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we spake before, of binding of thoughts, less fail, / signed to work several effects. So much is true; if you tell one that such a one shall name one of that stones have in them fine spirits, as appeareth twenty men, than if it were one of twenty cards. The by their splendour ; and therefore they may work by experiment of binding of thoughts would be diver consent upon the spirits of men, to comfort and exsified and tried to the full : and you are to note, hilarate them. Those that are the best, for that whether it hit for the most part, though not always. effect, are the diamond, the emerald, the hyacinth

957. It is good to consider, upon what things oriental, and the gold stone, which is the yellow imagination hath most force: and the rule, as I topaz. As for their particular proprieties, there is conceive, is, that it hath most force upon things that no credit to be given to them. But it is manifest, have the lightest and easiest motions. And there that light, above all things, excelleth in comforting fore above all, upon the spirits of men: and in them, the spirits of men: and it is very probable, that upon such affections as move lightest; as upon pro- light varied doth the same effect, with more novelty. euring of love ; binding of lust, which is ever with | And this is one of the causes why precious stones imagination ; upon men in fear; or men in irreso comfort. And therefore it were good to have tinctlution ; and the like. Whatsoever is of this kind ed lanthorns, or tincted screens, of glass coloured would be throughly inquired. Trials likewise would into green, blue, carnation, crimson, purple, &c. and be made upon plants, and that diligently : as if you to use them with candles in the light. So likewise should tell a man, that such a tree would die this to have round glasses, not only of glass coloured year; and will him at these and these times to go through, but with colours laid between crystals, unto it, to see how it thriveth. As for inanimate with handles to hold in one's hand. Prisms are things, it is true, that the motions of shuffling of also comfortable things. They have of Paris-work, cards, or casting of dice, are very light motions : looking-glasses, bordered with broad borders of small and there is a folly very usual, that gamesters ima- crystal, and great counterfeit precious stones, of all gine, that some that stand by them bring them ill colours, that are most glorious and pleasant to beluck. There would be trial also made, of holding a hold ; especially in the night. The pictures of Inring by a thread in a glass, and telling him that dian feathers are likewise comfortable and pleasant holdeth it, before, that it shall strike so many times to behold. So also fair and clear pools do greatly against the side of the glass, and no more ; or of comfort the eyes and spirits, especially when the holding a key between two men's fingers, without a sun is not glaring, but over-cast; or when the moon charm ; and to tell those that hold it, that at such shineth. a name it shall go off their fingers : for these two 961. There be divers sorts of bracelets fit to comare extreme light motions. And howsoever I have fort the spirits; and they be of three intentions; no opinion of these things, yet so much I conceive refrigerant, corroborant, and aperient. For refrigerto be true; that strong imagination hath more ant, I wish them to be of pearl, or of coral, as is force upon things living, or that have been living, used; and it hath been noted that coral, if the party than things merely inanimate : and more force like that weareth it be indisposed, will wax pale ; which wise upon light and subtile motions, than upon I believe to be true, because otherwise distemper of motions vehement or ponderous.

heat will make coral lose colour. I commend also 958. It is a usual observation, that if the body beads, or little plates of lapis lazuli ; and beads of of one murdered be brought before the murderer, nitre, either alone, or with some cordial mixture. the wounds will bleed afresh. Some do affirm, that 962. For corroboration and confortation, take the dead body, upon the presence of the murderer, such bodies as are of astringent quality, without hath opened the eyes; and that there have been manifest cold. I commend bead-amber, which is such like motions, as well where the parties murder- full of astriction, but yet is unctuous, and not cold; ed have been strangled or drowned, as where they and is conceived to impingnate those that wear such have been killed by wounds. It may be, that this beads; I commend also beads of hartshorn and participateth of a miracle, by God's just judgment, ivory ; which are of the like nature; also orange who usually bringeth murders to light: but if it be beads; also beads of lignum aloës, macerated first natural, it must be referred to imagination.

