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By the forementioned rules, which are some which is the highest species of gentility. The times neglected through the ignorance of illite- English hatchment, above described, exhibits rate people, may be known, upon the sight of no more than a right to a coat of arms, which any hatchment, what branch of the family is may be acquired by purchase, and is only the dead; and by the helmet, coronet, &c., what ti- first step towards establishing gentility in .le and degree the deceased person held. The family. same rules are observed with respect to the Heralds, COLLEGE OF, or HEralds' Office, escutcheons placed on the hearse and horses used a corporation founded by a charter of king in pompous funerals, except that they are not Richard III., who granted them several privisurmounted with any crest, as in the foregoing leges, as to be free from subsidies, tolls, offices, examples of hatchments, but are always plain. It &c. They had a second charter from king Henry is necessary, however, to ensign those of peers VI.; and a house built near Doctors' Commons, with coronets, and that of a maiden lady with a by the earl of Derby, in the reign of king Henry knot of ribands.

VII. was given them by the duke of Norfolk, in In Scotland a funeral escutcheon not only the reign of queen Mary I., which house is now shows forth the arms and condition of the de- rebuilt. This college is subordinate to the earl funct, but is also a proof of the gentility of his marshal of England. They are assistants to him descent; and such persons, for whom this species in the court of chivalry, usually held in the comof escutcheon can be made out, are legally mon hall of the college, where they sit in their entitled to the character of gentlemen of blood, rich coats of his majesty's arms.

HERALDUS (Desiderius), or Didier Herault, derives its name from the river Herault, which a counsellor of the parliament of Paris, of un traverses it from north to south in its way to the common learning. His Adversaria appeared in Mediterranean Sea. The chief place of this 1599; which, however, if the Scaligerana may be prefecture is Montpelier : it is divided into credited, he repented having published. His four arrondissements, or subprefectures, viz. notes on Tertullian's Apology, on Minutius Fe- Montpelier 111,656 inhabitants, Beziers 117,279, lix, and on Arnobius, have been esteemed. He Lodève 52,893, and St. Pons 42,298, making a also wrote notes on Martial's Epigrams. Under total of 324,126 souls. It contains thirty-six the name of David Leidhresserus, he wrote a justiciaries of the peace, or cantons, and 333 political dissertation on the independence of communes, spread over an area of 951 square kings, some time after the death of Henry IV. miles, and yields a territorial revenue of 21,580,000 He had a controversy with Salmasius, De jure francs. It is the ninth military division of the Attico ac Romano; but did not live to finish kingdom; has a royal court and bishopric at what he had written on that subject. What he had Montpelier, consists of three electoral circles, done, however, was printed in 1650. He died in and sends five members to the chamber of depuJune 1649.

ties. It is bounded on the north and east by HERALDUS, or HERAULT, son to Desiderius, the department of the Gard, on the south-east was a minister in Normandy, when he was called by the Mediterranean, on the south-west by the to the service of the Walloon church of London department of Aude, and on the north-west by under Charles I. He wrote a work entitled those of Aveyron and Farn. Pacifique Royal en deuil, in which he con The surface of this maritime department is demned the execution of king Charles I. It is much diversified; it is intersected by mountains quoted by Daille. He was so zealous a royalist and valleys, plains and forests; the soil is gethat he was forced to fly to France, to escape nerally dry and barren, and with difficulty pro the fury of the republicans. He returned to duces corn ; but, to make amends, it yields abunEngland after the Restoration, and resumed his dance of excellent wines, especially Muscadel ministry in the Walloon church at London: some and Frontigniac, a great number of plants suittime after which he obtained a canonry in the ca- able for medicine, dyeing, and perfumery, and a thedral of Canterbury, which he enjoyed till his vast quantity of fruits of every kind. The death,

country is covered with olive, almond, and figHERAT, the ancient Aria, a city of Persia, in trees; the gardens are filled with orange trees, the province of Khorassan, is on the high road citrons, and pomegranates, which present at all from Persia to Hindostan, and on the west fron- seasons a constant succession of flowers and tier of Afghaunistaun. It has been taken by all fruits. There are also some fine forests of oaks, the great conquerors of the east, from Alexander which furnish wood for ship-building and cooperto Nadir Shah. At the beginning of the sixteenth age; the pastures are abundant and always century it was at the height of its modern splen- green, and its artificial meadows have been very dor, and the residence of Aboul Ghazy, the fourth much increased. One branch of the Cevennes · in descent from Timour. It is now the head of crosses this department in a direction nearly paa viceroyalty of Cabul. In 1783 Mr. Forster de- rallel with the coast; in some places the old scribes it as very commercial, and having an craters of volcanoes are discernible, and we perexcellent manufacture of carpets. Good horses ceive some masses of basalt, lava, and other volare bred in the vicinity, and its revenues have canic stones. The heights present nothing, so to been reckoned at 4,000,000 rupees.

speak, but uncultivated rocks, where, however, HERAULT, DEPARTMENT OF (in France), is there are some green oaks, box trees, thyme, and part of the former province of Languedoc, and lavender.

