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HEWSON (William), a very ingenious ana
When I read in St. Ambrose of heragonies, or sex. tomist, was born in 1739. He was assistant to angular cellars of bees, did I therefore conclude that Dr. Hunter, and afterwards in partnership with they were mathematicians ?
Bramhall. him; but, on their disagreement, read anatomical
As for the figures of crystal, it is for the most part lectures at his own house, in which he was hexagonal, or six-cornered.
Browne. secondea by Mr Falconer. He wrote Enquiries and bastard diamonds into hexagonat
Many of them shoot into regular figures : as crystal inte the Properties of the Blood, and the Lym
HEXAGYNIA, from a six, and youn a fephatic System, 2 vols.; and disputed with Dr. Monro the discovery of the lymphatic system of male, an order of plants in the class polyandria, vessels in oviparous animals. He died in 1774 consisting of such as have six styles. See BOTANY. in consequence of absorption from a wound re- Platonic bodies, or regular solids, being the same
HEXAHFDRON, in geoinetry, one of the five ceived in dissecting.
with a cube. HEXAGON, n. S. Fr. hexagone ; Gr. XE, HEXAM'ETER, n. s. Gr. ők and pérpov. A Hexagʻonal, aaj. six, and ywvía, an angle. verse of six feet.
HexagʻONY, n. s. A figure of six sides or The Latin hexameter has more feet than the English angles : the most capacious of all the figures that heroic.
Dryden. can be added to each other without any inter HEXAMETER VERSE. The first four feet may stice; and therefore the cells in honeycombs are be either spondees or dactyls; the fifth is geneof that form : applied to whatever has six sides rally a dactyl, and the sixth a spondee. or angles.
Such are the following verses of Virgil : 1 2 3
Förmāsām résolnārě do cēs Amaryllidă | sylvās. HEXAMILI, HEXAmilion, or Hexami- sions that had been made of the sacred writings, LIUM, a celebrated wall, built by the emperor and of these to compose his Tetrapla and HexEmanuel in 1413, over the isthmus of Corinth. apla. But others say that he did not begin till It took its name from e six, and pincov, which the time of Alexarder, after he had retired into in the Romaic signifies a mile, being six miles Palestine, about A. D. 231. Besides the translong. The design of it was to defend Pelopon- lation of the sacred writings called the Septuanesus 'from the incursions of the barbarians. gint, made under Ptolemy Philadelphus, about Amurath II. having raised the siege of Constan- A. A.C. 280, the Scriptures had been since tinople, in 1424, demolished the hexamilium, translated into Greek by other interpreters. The though he had before concluded a peace with first of those versions, or (reckoning the Septuathe Greek emperor.
The Venetians restored it gint) the second, was that of Aquila, a proselyte in 1463, by 30,000 workmen, employed for fif- Jew, the first edition of which he published in teen days, and covered by an army commanded the twelfth year of Adrian, or about A. D. 128, by Bertoldo d'Este, general of the land forces, the third was that of Symmachus, published as and Lewis Loredano, commander of the sea. The is supposed, under Marcus Aurelius, but, as infidels made several attempts upon it; but were some say, under Septimus Severus, about A. D. repulsed, and obliged to retire from the neigh- 200; the fourth was that of Theodotion, prior to bourhood thereof; but Bertoldo being killed at Symmachus's, under Commodus, or about A. D. the siege of Corinth, which was attempted soon 175. These Greek versions, says Dr. Kennicot, after, Bertino Calcinato, who took on him the were made by the Jews from their corrupted cocommand of the army, abandoned, upon the ap- pies of the Hebrew, and were designed to stand proach of the beglerbeg, both the siege and the in the place of the Seventy, against which they defence of the wall, which had cost them so were prejudiced, because it seemed to favor the dear; upon which it was finally demolished. Christians. The fifth was found at Jericho, in
HÉXANDRIA, in botany, from 1ę six, and the reign of Caracalla, about A. D. 217; and avno, a man, the sixth class in Linnæus's sexual the sixth at Nicopolis, in the reign of Alexander method, consisting of plants with hermaphrodite Severus, about A. D. 228: lastly, Origen himfiowers, furnished with six stamina of an equal self recovered part of a seventh, containing only length. See BOTANY.
