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Reflections on the Irish Conspiracy, and on the Nécessity of an armed Asociation in Great Britain, To which are added, Observations on the Debates and Resolutions of the Whig Club, on the 6th of June 1797. 8vo.

Sewell. 1798. The constitution and spirit of the Irish conspiracy are now well known; and the present writer endeavours to diow that the same plot is going on in Great Britain, although that point has been con tradicted by the evidence of the leaders of the Irish conspiracy. This, we allow, might not have been known to him at the time of writing this pamphlet; and therefore he might think his plot a very good one when he made it ; perhaps, too, he may be pardoned for this ingenious fiction, as his chief motive is to rouse the spirit of the country against foreign aggression. By way of collateral aid, the murders and confiscations which have attended the French revolution, are presented in every horrible form, as what men of property and trade in this country may certainly expect from the de: Ligns of our Jacobins. We are informed (and the intelligence is new to us) that the countess of Perignan, and her three daughters, were stripped, rubbed over with oil, and roasted alive.'. If an atrocious band of confpirators at home are preparing these scenes for us,' who can doubt of the neceflity of an armed association ?

The observations on the debates of the whig club are calculated to expose some of Mr. Fox's political errors. His deteftation of the war is never to be forgiven. Every pamphlet-writer appears to be instructed to attack his character, and artfully interweave his conduct with that of our foreign enemies. For this talk, how ever, our author shows less ability than inclination. A Letter to the Earl of Moira, in Defence of the Conduct of his Majesty's Ministers, and of the Army in Ireland.

8vo. 156 Stockdale.

1797. It is well known that the earl of Moira, compassionating the sufferings of the people of Ireland, recommended a system of conciliation, in preference to the coercive measures adopted by government, which, he thought, would render the cause more desperate. That advice was not taken ; and the rebellion which followed has been considered as a proof that his opinion respecting the measures proper to be followed, was not founded upon an actual knowledge of the state of the country.

In vindication of government, the author of this letter (written before the rebellion, but not before many disorders had appeared) contends, that many parts in the north of Ireland, in the year 1796, were in a situation of extreme disorder, from the lawless outrages of incendiaries; that the conduct of government for a series of years towards the people of Ireland has been such as could not in its natural result have produced these commotions; but that they grew out of a traitorous syfterii of disa affection, which had for its object to fubvert, by sanguinary vios lence, the ancient laws and constitution of the realm ; that the fold Crit. Rey, Vol. XXIV, Sept. 1798.

H

rit of discontent which prevailed at that period, had risen to such an alarming height, as to break out into acts of open rebellion against the constituted authorities of the state, and had rendered it necessary to enact those restrictive laws which, being subsequent to the existence of such discontents, could not have been the occafion of them, and which were not, either in their principle or their operation, at variance with the spirit of our constitution ; and, lastly, that it was only when the civil power became too weak to protect the subject, and when the lenity of government rendered the con{pirators more bold, that his majesty's ministers, in the discharge of an imperious duty, had recourse, in the year 1797, to military authority, to protect those laws which, at different periods, and in various inftances, had been fo daringly violated, both before and during the year 1796.

How far a traitorous system of disaffection could prevail to a great extent, without being founded on some grievances, either aring from the conduct of an existing government, or from imperfections and abuses in the constitution of the country, we fhall not at present endeavour to decide ; but fhall only remark, that the reports of the Irish parliament corro v ate the author's statements, A second Letter to the Earl of Moira on the commercial Situation of Ireland. By the Author of a Letter to his Lordskip in Defence of the Conduct of his Majesty's Ministers and of the Army in Ireland. 8vo. 15. 6d. Bello 1798.

