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We are sorry to differ from fo respectable a writer as Mr.' Bryant, but we cannot admit either his premises or his deductions from them. We find nothing in the writings of Philo, respecting the second person of the Holy Trinity, that might not be derived from the Old Testament, the language of his favourite philosopher Plato, the books of the rabbis, and the traditions of the elders. Besides, it does not appear that Philo has promulgated, or even hinted at, the peculiar doctrines of Christianity, with respect to its Divine Author; which are, that 6 the Word should be made flesh"_" that he should fuffer in the flesh, and be crucified for the sins of men.”

All, therefore, that can be fairly deduced from the pages of Philo on the present subject, is, that his opinions and language betray a mixture of Platonism and Judaism. He mangled and distorted the fimplicity of the Old Testament, that he might indulge in the mystical reveries and fanciful allegories of Plato; and he fometimes dignified, but more frequently confused, the tenets of the philofopher, by blending them with the doctrines of divine truth.

We give the author credit for considerable learning and diligence, and applaud his endeavours for counteracting the dangerous poison of Socinianismı and infidelity. But his performance is prolix and tedious, and the substance of it might eafily have been condensed into one-third of its present bulk.

Reports of the late Mr. John Smeaton, F. R. S. made on va.

rious Occasions in the Course of his Employment of an En: gineer. Vol. I. 4to. 185. Boards. Faden. 1797.

This is a very important work; and it is presented to the public by one of the most useful but least known focieties in this kingdom ---- the fociety of civil engineers.

Civil-Engineers are a self created set of men, whose profeffion owes its origin, not to power or influence; but, to the best of all protection, the encouragement of a great and powerful nation; -a nation become so, from the industry and steadiness of its manufacturing workinen, and their superior knowledge in practical chemis. try, mechanics, natural philofophy, and other useful accomplish

ments.

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The fociety owes its origin to Mr. Smeaton, though its present form was not settled till after his death. The first meeting was holden on the 15th of April, 1793, on which day

• The constitution was agreed on, and afterwards acceded to by

P. viii.

áll; That there should be three classes in the society: the first class, as ordinary members, to consist of real engineers, actually employed as such, in public or in private service. The second class, as honorary members, to consist of men of science and gentlemen of rank and fortune, who had applied their minds to fubjefts of civil-engineering, and who might, for talents and knowledge, have been real engineers, if it had not been their good fortune to have it in their power to employ others in this profession; and also of those, who are employed in other public service, where such and similar kinds of knowledge is necessary.- And, the third class, as honorary members, also to consist of various artists, whose professions and employments, are necessary and useful to, as well as connected with, civil engineering.'

Thus an union is formed between persons capable, by their talents or fortune; of promoting the great ends of the institution; and, while their first clafs shall continue to be as well filled as it is at present, or till they admit into it members whose place ought to be in one of the two other classes, we have no doubt that the society will gradually rise both in consequence and utility.

The reports are preceded by a short account of the life and ! writings of Mr. Smeaton ; and a remarkable anecdote is recorded, which we select for the honour of Mr. Sineaton, and as a just leffon to the rich or noble, who with to maintain a friendly intercourse with men of science or of letters.

• Early in life he attracted the notice of the late duke and duchess of Queensbury, from a strong resemblance to their favourite Gay, the poet. ' The commencement of this acquaintance was fingular, but the continuance of their esteem and partiality lasted through life. Their first meeting was at Ranelagh, where, walking with Mrs. Smeaton, he observed an elderly lady and gentleman fix an evident and marked attention on him. After some turns they at last stopped him, and the duchess (of eccentric memory) said, “ Sir, I don't know who you are, or what you are, but so strongly do you refemble my poor dear Gay, we must be acquainted; you fhail

go home and sup with us; and if the minds of the two men accord, as do the countenance, you will find two cheerful old folks, who can love you well ; and I think, (or you are an hypocrite, you can as well deserve it."

The invitation was accepted, and as long as the duke and duchess livéd, the friendship was as cordial as uninterrupted; indeed, their society had so much of the play which genuine wit and goodness know how to combine, it proved to be, among the most agreeable relaxations of his life. A sort of amicable and pleasant hostility was renewed, whenever they met, of talent and good humour; in the course of which, he effected the

P. xxviii.

abolition of that inconsiderate indiscriminate play, amongst people of superior rank or fortune, which compels every one to join, and "at their own stake too.—My father detested cards, and, his attention never following the game, played like a boy. The game was Pope Joan, the general run of it was high, and the stake in “ Pope” had accidentally accumulated to a fum more than serious.

It was my father's turn by the deal, to double it, when, regardless of his cards, he busily made minutes on a scrap of paper, and put it on the board. The duchess eagerly asked him what it was? and he as coolly replied ; “ Your grace will recollect the field in which my house stands may be about 5 acres, 3 roods, and 7 perches, which, at thirty years purchase, will be just my stake, and if your grace will make a duke of me, I presume the winner will not dislike my mortgage.”—The joke and the lesson had alike their weight; they never after played but for the merest trifle.