in rose-water, and dried. 959. The tying of the point upon the day of 963. For opening, I commend beads, or pieces of marriage, to make men impotent towards their wives, the roots of carduus benedictus : also the roots of which, as we have formerly touched, is so frequent piony the male; and of orrice ; and of calamus aroin Zant and Gascony, if it be natural, must be re maticus ; and of rue. ferred to the imagination of him that tieth the point. 964. The cramp no doubt cometh of contraction I conceive it to have the less affinity with witch-of sinews; which is manifest, in that it cometh craft, because not peculiar persons only, such as either by cold or dryness; as after consumptions, and witches are, but any body may do it.

long agues ; for cold and dryness do, both of them,

contract and corrugate. We see also, that chafing Experiments in consort touching the secret virtue of

a little above the place in pain, easeth the cramp ; sympathy and antipathy.

which is wrought by the dilatation of the contracted 960. There be many things that work upon the sinews by heat. There are in use for the prevenspirits of man by secret sympathy and antipathy: tion of the cramp, two things; the one, rings of scathe virtues of precious stones worn, have been an horse teeth worn upon the fingers; the other, bands ciently and generally received, and curiously as of green periwinkle, the herb, tied about the calf of the


leg, or the thigh, &c. where the cramp useth to snake is thought to renew her youth, by casting her

I do find this the more strange, because nei- spoil. They might as well take the beak of an ther of these have any relaxing virtue, but rather eagle, or a piece of a hart's horn, because those the contrary. I judge therefore, that their working renew. is rather upon the spirits, within the nerves, to make 970. It hath been anciently received, for Pericles them strive less, than upon the bodily substance of the Athenian used it, and it is yet in use, to wear the nerves.

little bladders of quicksilver, or tablets of arsenic, as 965. I would have trial made of two other kinds preservatives against the plague: not as they conof bracelets, for comforting the heart and spirits : ceive for any comfort they yield to the spirits, but the one of the trochisk of vipers, made into little for that being poisons themselves, they draw the pieces of beads; for since they do great good in venom to them from the spirits. wards, especially for pestilent agues, it is like they 971. Vide the experiments 95, 96, and 97, will be effectual outwards ; where they may be ap- touching the several sympathies and antipathies for plied in greater quantity. There would be trochisk medicinal use. likewise made of snakes; whose flesh dried is 972. It is said, that the guts or skin of a wolf, thought to have a very opening and cordial virtue. being applied to the belly, do cure the colic. It is The other is, of beads made of the scarlet powder, true, that the wolf is a beast of great edacity and which they call kermes; which is the principal in- digestion ; and so it may be the parts of him comgredient in their cordial confection alkermes : the fort the bowels. beads would be made up with ambergrease, and 973. We see scare-crows are set up to keep birds some pomander.

from corn and fruit; it is reported by some, that 966. It hath been long received and confirmed the head of a wolf, whole, dried, and hanged up in by divers trials, that the root of the male piony dried, a dove-house, will scare away vermin; such as are tied to the neck, doth help the falling sickness; weasels, pole-cats, and the like. It may be the and likewise the incubus, which we call the mare. head of a dog will do as much ; for those vermin The cause of both these diseases, and especially of with us know dogs better than wolves. the epilepsy from the stomach, is the grossness of 974. The brains of some creatures, when their the vapours which rise and enter into the cells of heads are roasted, taken in wine, are said to strengththe brain : and therefore the working is by extreme en the memory; as the brains of hares, brains of and subtile attenuation; which that simple hath. hens, brains of deers, &c. And it seemeth to be I judge the like to be in castoreum, musk, rue seed, incident to the brains of those creatures that are agnus castus seed, &c.

fearful. 967. There is a stone which they call the blood 975. The ointment that witches use, is reported stone, which worn is thought to be good for them that to be made of the fat of children digged out of their bleed at the nose: which, no doubt, is by astriction graves ; of the juices of smallage, wolf-bane, and and cooling of the spirits. Query, if the stone taken cinque-foil, mingled with the meal of fine wheat. out of the toad's head, be not of the like virtue; for But I suppose, that the soporiferous medicines are the toad loveth shade and coolness.