the Psalms. ÉEXAN'GULAR, adj. Gr. ig and Lat. angu Origen, who had held frequent disputations lus. Having six corners.
with the Jews in Egypt and Palestine, observing, Hesangular sprigs or shoots of crystal.
that they always objected to those passages of
Woodward. Scripture quoted against themselves, and apHEXAPLA, from ek siz, and ankow I unfold, pealed to the Hebrew text the better to vindicate in church history, a Bible disposed in six co- those passages, and confound the Jews by show-, lumns; containing the text, and versions thereof, ing that the Seventy had given the sense of the compiled and published by Origen, with a view Hebrew, or rather to show, by a number of difto securing the sacred text from future corrup- ferent versions, what the real sense of the Hetions, and to correct those that had been already brew was; undertook to reduce all the several introduced. Eusebius relates that Origen, after versions into a body along with the Hebrew text, bis return fiom Rome under Caracalla, learned so as they might easily be confronted, and afford Hebrew, and began to collect the several ver a mutual light to each other. He made the He
brew text his standard ; and, allowing that cor
At your age ruptions might have happened, and the old The heyday in the blood is tame, it's humble, Hebrew copies might and did read differently,
And waits upon the judgment. Shakspeare. he marked such words or sentences as were Thou'lt say anon he is some kin to thee, not in his Hebrew text, nor the later Greek ver Thou spendest such heyday wit in praising him. sions, and added such words or sentences as were
Id. omitted in the Seventy, prefixing an asterisk to the
'Twas a strange riddle of a lady, additions, and an obelisk to the others. For this
Not love, if any loved her, heyday!
Hudibres. purpose he made eight columns; in the first he
Shadwell from the town retires, gave the Hebrew text in llebrew characters; in
T, bless the town with peaceful lyrick, the second, the same text in Greek characters;
Thenwhey for praise and panegyrick. Prior. the rest were filled with the several versions above mentioned; all the columns answering verse for
Hey (John), D D. a modern divine, was verse, and phrase for phrase; and in the Psalms born in 1734, and educated at Catherine Hall, there was a ninth column for the seventh version. Cambridge; whence he removed in 1758 to a This work Origen called 'Etanla, Hexapla, q. d. fellowship in Sidney College, where he took sextuple, or a work of six columns, as only re
his degree of D. D. in 1780, and became the garding the first six Greek versions. See TETRA first professor of divinity on the Norrisian PLA. Indeed, St. Epiphanius, taking in likewise foundation. This chair he resigned in 1705. He the two columns of the text, calls the work Oc
was for many years rector of Passenham, in tapla, as consisting of eight columns. This Northamptonshire, and of Calverton, in Buckcelebrated work, which Montfaucon imagines inghamshire, but resigned both in 1814 to settle consisted of fifty large volumes, perished long in London, where he died the following year
. ago, probably with the library at Cæsarea, where His works are—1. Redemption, a Seatonian it was preserved in 653; though several ancient prize poem; 2. Lectures on Divinity, 4 vols. writers have preserved pieces of it, particularly 8vo.; 3. Seven Sermons on several Occasions, St. Chrysostom on the Psalms, Philoponus in his 8vo.; 4. Discourses on the Malevolent Sentiments, Hexameron, &c. Some modern writers have 8vo.; 5. Observations on the Writings of St. earnestly endeavoured to collect fragments of the
Paul. Hexapla, particularly Flaminius Nobilius, Dru HEYDON (John), who sometimes assumed sius, and F. Montfaucon, in two folio volumes, the name of Eugenius Theodidactus, was a great printed at Paris in 1713.
