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beyond the walks were theirs too ? He answered, 103. When his lordship was newly advanced to “Yes, Madam, those are ours, as you are ours, to the great seal, Gondomar came to visit him. My look on, and no more.”

lord said, that he was to thank God and the king 97. His lordship, when he was newly made lord for that honour ; but yet, so he might be rid of the keeper, was in Gray's Inn walks with Sir Walter burden, he could very willingly forbear the honour ; Raleigh ; one came and told him, that the earl of and that he formerly had a desire, and the same Exeter was above. He continued upon occasion continued with him still, to lead a private life. Gonstill walking a good while. At last when he came domar answered, that he would tell him a tale of an up, my lord of Exeter met him, and said; “ My old rat, that would needs leave the world, and aclord, I have made a great venture, to come up so quainted the young rats that he would retire into high stairs, being a gouty man.” His lordship an his hole, and spend his days solitarily; and would swered ; " Pardon me, my lord, I have made the enjoy no more comfort; and commanded them upon greatest venture of all; for I have ventured upon his high displeasure, not to offer to come in unto your patience."

him. They forbore two or three days; at last, one 98. When Sir Francis Bacon was made the king's that was more hardy than the rest, incited some of attorney, Sir Edward Coke was put up from being his fellows to go in with him, and he would venture Lord Chief Justice of the common pleas, to be Lord to see how his father did; for he might be dead. Chief Justice of the king's bench; which is a place | They went in, and found the old rat sitting in the of greater honour, but of less profit; and withal was midst of a rich Parmesan cheese. So he applied made privy counsellor. After a few days, the lord | the fable after his witty manner. Coke meeting with the king's attorney, said unto 104. Rabelais tells a tale of one that was very him; Mr. Attorney, this is all your doing: it is you fortunate in compounding differences. His son unthat have made this stir. Mr. Attorney answered; dertook the said course, but could never compound “Ah! my lord, your lordship all this while hath any. Whereupon he came to his father, and asked grown in breadth ; you must needs now grow in him ; what art he had to reconcile differences? He height, or else you would be a monster.”

answered ; “ he had no other but this : to watch 99. One day queen Elizabeth told Mr. Bacon, when the two parties were much wearied, and their that my lord of Essex, after great protestation of hearts were too great to seek reconcilement at one penitence and affection, fell in the end but upon the another's hands; then to be a means betwixt them, suit of renewing of his farm of sweet wines. He and upon no other terms." After which the son answered ; " I read that in nature there be two kinds went home, and prospered in the same undertakings. of motions or appetites in sympathy; the one as of 105. Alonso Cartilio was informed by his stewiron to the adamant, for perfection ; the other as of ard of the greatness of his expense, being such as the vine to the stake, for sustentation; that her he could not hold out therewith. The bishop asked majesty was the one, and his suit the other.” him, wherein it chiefly arose ? His steward told

100. Mr. Bacon, after he had been vehement in him, in the multitude of his servants. The bishop parliament against depopulation and enclosures ; bade him to make him a note of those that were and that soon after the queen told him that she had necessary, and those that might be spared. Which referred the hearing of Mr. Mill's cause to certain he did. And the bishop taking occasion to read it counsellors and judges; and asked him how he liked before most of his servants, said to his steward, of it? answered, “Oh, Madam, my mind is known; “ Well, let these remain because I have need of I am against all enclosures, and especially against them; and these other also because they have need enclosed justice."

of me." 101. When Sir Nicholas Bacon the lord keeper 106. Mr. Marbury the preacher would say, “that lived, every room in Gorhambury was served with a God was fain to do with wicked men, as men do pipe of water from the ponds, distant about a mile with frisking jades in a pasture, that cannot take ofl. In the life-time of Mr. Anthony Bacon, the them up, till they get them at a gate. So wicked water ceased. After whose death, his lordship men will not be taken up till the hour of death.” coming to the inheritance, could not recover the 107. Pope Sixtus the fifth, who was a very poor water without infinite charge : when he was lord man's son, and his father's house ill thatched, so chancellor, he built Verulam house, close by the that the sun came in in many places, would sport pond-yard, for a place of privacy when he was called with his ignobility, and say, " that he was nato di upon to despatch any urgent business. And being casa illustre: son of an illustrious house." asked, why he built that house there; his lordship 108. When the king of Spain conquered Portugal, answered, “ that since he could not carry the water he gave special charge to his lieutenant, that the to his house, he would carry his house to the soldiers should not spoil, lest he should alienate the water."

