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which was dedicated to my lord of Essex, being a not good, either for the queen, or for the state, or story of the first year of king Henry IV. thinking it for himself: and yet I did not dissuade it neither, a seditious prelude to put into the people's head but left it ever as locus lubricus. For this particuboldness and faction, said, She had an opinion that larity I do well remember, that after your lordship there was treason in it, and asked me if I could not was named for the place in Ireland, and not long find any places in it that might be drawn within before your going, it pleased her Majesty at Whitecase of treason: whereto I answered; For treason hall to speak to me of that nomination : at which surely I found none, but for felony very many. time I said to her; Surely, madam, if you mean And when her Majesty hastily asked me, Wherein ? not to employ my lord of Essex thither again, your I told her, the author had committed very apparent Majesty cannot make a better choice ;” and was theft; for he had taken most of the sentences of Cor going on to show some reason, and her Majesty nelius Tacitus, and translated them into English, and interrupted me with great passion : Essex !" said put them into his text. And another time when the she; "whensoever I send Essex back again into queen would not be persuaded that it was his writing Ireland, I will marry you, claim it of me.” Wherewhose name was to it, but that it had some more unto I said, “Well, madam, I will release that mischievous author ; and said with great indignation, contract, if his going be for the good of your state.” That she would have him racked to produce his Immediately after the queen had thought of a course, author: I replied ; "Nay, madam, he is a doctor, which was also executed, to have somewhat published never rack his person, but rack his style; let him have in the Star-chamber, for the satisfaction of the pen, ink, and paper, and help of books, and be en world, touching my lord of Essex his restraint, and joined to continue the story where it breaketh off, and my lord not to be called to it; but occasion to be I will undertake by collating the styles to judge whe- taken by reason of some libels then dispersed : ther he were the author or no.” But for the main which when her Majesty propounded unto me, I matter, sure I am, when the queen at any time asked was utterly against it: and told her plainly, That mine opinion of my lord's case, I ever in one tenour the people would say, that my lord was wounded said unto her ; That they were faults which the upon his back, and that Justice had her balance law might term contempts ; because they were the taken from her, which ever consisted of an accusatransgressions of her particular directions and in- tion and defence; with many other quick and signistructions: but then what defence might be made ficant terms to that purpose : insomuch that, I reof them, in regard of the great interest the person member, I said, that my lord in foro famæ, was too had in her Majesty's favour; in regard of the great hard for her; and therefore wished her, as I had ness of his place, and the ampleness of his commis- done before, to wrap it up privately. And certainly sion ; in regard of the nature of the business, being I offended her at that time, which was rare with action of war, which in common cases cannot be me: for I call to mind, that both the Christmas, tied to strictness of instructions; in regard of the Lent, and Easter term following, though I came distance of the place, having also a sea between, divers times to her upon law business, yet methought that his demands and her commands must be subject her face and manner was not so clear and open to to wind and weather; in regard of a council of state me as it was at the first. And she did directly in Ireland, which he had at his back to avow his charge me, that I was absent that day at the Staractions upon ; and lastly, in regard of a good in-chamber, which was very true; but I alleged some tention that he would allege for himself; which, indisposition of body to excuse it: and during all I told her, in some religions was held to be a suf the time aforesaid, there was altum silentium from ficient dispensation for God's commandments, much her to me touching my lord of Essex's causes. more for princes : in all these regards, I besought But towards the end of Easter term her Majesty her Majesty to be advised again and again, how brake with me, and told me, That she had found my she brought the cause into any public question. words true : for that the proceeding in the StarNay, I went farther; for I told her, my lord was chamber had done no good, but rather kindled an eloquent and well-spoken man; and besides his factions, bruits as she termed them, than quenched eloquence of nature or art, he had an eloquence of them; and therefore, that she was determined now, accident which passed them both, which was the for the satisfaction of the world, to proceed against pity and benevolence of his hearers; and therefore, my lord in the Star-chamber by an information Ore that when he should come to his answer for himself, tenus, and to have my lord brought to his answer: I doubted his words would have so unequal a pas- howbeit, she said, she would assure me, that whatsage above theirs that should charge him, as would soever she did should be towards my lord “ad not be for her Majesty's honour; and therefore castigationem, et non ad destructionem;" as inwished the conclusion might be, that they might deed she had often repeated the same phrase bewrap it up privately between themselves; and that fore: whereunto I said, to the end utterly to divert she would restore my lord to his former attendance, her, “Madam, if you will have me speak to you with some addition of honour to take away discon- in this argument, I must speak to you as Friar tent. But this I will never deny; that I did show Bacon's head spake, that said first, Time is; and no approbation generally of his being sent back then, Time was; and Time will never be: for again into Ireland, both because it would have carried certainly, said I, it is now far too late, the matter is a repugnancy with my former discourse, and because cold and hath taken too much wind.” Whereat she I was in mine own heart fully persuaded that it was seemed again offended, and rose from me; and that