The reports consist of a variety of questions to, and answers from, Mr. Smeaton, on the subjects of canals, mills, dams, locks, harbours, light-houses, fire-engines, &c. To the engineer the answers of fo eminent a man to such a variety of queries are highly valuable; and there is hardly a point in his profeffion, concerning which he may not from this work derive useful information. We wish, however, that the committee, which arranged and published these reports, had gone one step farther, and had pointed out the general effect of the works performed according to the opinion of the reporter -how far they succeeded -- and, if in some cafes they did not entirely answer the expectations of the projector, to what circumstances the ill success might be attributed. This hint, we are confident, will not be lost; and, if the time of the committee should be too much occupied to allow the performance of this task by its members, they will doubtless be able to put it into the hands of the candidates for admiffion into their first class, whose proficiency in science may be estimated by their comments on the works of their

great
master. We

We may add, that, without such comments, some of these reports may be prejudicial ; for the authority of the writer may weigh with the engineer, and he will pursue the steps of his master, where experience migh have pointed out to him a better path. But we ought rather to be thankful for what has been done, than be disposed to regret the omiffion of what might have been done ; and, under a full sense of our obligation to the society of civil engineers, we wish then success in their future labours.

MONTHLY CATALOGUE.

P O L I T I CS.

O'Connor's Letters to Earl Camden. As published in the Courier of

Monday, Jan. 29, 1798. 1210. 6d. Johnson. THESE letters relate to the apprehension of Mr. Roger O'Connor in the summer of last year, on an information taken by his own brother Mr. Robert Longfield O'Connor. The circum stances are given irr the indignant style that may be expected. Such conduct on the part of a brother will, we trust, meet with few advocates; but, as subsequent events have made some alteration in the complexion of the case, we may dismiss it without farther non tice, Some Observations on a late Address to the Citizens of Dublin ;

with Thoughts on the present Crisis. By Charles Francis Sheridan, Esq. To which is (are] added, Vindicator's Remarks or Sarsfield's Letters, which appeared in the Dublin Evening Pof. Svo. Is. 6d. Debrett.

1797. These observations are intended as an answer to Mr. Grattan's address to his constituents *; and, although we cannot join the author in all his positions, we allow that he is an able vindicator of the measures of government in Ireland. Ini temper and eloquence he has the advantage both of Mr. Grattan and of the writer whose fignature was Sarsfield. It is evident, however, that the politics of Ireland essentially differ from those of Great-Britain, and that, whether the late convulsions are to be attributed to oppression on the part of the court, or delusion on the part of the people, some change of system will be necessary to restore the confidence of the latter. Mr. Sheridan reasons well on abstract points, on forms, and ancient laws; but, from whatever cause new modes of thinking have arisen, a wise government will see its interest in attending to tbem. Deluded as the peasantry of Ireland may have been, who will say that their situation does not render them more liable to delusion than those of Great-Britain--that it is not more wretched, more helpless ? The Causes of the Rebellion in Ireland disclosed, in an Address to

the People of England. In which it is proved by incontrovertible Faits, that the System for some Years pursued in that Country, has driven it into its present dreadful Situation. By an Irish Emigrant. 8vo. Is. 62. Jordan. 1798. There appear to be only two opinions concerning the rebellion

See our XXIII Vol. New Arr.p. 337.

41

in Ireland-one is, that it was caused by the propagation of French
principles--the other, that it originated in a series of ministerial
opprellions. In the former case, the people are said to be in rebel-
lion against the government: in the latter, the government is said
to be in rebellion against the people. The present writer is one of
those who attribute the commotions to the measures of the court ;
and he endeavours to prove his assertions by incontrovertible facts,
allowing, however, that it is peculiarly difficult at the present mc-
ment to be the advocate of the people of Ireland, because there
are among them, men who have taken the power of redress into
their own hands, and committed acts of outrage and rebellion which
no sufferings could justify, and which can only tend to aggravate
ten-fold the other calamities of their country. After this fair con-
cession, he reviews the history of the Irish government for some
years past. He states, as one ground of discontent, the fimple re-
peal of the act of the sixth year of Geo. III, which was supposed not
to amount to an explicit renunciation of the principle of that fta-
tute. The people were taught to be ditatisfied with this partial
acknowledgement by Messrs. Flood and Burgh, and other distin-
guished persons. This was their first crime in the eyes of the mi-
nistry ; the second with which they are charged, is their zeal for
parliamentary reform. Of the efforts made for procuring that re-
form, the author gives a detailed account, and closes it with the
treatment of the catholics in 1795, the convention bill, and
other measures adopted upon a presumption that treasonable con-
spiracies were in agitation-measures which, in the opinion of this au-
thor, produced those clandestine meetings, since known by the name
of the United Irishmen, and put the Irish people and the Irish ad-
ministration fairly at issue. Such are the facts advanced to prove
that the adminiftration has been to blame : how far they are 'incon-
trovertible is not for us to determine.
An interesting Letter from Earl Moira, to Colonel M Mahon, on a

Change of his Majesty's Ministers; with Mr. Fox's Letter to the
Colonel. Svo. 6d. Jordan. 1798.

This letter, not improperly termed interesting, relates to the scheme formed by some of the members of the house of commons, in the last year, for a new ministry, from which our present rulers were to be excepted, and the most obnoxious men of the opposition: among the latter Mr. Fox was 'ranked. They wished to have lord Moira for their leader; and the sentiments of that nobleman on the subject prove his high sense of honour and propriety. Who the members are that were convinced of the incapacity of the present ministers, and yet continue to support them, we know not; but it is obvious that their notions of independence are confused, and that their feelings for the good of the nation are not very acute. Mr. Fox's letter is merely a note to colonel M.Mahong thanking him for the communication of lord Moira's letter, and approving the earl's honourable and judicious conduct.'

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