hearts of the people: the army also suffered much 102. When my lord president of the council came scarcity of victual. Whereupon the Spanish solfirst to be lord treasurer, he complained to my lord diers would afterwards say, “ that they had won the chancellor of the troublesomeness of the place; for king a kingdom on earth, as the kingdom of heaven that the exchequer was so empty; the lord chan- used to be won : by fasting and abstaining from cellor answered, “ My lord, be of good cheer, for that which is another man's.” now you shall see the bottom of your business at 109. They feigned a tale of Sixtus Quintus, the first."

whom they call Size-ace, that after his death he

went to hell, and the porter of hell said to him, more commiserated with the people. The barber “ You have some reason to offer yourself to this came to him, and asked him, " Whether he would place, because you were a wicked man; but yet, be- be pleased to be trimmed ?” “In good faith, honest cause you were a pope, I have order not to receive fellow,” saith Sir Thomas, “ the king and I have a you: you have a place of your own, purgatory ; you suit for my head ; and till the title be cleared, I may go thither.” So he went away, and sought will do no cost upon it." about a great while for purgatory, and could find 118. Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, a no such place. Upon that he took heart, and went great champion of the popish religion, was wont to to heaven, and knocked ; and St. Peter asked, "Who say of the protestants who ground upon the Scripwas there?” He said, “ Sixtus pope.” Where- ture, " They were like posts, that bring truth in unto St. Peter said, “Why do you knock? you have their letters, and lies in their mouths.” the keys.” Sixtus answered, “ It is true ; but it is 119. The former Sir Thomas More had sent him so long since they were given, as I doubt the wards by a suitor in chancery two silver flagons. When of the lock be altered."

they were presented by the gentleman's servant, he 110. Charles, king of Sweden, a great enemy of said to one of his men, “ Have him to the cellar, the Jesuits, when he took any of their colleges, he and let him have of my best wine :” and, turning would hang the old Jesuits, and put the young to to the servant, said, “ Tell thy master, if he like it, his mines, saying, “ that since they wrought so hard let him not spare it." above ground, he would try how they could work 120. Michael Angelo, the famous painter, under ground.”

painting in the pope's chapel the portraiture of 111. In chancery, at one time when the counsel hell and damned souls, made one of the damned of the parties set forth the boundaries of the land souls so like a cardinal that was his enemy, as every in question by the plot; and the counsel of one part body at first sight knew it. Whereupon the carsaid, “ We lie on this side, my lord ;and the coun dinal complained to pope Clement, humbly praying sel of the other part said, “ And we lie on this side:" it might be defaced. The pope said to him, “Why, the lord chancellor Hatton stood up and said; “ If you know very well, I have power to deliver a soul you lie on both sides, whom will you have me to out of purgatory, but not out of hell." believe?

121. There was an agent here for the Dutch, 112. Sir Edward Coke was wont to say, when a called Carroon; and when he used to move the great man came to dinner to him, and gave him no queen for farther succours and more men, my lord knowledge of his coming, “ Sir, since you sent me Henry Howard would say, “ That he agreed well no word of your coming, you must dine with me ; with the name of Charon, ferryman of hell; for he but if I had known of it in due time, I would have came still for more men, to increase regnum umdined with you.”

brarum." 113. Pope Julius the third, when he was made 122. They were wont to call referring to the pope, gave his hat unto a youth, a favourite of his, masters in chancery, committing. My lord keeper with great scandal. Whereupon, at one time, a Egerton, when he was master of the rolls, was wont cardinal that might be free with him, said modestly to ask, “ What the cause had done that it should to him, " What did your holiness see in that young be committed ?" man, to make him cardinal ?”

Julius answered, 123. They feigned a tale, principally against “ What did you see in me to make me pope ?” doctors' reports in the chancery, that Sir Nicholas

114. The same Julius upon like occasion of Bacon, when he came to heaven gate, was opposed, speech, Why he should bear so great affection to touching an unjust decree which had been made in the same young man ? would say, “ that he found the chancery. Sir Nicholas desired to see the order, by astrology that it was the youth's destiny to be whereupon the decree was drawn up; and finding a great prelate; which was impossible except him- it to begin, “ Veneris,” etc. “Why,” saith he, “I was self were pope.