The pools or lakes of Thau, Frontignan, Mag- Bessan, and falls into the Mediterranean at the melone, Perault, and Manguio, which extend over port of Agde, where it forms a channel. Its a great space, and communicate with each other whole course is about eighty-four miles. As far by several canals, occupy a considerable part of as St. Guilhem, this river Hows through a deep the coast of this department. They abound in trench of calcareous roch; it is navigable from fish of every kind; and produce annually about Bessau to its mouth. Its principal tributary 23,700 quintals of white fish, 7550 of eels, streams are the Ergue, the Dombic, and the 45,000 of shell fish, and 15,000 ducks and other Peine. aquatic birds, yielding in the whole 560,000 HERAULT. See HERALDUS francs, three-fifths of which arise from the pools HERB, n. s.

Fr. herbe ; Lat. herba ; worked for the advantage of the state.

HERBA'ceous, adj. Germ.herberg. The geneThe soil is generally rich, and is cultivated

HER'BAGE, n. S. ric name of plants: herwith horses; but its products are insufficient Herbal, n. s.

baceous, feeding on vegefor the population, since a large portion of the Her’balist, n. s: tables: herbage, pasture, country consists of forests of oak, beech, chest

HER'BAR, n. s.

or the right of pasture: nut, pine, box trees, and green oaks, and another

HER'BARIST, n. s. herbal, a book containing large portion is full of vineyards. The average HER'BELET, n. s. names and descriptions produce of a hectar of arable land, is 27 francs Herbes'CENT, adj. of plants: herbalist, a man 17 centirnes. It yields little corn; but more Her'bid, adj. skilled in the knowledge than 2,000,000 of hectolites of wine are made


of herbs: herbar, synonyevery year, of which three-fourths are distilled

HER'BOROUGH, n. s. mous with a plant: herand exported; it produces also a great quantity

HER'bous, adj.

barist, one skilled in of fruit, a number of artificial meadows, al


herbs : heebelet, a small monds, nuts, olives, figs, oranges, citrons, capers, HERB'-woman,n.s. herb: herbescent, growmelons (in the open field), camphire, kali, woad, Her'By, adj. ing into herbs: herboand pastel.

Numbers of cattle and sheep are rough, a temporary residence, a harbour: herbreared in this country, and great quantities of ous, herbulent, abounding with herbs: herbsilk-worms; there is also an extensive pilchard woman, a woman that sells herbs: herby, having fishery, and quarries of marble of different colors; the nature of herbs. alabaster, limestones, brown free-stone, potters' Now cannot Canace but herbes delve clay, fossil cinders, aluminous earths, &c. There

Out of the ground; and maken salves newe are establishments for mineral waters at Avene, Of herbes precivus and fine of hewe. at Balaruc, and la Malou.

Chaucer. The Squieres Tale. In this department are manufactured cloths for

and in her hand soldiers' dresses, which are exported to Spain The herb'she toke well avisand and the Levant, woollen and cotton counterpanes, The lefe, the sede, the stalke, the foure; swansdowns, silk and grogram caps, staves,

And said it had a gode saveur

And was no common herb to find. casks, cork, paper, mineral acids, dry and mixed

Chaucer's Dreume. verdigris, Spanish nut oil, soap, fine liqueurs,

The Priores, as woman taught of gentil blood and scented waters, perfumery, grape syrup, and confectionary. There are also brandy distilleries; Assented to hir counsel; and forth gone they wend,

hend, refining houses for sugar; silk, cotton, and wool

Passing forth softly into the herbery, len spinning factories ; steel manufactories ; glass- For many a herb grewe for sewe (salve) and surgery. houses for window glass and bottles ; conside

Chaucer. The Pardonere and Tapesterc. rable tan-houses, salt-pits, &c. An extensive

The roof hereof was arched over head, commerce is carried on in corn, muscadel, and

And decked with flowers and herbars daintily. other wines, brandy, spirits, oil, dry and pre

Spenscr. Faerie Queene. served fruits, plants, soap, spices, drugs, verdi

In such a night gris, chemical productions, skins, leather, and Medea gathered the enchanted herbs cattle. It is a great market for salt, and carries That did renew old Æson. Shakspeare. on an import and export trade with almost every These herbelets, which we upon you strow. port in Europe, America, and the Indies.