resolution for a while continued: and after, in the charge, being matters of Ireland : and therefore, beginning of Midsummer term, I attending her, and that I having been wronged by bruits before, this finding her settled in that resolution, which I heard would expose me to them more ; and it would be of also otherwise, she falling upon the like speech; said I gave in evidence mine own tales.

It was it is true, that seeing no other remedy, I said to her answered again with good show, That because it slightly, “Why, madam, if you will needs have a was considered how I stood tied to my lord of Essex, proceeding, you were best have it in some such sort therefore that part was thought fittest for me, which as Ovid spake of his mistress ; 'est aliquid luce pa- did him least hurt; for that whereas all the rest was tente minus ;' to make a council-table matter of it, matter of charge and accusation, this only was but and there an end :” which speech again she seemed matter of caveat and admonition. Wherewith though to take in ill part; but yet I think it did good at I was in mine own mind little satisfied, because I that time, and helped to divert that course of pro- knew well a man were better to be charged with some ceeding by information in the Star-chamber. Never- faults, than admonished of some others : yet the theless, afterwards it pleased her to make a more conclusion binding upon the queen's pleasure disolemn matter of the proceeding; and some few days rectly, volens nolens, I could not avoid that part that after, an order was give that the matter should be was laid upon me; which part, if in the delivery I heard at York-house, before an assembly of counsel. did handle not tenderly, though no man before me lors, peers, and judges, and some audience of men of did in so clear terms free my lord from all disloyalty quality to be admitted : and then did some principal as I did, that, your lordship knoweth, must be ascribcounsellors send for us of the learned counsel, and ed to the superior duty I did owe to the queen’s notify her Majesty's pleasure unto us; save that it fame and honour in a public proceeding, and partly was said to me openly by one of them, that her to the intention I had to uphold myself in credit and Majesty was not yet resolved whether she would strength with the queen, the better to be able to do have me forborne in the business or no. And here my lord good offices afterwards : for as soon as this upon might arise that other sinister and untrue day was past, I lost no time; but the very next day speech, that, I hear, is raised of me, how I was a following, as I remember, I attended her Majesty, suitor to be used against my lord of Essex at that fully resolved to try and put in ure my utmost entime: for it is very true, that I that knew well what deavour, so far as I in my weakness could give furhad passed between the queen and me, and what oc- therance, to bring my lord again speedily into court casion I had given her both of distaste and distrust, and favour; and knowing, as I supposed at least, how in crossing her disposition, by standing stedfastly the queen was to be used, I thought that to make for my lord of Essex, and suspecting it also to be a her conceive that the matter went well then, was the stratagem arising from some particular emulation, I way to make her leave off there; and I remember writ to her two or three words of compliments, sig- well, I said to her, “ You have now, madam, obnifying to her Majesty, “ That if she would be tained victory over two things, which the greatest pleased to spare me in my lord of Essex's cause, princes in the world cannot at their wills subdue ; out of the consideration she took of my obliga- the one is over fame; the other is over a great tion towards him, I should reckon it for one of her mind : for surely the world is now, I hope, greatest favours ; but otherwise desiring her Ma- ably well satisfied; and for my lord, he did show jesty to think that I knew the degrees of duties; that humiliation towards your Majesty, as I am perand that no particular obligation whatsoever to any suaded he was never in his life-time more fit for subject could supplant or weaken that entireness of your Majesty's favour than he is now: therefore if duty that I did owe and bear to her and her service." your Majesty will not mar it by lingering, but give And this was the goodly suit I made, being a re over at the best, and now you have made so good a spect no man that had his wits could have omitted : full point, receive him again with tenderness, I shall but nevertheless I had a farther reach in it: for I then think, that all that is past is for the best." judged that day's work would be a full period of any Whereat, I remember, she took exceeding great bitterness or harshness between the queen and my contentment, and did often iterate and put me in lord : and therefore, if I declared myself fully ac. mind, that she had ever said, That her proceedings cording to her mind at that time, which could not should be ad reparationem, and not ad ruinam ; as do my lord any manner of prejudice, I should keep who saith, that now was the time I should well permy credit with her ever after, whereby to do my ceive, that that saying of hers should prove true. lord seryice. Hereupon the next news that I heard And farther she willed me to set down in writing all was, that we were all sent for again ; and that her that passed that day. I obeyed her commandment, Majesty's pleasure was, we all should have parts in and within some few days after brought her again the business; and the lords falling into distribution the narration, which I did read unto her in two of our parts, it was allotted to me, that I should set several afternoons: and when I came to that part forth some undutiful carriage of my lord, in giving that set forth my lord's own answer, which was my occasion and countenance to a seditious pamphlet, principal care, I do well bear in mind, that she was as it was termed, which was dedicated unto him, extraordinarily moved with it, in kindness and rewhich was the book before mentioned of king Henry lenting towards my lord; and told me afterwards, IV. Whereupon I replied to that allotment, and speaking how well I had expressed my lord's part, said to their lordships, That it was an old matter, That she perceived old love would not easily be and had no manner of coherence with the rest of the forgotten : whereunto I answered suddenly, that I