pretender to skill in the Rosicrucian philosophy HEX’APOD, n. s.' Gr. it and kódes. An ani- and wrote a considerable number of chemical
and astrology, in the reign of king Charles I.; mal with six feet. I take those to have been the hesapods, from which ridiculous author was much resorted to by the
and astrological works, with curious titles. This the greater sort of beetles come ; for that sort of hera. duke of Buckingham, who was infatuated with pods are eaten in America REXAS TIC, 2. s. Gr. B and
judicial astrology. Sixos:
He employed him to calcuof six lines.
late the king's and his own nativity, and was asHEXHAM, a town of Northumberland, with a
sured that the aspects of the heavens promised to market on Tuesdav. It is seated on the Tyne, him success and fortune. The duke also emand had formerly, besides the fine old church, á ployed him in some treasonable and seditious celebrated abbey of which the ruins are scarcely practices, for which he was sent to the Tower. now left. Its ancient and spacious church, which He lost much of his former reputation by telling was founded in 674, is highly ornamented, in the Richard Cromwell and Thurloe, who went to him inside, in the Gothic taste. In the choir was a disguised like cavaliers, that Oliver would infalbeautiful oratory, now converted into a pew. On libly be hanged by a certain time; which he outthe screen, at the entrance of the choir, are seve
lived several years. ral grotesque monastic paintings. On the west HEYDON, a borough in the East Riding of of the church are the remains of the priory, seated on'a river, which soon falls into the Hum
Yorkshire, with a market on Thursday. It is which was a very spacious building. There is a large room, with an oaken roof, which was the ber; and was formerly a considerable town, but refectory, and is now used for public entertain- is now much decayed. It is a corporation, goNear this place, in 1463, was fought a
verned by a mayor, recorder, nine aldermen, two bloody battle, between the houses of York and bailiffs who have the power of choosing sheriffs, Lancaster, in which the latter was defeated. and are justices of the peace. It returns two Hexham is noted for its manufactory of tanned members to parliament, chosen "by the barleather, shoes, and gloves; and is twenty-two gesses, who claim their privilege either by demiles west of Newcastle, and 279 N. N. W. of scent, by seven years' apprenticeship to a freeLondon.
man, or by an honorary gift at the discretion of HEY, interj.
Dan. and Swed. hui. the corporation, It is eight miles west from HEY'DAY, interj.&n.s. Hey, and heyday, are. Hull, and 182 from London. HEY'DEGIVES, n. s.
expressions of joy, or HEYLIN (Dr. Peter), an eminent English exultation ; frolic: and sometimes wonder, or writer, born at Burford in Oxfordshire, in 1600. wildness: heydigives, a wild frolic; dance; but He studied at Hart Hall, Oxfora, where he took now obsolete.
his degrees of M. A. and D. D., and became an But friendly fairies met with many graces,
geographer and historian. He was appointAnd light-foot nymphs can chase the lingering night ed one of the chaplains in ordinary to king With heydegives, and trimly trodden traces. Spenser. Charles I., rector of Hemingford in Hunting
donshire, a prebendary of Westminster, and prevailing taste, dealt chiefly in licentious tales, ohtained several other livings; but of these he and memoirs of personal scandal: the celebrated was deprived by the parliament, who also Atalantis of Mrs. Manley served her for a sequestered his estate ; by which means he and model; and the Court of Carimania, the New his family were reduced to great necessity. Utopia, with some other pieces of a like nature, However, upon the Restoration, he was restored were the copies her genius produced. She also to his spiritualities but never rose higher than attempted dramatic writing and performance, to be sub-dean of Westminster. He died in but did not succeed in either. Whatever it was 1662, and was interred in Westminster, where a that provoked the resentment of Pope, he gave neat monument was erected to his memory. His full scope to it by distinguishing her as gaining writings are very numerous: the principal of one of the prizes in the games introduced in which are, 1. Microcosmus, or a Description of honor of dullness, in his Dunciad. Neverthe Great World. 2. Cosmographia. 3. The theless, it is undeniable, that there is much History of St. George. 4. Ecclesia Vindicata, spirit and ingenuity in her manner of treating or the Church of England justified. 5. Historie subjects, which the friends of virtue may perhaps cal and Miscellaneous Tracts, &c.