likest to do it; which are henbane, hemlock, 968. Light may be taken from the experiment drake, moonshade, tobacco, opium, saffron, poplar of the horse-tooth ring, and the garland of peri- leaves, &c. winkle, how that those things which assuage the 976. It is reported by some, that the affections of strife of the spirits, do help diseases contrary to the beasts when they are in strength do add some virtue intention desired : for in the curing of the cramp, unto inanimate things; as that the skin of a sheep the intention is to relax the sinews; but the con devoured by a wolf, moveth itching; that a stone traction of the spirits that they strive less, is the best bitten by a dog in anger, being thrown at him, drunk help: so to procure easy travails of women, the in- in powder, provoketh choler. tention is to bring down the child; but the best help 977. It hath been observed, that the diet of is, to stay the coming down too fast: whereunto women with child doth work much upon the infant; they say, the toad-stone likewise helpeth. So in as if the mother eat quinces much, and corianderpestilent fevers, the intention is to expel the infec- seed, the nature of both which is to repress and stay tion by sweat and evaporation : but the best means vapours that ascend to the brain, it will make the to do it is by nitre, diascordium, and other cool child ingenious; and on the contrary side, if the things, which do for a time arrest the expulsion, mother eat much onions or beans, or such vaporous till nature can do it more quietly. For as one saith food ; or drink wine or strong drink immodeprettily ; " In the quenching of the flame of a pesti- rately; or fast much ; or be given to much musing ; lent ague, nature is like people that come to quench all which send or draw vapours to the head; it enthe fire of a house ; which are so busy, as one of dangereth the child to become lunatic, or of imperthem letteth another.” Surely it is an excellent fect memory : and I make the same judgment of axiom, and of manifold use, that whatsoever ap- tobacco often taken by the mother. peascth the contention of the spirits, farthereth 978. The writers of natural magic report, that their action.

the heart of an ape, worn near the heart, comforteth 969. The writers of natural magic commend the the heart, and increaseth audacity. It is true that wearing of the spoil of a snake, for preserving of the ape is a merry and bold beast. And that the health. I doubt it is but a conceit: for that the same heart likewise of an ape, applied to the neck


do more,

I my

or head, helpeth the wit; and is good for the falling | petty fellow is sent out to kill the dogs ; and that sickness: the ape also is a witty beast, and hath a though they have never seen him before, yet they dry brain ; which may be some cause of attenuation will all come forth, and bark and fly at bim. of vapours in the head. Yet it is said to move 986. The relations touching the force of imagidreams also. It may be the heart of a man would nation, and the secret instincts of nature, are so un

ut that it is more against men's minds to certain, as they require a great deal of examination use it; except it be in such as wear the reliques of ere we conclude upon them. I would have it first saints.

throughly inquired, whether there be any secret 979. The flesh of a hedge-hog, dressed and eaten, passages of sympathy between persons of near blood; is said to be a great drier: it is true that the juice as parents, children, brothers, sisters, nurse-children, of a hedge-hog must needs be harsh and dry, be husbands, wives, &c. There be many reports in cause it putteth forth so many prickles : for plants history, that upon the death of persons of such nearalso that are full of prickles are generally dry ; as ness, men have had an inward feeling of it. briers, thorns, berberries; and therefore the ashes self remember, that being in Paris, and my father of an hedge-hog are said to be a great desiccative dying in London, two or three days before my faof fistulas.

ther's death, I had a dream, which I told to divers 980. Mummy hath great force in stanching of English gentlemen, that my father's house in the blood; which, as it may be ascribed to the mixture country was plastered all over with black mortar. of balms that are glutinous ; so it may also partake There is an opinion abroad, whether idle or no I of a secret propriety, in that the blood draweth cannot say, that loving and kind husbands have a man's flesh. And it is approved that the moss which sense of their wives breeding children, by some accigroweth upon the skull of a dead man unburied, will dent in their own body. stanch blood potently : and so do the dregs or pow 987. Next to those that are near in blood, there der of blood, severed from the water, and dried. may be the like passage, and instincts of nature, be