Having replied to the earl's statement of the political affairs of Ireland, the author wields his pen a fecond time to disprove what his lordship had advanced on the commercial concerns of that country. Lord Moira had asserted that “individuals die of want from the general wretchedness to which they are reduced; that manufactures are suspended in parts of the country where formerly they flourished most; that the industry of the people is in consequence destroyed ; that the merchants of England are extending their trade at the expense of the fifter kingdom; and that the trade of Ireland is now so contracted, that in many places the public revenue has almost totally disappeared;' as an instance of which last point, he had' stated, that the customs of Belfast, which have usually produced about 150,000l. would not now amount to one fifteenth part of that fum.

The answers to these statements are mostly of a general nature, and some are obviously fallacious; but, with regard to the customs of Belfast, the author appears to have obtained authentic documents, which prove that the diminution is considerably less than the eart stated. Report from the Committee of Secrecy, of the House of Commons in

Ireland, as reported by the Right Hon. Lord Viscount Caftlereagh,
Aug. 21, 1798. 8vo. 45. Debrett. ,
A sketch of this report was given in the Appendix to our lat

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volume : it is therefore unnecessary to give any account of it on this occasion. The report from the committee of the upper

house has been published in the same form, Democratic Principles illustrated. Part the Second Containing an

inftru&tive Esay, tracing all the Horrors of 'ihe French Revolution to their real Causes ; the licentious Politics, and infidel Philofouky of the present Age. By Peter Porcupine. 12.00. 4d. Wright. 1798.

The cruelties which have been committed in France are confidered by this author as an illustration of democratic principles, and are depicted in this and the former part (lee our latt volume, p. 217) with a coarseness of colouring peculiar to Peter Porcupine. In this clay, however, he has ventured considerably beyond his depth, in endeavouring to account for that great change in the character of the French people which induced them to perpetrate or tolerate such barbarities. • That the French were an amiable people, the whole civilised world (he says) has given abundant testimony, by endeavouring to imitate them. The imitation of the ctvilised world is, we apprehend, no proof that what they imitate is amiable. The imitation of French manners has been, for a century past, a constant reproach on the good sense of the Engo lish, and deservedly ; for what did we imitate but their follies and licentiousness ? But Peter Porcupine was intent upon a change alleged to be produced by democracy; and he proceeds to another assertion equally well founded. • The prominent feature of their national character was, it is true, levity; but though levity and ferociousness may, and often do, meet in the same person, no writer that I recollect, had ever accused the French of being cruel." It unfortunately happens that almost all English writers who describe the manners of the French under the old government, accufe them of cruelty, particularly in their executions, which it was cuftomary for persons of the first rank and fashion, and even of the softer sex, to behold not only with calmness but with insult. Voltaire, it is generally known, resolved their character into a composition of the monkey and the tiger. All this was the effect of longcontinued despotism, which brutalises the human mind; but this is a subject which we shall not pursue in answer to a writer so weak and infatuated as Peter Porcupine. Copies of Original Letters recently written by Perfons in Paris to

Dr. Priestley in America. Taken on Board of a Neutral Veffel. 8vo. Is. Wright. 1798.

We have here three letters addressed to Dr. Priestley-one of considerable length figned J. H. Stone, and two short ones without fignatures. The first is written in the genuine cant of modern French politics. Whether such a correspondence may be agreeable to Dr. Priestley, we do not know; but it is certain that the opie nions disclosed in this letter are not very honourable to the writer,

He vindicates projects of revolutionary injustice as a Robespierre, a Carrier, or a Hebert, would have done. After mentioning the events of the 4th of September, 1797, he adds;

These events are, no doubt, very diftreffing ; but unfortunately we are so placed as to be obliged to commit one evil to avoid an accumulation :

: no one pretends that either those men, at least the immense majority of them, who have been sent from time to time to Cayenne, or the Dutch deputies now under arrest, are enemies either to liberty or their respective republics; no one of common sense entertains this opinion : knowing many of this conquered party intimately, I can aver, that they have left none behind more pure in manners, or more decided in favour of republican liberty. But unfortunately, those of France suffered their personal passions to interfere with their political duties ; and they lent unwittingly their aid to those who wished to cruth the republic, while their only aim was to crush the men in power, whom they considered as usurpers, and whom they hated. The men in power were too well versed in revolutions not to amalgamate their own personal enemies, with those of the state; and hence arifes the expedition to Cayenne.'

