting. John Arundel's interest with the earl of Warwick, he was consecrated bishop of Gloucester;

We loved him ; but, like beasts, and in 1552 was nominated to the see of Wor Our coward nobles gave way to your clustr-rs, cester, which he held in commendam with the Who did hoot him out o' the city. Shakspeare. former. But Mary had scarce ascended the

Some keep back throne, before he was imprisoned, tried, and The clamorous owl, that nightly hoots, and wonders condemned to the flames. He suffered at At our queint sports.


The owl of Rome, whom boys and girls will hoot!

Jast at the hopper will I stand, 'That were I set up for that wooden god

In my whole life I never saw grist ground, That keeps our gardens, could not fright the crows, And mark the clack how justly it will sound. Ir the least bird, from muting on my head.

Betterton. Ben Jonson. The salt of the lake Asphaltites shooteth into perIts assertion would be entertained with the hoot of fect cubes. Sometimes they are pyramidal and plain, the rabble.

Glunville's Scepsis.
like the hopper of a mill.


When my wings are on, I can go above a hundred A number of country folks happened to pass thereby. who hollowed and hooled after me as at the arrantest

yards at a hop, step, and jump.

Addison. coward,


I am highly delighted to see the jay or the thrush hopping about my walks.

Id. Spectator. Matrons and girls shall hoot at thee no more.

Why don't we vindicate ourselves by trial or deal, Dryden.

uud hop over heated ploughshares blindfold ? Partridge and his clan may hoot me for a cheat and

Collier. impostor, if I fail in any particular of moment.

Graminivorous birds have the mechanism of a mill: Swift.

their maw is the hopper which holds and softens the When the falling stars are shooting,

grain, letting it drop by degrees into the stomach. And the answered owls are hooting.

Arbuthnot on Aliments. Byron. Manfred.

Hop, n. s. & v.a. Belg. hop ; Lat. lupulus, or HOP, v. n. & n. s.

Sax. boppan;


perhaps from hoop, to bind round. A plant Hop'PERS, N. S. hoppen ; Swedish, hoppa. used in the composition of beer: bop to impreg

Hop'PER, n. s. To jump or skip lightly; nate with hops. to leap on one leg; to walk lamely or halt. A

If hop yard or orchard ye mind for to have, hop is a jump ; also a place where meaner people For hop poles and crotches in lopping to save. dance. Hopper, he who hops or jumps on one

Tusser. leg; the box or open frame of wood into which the The planting of hop yards is profitable for the corn is put to be ground, so called because it is planters, and consequently for the kingdom. Bacon. always hopping, or in agitation, and which is called Beer hath malt first infused in the liquor, and is

Id. in French, for the same reason, tremie or tremue; afterwards boiled with the hop. a basket for carrying seed. • In Saxon to hoppe

Next to thistles are hop strings, cut after the flowers are gathered.

Derham. signifies exactly the same as to dance, though

Brew in October, and hop it for long keeping. with us it hath acquired a ludicrous sense; and

Mortimer. hopster is a female dancer.'— Notes to Chaucer.

Have the poles without forks, otherwise it will Hoppers, commonly called Scotch hoppers, a be troublesomne to part the hop vines and the poles. kind of play in which the actor hops on one leg.

Id. Right by the hopper wol I stand

When you water hops, on the top of every hill Quod John and seen how that the corn gas in ;

put dissolved dung, which will enrich your hop bills. Yet, saw I never (by my fader kin)!

Id. How that the hopper wagges til and fra.

In Kent they plant their hop gardens with apple. Chaucer. The Reves Tale. trees and cherry-trees between.


Id. Yet, saw I brent the shippes hoppesteres.

The price of hoeing of hop ground is forty shillings

Id. The Knightes Tale.
Softly feed

Hop holes, the largest sort, should be about twenty
Her feeble pulse, to prove if any drop

foot long, and about nine inches in compass. Id.

To increase the milk, diminished by Aesh meat, Of living blood yet in her veins did hop.

Faerie Qucene.

take malt-driuk not much hopped. Arbuthnot. I wonid have thee gone,

Hop, in botany, see HUMULUS. Hops were And yet no further than a wanton's bird,

first brought into England from the Netherlands That lets it hop a little from her hand,

in the year 1524. They are first mentioned in And with a silk thread plucks it back again. the English statute-book in 1552, viz. in the 5

Shakspeare. and 6 of Edw. VI. cap. 5. And by an act of Go, hop me over every kennel home;

parliament of the first year of king James I. For you shall hop without my custom, sir. Id.

anno 1603, cap. 18, it appears that hops were Be kind and courteous to this gentleman, then produced in abundance in England. The Hop in his walks, and gambol in his eyes. Id.

hop being a plant of great importance, we shall Men with heads like dogs, and others with one huge consider what relates to the culture and managefoot alone, whereupon they did hop from place to

ment of it, under distinct heads. place.


The hop-planters esteem the richest and I'd sooner trust my fortune with a daw, That hops at every butterfly it sees,

strongest ground the most proper; and, if it be Than have to do in honour with a man

rocky within two or three feet of the surface, the That sells his virtues for a woman's smiles. hops will prosper well; but they will not thrive


on a stiff clay or spongy wet land. The KentThe painted birds, companions of the spring, ish planters esteem new land best for hops ; Hopping from spray to spray were heard. Dryden. they plant their hop-gardens with apple trees

Your Ben and Fletcher, in their first young flight, at a large distance, and with cherry trees beDid no Volpone, nor no Arbaces wrile;

tween; and when the land has done its best for But hopped about, and short excursions made

hops, which they reckon it will in about ten From bough to bough, as if they were afaid. Id.

years, the trees may begin to bear. The cherry The limping smith observed the saddened feast, trees last about thirty years, and, by the time the And hopping here and there, himself a jest,

apple trees are large, they cut down the cherries. Put in his word.