981. It hath been practised, to make white swal tween great friends and enemies : and sometimes lows, by anointing of the eggs with oil. Which the revealing is unto another person, and not to the effect may be produced, by the stopping of the pores party himself. I remember Philippus Commineus, of the shell, and making the juice that putteth forth a grave writer, reporteth, that the archbishop of the feathers afterwards more penurious. And it Vienna, a reverend prelate, said one day after mass may be, the anointing of the eggs will be as effec- to king Lewis the eleventh of France : “ Sir, your tual as the anointing of the body ; of which vide the mortal enemy is dead;" what time duke Charles of experiment 93.

Burgundy was slain at the battle of Granson against 982. It is reported, that the white of an egg, or the Switzers. Some trial also would be made, blood mingled with salt-water, doth gather the salt- whether pact or agreement do any thing; as if two ness, and maketh the water sweeter. This may be friends should agree, that such a day in every week, by adhesion; as in the sixth experiment of clarifi- they, being in far distant places, should pray one for cation : it may be also, that blood, and the white of another; or should put on a ring or tablet one for an egg, which is the matter of a living creature, another's sake; whether if one of them should have some sympathy with salt: for all life hath a break their vow and promise, the other should have sympathy with salt. We see that salt laid to a cut any feeling of it in absence. finger healeth it ; so as it seemeth salt draweth blood, 988. If there be any force in imaginations and as well as blood draweth salt.

affections of singular persons, it is probable the 983. It hath been anciently received, that the force is much more in the joint imaginations and sea-air hath an antipathy with the lungs, if it com affections of multitudes : as if a victory should be eth near the body, and erodeth them. Whereof the won or lost in remote parts, whether is there not cause is conceived to be, a quality it hath of heating some sense thereof in the people whom it concernthe breath and spirits; as cantharides have upon eth; because of the great joy or grief that many the watery parts of the body, as urine and hydropi- men are possessed with at once ? Pius Quintus, at cal water. And it is a good rule, that whatsoever the very time when that memorable victory was hath an operation upon certain kinds of matters, won by the christians against the Turks, at the that, in man's body, worketh most upon those parts naval battle of Lepanto, being then hearing of causes wherein that kind of matter aboundeth.

in consistory, brake off suddenly, and said to those 984. Generally that which is dead, or corrupted, about him, “ It is now more time we should give or excerned, hath antipathy with the same thing thanks to God for the great victory he hath granted when it is alive, and when it is sound; and with us against the Turks:" it is true, that victory had a those parts which do excern: as a carcass of man sympathy with his spirit; for it was merely his work is most infectious and odious to man; a carrion of to conclude that league. It may be that revelation a horse to a horse, &c.; purulent matter of wounds, was divine; but what shall we say then to a number and ulcers, carbuncles, pocks, scabs, leprosy, to of examples amongst the Grecians and Romans? sound flesh; and the excrement of every species to where the people being in theatres at plays, have that creature that excerneth them: but the excre had news of victories and overthrows, some few ments are less pernicious than the corruptions. days before any messenger could come.

985. It is a common experience, that dogs know It is true, that that may hold in these things, the dog-killer; when, as in times of infection, some which is the general root of superstition: namely,

that men observe when things hit, and not when | tail or leg of a dog or a cat, and lay it to putrify, they miss; and commit to memory the one, and for- and so see whether it will fester, or keep from healget and pass over the other. But touching divina- ing, the part which remaineth. tion, and the misgiving of minds, we shall speak 996. It is received, that it helpeth to continue more when we handle in general the nature of love, if one wear a ring, or a bracelet, of the hair minds, and souls, and spirits.

