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her; but, Laomedon refusing him the promised the entrance; and Varro supposes, that the reward, he sacked Troy, and gave Hesione to golden apples were sheep. Others, with more Telamon.

probability, say they were oranges. HESITANCY, n. s. Fr. hesiter ; Lat. HESPERIDES, GARDENS OF TUE, in ancient Hes'ITATE, v. a.

hæsito Indecision, geography, are placed by some authors at HESITA'TION, n. 8. doubt, suspense: he- Larach, a city of Fez; by others at Bernich, a sitate, to faulter, demur, pause : besitation, in« city of Barca, which accords better with the termission of speech; difficult utterance; sus. fable. Others take the province of Susa in pense; delay.

Morocco for the island wherein the garden was The reason of my hesitancy about the air is, that seated. And, lastly, Rudbecks places the ForI forgot to try whether that liquor, which shot into tunate Islands, and these gardens, in his own crystals, exposed to the air would not have done the country, Sweden. like in a vessel aceurately stopped.

Boyle. HESPERIDUM INSULÆ, in ancient geograI cannot foresee the difficulties and hesitations of phy, islands near the Hesperi Cornu; but the every one : they will be more or fewer, according to accounts of them are so much involved in fable, the capacity of each peruser.

that nothing certain can be affirmed of them. Woodward. Natural History. Some of them reasoned without doubt or hesitancy,

HESPERIS, Rocket, dame's violet, or and lived and died in such a manner as to show that queen's gilliflower; a genus of the siliquo sa they believed their own reasonings. Atterbury.

order, and tetradynamia class of plants ; natural A spirit of revenge makes him curse the Grecians order thirty-ninth, siliquosæ. The petals are in the seventh book, when they hesitate to accept turned obliquely; there is a glandule within the Hector's challenge.

Pope. shorter stamina; the siliqua almost upright; the Willing to wound, and yet afraid to strike stigma forked at the base, connivent, or closing Just hint a fault, and hesitate dislike;

at the top: Cal. close. The species are, Alike reserved to blame or to commend,

1. H. inodora, the scentless rocket, with a A tim'rous foe, and a suspicious friend. Pope. fibrous root; upright, round, firm stalks, two

Many clergymen write in se diminutive a manner, feet high, garnished with spear-shaped, acute, with such frequent blots and interlineations, that they pointed, sharply indented, close-sitting leaves; are hardty able to go on without perpetual hesitations. and all the branches terminated by large spikes

Swift.

of scentless flowers, with obtuse petals, of difHESPER, HEsperus, Gr. éotepos, in astro- ferent colors and properties in the varieties. nomy, the evening star; an appellation given to This species makes a fine appearance, but has Venus when she sets after the sun. See Hes- no scent.

2. H. matronalis, the common sweet-scented HESPERIA, or HESPERIA Magna, an an- garden rocket, having fibrous roots, crowned cient name of Italy; so called by the Greeks with a tuft of long, spear-shaped, rough, leaves; from its western situation.

upright, single, hairy stalks, two feet high ; garHESPERT Cornu is called the Great Bay nished with oval, lanceolate, slightly indented, by the author of Hanno's Periplus; but most close-sitting leaves; and the stalk and branches interpreters, following Mela, understand a pro- terminated by large and long spikes of sweetmontory; some Cape Verd, others Palmas scented flowers of different colors and properties Cape: Vossius takes it to be the former, since in the varieties, of which there are a great numHanno did not proceed so far as the latter cape. ber. All the varieties of this species are so re

HESPERIDEÆ, in botany, from the Hespe- markable for imparting a fragrant odor, that the rides ; golden or precious fruit: the nineteenth ladies were fond of having them in their apartorder in Linnæus's natural method. See Bo- ments. Hence they derived the name of dame's TANY.