Id, Homer. The Essex planters reckon a moory land the

an acre.

most proper for hops. As to the situation of a hop you value, and would increase plants and hop-ground, one that inclines to the south or sets from, the superfluous binds may be laid west is the most eligible ; but, if it be exposed down when the hops are tied, cutting off the to the north-east or south-west winds, there tops, and burying them in the hill; or, when the should be a shelter of some trees at a distance, hops are dressed, all the cuttings may be saved ; because the north-east winds are apt to nip the for almost every part will grow, and become a tender shoots in the spring; and the south-west good set the next spring. As to the seasons of winds frequently break and blow down the poles planting hops, the Kentish planters prefer noat the end of summer, and very much endanger tober and March, both which sometimes succeed the hops. In winter provide soil and manure very well; but the sets are not to be had in' for the hop-ground against the following spring. October, unless from some ground that is to be If the dung be rotten mix it with two or three destroyed; and likewise there is some danger that parts of earth, and let it incorporate together till the sets may be rotted, if the winter prove very you have occasion to use it in making your hop wet; therefore the most usual time oi procuring hills; but, if it be new dung, then let it be mixed them is in March, when the bops are cut and as before till the spring in the next year, for new dressed. As to the manner of planting the sets, dung is very injurious to hops. Dung of all there should be five good sets planted in every sorts was formerly more commonly used than it hill, one in the middle and the rest round about is now, especially when rotted and turned to sloping, the tops meeting at the centre; they mnould, and they who have no other manure must stand even with the surface of the ground; must use it: which if they do, cows' or hogs' let them be pressed close with the hand, and dung, or human ordure mixed with mud, may covered with fine earth, and a stick should be be a proper compost, because hops delight most placed on each side the hill to secure it. The in manure that is cool and moist.

ground being thus planted, all that is to be done Hops require to be planted in a situation so more during that summer, to keep the hills clear open as that the air may freely pass round and from weeds, and to dig up the ground in May, between them, to dry up and dissipate the mois- and to raise a small hill round about the plants. ture, whereby they will not be so subject to fire- In June you must twist the young binds or blasts, which often destroy the middle of large branches together into a bunch or knot; for if plantations, while the outsides remain unhurt. they are tied up to small poles the first year, in As for the preparation of the ground for plant- order to have a few hops from them, it will not ing, it should in the preceding winter be plough- countervail the weakening of the plants. A ed and harrowed even ; and then lay upon it in mixture of compost or dung being prepared for heaps a good quantity of fresh rich earth, or well hop-ground, the best time for laying it on, if the rotted dung and earth mixed together, sufficient weather prove dry, is about Michelmas, that the to put half a bushel in every hole to plant the wheels of the dung-cart may not injure the hops, hops in, unless the natural ground be very fresh nor furrow the ground : if this be not done then, and good. The bills where the hops are to be you must wait till the frost has hardened the planted should be eight or nine feet asunder, ground, so as to bear the dung-cart; and this is that the air may freely pass between them; for also the time to carry on your new poles, to rein close plantations they are very subject to what cruit those that are decayed and to be cast out the hop-planters call the fire-blast. If the every year. If you have good store of dung, ground is intended to be ploughed with horses the best way will be to spread it in the alleys all between the hills, it will be best to plant them over the ground, and to dig it in the winter folin squares chequerwise ; but if it be so small lowing. The quantity they will require will be that it may be done with the breast-plough or forty loads to an acre, reckoning about thirty spade, the holes should be ranged in a quincunx bushels to the load. If you have not dung form. Which way soever is adopted, a stake enough to cover all the ground in one year, you should be stuck down at all the places where may lay it on one part one year, and on the rest the hills are to be inade. Great caution should in another, or a third ; for there is no occasion be observed in the choice of the plants, as to the to dung the ground after this manner oftener kind of hop; for if the hop-garden be planted than once in three years. Those who have but with a mixture of several sorts of hops that ripen a small quantity of dung, usually content themat different times, it will cause a great deal of selves with laying on about twenty loads upon trouble, and be a great detriment to the owner. an acre every year; this they lay only on the The two best sorts are the white and the gray hills, either about November, or in the spring; bind; the latter is a large square hop, more which last some account the best time, when the hardy, and is a more plentiful bearer, and ripens hops are dressed, to cover them after they are later than the former. There is another sort of cut'; but, if it be done at this time, the compost the white bind, which ripens a week or ten days or dung ought to be very well rotted and fine. before the common; but this is tenderer, a: d à As to the dressing of the hops, when the hopless plentiful bearer ; but it has this advantage, ground is dug in January or February, the earth that it comes first to market. But if three about the hills and very near them, ought to be grounds, or three distant parts of one ground, taken away with a spade, that you may come the be planted with these three sorts, there will be more conveniently at ine stock to cut it. About this convenience, that they may be picked suc the end of February, if the hops were planted cessively as they become ripe. The sets should the spring before, or if the grounıl be weak, they be five or six inches long, with three or more ought to be dressed in dry weather; but else, if joints or buds on them. If there be a sort of the ground be strong and in perfection, the

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