of the party beloved. But that may be by the ex989. We have given formerly some rules of imagi- citing of the imagination: and perhaps a glove, or nation; and touching the fortifying of the same. other like favour, may as well do it. We have set down also some few instances and di 997. The sympathy of individuals, that have been rections, of the force of imagination upon beasts, &c. entire, or have touched, is of all others the most inupon plants, and upon inanimate bodies : wherein credible; yet according unto our faithful manner of you must still observe, that your trials be upon sub- examination of nature, we will make some little tle and light motions, and not the contrary; for you mention of it. The taking away of warts by rubwill sooner by imagination bind a bird from singing bing them with somewhat that afterwards is put to than from eating or flying: and I leave it to every waste and consume, is a common experiment; and man to choose experiments which himself thinketh I do apprehend it the rather because of my own most commodious; giving now but a few examples experience. I had from my childhood a wart upon of every of the three kinds.

one of my fingers : afterwards, when I was about 990. Use some imaginant, observing the rules sixteen years old, being then at Paris, there grew formerly prescribed, for binding of a bird from upon


hands a number of warts, at the least singing; and the like of a dog from barking. Try a hundred, in a month's space. The English amalso the imagination of some, whom you shall ac bassador's lady, who was a woman far from supercommodate with things to fortify it, in cock-fights, stition, told me one day, she would help me away to make one cock more hardy, and the other more with my warts: whereupon she got a piece of lard cowardly. It would be tried also in flying of hawks, with the skin on, and rubbed the warts all over with or in coursing of a deer, or hare, with grey-hounds: the fat side ; and amongst the rest, that wart which or in horse races; and the like comparative mo I had had from my childhood : then she nailed the tions : for you may sooner by imagination quicken piece of lard, with the fat towards the sun, upon a or slack a motion, than raise or cease it; as it is post of her chamber window, which was to the south. easier to make a dog go slower, than to make him The success was, that within five weeks space all stand still, that he may not run.

the warts went quite away : and that wart which I 991. In plants also you may try the force of had so long endured, for company. But at the rest imagination upon the lighter sort of motions : as I did little marvel, because they came in a short upon the sudden fading, or lively coming up of herbs; time, and might go away in a short time again: or upon their bending one way or other; or upon but the going away of that which had stayed so their closing and opening, &c.

long doth yet stick with me. They say the like is 992. For inanimate things, you may try the force done by the rubbing of warts with a green elder of imagination, upon staying the working of beer stick, and then burying the stick to rot in muck. when the barm is put in; or upon the coming of It would be tried with corns and wens, and such butter or cheese, after the churning, or the rennet other excrescences.

I would have it also tried with be put in.

some parts of living creatures that are nearest the 993. It is an ancient tradition every where al nature of excrescences; as the combs of cocks, the leged, for example of secret proprieties and influxes, spurs of cocks, the horns of beasts, &c. And I that the torpedo marina, if it be touched with a long would have it tried both ways ; both by rubbing stick, doth stupify the hand of him that toucheth it. those parts with lard, or elder, as before; and by It is one degree of working at a distance, to work cutting off some piece of those parts, and laying it by the continuance of a fit medium ; as sound will to consume : to see whether it will work any effect be conveyed to the ear by striking upon a bow- towards the consumption of that part which was string, if the horn of the bow be held to the ear. once joined with it.

994. The writers of natural magic do attribute 998. It is constantly received and avouched, that much to the virtues that come from the parts of the anointing of the weapon that maketh the wound, living creatures; so as they be taken from them, will heal the wound itself. In this experiment, upon the creatures remaining still alive : as if the crea the relation of men of credit, though myself, as yet, tures still living did infuse some immateriate virtue am not fully inclined to believe it, you shall note and vigour into the part severed. So much may be the points following: first, the ointment wherewith true ; that any part taken from a living creature this is done is made of divers ingredients; whereof newly slain, may be of greater force than if it were the strangest and hardest to come by, are the moss taken from the like creature dying of itself, because upon the skull of a dead man unburied; and the it is fuller of spirit.