violet; and, bearing some resemblance to a HESPERIDES, in ancient mythology, the stock gilliflower, were sometimes also called granddaughters of Hesperus, the brother of Atlas. queen's gilliflower; but are now most commonly According to Diodorus, these brothers possessed called rocket. great riches in the western parts of Africa. 3. H. tristis, the dull-flowered night-smelling Hesperus had a daughter called Hesperia, who rocket, has fibrous routs, upright, branching, married her uncle Atlas, and from this marriage spreading, bristly stalks, two feet high ; spearproceeded seven daughters, called Hesperides shaped pointed leaves; and spikes of pale purfrom the name of their mother, and Atlantides ple' flowers, of great fragrance in the evening; from that of their father. According to the All the species are hardy, especially the first and poets, the Hesperides were three in number, second, which prosper in any of the open borÆgle, Arethusa, and Hesperethusa. Hesiod, in ders, and any common garden soil; but the his Theogony, makes them the daughters of Nox, third should have a dry warm situation, and a Night, and seats them in the same place with the few may be placed in pots to be sheltered in Gorgons; viz. at the extremities of the west, case of inclement weather. They may be pronear mount Atlas; because the sun sets there. pagated either by seeds, by offsetts, or by cutThey were fabled to have had the keeping of tings off the stalks. certain golden apples, on the other side of HESPERUS, in mythology, the brother the ocean. A dragon watched the garden, of Atlas, and grandfather of the Hesperides. but Hercules slew him, and carried off the Diodorus, lib. iii. relates, that Hesperus, having apples. Pliny and Solinus suppose the dragon ascended to the top of Mount Atlas, the better to

rm of the sea, wherewith the observe the sta never returned ; and hence he garden was encompassed, and which defended was fabled to bave been changed into the star

PERUS.

to

mean

an

called Lucifer in the morning, and Hesperus in victories of the allies, in 1813, was the re-estabthe evening.

lishment of this prince. He holds the eighth HESSE Cassel, an electorate of Western place in the German States, and has three votes Germany, bordering on Hanover, the Prussian in the grand assembıy of the diet. States, llesse Darmstadt, and Nassau. In 1803 His dominions consist, according to the final the former title of Landgrave was first exchanged settlements of the congress of Vienna, of Upper by the house of Hesse for that of elector, through and Lower Hesse, the grand duchy of Fulda, the the influence of Napoleon: but, the reigning territory of Hanau, and the lordship of Schmalprince not being sufficiently subservient to kalden, with some smaller adjacent territories. France, his territories were afterwards added to They are divided into ten provinces, thus dethe kingdom of Westphalia : and the elector re- scribed :tired to Prague. One of the first effects of the

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Much of the surface of these provinces is oc- duties are levied on toe navigation of others, by cupied with hills abounding with wood and the states through which they pass to the sea. minerals; and interspersed with valleys devoted Education is restricted to the higher ranks lo pasturage. Upper Hesse is partly occupied by law; and the press is greatly restrained here. by the lofty range of Wesergebirge. The elevated The constitution is a limited hereditary monarparts of Fulda are Vogelsberg and Rhoen; and chy: the states, consisting of the prelates, and Schmalkalden is principally occupied by the nobles, deputies from the towns. forest of Thuringia. The climate, on the whole, The reigning family and most of the inhabiis cold and uncongenial in comparison with the tants are Calvinists; they amount to about latitude. Hanau produces the most useful vege- 340,000. The Lutherans are stated at 150,000 ; tables; its soil is rich, and its climate compara- the Catholics at about 90,000, and the Jews at tively mild. It is the only district in which the 8500. Smaller sects make up the remainder vine flourishes. But agriculture is altogether in a of the population. The contingent to the conbackward state.

federate army is 5400 men, but the whole of the The chief rivers of Hesse Cassel are the armed force amounts to 8000 or 10,000, and the Maine, the Fulda, the Werra, the Edder, and the revenue to about 500,000. A public debt has Lahn. Tobacco is grown along the banks of the lately been incurred, equal to about one year's Werra and the Maine ; but potatoes supply a revenue. great part of the population with food. Flax is HESSE DARMSTADT, or the GRAND DUCHY OF raised in some places, and is a valuable article Hesse, is situated near the Rhine, and belongs for domestic purposes. The mountainous dis- to another branch of the House of Hesse. It is tricts afford large supplies of timber; and many divided into two parts, by the country of Hanau useful metallic productions. Among these are and the territory belonging to Frankfort, which silver, copper, iron, cobalt, vitriol, salt, alum, stretches along the right bank of the Maine. marble, basalt, and coal. Cassel, the capital The southern portion of these dominions, which of the electorate, is situated on the Fulda, in the is the most fertile, contains an area of 2000 district of Lower Hesse. Other chief places are square miles, and a population of 350,000. Hanau, Marburg, and Pulda. Linen, made The other division, contains about 1900 square from the flax grown in the country, is the staple miles, and a population of 250,000. The manufacture ; besides supplying the home con- territorial extent of the whole grand duchy, insumption, the linen and yarn annually exported cluding its possessions on the left bank of the amount to about £300,000. Much of the native Rhine, has been lately stated by M. Pauli to iron and steel is wrought upon the spot in Schmal- include only 3617 square miles, and 620,630 kalden. The silk manufacture is carried on inhabitants, which is about 171 persons to each in a few places; and cotton spinning has been square mile. lately introduced. The commerce of Hesse None of the minor states of Germany have bene. Cassel languishes for want of free channels. Its fited by the French Revolution more than this. principal streams, the Maine and the Werser, The grave became an early member of the traverse only corners of its territory, and heavy confederation of the Rhine, and, with the title of