No substance but earth, and the procedures of The principal rivers which water the country earth, as tile and stone, yieldeth any moss or herby are the Herault and the Lez, which are both na

substance. vigable, the Ergue, the Mosson, the Salaison,

We leave the description of plants to herbals and the Orb, the Libron, and the Cesse; the canal other like books of natural history. in the south, which joins the Mediterranean and into the cart, took order to have his arms set up in

The German lord, when he went out of Newgate the Atlantic, the canal of Grave wbich commu his last herborough.

Ben Jonson. nicates with the lakes and the sea by means of the Lez, the canal of Roubine or Lunel, and that of herbs and roots the harmless luxury.

Unhappy, from whom still concealed does lie

Cowley. of Montpelier. It is traversed by the great

There is a sort of stubborn weeds roads from Nismes and Perpignan.

Which if the earth but once, it ever breeds, HERAULT, a river which takes its rise in the

No wholesome herb can near them thrive, Cevennes, at the foot of the lofty mountains of

No useful plant can keep alive.

Id. Aigaoual, and Lespiron, near the village of Val

With sweet smelling herbs leraugue, in the circle of Vigan, department of Espoused Eve decked first her nuptial bed. the Gard. It passes hy Valleraugue, near Ganges,

Milton. to St. Bauzil, St. Etienne, St. Guilhem-le-Dé As for the medicinal uses of plants, the large hero sert near Aniane and Gignac, to Pezenas and bals are ample testimonics thereof


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Such a plant will not be found in the herbul of na Paris in 1625. lle travelled several times into

Browne. Italy, where he obtained the esteem of some of Herbalists have distinguished them, naming that the most learned men of the age. Ferdinand II., the male whose leaves are lighter, and fruit rounder. grand duke of Tuscany, gave him many marks


of his favor: a library being exposed to sale at Ginger is the root of neither tree nor trunk; but Florence, the duke desired him to examine the an herbaceous plant, resembling the water flower-de- MSS, in the oriental languages, to select the best luce.

Herbarists have exercised a commendable curiosity of them, and to mark the price; which being in subdividing plants of the same denomination. done, that

generous prince purchased them, and

Boyle. made him a present of them. Colbert, being at Rocks lie covered with eternal snow;

length informed of Herbelot's merit, recalled him Thin herbage in the plains, and fruitless fields. : to Paris, and obtained a pension for him of

Dryden.? 1500 livres : he afterwards became secretary and Herbs are those plants whose stalks are soft, and interpreter of the oriental languages, and royal have nothing woody in them; as grass and hemlock. professor of the Syriac tongue. He died at Paris


in 1695. His principal work is entitled BiblioHe was too much swayed by the opinions then current amongst herburists, that different colours, or mul- and afterwards translated into French. It is

theque Orientale, which he first wrote in Arabic tiplicity of leaves in the lower, were sufficient to constitute a specifick difference.


greatly esteemed. A curious herbarist has a plant, whose flower pe bury in Shropshire, an eminent English writer,

HERBERT (Edward), lord Herbert of Cherrishes in about an hour.

born in 1581, and educated at Oxford. He traAt the time the deluge came, the earth was loaded velled through Europe ; and at his return was with herbage, and thronged with animals.


made knight of the Bath. James I. sent him I was like to be pulled to pieces by brewer, but- ambassador to Louis XIII. in behalf of the procher, and baker, even my herbwoman dunned me as testants, who were besieged in several cities of I went along.