reason

hoped she meant that by herself. But in conclusion and not ruin his fortune : I know well you cannot I did advise her, That now she had taken a repre- but think that you have drawn the humour suffisentation of the matter to herself, that she would let ciently ; and therefore it were more than time, and it it go no farther: “ For, madam,” said I, “ the fire were but for doubt of mortifying or exulcerating, blazeth well already, what should you tumble it? that you did apply and minister strength and comAnd besides, it may please you to keep a conveni- fort unto him : for these same gradations of yours ence with yourself in this case; for since your ex are fitter to corrupt than correct any mind of greatpress direction was, there should be no register nor ness." And another time I remember she told me clerk to take this sentence, nor no record or memo for news, That my lord had written unto her some rial made up of the proceeding, why should you now very dutiful letters, and that she had been moved by do that popularly, which you would not admit to be them; and when she took it to be the abundance of done judicially ?” Whereupon she did agree that his heart, she found it to be but a preparative to a that writing should be suppressed ; and I think suit for the renewing of his farm of sweet wines. there were not five persons that ever saw it. But Whereunto I replied, “ O madam, how doth your from this time forth, during the whole latter end of Majesty construe these things, as if these two that summer, while the court was at Nonesuch and could not stand well together, which indeed nature Oatlands, I made it my task and scope to take and hath planted in all creatures! For there are but give occasions for my lord's redintegration in his two sympathies, the one towards perfection, the fortunes : which my intention I did also signify to other towards preservation; that to perfection, as my lord as soon as ever he was at his liberty ; the iron tendeth to the loadstone ; that to preserwhereby I might without peril of the queen's in- vation, as the vine will creep towards a stake or dignation write to him; and having received from prop that stands by it; not for any love to the his lordship a courteous and loving acceptation of stake, but to uphold itself. And therefore, madam, my good will and endeavours, I did apply it in all you must distinguish: my lord's desire to do you my accesses to the queen, which were very many service is, as to his perfection, that which he thinks at that time : and purposely sought and wrought himself to be born for ; whereas his desire to obtain upon other variable pretences, but only and chiefly this thing of you, is but for a sustentation." for that purpose.