And therefore that he did raise then sitting in the star-chamber; this concerns the him, as the driver on of his own fortune.”

master of the rolls ; let him answer it." Soon after 115. Sir Thomas More had only daughters at came the master of the rolls, Cordal, who died inthe first, and his wife did ever pray for a boy. At deed a small time after Sir Nicholas Bacon; and he last she had a boy, which being come to man's was likewise staid upon it; and looking into the orestate, proved but simple. Sir Thomas said to his der, he found that upon the reading of a certificate wife, “ Thou prayedst so long for a boy, that he of Dr. Gibson, it was ordered that his report should will be a boy as long as he lives.

be decreed. And so he put it upon Dr. Gibson, and 116. Sir Fulk Grevil, afterwards Lord Brook, in there it stuck. parliament, when the house of commons, in a great 124. Sir Nicholas Bacon, when a certain nimblebusiness, stood much upon precedents, said unto witted counsellor at the bar, who was forward to them, “ Why do you stand so much upon prece- speak, did interrupt him often, said unto him, dents ? The times hereafter will be good or bad. “ There is a great difference betwixt you and me: If good, precedents will do no harm; if bad, power a pain to me to speak, and a pain to you to hold will make a way where it finds none."

your peace.117. Sir Thomas More on the day that he was 125. The same Sir Nicholas Bacon, upon bills beheaded, had a barber sent to him, because his exhibited to discover where lands lay, upon proof hair was long; which was thought would make him that they had a certain quantity of land, but could

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not set it forth, was wont to say; “ And if you can himself being a great builder, as Trajan likewise not find your land in the country, how will you was, would call Trajan, Parietaria, wall-flower; be. have me find it in the chancery ?”

cause his name was upon so many walls. 126. Mr. Howland, in conference with a young 137. Alonso of Arragon was wont to say of himstudent, arguing a case, happened to say, " I would self, “ That he was a great necromancer, for that he ask you but this question.” The student presently used to ask counsel of the dead:” meaning of books. interrupted him, to give him an answer. Where 138. Ethelwold, bishop of Winchester, in a famine, unto Mr. Howland gravely said, “ Nay, though I sold all the rich vessels and ornaments of the church, ask you a question, yet I did not mean you should to relieve the poor with bread; and said, “ there answer me; I mean to answer myself.”

was no reason that the dead temples of God should 127. Pope Adrian the sixth was talking with the be sumptuously furnished, and the living temples duke of Sesa, “ that Pasquil gave great scandal, and suffer penury." that he would have him thrown into the river :" but 139. Many men, especially such as affect gravity, Sesa answered, “ Do it not, holy father, for then he have a manner after other men's speech to shake will turn frog ; and whereas now he chants but by their heads. A great officer of this land would say, day, he will then chant both by day and night.” “ It was as men shake a bottle, to see if there were

128. There was a gentleman in Italy that wrote any wit in their heads or no ?” to a great friend of his, whom the pope had newly 140. After a great fight, there came to the camp advanced to be cardinal, that he was very glad of his of Consalvo the great captain, a gentleman proudly advancement, for the cardinal's own sake; but he horsed and armed. Diego de Mendoza asked the was sorry that himself had lost a good friend. great captain, “ Who is this?" Who answered,

129. There was a king of Hungary took a bishop • It is Saint Ermin, who never appears but after a in battle, and kept him prisoner: whereupon the storm." pope writ a monitory to him, for that he had broken 141. There was one that died greatly in debt : the privilege of holy church, and taken his son. when it was reported in some company, where The king sent an embassage to him, and sent withal divers of his creditors casually were, that he was the armour wherein the bishop was taken, and dead, one began to say, “ Well, if he be gone, then this only in writing, “ Vide num hæc sit vestis filii he hath carried five hundred ducats of mine with tui :" " know now whether this be thy son's coat." him into the other world;" and another said, “ And

130. Sir Amyas Pawlet, when he saw too much two hundred of mine;" and a third spake of great haste made in a matter, was wont to say,

sums of his. Whereupon one that was amongst while, that we may make an end the sooner.them said, “ I perceive now, that though a man