grand duke, received considerable accessions of landgrave, to a younger branch of the family o territory, with the sovereignty of the free cities Hesse-Darmstadt. It formerly had only about within his dominions. In 1809 he obtained 7000 inhabitants; but the influence at the confurther accessions, in consequence of his exertions gress of Vienna of four sons of the reigning prince against Austria ; and when, after the battle of who acted a distinguished part in the late wars of Leipsic, he agreed to join the allies, it was on Austria, obtained it several additional districts, condition of preserving his territory entire. The and it now reckons 20,000 inhabitants. In 1806, congress of Vienna, in 1815, confirmed this when the confederation of the Rhine was formed, treaty; and in the cessions made to Hesse Darm- the landgrave was deprived of his states. Its stadt on the left bank of the Rhine, in return for new territories are on the left side of the Rhine. what was relinquished on the right, to suit other The landgrave is an independent member of the members of the alliance, the balance was in favor Germanic confederation; but his revenue hardly of the grand duke, both as to population and exceeds £18,000 a-year. The family residence compactness of territory.

is at the town of Homburg, containing about Hesse Darmstadt is fully as mountainous as 3500 inhabitants, and situated in a beautiful Hesse Cassel, its northern division containing part country, at the foot of lofty mountains. It is of the ranges of the Vogelsberg and Wersterwald; called, on that account, Homburg on the Height. while the southern has on the right of the Rhine The eldest of the sons, the hereditary prince, the rugged and romantic Odenwald, and on the married the princess Elizabeth of England in left a number of hills and mountains, branching 1818: another of the brothers is married to a off from Mont Tonnerre. Its metallic products princess of Prussia. The professed religion bere of iron, copper, and lead, supply the chief is Calvinism. articles of commerce; but the soil is often HESSIAN Fly, a very mischievous insect, poor, and in many districts the lower orders live which a few years ago appeared in North Amechiefly on potatoes : in the valleys corn and ve- rica ; and whose depredations then threatened getables are successfully cultivated ; also fax; entirely to destroy the crops of wheat in that and in certain situations tobacco; vines only country. It is, in its perfect state, a small appearing along the banks of the Maine and winged insect; but the mischief it does is while Rhine. The pasturage in general is good; and in the form of a caterpillar; and the difficulty of salt is obtained in large quantities at Creutznac. destroying it is increased by its being as yet The rivers, besides the Rhine and Maine, are the unknown where it deposits its eggs, to be hatched Lahn, the Nidda, the Ohen, the Schwalm, and before the first appearance of the caterpillars. the Itter, all to the north of the Maine. The These mischievous insects begin their depredaclimate is healthy, and the position of the coun- tions in autumn, as soon as the wheat begins to try favorable to trade; but this advantage has shoot up through the ground. They devour the been little improved. The principal manufac- tender leaf and stem with great voracity, and tures, which are also in a drooping state, are continue to do so till stopped by the frost ; but linen, woollen, leather, and hardware. Its chief no sooner is this obstacle removed by the warmth towns are, Mentz, population 25,000; Darmstadt of the spring, than the fly appears again, laying (the capital) 12,000; Worms, 5700; Giessen 2500. its eggs now upon the stems of the wheat just The town of Darmstadt has of late increased beginning to spire. The caterpillars, hatched rapidly, principally from a twenty years' exemp- from these eggs, perforate the stems of the retion from taxes, granted here to whoever builds maining plants at the joints, and lodge thema house in conformity with the government selves in the hollow within the corn, which shows plan.