And on the other side, I did And not to trouble your lordship with many other not forbear to give my lord from time to time particulars like unto these, it was at the self-same faithful advertisement what I found, and what I time that I did draw, with my lord's privity, and by wished. And I drew for him, by his appointment, his appointment, two letters, the one written as some letters to her Majesty; which though I knew from my brother, the other as an answer returned well his lordship's gift and style was far better than from my lord, both to be by me in secret manner mine own, yet, because he required it, alleging, showed to the queen, which it pleased my lord very that by his long restraint he was grown almost a strangely to mention at the bar; the scope of which stranger to the queen's present conceits, I was ready were but to represent and picture forth unto her to perform it: and sure I am, that for the space of Majesty my lord's mind to be such, as I knew her six weeks or two months, it prospered so well, as I Majesty would fainest have had it: which letters expected continually his restoring to his attendance. whosoever shall see, for they cannot now be retracted And I was never better welcome to the queen, nor or altered, being by reason of my brother's or his more made of, than when I spake fullest and bold- lordship's servants' delivery long since come into est for him ; in which kind the particulars were divers hands, let him judge, especially if he knew exceeding many; whereof, for an example, I will the queen, and do remember those times, whether remember to your lordship one or two. As at one

they were not the labours of one that sought to time, I call to mind, her Majesty was speaking of a bring the queen about for my lord of Essex his fellow that undertook to cure, or at least to ease my good. The truth is, that the issue of all his dealing brother of his gout, and asked me how it went for- grew to this, that the queen, by some slackness of ward : and I told her Majesty, That at the first he my lord's, as I imagine, liked him worse and worse, received good by it; but after in the course of his and grew more incensed towards him. Then she cure he found himself at a stay, or rather worse : remembering belike the continual, and incessant, the queen said again, “ I will tell you, Bacon, the and confident speeches and courses that I had held error of it: the manner of these physicians, and on my lord's side, became utterly alienated from me, especially these empirics, is to continue one kind of and for the space of, at least, three months, which medicine; which at the first is proper, being to was between Michaelmas and New-year's-tide followdraw out the ill humour; but, after, they have not ing, would not so much as look on me, but turned the discretion to change the medicine, but apply away from me with express and purpose-like discounstill drawing medicines, when they should rather tenance wheresoever she saw me; and at such time intend to cure and corroborate the part.”

“ Good

as I desired to speak with her about law-business, Lord! madam,” said I, “how wisely and aptly can ever sent me forth very slight refusals, insomuch as it you speak and discern of physic ministered to the is most true, that immediately after New-year's-tide I body, and consider not that there is the like occa desired to speak with her, and being admitted to her, sion of physic ministered to the mind: as now in I dealt with her plainly; and said, “ Madam, I see you the case of my lord of Essex your princely word withdraw your favour from me, and now I have lost ever was, that you intended ever to reform his mind, | many friends for your sake, I shall lose you too: you