France. He continued several years in this staAs to the fuci, their seed hath been discovered tion. In 1625 he was created a baron by the and shewed me first by an ingenious herbarist. title of lord Herbert of Castle Island; and, in

Derham. 1631, by that of lord Herbert of Cherbury in Their teeth are fitted to their food; the rapacious Shropshire. On the breaking out of the civil to catching, holding, and tearing their prey; the her- wars he adhered to the parliament; and in 1644 baceous to gathering and comminution of vegetables.

obtained a pension, on account of his having Id.

been plundered by the king's forces. He wrote If the leaves are of chief use to us, then we call tbem herbs ; as sage and mint. Watts's Logick.

a History of the Life and Reign of Henry VIII.

which was greatly admired; a treatise De VeriOur herbals are sufficiently stored with plants.

tate; and several other works. He died at Lon

Buker. One cultivated spot there was that spread

don in 1648. “Lord Herbert,' says Mr. GranIts flowery bosom to the noon-day beam,

ger, stands in the first rank of the public minisWhere many a rose-bud rears its blushing head,

ters, historians, and philosophers of his age. It And herbs for food with future plenty teem.

is hard to say whether his person, his under

Beattie. standing, or his courage, was the most extraorOf herbs and cordials they produced their store, dinary; as the fair, the learned, and the brave, Bat she defied all they could employ,

held him in equal admiration. But the same Like one life could not hold nor death destroy. man was wise and capricious; redressed wrongs,

Byron. Don Juan.

and quarrelled for punctilios; hated bigotry in Herb, in botany, is used by Linnæus to de- religion, and was himself a bigot in philosonominate that portion of every vegetable which phy.' arises from the root, and is terminated by the Lord Herbert, in fact, was the advocate of a fructification. It comprehends, 1. The trunk, Natural Religion, an attention to which he constalk, or stem. 2. The leaves. 3. Those mi- ceived might supersede the uses of Revelation. nute external parts called by him the fulcra, or He mentions an incident in connexion with the supports, of plants. 4. The buds, or, as he publication of his most celebrated work, which also terms them, the winter quarters of the future should not escape the modern impugners of mivegetable.

racles :-Being in his chamber, he says, doubtful HERBACEOUS Plants are those which have as to the propriety of publishing his book, on succulent stems or stalks that lie down to the one fair day in summer, his casement opening to ground every year. Of herbaceous plants those the south, the sun shining clear, and no wind are annual which perish stem and root every stirring, "I took my book De Veritate in my year; biennial, which subsist by the roots two hand, and, kneeling devoutly on my knees, said years; perennial, which are perpetuated by their these words: “O thou eternal God, author of roots for a series of years, a new stem being pro- the light which now shines upon me, and giver duced cvery spring.

of all inward illuminations, I do beseech thee of HERBAGE, in law, signifies the pasture pro- thy infinite goodness to pardon a greater request vided by nature for the food of cattle; also the than a sinner ought to make : I am not satisfied liberty to feed cattle in the forest, or in another enough whether I shall publish this book De person's ground.

Veritate; If it be for thy glory, I beseech thee HERBELOT (Bartholomew d'), a French give me some sign from heaven, if noi I shall writer, eminent for his oriental learning, born at suppress it.' I had no sooner spoke these words

but a loud, though yet gentle noise came from privileges of a university; and an acadercy the heavens (for it was like nothing on earth), having four teachers. Population 2400. Three which did so comfort and cheer me, that I took miles S. S. E. of Dillenburg. my petition as granted, and that I had the sign HERBST (John Frederick William), a Gerdemanded.' Of the truth of this narrative he man entomologist, was born November 1st 1743, makes the most solemn assertions, and there is no at Petershagen, in the principality of Minden; reason to doubt that he fully believed it. After having been for some years a teacher at

HERBERT (George), an English poet and di- Berlin he obtained the situation of almoner to a vine, brother to Edward, was born in 1593, and Prussian regiment; and, his talents becoming educated at Cambridge. In 1619 he was chosen known, he was appointed preacher in severa: public orator of that university, and afterwards churches of Berlin. He is, however, principally obtained a sinecure from the king. In 1626 he known as a naturalist; was director of the sociwas appointed prebendary of Leighton Broms- ety of Friends of Natural History at Berlin; of wold, in the diocese of Lincoln, and in 1630 rec- the Royal Academy of Bavaria at Burghausen; tor of Bemerton, near Sarum. The great lord and of the Economical Society of Potsdam. His Bacon had such an opinion of his judgment, that death took place November 5th 1807. He was he would not suffer his works to be printed before the author of treatises on the natural history of they had passed his examination. He wrote a crustaceous animals, insects, worms, scarabæi, volume of devout poems, called The Temple, butterflies, and apterous insects; all which works and a prose work, entitled The priests to the were published collectively at Berlin, 1785– Temple, or The Country Parson, &c. He died 1804, under the title of a Natural System of all about 1635.