131. A master of the requests to queen Elizabeth cannot carry any of his own with him into the next had divers times moved for audience, and been put world, yet he may carry away that which is another off. At last he came to the queen in a progress, man's.” and had on a new pair of boots. The queen, who 142. Francis Carvajal, that was the great captain loved not the smell of new leather, said to him, “ Fy, of the rebels of Peru, had often given the chase to sloven, thy new boots stink.” “ Madam," said he, Diego Centeno, a principal commander of the em" it is not my new boots that stink; but it is the peror's party: he was afterwards taken by the emstale bills that I have kept so long."

peror's lieutenant Gasca, and committed to the 132. At an act of the commencement, the answerer custody of Diego Centeno, who used him with all gave for his question, that an aristocracy was better possible courtesy; insomuch as Carvajal asked him, than a monarchy. The replier, who was a dissolute “I pray, Sir, who are you that use me with this man, did tax him, that being a private bred man, he courtesy ?" Centeno said, “ Do not you know Diego would give a question of state. The answerer said, Centeno ?” Carvajal answered, “ Truly, Sir, I that the replier did much wrong the privilege of have been so used to see your back, as I knew not scholars, who would be much straitened if they | your face." should give questions of nothing but such things 143. There was a merchant died that was very wherein they are practised: and added, “ We have far in debt; his goods and household stuff were set heard yourself dispute of virtue, which no man will forth to sale. A stranger would needs buy a pillow say you put much in practice.”

there, saying, “ This pillow sure is good to sleep 133. Queen Isabella of Spain used to say, “ Who. upon, since he could sleep that owed so many debts." soever hath a good presence and a good fashion, 144. A lover met his lady in a close chair, she carries continual letters of recommendation.” thinking to have gone unknown, he came and spake

134. Alonso of Arragon was wont to say in com to her. She asked him, “ How did you know me ?" mendation of age, "That age appeared to be best in He said, “ Because my wounds bleed afresh," alludfour things: old wood best to burn ; old wine to ing to the common tradition, that the wounds of a drink; old friends to trust; and old authors to read.” | body slain will bleed afresh upon the approach of

135. It was said of Augustus, and afterward the the murderer. like was said of Septimius Severus, both which did 145. A gentleman brought music to his lady's infinite mischief in their beginnings, and infinite window. She hated him, and had warned him often good toward their ends, “ that they should either away; and when he would not desist, she threw have never been born or never died."

stones at him. Whereupon a gentleman said unto 136. Constantine the Great, in a kind of envy, him, that was in his company,

" What greater



honour can you have to your music, than that stones “Why,” said the archbishop, "what hath he come about you, as they did to Orpheus ?"

said ?" Marry,"

," saith Dr. Brown, "he said, he 146. Coranus the Spaniard, at a table at dinner, would not have believed it, except he had seen it; fell into an extolling his own father, saying, “ If he and no more will l.” could have wished of God, he could not have chosen 152. Doctor Johnson said, that in sickness there amongst men a better father.” Sir Henry Savil were three things that were material ; the physisaid, “ What, not Abraham ?” Now Coranus was cian, the disease, and the patient: and if any two doubted to descend of a race of Jews.

of these joined, then they get the victory; for, "Ne 147. Bresquet, jester to Francis the first of France, Hercules quidem contra duos.” If the physician did keep a calendar of fools, wherewith he did use and the patient join, then down goes the disease ; to make the king sport; telling him ever the reason for then the patient recovers : if the physician and why he put any one into his calendar. When the disease join, that is a strong disease; and the Charles the fifth, emperor, upon confidence of the physician mistaking the cure, then down goes the noble nature of Francis, passed through France, for patient: if the patient and the disease join, then the appeasing of the rebellion of Gaunt, Bresquet down goes the physician ; for he is discredited. put him into his calendar. The king asked him the 153. Mr. Bettenham said, that virtuous men were cause. He answered, “Because you have suffered like some herbs and spices, that give not out their at the hands of Charles the greatest bitterness that sweet smell, till they be broken or crushed. ever prince did from another, nevertheless he 154. There was a painter became a physician : would trust his person into your hands." “Why, whereupon one said to him; “ You have done well; Bresquet," said the king, "what wilt thou say, if for before the faults of your work were seen, but thou seest him pass back in as great safety, as if he now they are unseen.” marched through the midst of Spain ?” Saith Bres 155. There was a gentleman that came to the tilt quet; “Why then I will put him out, and put in all in orange-tawny, and ran very ill. The next you."