have put me like one of those that the Frenchmen call | tainted, I bringing their lordships' letter for their enfans perdus, that serve on foot before horsemen; stay, after the jury was sworn to pass upon them; so so have you put me into matters of envy without near it went: and how careful I was, and made it place, or without strength; and I know at chess a my part, that whosoever was in trouble about that pawn before the king is ever much played upon; a matter, as soon as ever his case was sufficiently great many love me not, because they think I have known and defined of, might not continue in restraint, been against my lord of Essex; and you love me but be set at liberty; and many other parts, which, not, because you know I have been for him; yet I am well assured of, stood with the duty of an will I never repent me, that I have dealt in simpli- honest man. But indeed I will not deny for the city of heart towards you both, without respect of case of Sir Thomas Smith of London, the queen decautions to myself; and therefore vivus vidensque manding my opinion of it, I told her, I thought it pereo : if I do break my neck, I shall do it in a was as hard as many of the rest. But what was the manner as Master Dorington did it, which walked reason ? Because at that time I had seen only his on the battlements of the church many days, accusation, and had never been present at any exand took a view and survey where he should amination of his; and the matter so standing, I had fall. And so, madam, said I, I am not so simple been very untrue to my service, if I had not delivered but that I take a prospect of mine overthrow; only that opinion. But afterwards upon a re-examination I thought I would tell you so much, that you may of some that charged him, who weakened their own know that it was faith and not folly that brought testimony, and especially hearing himself viva voce, me into it, and so I will pray for you.” Upon I went instantly to the queen, out of the soundness which speeches of mine uttered with some passion, of my conscience, not regarding what opinion I had it is true her Majesty was exceedingly moved ; and formerly delivered, and told her Majesty I was satisaccumulated a number of kind and gracious words fied and resolved in my conscience, that for the reupon me, and willed me to rest upon this, Gratia putation of the action, the plot was to countenance mea sufficit, and a number of other sensible and the action farther by him in respect of his place, tender words and demonstrations, such as more than they had indeed any interest or intelligence could not be; but as touching my lord of Essex, ne with him. It is very true also, about that time her verbum quidem. Whereupon I departed, resting Majesty taking a liking of my pen, upon that which then determined to meddle no more in the matter; | I formerly had done concerning the proceeding at as that, that I saw would overthrow me, and not be York-house, and likewise upon some other declaraable to do him any good. And thus I made mine tions, which in former times by her appointment I own peace with mine own confidence at that time ; put in writing, commanded me to pen that book, and this was the last time I saw her Majesty before which was published for the better satisfaction of the eighth of February, which was the day of my the world; which I did, but so, as never secretary lord of Essex his misfortune; after which time, for had more particular and express directions and inthat I performed at the bar in my public service, structions in every point how to guide my hand in your lordship knoweth, by the rules of duty, that I it; and not only so, but after that I had made a was to do it honestly, and without prevarication; first draught thereof, and propounded it to certain but for any putting myself into it, I protest before principal counsellors by her Majesty's appointment, God, I never moved either the queen, or any person it was perused, weighed, censured, altered, and made living, concerning my being used in the service, almost a new writing, according to their lordships' either of evidence or examination : but it was merely better consideration; wherein their lordships and laid upon me with the rest of my fellows. And for myself both were as religious and curious of truth, the time which passed, I mean between the arraign- as desirous of satisfaction: and myself indeed gave ment and my lord's suffering, I well remember I only words and form of style in pursuing their diwas but once with the queen, at what time, though rection. And after it had passed their allowance, I durst not deal directly for my lord as things then it was again exactly perused by the queen herself, stood, yet generally I did both commend her Ma- and some alterations made again by her appointment: jesty's mercy, terming it to her as an excellent balm nay, and after it was set to print, the queen, who, that did continually distil from her sovereign hands, as your lordship knoweth, as she was excellent in and made an excellent odour in the senses of her great matters, so she was exquisite in small, and people ; and not only so, but I took hardiness to noted that I could not forget my ancient respect to extenuate, not the fact, for that I durst not, but the my lord of Essex, in terming him ever my lord of danger, telling her, that if some base or cruel-minded Essex, my lord of Essex, almost in every page of the persons had entered into such an action, it might book, which she thought not fit, but would have it have caused much blood and combustion : but it ap- made Essex, or the late earl of Essex : whereupon peared well, they were such as knew not how to of force it was printed de novo, and the first copies play the malefactors; and some other words which suppressed by her peremptory commandment. I now omit. And as for the rest of the carriage of And this, my good lord, to my farthest rememmyself in that service, I have many honourable brance, is all that passed wherein I had part ; witnesses that can tell, that the next day after my I have set down as near as I could in the very lord's arraignment, by my diligence and information words and speeches that were used, not because touching the quality and nature of the offenders, six they are worthy the repetition, I mean those of mine of nine were stayed, which otherwise had been at- own; but to the end your lordship may lively and