the known Insects, indigenous and exotic, with Herbert (Mary), countess of Pembroke, sis- plates. Collections of his sermons have also been ter of the famous Sir Philip Sidney, and wife of published. Henry earl of Pembroke. "She was not only a HERCULANEUM, an ancient city of Camlover of the Muses, but a great encourager of pania in Italy, which together with Pompeii wa polite literature. Her brother dedicated his Ar- destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius in the cadia to her. She translated a dramatic piece first year of the emperor Titus, or the seventy, from the French, entitled Antonius, a tragedy. ninth of the Christian era, and lately rendered She also turned the Psalms of David into Eng- famous on account of the curious monuments of lish metre; but it is doubtful whether these antiquity discovered in its ruins: of these we works were ever printed. She died in 1621. The purpose giving a detailed account under the following well known epitaph was written on her article POMPEII AND HERCULANEUM. by Ben Jonson :

The epocha of the foundation of Herculaneum Underneath this sable hearse

is unknown. Dionysius Halicarnassensis eonLies the subject of all verse,

jectures that it may be referred to sixty years Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother : before the war of Troy, or about A.A.C. 1242; Death! ere thou hast killed another, and therefore that it lasted about 1300 years. Pair, and good, and leara'd as she, The thickness of the heap of lava, by which the Time shall throw a dart on thee,

city was overwhelmed, has been much increased HERBERT (William), a quodern bibliographical by fiery streams vomited since that catastrophe; writer, was a native of Hertfordshire, and was and now forms a mass twenty-four feet deep of educated at Hitchin. He carried on trade for some dark gray stone, which is easily broken to pieces. years as a hosier, in London; and subsequently The precise situation of this subterraneous city went out to the East Indies as a purser's clerk. was not known till 1713, when it was accidenHere he employed bis time in making charts tally discovered by some laborers, who, in digand plans of the coasts and harbours, for which ging a well, struck upon a statue on the benches he obtained a handsome acknowledgment from of the theatre. Many others were afterwards the East India Company on his return. He dug out, and sent to France by the prince of then commenced business as a map and print Elbeuf. But little progress was made in the seller, in which he was so successful as to be en- excavations till Charles, infant of Spain, abled to purchase an estate at Cheshunt. He ascended the Neapolitan throne, by whose unnow reprinted Sir Robert Atkyns's History of wearied efforts and liberality a very considerable Gloucestershire: but his chief literary labor part of Herculaneum was explored. A large was an edition of Ames's Typographical Anti- portion of these relics is deposited in a musequities; or Account of the Origin and Progress um at Porteci, and in the royal palace at Naples. of Printing in Great Britain and Ireland, consi. Of these the most valuable are doubtless the derably augmented, 1785–1790, 3 vols. 4to. MSS., which are all however calcined, and He died at Cheshunt in 1795, aged seventy- a number of them, when exposed to the air, six.

sunk to dust. Among the 1800 preserved, it HERBINIUS (John), a native of Birschen in has long been expected that some of the missing Silesia, born in 1632. He wrote a work entitled classics may be found. Those first examined De Statu Ecclesiarum Augustanæ Confessionis were Greek; but a portion of them have been in Poloniâ; 4to., 1670: and several curious tracts found to be in Latin. A plan for unrolling on cataracts and waterfalls, also in Latin. He these MSS. was first invented by a Neadied in 1676, aged forty-four.

politan monk; and his present majesty, when HERBORN, a town of Germany, on the prince of Wales, undertook to defray the exDill, in the duchy of Nassau. Here is a celebrated pense of this proceeding, and sent out Mr. high school, founded in 1584, which has the İlayter, an English clergyman, to superintend it.

See HAYTER. But in 1806 the occupation of imposed upon him twelve labors, surpassing Naples by the French stopped his labors, the the power of all other mortals to accoinplish, fruits of which were presented by the prince which, nevertheless, our hero performed with regent 10 the university of Oxford: no distinct ease, the favors of the gods having indeed comaccount of them bas as yet been given to the pletely armed him. He had received a coat of public. See Pompei.