no sign of disease till the ears begin to turn The constitution of Hesse Darmstadt is a li- heavy. The stems then break; and, being no mited monarchy, divided into states or represen- longer able to perform their office in supporting tatives; but the latter are not often assembled. and supplying the ears with nourishment, the The crown is hereditary in the male line, and corn perishes about the time that it goes into a the sovereign is considered of age at eighteen. milky state. These insects attack also rye, Hesse Darmstadt has one vote and the ninth barley, and timothy grass, though they seem to place at the smaller assembly of the Germanic prefer wheat

. This terrible insect appeared first diet; at the larger it has three votes. Besides in Long Island during the American war, and the ministry, the high court of appeal, and other was supposed to have been brought from Geroffices at Darmstadt, each province has a regency, many by the Hessians ; whence its name. a court of justice, a chamber of finance, and a Thence it proceeded inland at the rate of about commission for the domain lands. The minor fifteen or twenty miles annually; and in 1789 divisions of the grand duchy are bailiwics. The had reached 200 miles from the place where it revenue is calculated at £400,000, of which was first observed. At that time it continued to £80,000 go to pay the interest of the national proceed with unabating increase; being appadebt. The military are between 6000 and 7000 rently stopped neither by rivers nor mountains. men, besides militia. In point of education In the fly state it is likewise exceedingly troubleHesse Darmstadt has of late made considerable some; by getting into houses in swarms, falling advances. There is a university at Giessen; at into victuals and drink; filling the windows, and Mentz a school of law; and classical schools at flying perpetually into the candles. It still conGiessen, Darmstadt, Mentz, and Worms. tinued to infest Long Island as much as ever;

HESSE-HOMBURG, a small principality to the and in many places the culture of wheat was ensouth of Hesse-Darmstadt at the foot of the Tau- tirely abandoned. Mr. Morgan, in a communiuus Mountains, and belonging, with the title of cation to the Philadelpbia Society for promoting

Gr. ετερος.

agriculture, informs us, that he had made him- Nouns declined irregularly; any person or self acquainted with the fly, by breeding a num- thing deviating from the common rule. ber of them from the chrysalis into the perfeet In the mention of sins heteroclitical, and such as state. The fly is at first of a white body with want either name or precedent, there is oft-times a long black legs and whiskers, so small and mo sin, even in their histories.

Browne. tionless as not to be easily perceived by the

The heteroclite nouns of the Latin should not be naked eye, though very discernible with a mi- touched in the first learning of the rudiments of the

tongue.

Watts. croscope ; but they soon become black and very

HETERODOX, adj. & n.s. Fr. heterodoxe; nimble, both on the wing and feet, being about

Gr. the size of a small ant. During the height of

Erepos, different, and dota, creed or opinion the brood in June, where fifty or 100 of the nits

A person deviating from the established opinions; have been deposited on one stalk of wheat, he

a peculiar sentiment: generally applied to re

ligious tenets. has sometimes discovered, even with the naked eye, some of them twist and move on being dis- dox it will seem, and of great absurdity, if we say at

Not only a simple heterodox, but a very hard paraturbed : this is while they are white; but they traction is unjustly appropriated unto the loadstone. do not then travel from one stalk to another, nor

Browne's Vulgar Errours. to different parts of the same stalk. The usual Partiality may be observed in some to vulgar, in time of their spring hatching from the chrysalis others to heterodox tenets.

Locke. is in May.

• Those who are doubtful whether HETERODROMUS Vectis, a lever in which the fly is in their neighbourhood, or cannot find the fulcrum, or point of snspension, is between their eggs or nits in the wheat, may satisfy them- the weight and the power. It is the same with selves by opening their windows at night, and what is called a lever of the first kind. burning a candle in the room. The flies will enter HETEROGE'NEAL, adj. Fr. heterogene ; in proportion to their numbers abroad. The first HETEROGENE'ITY, n. s.

and

YEnight after the commencement of wheat harvest, HETEROGE'neous, adj. this season, they filled my dining room in such nature or kindred : opposition in qualities. numbers as to be exceedingly troublesome in the Let the body adjacent and ambient be not commaeating and drinking Vessels. Without exaggera- terial, but merely heterogeneal towards the body that is tion I may say, that a glass tumbler, from which to be preserved : such as quicksilver and white amber

to herbs and fies. beer had been just drunk at dinner, had 500 flies in it in a few minutes. The windows are

Guaiacum, burnt with an open fire in a chimney, is filled with them when they desire to make their sequestered into ashes and soot; whereas the same escape. They are very distinguishable from wood, distilled into a retort, does yield far other every other fly by their horns or whiskers.” In heterogeneities, and is resolved into oil, spirit, vinegar,

water, and charcoal.