which

plainly discern between the face of truth, and a To conclude therefore, I humbly pray your lordsmooth tale; and the rather also, because in things ship to pardon me for troubling you with this that passed a good while since, the very words and long narration; and that you will vouchsafe to hold phrases did sometimes bring to my remembrance me in your good opinion, till you know I have dethe matters : wherein I report me to your honour served, or find that I shall deserve the contrary ; and able judgment, whether you do not see the traces of so ever I continue an honest man: and had I been as well believed either by the queen or by my lord, as I was well

At your Lordship’s honourable commandments heard by them both, both my lord had been fortu

very humbly,

F. B. nate, and so had myself in his fortune.

A SPEECH IN PARLIAMENT,

39 OF ELIZABETH,

UPON THE MOTION OF SUBSIDY.

And please you, Mr. Speaker, I must consider case, as by way of comparison, it is necessary you the time which is spent; but yet so, as I must con understand; but because peech in the house is fit sider also the matter, which is great. This great to persuade the general point, and particularly is cause was, at the first, so materially and weightily more proper and seasonable for the committee : propounded ; and after, in such sort persuaded and neither will I make any observations upon her enforced; and by him that last spake, so much time Majesty's

's manner of expending and issuing treasure; taken, and yet to good purpose ; as I shall speak at being not upon excessive and exorbitant donatives ; a great disadvantage: but because it hath been al. nor upon sumptuous and unnecessary triumphs, ways used, and the mixture of this house doth so buildings, or like magnificence; but upon the prerequire it, that in causes of this nature there be servation, protection, and honour of the realm : for some speech and opinion, as well from persons of I dare not scan upon her Majesty's actions, which generality, as by persons of authority, I will say it becometh me rather to admire in silence, than to somewhat, and not much: wherein it shall not be gloss or discourse upon them, though with never so fit for me to enter into, or to insist upon secrets, good a meaning. Sure I am that the treasure that either of her Majesty's coffers, or of her council; but cometh from you to her Majesty is but as a vapour my speech must be of a more vulgar nature.

which riseth from the earth, and gathereth into a I will not enter, Mr. Speaker, into a laudative cloud, and stayeth not there long; but upon the speech of the high and singular benefits, which by same earth it falleth again : and what if some drops her Majesty's most politic and happy government of this do fall upon France or Flanders ? It is like we receive, thereby to incite you to a retribution ; a sweet odour of honour or reputation to our nation partly because no breath of man can set them forth throughout the world. But I will only insist upon worthily; and partly because I know her Majesty the natural and inviolate law of preservation. in her magnanimity doth bestow her benefits like It is a truth, Mr. Speaker, and a familiar truth, her freest patents, absque aliquo inde reddendo ; not that safety and preservation is to be preferred before looking for any thing again, if it were in respect benefit or increase, inasmuch as those counsels which only of her particular, but love and loyalty. Neither tend to preservation seem to be attended with neceswill I now at this time put the case of this realm sity : whereas those deliberations which tend to of England too precisely; how it standeth with the benefit, seem only accompanied with persuasion. subject in point of payments to the crown: though And it is ever gain and no loss, when at the foot I could make it appear by demonstration, what of the account there remains the purchase of safety. opinion soever be conceived, that never subjects The prints of this are every where to be found: the were partakers of greater freedom and ease; and that patient will ever part with some of his blood to save whether you look abroad into other countries at this and clear the rest: the sea-faring man will, in a present time, or look back to former times in this storm, cast over some of his goods to save and our own country, we shall find an exceeding differ assure the rest : the husbandman will afford some ence in matter of taxes; which now I reserve to foot of ground for his hedge and ditch, to fortify mention ; not so much in doubt to acquaint your and defend the rest. Why, Mr. Speaker, the disears with foreign strains, or to dig up the sepulchres puter will, if he be wise and cunning, grant someof buried and forgotten impositions, which in this what that seemeth to make against him, because

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