P. 21.

What more could Carrier have said in vindication of his noyades: and fufillades? An Address to the Yeomanry of Great Britain, on the Subject of In

vasion. By a Seaman. Svo. Cadell and Davies. 1798.

This address breathes a spirit of loyalty and love for the country, which the author wishes to diffuse among the armed yeomanry, by arguments and observations adapted to the critical predicament in which we now stand,

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MEDICINE, &c.
A Medical Glossary; in which the Words in the various Branches of

Medicine are deduced from their original Languages ; properly ac-
cented and explained. By W. Turton, M. D. 40. 11. 105.
Boards. Johnson. 1797.

It has been Dr. Turton's chief aim to collect from various sources those terms which are used in the different departments of medicine, to deduce them from their roots, and give just and clear definitions of them. This task he has performed with credit to himself and utility to the profeflion. He has thought proper to omit the technical jargon of Paracelfus and his followers; but most of the compound words employed by the physicians of the Greek school, which are to be found in the writings of succeeding ages, are preserved in this gloffary.

An extract will best show the nature of the work, and the mans ner in which it has been compiled.

Jacynthus (laxuv@os, from 1787 178iacutha, Arab.) The ja

cynth, a precious stone of a purple colour. The hyancinth or harebell may probably be named 'from its likeness in colour to a jacynth. See Hyacynthus.

lamblichus (iubaixos, from lamblichus the inventor). Applied to a preparation of fal ammoniac and some aromatic ingredients.

- Iatraleiptes (ιατραλειπτης, from ιατρος a phyfician, and αλειφω to anoint). A physician who cures diseases by ointments and frictions.

latrelma (latpeupa, from latpeuw to heai). Medication. The healing of disorders.

'latreufs (largeuris). The fame.

- Iatrochy micus (ιατρoχυμικος, from ιατρος a physician, and χυμια chemistry). A physician who cures diseases by chemical preparations only.

'latropha (latpopa, from taouai to heal, and peow to nourish). The Barbadoes nut, so called because it is healing and nourishing.

* l'atros (lampos, from iconal to heal). A physician.

Ibérica (from Iberia, the place where it flourishes). A small herb called wild cress.

Ibéris (@npus). The same.

· I'bex (ins, from 16vw to vociferate). The mountain goat, fo named from its noisy cry.

I'biga. See Abiga.

"l'bis (0615 or Cus, from uw to cry out). A kind of stork, named from its noisy cry.

' Ibiscus (1616Xos, from 1615 the stork, who is said to chew it and inject it as a clyfter). The marsh mallow.

Ibixuma (ilivua, from Glonos the mallow, and atos glue). The herb soap-wort; named from its having a glutinous leaf like the mallow,

Ichneumon (sXvɛvuwv, from 1Xveuw to seek out). An Indian rat, so called because it is said to seek out the crocodile and destroy it w bile alieep.

I'chnos (1xvos, from 1X veuw to go). The part of the foot on which we tread.

'I'chor (from 1Xwp). A thin acrid fluid which distils from wounds.

Ichoroides (sXaposldns, from txwp ichor, and gidos a likeness). Ichorous; resembling ichor.

Ichthya (vxova a fila-hook, from 1X Aus a fish). An instrument like a fish-hook for extracting the fætus. It also means a fishscale, or the scale or rasping of any metal or wood.

Ichthyela'um (vxOveraly, from 1xBus a fish, and exatov oil), Fishoil.

* Ichthyéma (vxornua, from 1x Ova the scale of a fish). A scale or rasping from any metal or wood, resembling the scale of a fish. Ichthyites (vxduitns

, from 1xBus a fish). A stone in which is a cavily resembling in thape a fish.

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