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perhaps, easy to explain: the men looking out at the mali. head called 'down to us, that they felt burning vapours fimilar to those of the mouth of an oven, which paffed like puffs of wind, and occurred every half- minute. All the officers went to the mast-head, and experienced the faine heats. The temperature was at this time 14° upon deck; we sent up a thermometer to the topimaft-cross-trees, and it rose to 200 ; nevertheleís the puits of heat passed away very rapidly, and at intervals the temperature of the air did not differ from that of the level of the fea.'

In passing near the Japanese coafts, our navigator made as accurate obfervations as foggy weather would allow. After a furvey of Jootsi-fima, a small but populous island, he croiled over to the Asiatic continent. While he was failing near Tartary, he witnessed a striking illufion: we will quote his account of it; and many of our readers will probably recollect a similar one, which was lately observed on our own coasts." ""? At four o'clock in the afternoon the thickest fog was fuceceded by the finest fky; we discovered the continent, which extended from west by fouth to north by eaft, and a little afterwards, in the south, an extensive land, which feemed to join Tartary on the west, not leaving between it and the continent an opening of 15o. We distinguished inountains, ravines, and at length every particular object on ihore, without being able to conceive how we had entered into this 'strait, which, we concluded, could be no other than that of Teffoy. In this situation, I thought it necessary to steer to the south-ealt; but these mountains and ravines very soon disappeared. The most extraordinary fogbauk I had ever feen had occasioned our error; we faw it disipated; its forms, its tints were carried away and loft in the region of clouds, and we had ftill day enough left to take off from our minds every degree of uncertainty, as to the non-existence of this fantastical land. I stood on during the whole night over the space of sea which it had appeared to occupy, and at day-break there was nothing before our eyes.'

In his progress along the coast of Tartary, la Pérouse met with a bay, which he named the Bay of Ternai, about 45° 13' north latitude.

Five small creeks, similar to the sides of a regular polygon, form the outline of this roadstead; these are separated from each other by hills, which are covered to the summit. with trees. Never did France, in the freshest spring, offer gradations of colour of fo varied and strong a green; and

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though, we had not seen, since we began to run along the coast, either a single fire or canoe, we could not imagine that a country which is so near to China, and apparently to fertile, should be entirely uninhabited. Before our boats had reached the land, our glafies were turned towards the shore; but we saw only bears and stags, which palled very quietly along. Every one's impatience to land was increased by this fight; arms were gotten ready with as much activity as if we were about to defend ourselves against an enemy; and, amidst these dispositions, the failors, who were employed in fishing, had, with their lines, already caught ten or twelve cod-lih. The inhabitants of cities can with difficulty form a conception of the sensations experienced by failors, on the prospect of a plentiful fishery; fresh provision is the want of all men, and even that which is lealt savoury is far more wholesome than the best preserved falt meat. I gave instant orders to lock up the falc provision, and to take care of it for less fortunate periods. I caused casks to be prepared, in order to be filled with freh and limpid water, a rivulet of which flowed into every creek. I fent into the meadows to search for potherbs; and an immense quantity of small onions, forrel, and celery, were found. The plants which grow in our climates carpeted the whole loil, but they were stronger and of a deeper green; the greater part were in flower. Roses, red and yellow lilies, lilies of the valley, and all our meadow Aowers in general, were met with at every step. Pine trees covered the tops of the mountains ; oaks began only half way down, and diminished in strength and fize, in proportion as they came nearer the fea; the banks of the rivers and rivulets were bordered with willow, birch, and maple trees, and on the skirts of the forests we saw apple and med!ar trees in flower, with clumps of hazel-ziut trees, the fruit of which already made its appearance.'

Approaching the opposite fore, which our navigators fupposed might be the Isle of. Jerlo, they found that of Tchoka, or Segalien, which almost meets the continent, about latitude 52°. Here they landed, and found a race of inhabitants poor, but in some degree civilised, and a country resembling in general the Tartarian coast. The inhabitants seemed intelligent. They could distinguish objects of utility from thofe of curiosity and Mew; and they practired fome of the necessary arts. Little trade can be carried on with them, for they have scarcely any commodities to offer in exchange.

Returning to the southward, the French stopped in the bay of Castries, on the coast of Tartary. The inhabitants appeared to unite the uncleanliness, ignorance, and super

Hition of the Laplanders and Kamtschadals.' Their governa ment is said to be patriarchal. Their height seldom reaches five feet, their bodies are lank, their voices weak, their cheek-bones high, their eyes small, and diagonally placed; they have a dat nofe, wide mouth, beardless chin, and olive complexion. They cultivate no plants, but trust to the spontaneous productions of nature; and, for their winter's store, dry the bulbous roots' of the yellow lily: Some of the islands of this bay are volcanic.