Boyle. its perfect state it is probably a tenthredo, like

The light whose rays are all alike refrangible, I call the black negro fly of the turnip. As great simple, homogeneal, and similar; and that whose quantities of wheat were at this time imported rays are some more refrangible than others, I call from America into Britain, it became an object compound, heterogeneal, and dissimilar. Newton. worthy of the attention of government, to con I have observed such heterogeneous bodies, which I sider how far it was proper to allow of such im- found included in the mass of this sandstone.

Woodward. portation, lest this destructive insect might be

HETEROGENEITY, brought along with the grain. See our article

in physics, is also used for ENTOMOLOGY.

the heterogeneous parts themselves in which Sax. þæst. Command; pre- things with its impurities. HEST, n. s.

sense, the heterogeneities of a body are the same cept; injunction. Obsolete, or written behest.

HETEROGENEOUS Nouns, one of the three vaWhen faith fayleth in priestes sawes,

riations in irregular nouns; or such as are of And tordes hestes are holden for lawes,

one gender in the singular number, and of anoAnd robberie is holde purchase,

ther in the plural. Heterogeneous, under which And lecherie is holde solace;

are comprehended mixed nouns, are six fold. 1. Then shall the lord of Albion

Those which are of the masculine gender in the Be brought to great confusion. Chaucer's Prophecis.

singular number, and neuter in the plural; as, Thou wast a spirit too delicate

hic tartarus, hæc tartara. 2. Those which are To act her earthy and abhorred commands,

masculine in the singular number, but masculine Refusing her grand hests.

Shakspeare.

and neuter in the plural; as hic locus, hi loci, HESYCHIUS, the most celebrated of all the and hæc loca. 3. Such as are feminine in the ancient Greek grammarians, whose works are singular number, but neuter in the plural; as, hæc extant. He was a Christian; and, according to carbasus, and hæc carbasa. 4. Such as are neusome, the same with Hesychius, patriarch of ter in the singular number, but masculine in the Jerusalem, who died in 609. He wrote a Greek plural; as, hoc cælum, hi cæli. 5. Such as are lexicon ; which, in the opinion of Casaubon, is neuter in the singular, but neuter and masculine in the most learned and useful work of that kind the plural ; as, hoc rastrum, hi rastri, and hæc rasproduced by the ancients. Schrevelius published tra.' And, 6, Such as are neuter in the singular, a good edition of it in 1668, in 4to. with notes; but feminine in the plural; as, hoc epulum, hæ but the best are those of John Alberti, printed epulæ. at Leyden in 1746, and Ruhnkenius, in 1776; HETEROS'CIANS, n. s. Gr. Årépoc and oria. both in 2 vols. folio.

Those whose shadows fall only one way, as the HETEROCLITE, n. s.? Fr. heteroclite; shadows of us who live north of the tropic fall HETEROCLIT’ICAL, adj. Lat. heteroclitum, at noon always to the north. Vol. XI.

Q

HETH, 07, Heb. i. e. fear, the second son of HEVES, a palatinate of Upper Hungary, Canaan, grandson of Ham, and progenitor of the lately united with that of Outer Solnak: The Hittites, Gen. x. 15. lle dwelt southward of two districts contain a population of about the promised land, at Hebron or its neighbour- 180,000. The products are corn, wine, tobacco, hood. Ephron, an inhabitant of Hebron, was

and alum. The inhabitants, almost all of Hungaa descendant of Heth, and the city in Abra- rian descent, are mixed with a few Sclavonians, ham's time was peopled by his posterity. See Germans, and gipsey wanderers. The province HITTITES,

is named from the small town of Heves, but the HETRURIA, or ETRURIA, in ancient geo- diets are held at Erlau ; and the archbishop of graphy, a celebrated country of Italy, west of that place is upper palatine. the Tiber. It originally contained twelve dif HEURNIUS, or Van Heurs (John), M. D., ferent nations, which had each their respective a learned Dutch physician, born at Utrecht in monarch. Their names were Veientes, Clusini, 1543. He studied at Louvaine, Paris, Padua, Perusini, Cortonenses, Arretini, Vetuloni, Va and Pavia. On his return he was elected a malaterrani, Russellani, Volscinii, Tarquinii, Fali- gistrate of Amsterdam; after which he became sci, and Cæretani. The inhabitants were famous professor of anatomy, and rector of the univerfor their confidence in omens, dreams, auguries, sity at Leyden, where he died in 1601. He wrote &c. They all proved powerful and resolute commentaries on Hippocrates, and various treaenemies to the rising empire of the Romans, and tises on different diseases. were conquered only after much effusion of HEW, v.a. Part. hewn, or hewed. Sax blood.