day he came again all in green, and ran worse. 148. Archbishop Grindall was wont to say, "that There was one of the lookers on asked another; the physicians here in England were not good at the “What is the reason that this gentleman changeth cure of particular diseases; but had only the power his colours ?” The other answered, “Sure, because of the church, to bind and loose."

it may be reported, that the gentleman in the green 149. Cosmus duke of Florence was wont to say ran worse than the gentleman in the orange-tawny." of perfidious friends, " that we read, that we ought 156. Zelim was the first of the Ottomans that did to forgive our enemies; but we do not read that we shave his beard, whereas his predecessors wore it ought our friends."

long. One of his bashaws asked him, Why he altered 150. A papist being opposed by a protestant, the custom of his predecessors ? He answered, “that they had no Scripture for images," answered,

* Because you

bashaws may not lead me by the beard, “Yes; for you read that the people laid their sick as you did them." in the streets, that the shadow of saint Peter might 157. Æneas Sylvius, that was pope Pius Secuncome upon them; and that a shadow was an image, dus, was wont to say; that the former popes did and the obscurest of all images.”

wisely to set the lawyers a-work to debate, whether 151. Sir Edward Dyer, a grave and wise gentle the donation of Constantine the Great to Sylvester, man, did much believe in Kelly the alchemist, that of St. Peter's patrimony, were good or valid in he did indeed the work, and did make gold; inso- law or no ? the better to skip over the matter in much that he went into Germany, where Kelly then fact, whether there was ever any such thing at all was, to inform himself fully thereof. After his return, he dined with my lord of Canterbury; where 158. The lord bishop Andrews was asked at the at that time was at the table Dr. Brown the phy- first coming over of the archbishop of Spalato, sician. They fell in talk of Kelly. Sir Edward whether he were a protestant or no ? He answered; Dyer, turning to the archbishop, said ; " I do assure “ Truly I know not: but I thin he a detestant;" your grace, that what I shall tell you is truth ; I that was, of most of the opinions of Rome. am an eye-witness thereof; and if I had not seen it, 159. It was said amongst some of the grave preI should not have believed it. I saw Mr. Kelly lates of the council of Trent, in which the schoolput of the base metal into the crucible ; and after it divines bare the sway; that the school-men were was set a little upon the fire, and a very small quan- like the astronomers, who to save the phænomena, tity of the medicine put in, and stirred with a stick framed to their conceit eccentrics and epicycles, and of wood, it came forth in great proportion, perfect a wonderful engine of orbs, though no such things gold; to the touch, to the hammer, and to the test." were : so they, to save the practice of the church, My lord archbishop said; “You had need take heed had devised a great number of strange positions. what you say, Sir Edward Dyer, for here is an infi 160. Æneas Sylvius would say, that the christian del at the board." Sir Edward Dyer said again faith and law, though it had not been confirmed by pleasantly, “I should have looked for an infidel miracles, yet was worthy to be received for the ho. sooner in any place than at your grace's table." nesty thereof. “What say you, Dr. Brown?” said the archbishop. 161. Mr. Bacon would say, that it was in his Dr. Brown answered, after his blunt and huddling business, as it is frequently in the ways: that the manner; “ The gentleman hath spoken enough for next way is commonly the foulest; and that if a

or no.


man will go the fairest way, he must go somewhat not suffer him to go on with his speech, until he about.

had called them by the name of his soldiers : and 162. Mr. Bettenham, reader of Gray's Inn, used so with that one word he appeased the sedition. to say, that riches were like muck ; when it lay in 171. Cæsar would say of Sylla, for that he did a heap it gave but a stench and ill odour; but when resign his dictatorship; “ Sylla was ignorant of it was spread upon the ground, then it was cause letters, he could not dictate." of much fruit.