wish she had never meddled with at all. But, HEYNE (Christian Gottlob), a celebrated whatever offence she may have given to delicacy modern German critic, was the son of a weaver or morality in her early works, she appears to of Glogau in Silesia, and born in 1729. But at have endeavoured to atone for, in the latter part a very early age Heyne taught other children, to of her life; as no author then appeared a greater provide funds for the extension of his own edu- advocate for virtue. Among her riper produccation. He completed his education at Leipsic, tions may be specified, The history of Miss where he soon obtained reputation for his clas- Betsy Thoughtless, 4 vols.; The Female Specsical acquirements, and was assisted by the post tator, 4 vols., Jemmy and Jenny Jessainy, 3 vols.; of librarian to count Bruhl. He also increased The Invisible Spy, 4 vols.; with a pamphlet his narrow income by translations of French and entitled A Present for a Servant Maid. She English works. In 1755 appeared his edition died in 1759. of Tibullus, and soon after that of Epictetus. He HEYWOOD (John), one of the most ancient was involved in great distress by the seven years' dramatic poets, was born at North Mims, near war; the entry of the Prussians into Dresden St. Alban's in Hertfordshire, and educated at leading to the dispersion of count Bruhl's library. Oxford. Thence he retired to the place of He was, however, taken into the family of Von his nativity; where he became acquainted with Schonberg as a tutor, in which situation he Sir Thomas More, who had a seat in that married, and in 1763 succeeded Gesner as pro- neighbourhood. This patron of genius introfessor of rhetoric at Gottingen. Here he also duced him to the princess Mary, and afterwards became secretary to the Society of Sciences. In to her father Henry VIII., who was much 1775 he formed a catalogue of the library at delighted with his wit and skill in music, and Gottingen, in which laborious work, extending by whom he was frequently rewarded. When to 150 folio volumes, he was warmly encouraged Mary came to the crown Heywood became a by his late majesty George III., whose three favorite at court. On the accession of Elizabeth, younger sons were for some time under his being a zealous Papist, he decamped, and settled tuition. He died suddenly, July 12th, 1814, at Mechlin in Flanders, where he died in 1565. leaving three children by a first wife, and six by He was a man of no great learning, nor were his a second. His principal works are his editions poetical talents extraordinary; but he possessed of Homer and Virgil, with notes and eluci- talents of more importance in the times in which dations; and Opuscula Academica, 6 vols. 8vo. he lived, namely, those of a jester. He wrote
HEYTESBURY, a borough standing on the several plays; 500 epigrams; A Dialogue in river Willey, four miles east from Warminster, Verse concerning English Proverbs; and The and ninety-two from London. The church, Spider and Fly, a Parable, a thick 410. Before formerly collegiate, is a spacious building; it is the title of this last work is a whole-length built in the form of a cross, with a tower in the wooden print of the author; who is also reprecentre, containing six bells; and is about 400 sented at the head of every chapter of the book, years old. Here is a well endowed hospital, of which there are seventy-seven. He left two and a grammar-school. The greater part of this sons, who both became eminent Jesuits. town was destroyed by fire in 1766, since which HEZEKIAH, or Ezekias, Heb. Inspin, i.e. the the houses have been commodiously rebuilt, strength of Jah or Jehovah, one of the best kings which has greatly improved its appearance. It of Judea, succeeded his father Ahaz, A. M. 3278. consists principally of one wide street. It is an His reformation of his subjects from idolatry; ancient borough by prescription, and sends two his grand and soiemn celebration of the passover; members to parliament, who are elected by the his invitation to the Israelites to assist at it; his burgage holders. A considerable woollen manu- throwing off the Assyrian yoke; his miraculous facture is established here, which has much deliverance from the invasion by Sennacherib, increased its population.