armour and helmet from Minerva, a sword from HERCULES, in fabulous history, a renowned Mercury, a horse from Neptune, a shield from hero, who after death was ranked among the Jupiter, a bow and arrows from Apollo, and gods, and received divine honors. According from Vulcan a golden cuirass and brazen busto the ancients, there were many persons of this kin, with a celebrated club of brass. His first name. Diodorus mentions three, Cicero six, labor was the killing of a lion in Nemæa, a and some Greek authors enumerate forty-three, wood of Achaia; whose hide was proof against either because several persons thought to do any weapon, so that he was forced to seize him themselves honor by assuming this name, or, by the throat and strangle him. He carried the perhaps, because Hercules was not a proper dead beast on his shoulders to Mycenæ, and name, but an appellative, derived, as Le Clerc ever after clothed himself with the skin. Eurysconjectures, from the Phænician word Harokel, theus was so astonished at the sight of the beast, merchant; and this learned author alleges, that and at the courage of Hercules, that he ordered the name was formerly given to the famous him never to enter the gates of the city when he traders who migrated for the discovery of new returned from his expeditions, but to wait for countries, and for planting colonies there, and his orders without the wallş. He even got a who frequently signalised themselves by clear- brazen vessel made, into which he retired whening them of the wild beasts, &c. Of all these, ever Hercules returned. The second labor was one generally called the Theban Hercules is the to destroy the Lernæan hydra, which had seven most celebrated ; and to him the actions of the heads according to Apollodorus, fifty according others have been attributed. He is reported to to Simonides, and 100 according to Diodorus. bave been the son of Jupiter by Alcmena (wife This monster he first attacked with his arrows; to Amphitryon, king of Argos), whom Jupiter but soon after, by means of his heavy club, he enjoyed in the shape of her husband, while he destroyed the heads of his enemy. This, howwas absent. Amphitryon, having soon after ever, was productive of no advantage; for as accidentally killed his uncle and father-in-law soon as one head was beaten to pieces by the Electryon, was obliged to fly to Thebes, where club, two sprang up; and the labor of HerHercules was born. The jealousy of Juno cules would have remained unfinished, had not prompting her to destroy the infant, she sent he commanded his friend Iolaus to burn with a two serpents to kill him in the cradle, but young hot iron the root of the head which he had Hercules strangled them both. He was early crushed to pieces. This succeeded; and Herinstructed in the liberal arts : Castor, the son of cules became victorious, opened •the belly of the Tyndarus, taught him to fight; Eurytus, to monster, and dipped his arrows in the gall, to shoot; Autolycus to drive a chariot; Linus to render the wounds they should give incurable. play on the lyre; and Eumolpus to sing; while He was ordered in his third labor to bring the instructions of Chiron, the centaur, rendered alive and unhurt into the presence of Euryshim the most valiant and accomplished hero of theus a stag, famous for its incredible swiftness, the age. In his eighteenth year he delivered the its golden horns, and brazen feet. This celeneighbourhood of Mount Čithæron from a huge brated animal frequented the neighbourhood of lion, which preyed on the flocks of Amphitryon, Enoe; and Hercules was employed for a whole and laid waste the adjacent country. He went year in pursuing it; at last he caught it in a to the court of Thespius, king of Thespes, who trap, when tired. The fourth labor was to shared in the general calamity, hy whom he was bring alive to Eurystheus a wild boar which hospitably entertained for fifty days; during ravaged the neighbourhood of Erymanthus. In which time, or as some say even in one night, this expedition he destroyed the centaurs, and he debauched the king's fifty daughters. He caught the boar by closely pursuing him through next delivered his country from the tribute of the deep snow. Eurystheus was so frightened 100 oxen, annually paid to Erginus. Such at the sight of the boar, that, according to Diopublic services became universally known; and dorus, he hid himself in his brazen vessel for Creon, king of Thebes, rewarded his patriotic some days. In his fifth labor Hercules was deeds by giving him his daughter in marriage, ordered to cleanse the stables of Augeas, where and entrusting him with the government. Eu- 3000 oxen had been confined for many years. rystheus, the son of Amphitryon, having suc For his sixth labor he was ordered to kill the ceeded his father, became jealous of Hercules; carnivorous birds which ravaged the country and, lest he should deprive him of his crown, left near the lake Stymphalus in Arcadia. In his no means untried to get rid of him. On this, seventh labor he caugbt alive, in the PeleHercules consulted the oracle ; but, being ponnesus, a prodigious wild bull, which laid answered that it was the pleasure of the gods waste the island of Crete. In his eighth labor that he should serve Eurystheus twelve years, he he was employed in obtaining the mares of fell into a deep melancholy, which at last ended Diomedes, king of Thrace, which fed upon huin a furious madness; during which, among man flesh. He killed Diomedes, and gave him other desperate actions, he put away his wife to be eaten by his mares, which he brought to Megara, and murdered all the children he had Eurystheus, who sent them to Moun: Olympus, by her. As an expiation of this crime, the king where they were devoured by wild beasts;

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