Hew'ER, n.8. S peapan; Teut. hauen; Goth. HETTSTADT, or Heckstadt, a mining town and Swed. huga. To cut by blows with an edged of Prussian Saxony, on the Wipper, in the instrument; to form or shape with an axe; to county of Mansfeld. The mines of the neigh- form with labor or exertion : hewer, one whose bourhood, though less extensively worked than employment is to cut wood or stone: when used formerly, are considerable; and here is an ele- with the particles down, it signifies to fell; up, to gant furnace for melting silver. Population excavate from below; off, to separate. 2750. Five miles north of Mansfeld, and nine

Thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he north of Eisleben.

that hewed him out a sepulchre on high. Isaiah xxii. HEVÆI, in ancient geography, the Hivites,

Upon the joint the lucky steel did light, one of the seven nations who occupied Canaan; And made such way that hewed it quite in twain. a numerous people, and the same with the Kad

Spenser. monæi, who dwelt at the foot of Hermon and Yet shall the axe of justice hew him down, partly of Libanus, or between Libanus and Her And level with the root his lofty crown. Sundys. mon, Judges iii. 3. To this Bochart refers Brave followers, yonder stands the thorny wood, the fables concerning Cadmus and Harmonia, Which, by the heavens' assistance and your strength, changed to serpents; the name hevi denoting a Must by the roots be hewn up yet ere night. wild animal, such as is a serpent. Cadmus, who

Shakspeare. is said to have carried the use of letters to

Scarce can I speak, my choler is so great : Greece, seems to have been a Kadmonean ; of

Oh! I could hew up rocks and fight with fint. Id. whom the Greeks say that he came to their

Once more to hew thy target from thy brawn, country from Phænicia.

Or lose my arm for't. HIEVELIUS, or HEVELKE (John), an astrono

He that depends mer of the last century, was born at Dantzic in Upon your favours, swims with fins of lead, the year 1611. He studied in Germany, England, And heus down oaks with rushes.

Id. and France, and every where obtained the es One Vane was so grievously hewn, that many thouteem of the learned. He was the first who dis- sands have died of less than half his hurts, whereof covered a libration in the moon, and he made

te was cured.

Hayward. several important observations on the other

Nor is it so proper to hew out religious reforinations planets. He also discovered several fixed stars, by the sword, as io polish them by fair and equal diswhich he named the firmament of Sobieski, in patations,

King Charles.

He from the mountain hewing timber tall, honor of John III. king of Poland. His wife

Began to build a vessel of huge bulk. Milton. was also well skilled in astronomy. In 1763 and

At the building of Solomon's temple there were 1769 he published a description of the instru- fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains. Browne. ments with which he made his observations,

The gate was adamant; eternal frame; under the title of Machina Cælestis. But in Which, hewed by Mars himself, from Indian quarries September of that year, while he was in the cour came, try, his house at Dantzic was burnt down, by The labour of a god.

Dryden's Fables. which he lost not only his observatory and all his Next unto bricks are preferred the square hewan valuable instruments, but also a great number of stone.

Mortimer, copies of his Machina Calestis. He died in

This river rises in the very heart of the Alps, and 1687, aged seventy-six. In 1690 were published has a long valley that seems heron out on purpose to his Firmamentum Sobiscianum, and Prodromus give its waters a passage amidst so many rocks. Astronumiæ et novæ Tabulæ solares, unà cum Ca

Addison on Italy. talogo Stellarum fixarum, in which he gives the And hew down all that would oppose our passage.

We'll force the gate where Marcus keeps his guard, necessary preliminaries for taking an exact cata

Addison. logue of the stars. He was made a burgo-mas

I now pass my days, not studious nor idle, rather ter of Dantzic; which office he is said to have polishing old works than hewing out new. executed with the utmost integrity.

Pope to Swift.

I had purpose

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