after the blasphemous defiance of Rabshakeh; HEYWOOD (Eliza), one of the most volumi- his mortal disease, prophetic prayer, and miranous novel writers this island ever produced; of culous recovery, with the fatal consequences of whose origin we know no more than that her father his vanity after it, are recorded in 2 Kings xviii. was a tradesman, and that she was born about -xx.; 2 Chron. xxix.-xxxii.; and Isaiab xxxvi. 1696. In the early part of her life, her pen, -xxxix. He collected the proverbs of Solomon, whether to gratify her own disposition, or the contained in the xxv., xxvi., xxvii., xxviii., xxix.,
chapters of that book. See Prov. xxv. Upon feræ : CAL. double, the exterior one polyphylthe miraculous retrogression of the shadow on lous: Caps. quinquelocular and polyspermous. Ahaz's dial, we need say little. Those who of this gerius there are thirty-six species; the doubt the existence of a Deity, or deny his most remarkable are, power over the material world, will not be con 1. H. abelmoschus, the musk-seeded hibiscus, vinced by any arguments. But those who a native of the West Indies, where the French believe that the Almighty, when he gave exis- cultivate great quantities of it. The plant rises tence to matter, and subjected it to certain laws, with an herbaceous stalk three or four feet high, did not thereby limit his own infinite power, will sending out two or three side branches, garaisheri not think it more incredible, that he who created with large leaves cut into six or seven acute light by his word should invert the shadow of angles, sawed on their edges, having long footthe gnomon, so as to make it appear to have stalks, and placed alternately. The stalks and gone ten degrees backward, than that a watch- leaves are very hairy. The flowers come out maker should turn back the hour or minute- from the wings of the leaves upon pretty long hand of a clock, in a direction contrary to the foot-stalks which stand erect. They are large, of natiral motion which he himself has given it. a sulphur color, with purple bottoms; and are How this was done, whether by a momentary succeeded by pyramidical five-cornered capretrograde motion given to the terrestrial globe, sules, which open in five cells, filled with large or only by an inversion of the usual motion of kidney-shaped seeds of a very musky odor. the solar rays upon the gnomon, it is neither It is annual in this country, the biennial in necessary nor possible to determine. See Aja- places where it is native." It is propagated by Lon. Upon the former supposition it must have seeds, ang is cultivated in the West Indies by been observed over one half of the globe. That the French for the sake of its seeds. it was however observed by the Chaldean astro 2. H. esculentus, the eatable hibiscus, rises nomers at Babylon, seems evident from Mern- to five or six feet; has broad five-parted leaves, dach-Baladan's congratulatory embassy on Heze- and large yellow flowers. The okra or pod is kiah's recovery. Hezekiah died in the fifty-fourth from two to six inches long, and one inch diameyear of his age, and twenty-ninth of his reign, ter. When ripe it opens longitudinally in five A. M. 3307.
different places, and discharges a number of HIARBAS, a king of the Getulians, who heart-shaped seeds. It is a native of the West made war against queen Dido.
Indies, where it is cultivated in gardens and enHIATION, 11. s.? Lat. hio, hiatus. The closures as an article of food. The whole of it
Hia'tus, n. s. 3 act of gaping; an aperture.; is mucilaginous, especially the pods. •These,' a breach; the opening of the mouth by the suc- Dr. Wright informs us, are gathered green, cut cession of an initial to a final vowel.
into pieces, dried, and sent home as presents, Men observing the continual hiation, or holding or are boiled in broths or soups for food. It is open the cameleon's mouth, conceive the intention the chief ingredient in the celebrated pepper-pot thereof to receive the aliment of air; but this is also of the West Indies, which is a rich olla ; the occasioned by the greatness of the lungs. Browne.