fats of a boar and a bear killed in the act of gene995. Trial would be made of the like parts of in- ration. These two last I could easily suspect to be dividuals in plants and living creatures; as to cut prescribed as a starting-hole; that if the experiment off a stock of a tree, and to lay that which you cut proved not, it might be pretended that the beasts off to putrify, to see whether it will decay the rest were not killed in the due time; for as for the moss, of the stock: or if you should cut off part of the l it is certain there is great quantity of it in Ireland,

upon slain bodies, laid on heaps unburied. The prehend the easy passing over the causes of things, other ingredients are, the blood-stone in powder, by ascribing them to secret and hidden virtues, and and some other things, which seem to have a virtue proprieties, for this hath arrested and laid asleep all to stanch blood; as also the moss hath. And the true inquiry and indications, yet I do not understand, description of the whole ointment is to be found in but that in the practical part of knowledge, much the chemical dispensatory of Crollius. Secondly, will be left to perience and probation, whereunto the same kind of ointment applied to the hurt itself indication cannot so fully reach: and this not only worketh not the effect; but only applied to the in specie, but in individuo. So in physic; if you weapon. Thirdly, which I like well, they do not will cure the jaundice, it is not enough to say, that observe the confecting of the ointment under any the medicine must not be cooling ; for that will certain constellation; which commonly is the ex hinder the opening which the disease requireth : cuse of magical medicines when they fail, that they that it must not be hot ; for that will exasperate were not made under a fit figure of heaven. Fourth choler: that it must go to the gall; for there is the ly, it may be applied to the weapon, though the obstruction which causeth the disease, &c. But you party hurt be at great distance. Fifthly, it seemeth must receive from experience that powder of Chathe imagination of the party to be cured is not need mæpytis, or the like, drunk in beer, is good for the ful to concur; for it may be done without the know- jaundice. So again, a wise physician doth not conledge of the party wounded: and thus much has tinue still the same medicine to a patient; but he been tried, that the ointment, for experiment's sake, will vary, if the first medicine doth not apparently hath been wiped off the weapon, without the know succeed : for of those remedies that are good for the ledge of the party hurt, and presently the party hurt jaundice, stone, agues, &c. that will do good in one has been in great rage of pain, till the weapon was body which will not do good in another; according re-anointed. Sixthly, it is affirmed, that if you can to the correspondence the medicine hath to the not get the weapon, yet if you put an instrument of individual body. iron or wood, resembling the weapon, into the wound, whereby it bleedeth, the anointing of that instru- Experiment solitary touching the general sympathy ment will serve and work the effect. This I doubt

of men's spirits. should be a device to keep this strange form of cure 1000. The delight which men have in popularity, in request and use: because many times you cannot fame, honour, submission and subjection of other come by the weapon itself. Seventhly, the wound men's minds, wills, or affections, although these must be at first washed clean with white wine, or things may be desired for other ends, seemeth to be the party's own water; and then bound up close in a thing in itself, without contemplation of consefine linen, and no more dressing renewed till it be quence, grateful and agreeable to the nature of man. whole. Eighthly, the sword itself must be wrapped This thing, surely, is not without some signification, up close, as far as the ointment goeth, that it taketh as if all spirits and souls of men came forth out of no wind. Ninthly, the ointment, if you wipe it off one divine limbus; else why should men be so much from the sword and keep it, will serve again ; and affected with that which others think or say ? The rather increase in virtue than diminish. Tenthly, best temper of minds desireth good name and true it will cure in far shorter time than ointments of honour: the lighter, popularity and applause: the wounds commonly do. Lastly, it will cure a beast more depraved, subjection and tyranny ; as is seen as well as a man; which I like best of all the rest, in great conquerors and troublers of the world: and because it subjecteth the matter to an easy trial. yet more in arch-heretics; for the introducing of new

doctrines is likewise an affectation of tyranny over Experiment solitary touching secret proprieties.

the understandings and beliefs of men. 999. I would have men know, that though I re

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