172. Seneca said of Cæsar," that he did quickly 163. Cicero married his daughter to Dolabella, show the sword, but never leave it off.” that held Cæsar's party: Pompey had married Julia, 173. Diogenes begging, as divers philosophers that was Cæsar's daughter. After, when Cæsar and then used, did beg more of a prodigal man than of Pompey took arms one against the other, and Pom the rest which were present. Whereupon one said pey had passed the seas, and Cæsar possessed Italy, to him ; " See your baseness, that when you find a Cicero stayed somewhat long in Italy, but at last liberal mind, you will take most of him.” “No," sailed over to join with Pompey; who when he came said Diogenes, " but I mean to beg of the rest to him, Pompey said, “ You are welcome, but where again." left you your son-in-law?” Cicero answered, “With 174. Themistocles, when an ambassador from a your father-in-law."

mean estate did speak great matters, said to him, 164. Vespasian and Titus his eldest son were Friend, thy words would require a city.” both absent from Rome when the empire was cast 175. They would say of the duke of Guise, Henry, upon Vespasian ; Domitian his younger son was at " that he was the greatest usurer of France, for that Rome, who took upon him the affairs ; and being he had turned all his estate into obligations." of a turbulent spirit, made many changes, and dis- Meaning, that he had sold and oppignorated all his placed divers officers and governors of provinces, patrimony to give large donatives to other men. sending them successors. So when Vespasian re 176. Cæsar Borgia, after long division between turned to Rome, and Domitian came into his pre- him and the lords of Romagna, fell to accord with sence, Vespasian said to him; “Son, I looked when them. In this accord there was an article, that he you would have sent me a successor.”

should not call them at any time all together in 165. Nero loved a beautiful youth, whom he used person. The meaning was, that knowing his danviciously, and called him wife: there was a senator | gerous nature, if he meant them treason, he might of Rome that said secretly to his friend, " It was have opportunity to oppress them all together at pity Nero's father had not such a wife.”

Nevertheless, he used such fine art and fair 166. Galba succeeded Nero, and his age being carriage, that he won their confidence to meet all despised, there was much licence and confusion in together in council at Cinigaglia ; where he murRome during his empire ; whereupon a senator dered them all. This act, when it was related unto said in full senate ; " It were better to live where pope Alexander, his father, by a cardinal, as a thing nothing is lawful, than where all things are lawful.” happy, but very perfidious ; the pope said, " It was

167. Augustus Cæsar did write to Livia, who was they that broke their covenant first, in coming all over-sensible of some ill words that had been spoken together.” of them both : “ Let it not trouble thee, my Livia, 177. Titus Quinctius was in the council of the if any man speak ill of us; for we have enough Achaians, what time they deliberated, whether in that no man can do ill unto us."

the war then to follow, between the Romans and 168. Chilon said, that kings, friends, and favour- king Antiochus, they should confederate themselves ites, were like casting counters; that sometimes with the Romans, or with king Antiochus? In that stood for one, sometimes for ten, sometimes for a council the Ætolians, who incited the Achaians hundred.

against the Romans, to disable their forces, gave 169. Theodosius, when he was pressed by a suitor, great words, as if the late victory the Romans had and denied him ; the suitor said, “ Why, Sir, you obtained against Philip king of Macedon, had been promised it.” He answered; “I said it, but I did chiefly by the strength of forces of the Ætolians not promise it, if it be unjust."

themselves : and on the other side the ambassador 170. The Romans, when they spake to the people, of Antiochus did extol the forces of his master ; were wont to style them, Ye Romans: when com- sounding what an innumerable company he brought manders in war spake to their army, they styled in his army; and gave the nations strange names ; them, My soldiers. There was a mutiny in Cæsar's as Elymæans, Caducians, and others. After both army, and somewhat the soldiers would have had, their harangues, Titus Quinctius, when he rose up, yet they would not declare themselves in it, but only said ; It was an easy matter to perceive what it demanded a mission, or discharge; though with no was that had joined Antiochus and the Ætolians tointention it should be granted : but, knowing that gether; that it appeared to be by the reciprocal ly. Cæsar had at that time great need of their service, ing of each, touching the other's forces." thonght by that means to wrench him to their other 178. Plato was amorous of a young gentleman, desires : whereupon with one cry they asked mis- whose name was Stella, that studied astronomy, and sion. Cæsar, after silence made, said; “ I for my went oft in the clear nights to look upon the stars. part, ye Romans.” This title did actually speak Whereupon Plato wished himself heaven, that he them to be dismissed: which voice they had no might look upon Stella with a thousand eyes. sooner heard, but they mutinied again ; and would 179. The Lacedæmonians were besieged by the



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