other articles are either flesh meat, or dried fish Those hiatus's are at the bottom of the sea, whereby and capsicum. This dish is very palatable and the abyss below opens into and communicates with it. nourishing. As a medicine, okra is employed in
all cases where emollients and lubricants are The hiatus should be avoided with more care in
indicated. poetry than in oratory; and I would try to prevent it, upless where the cutting it off is more prejudicial to
3. H. mutabilis, the changeable rose, has a
soft the sound than the hiatus itself.
spungy stem, which, by age, becomes ligHiatus is particularly applied to those verses
neous and pithy. It rises to the height of twelve where one word ends with a vowel, and the fol- or fourteen feet, sending out branches towards lowing word begins with one, and thereby occa
the top, which are hairy, garnished with heartsions the mouth to be more open, and the sound shaped leaves, cut into five acute angles on their to be very harsh. It is also used in speaking of borders, and slightly sawed on their edges; of a MSS., to denote their defects, or the parts that lucid green on their upper side, but pale below. have been lost or effaced.
The flowers are produced from the wings of the HIBER'NAL, adj. Lat. hibernus. Belong- leaves; the single are composed of five petals, ing to the winter.
which spread open, and are at first white, but This star should rather manifest its warming power afterwards change to a bluish-rose color, and, as in the Winter, when it remains conjoined with the they decay, turn purple. In the West Indies all sun in its hibernal conversion.
Browne. these alterations happen on the same day, and HIBERNIA, one of the ancient names of Ire- the flowers themselves are of no longer duration, land, is derived by some from hibernum tem- but in Britain the changes are not so sudden. pus, winter time, because in that season the The flowers are surrounded by short, thick, nights are long there. But it appears more blunt capsules, which are very hairy; having probable that it has been derived from Erin, the five cells, which contain many small kidneyname given to the island by the original inhabi- shaped seeds, having a fine plume of fibrous tants ; whence Jerna, the name given it by down adhering to them. Claudian, Iverna by Ptolemy, and Juverna by 4. H. rosa Sinensis, the China rose, has an Juvenal, are evidently derived. See Ireland. arborescent stem, and egg-pointed sawed leaves.
HIBISCUS, Syrian mallow, a genus of the It is a native of the East Indies; but, the seeds polyandria order, and monadelphia class of having been carried by the French to their West plants; natural order thirty-seventh, columni- India settlements, it thence obtained the name
of Marlinico rose. Of this there are the double are deeply jagged almost to the midrib. The aud single flowering kinds; the seeds of the flowers come out at the joints of the stalks, upon first frequently produce plants that have only pretty long foot-stalks. They have a double single flowers, but the latter seldom vary to the empalement: the outer being composed of ten double kind.
long narrow leaves, which join at their base; the 5. H. Syriacus, commonly called althæa frutex, inner is of one thin leaf swollen like a bladder, is a native of Syria. It rises with shrubby cut into five acute segments at the top, having stalks to the height of eight or ten feet, sending many longitudinal purple ribs, and is hairy. out many woody branches covered with a smooth Both these are permanent, and enclose the capgray bark, garnished with oval spear-shaped sule after the flower is past. The flower is comleaves, whose upper parts are frequently divided posed of five obtuse petals, which spread open into three lobes. The flowers come out from at the top; the lower part forming an open bellthe wings of the stalk at every joint of the same shaped dower. These have dark purple bottoms, year's shoot. They are large and shaped like but are of a pale sulphur color above. In hot those of the mallow, having five large roundisii weather the flowers continue but a few hours petals which join at their base, spreading open open, whence the English name; but there is a at the top in the shape of an open bell. These succession of flowers that open daily for a conappear in August; and, if the season is not too siderable time. It is propagated by seeds, which warm, there will be a succession of flowers till should be sown where the plants are designed to September. The flowers are succeeded by short remain, for they do not well bear transplanting. capsules with five cells, filled with kidney-shaped They require no other culture than to be sept seeds; but, unless the season proves warm, they free from weeds, and thinned where they are too will not ripen in this country. Of this species close; and, if the seeds are permittea to scatter, there are four or five varieties, differing in the the plants will come up fully as well as if they color of their flowers: the most common has had been sown. pale purple flowers with dark bottoms; another HICCIUS Doccius, n. s. Corrupted, has bright purple flowers with black bottoms; I fancy, from hic est doctus, this, or here is the a third has white flowers with purple bottoms; learned man.'-Dr. Johnson. Used by jugglers and a fourth variegated flowers with dark bot- of themselves. A cant word for a juggler; one toms. There are also two with variegated leaves, that plays fast and loose. which are by some much esteemed. All these An old dull sot, who told the clock varieties are very ornamental in a garden. They For many years at Bridewell dock, may be propagated either by seeds or cuttings.
At Westminster and Hicks's hall The seeds may be sown in pots filled with light
And hiccius doccius played in all; earth about the end of March, and the young
Where, in all governments and times,
H' had been both friend and foe to crimes. plants transplanted about the same time next
Hudibros year. They succeed in full ground, but must be covered in winter whilst young, otherwise
HIC'COUGH, n. . & v. n. ?
; Hick'UP, v. n.
Swedish, hicka; they are apt to be destroyed.
A convulsive action of the both the Indies. It rises with a woody, pithy tion of hiccough. 6. H. tiliaceus, the maho tree, is a native of Belg, hik, hickse.
diaphragm, producing sobs: hickup is a corrupstem, ten feet high, dividing into several branches towards the top, which are covered with a woolly
So by an abbey's skeleton of late
I heard an echo supererogate down, garnished with heart-shaped leaves ending in acute points. They are of a lucid green on
Through imperfection, and the voice restore,
As if she had the hiccough o'er and o’er. their upper side, hoary on the under side, full of
Cleaveland large veins, and are placed alternately. The
Quoth he, to bid me not to love, flowers are produced in loose spikes at the end Is to forbid my pulse to move, of the branches, and are of a whitish-yellow color. My beard to grow, my ears to prick up, They are succeeded by short acuminated cap Or, when I'm in a fit, to kickup. Hudibras. sules, opening in five cells, filled with kidney Sneezing cureth the hiccough, and is profilable unto shaped seeds. It is propagated by seeds. The women in hard labour. Browne's Vulgar Errours. inner rind is very strong, and of great esteem.
If the stomach be hurt, singultus, or hiccough fol. Dampier says, "They (the Musketo Indians) lows.
Wiseman. make their lines, both for fishing and striking, Hiccougu, or Hickup, is a spasmodic affecwith the bark of maho, which is a sort of tree or tion of the stomach, esophagus, and muscles shrub that grows plentifully all over the West subservient to deglutition, arising sometimes Indies, and whose bark is made up of strings or from some particular stimulus acting on the threads very strong: you may draw it off either stomach, esophagus, diaphragm, &c., and somein flakes or small threads, as you have occasion. times from a general affection of the nervous It is fit for any manner of cordage, and priva- system. See MEDICINE. teers often make their rigging of it.'
HICETAS of Syracuse, an ancient philosopher 7. H. trionum, Venice mallow, or flower of and astronomer, who taught that the sun and stars an hour, is a native of some parts of Italy, and were motionless, and that the earth moved round has long been cultivated in the gardens of this them. This is mentioned by Cicero, and poscountry. It rises with a branching stalk a foot sibly gave the first hint of the true system to and a half high, having many short spines, which Copernicus. He flourished about A. A.C. 344. are soft, and do not appear unless closely viewed. HICKES (George), a celebrated English diThe leaves are divided into three lobes, which vine, born in 1642. In 1681 he was made