From this bay, la Pérou se steered to the south-east, and at last doubled the southern point of Segalien, thus eftablishing the existence and fituation of this island, called Oku Jefio, distinct from that of Chicha, or lower Jesso. is The point above-mentioned, to which I gave the name of Cape Crillon, is situate in 45° 57' north latitude, and 140° 34' east longitude; it terminates this island, which from north to south is one of the most extensive in the whole world, separated from Tartary by a channel, ending to the northward in sand-banks, between which there is no paslage for ships, but where in all probability there remains fome inlet for canoes, between the numerous beds of sea-weed which obstruct the strait. This fame island is Oku-Jeffo. Chicha Ifand, which was abreast of us, divided by a channel of twelve leagues from that of Segalien, and from Japán by the strait of Sangaar, is the Jeffo of the Japanese, and extends to the south as far as the strait of Sangaar. The chain of the Kurile Isands is considerably more to the eastward; and, with Jeffo and Oku-Jeffo, they form a second sea, which communicates with that of Ochotík, and from which there is no penetrating to the coast of Tartary, but by the strait which we had just discovered in 45° 40', or that of Sangaar, after having failed out between the Kuriles. This point of geography, the most important of all those left by modern navigators to be resolved by their fucceffors, coft us much fatigue, and many precautions were necessary, because the fogs rendered this navigation extremely difficult.'

The run to Kamschatka furnifes no novelty; and to the account of that country we may apply a similar observa tion. A spirited sketch is given of the isles of the Naviga. tors, which were more accurately examined by la Péroule, than they had been by Bougainville, the original discoverer. From a few passages, the reader may judge of the beauty of these islands,

? I visited a charming village (in the island of Maouna,) situated in the midst of a wood, or rather of an orchard, all the trees of which were laden with fruit. The houses

were placed upon the circumference of a circle, of about a hundred and fifty toises in diameter, the interior forming a vaft open space, covered with the most beautiful verdure, and shaded by trees, which kept the air delightfully cool. Women, children, and old men accompanied me, and ina vited me into their houses. They spread the finest and freshest mats upon a floor formed of little chosen pebbles, and raised about two feet above the ground, in order to guard against the humidity. I went into the handsomest of these huts, which probably belonged to a chief;,and great was my surprise, to see a large cabinet of lattice-work, as well executed as any of those in the environs of Paris.'

This charming country combines the advantages of ą. soil fruitful without culture, and of a climate which renders clothing unnecessary. The trees that produce the breada fruit, the cocoa-nut, the banana, the guava, and the orange, hold out to these fortunate people an abundance of wholefome food; while the fowls, hogs, and dogs, which live upon the surplus of these fruits, afford them an agreeable variety of viands. They were fu rich, and had fo few wants, that they disdained our inítruments of iron and our cloth, and alked only for beads. Abounding in real bles. fings, they were desirous of obtaining superfluities alone.

These islands are exceedingly fertile, and I thould suppose, that their population is very considerable. The eaitern ones, Opoun, Leoné, and Fanfoué, are small, especially the two last, which are about five miles in circum-: 1 ference; but Maouna, Oyolava, and Pola, may be numbered among the largest and most beautiful islands of the South Sea. The accounts of the different navigators present no picture to the imagination at all comparable to the beauty and immense extent of the village which we saw on the north coast of Oyolava.'

A great misfortune befel the voyagers in Maouna. The {avages, unprovoked, attacked a small party; and M. de Langle, captain of the Astrolabe, fell on the occasion, with his scientific friend Lamanon, and ten other individuals.

Early in the year 1788, la Péroule arrived on the coast of New Holland; but, foon after his departure from Botany. bay, he probably met with that fate to which navigators are constantly expofed.

Of the plates which accompany this work, fome notice must be taken. A print of la Pérouse is prefixed. The principal groupe in the vignette of the title, seemingly represents the Genius of America, attended by her western inhabitants, dictating to Historý the course of the voyagers. A map of the world, on Mercator's projection, follows; but, as its date is 1788, many of the later discoveries cannot

have a place in it. This, and the other maps and charts, are executed with elegance and accuracy.

The delincation of the island of St. Catharine is bold, rather than elegant. A chart of the South Sea, a plan of the Bay of Conception, and a representation of the dresses of the inhabitants of Conception, follow.

The 6th, 7th, 8th, and gth plates represent the liane of Chili. The term is applied to every climbing or voluble plant; but this is a new genus of the diæcia hexandria of Linnæus.

Easter Inland and Cook's Bay, with the monuments, &c. are the subjects of the roth, uth, and 12th plates. Charts of the Sandwich Islands are afterwards given.

The great object of the voyage being the examination of the western coast of América, the charts relative to that part are numerous ; but we need not particularise them.

A chart of the isle of Necker, and the bank of the French frigates (a fhoal in the Pacific, perhaps the elements of a new island); a general chart of the discoveries in the seas of India and Japan ; views of Macao and Cavite, a plate descriptive of the dresses of the inhabitants of Manilla, plans of the bays of Ternai and Castries, views of the barks and canoes of various countries, and many other representations, illustrate and embellish the work. These volumes, upon the whole, do credit to the new republic; and the work claims a distinguished rank among the publications of sciences

C. H. Persoonii Commentatio de Fungis Clavaformibus, fiftens,

Specierum, huc usque notarum, Descriptiones, cum Differentiis specificis, necnon Au&torum Synonymis. Accedunt Tabu

le IV colore fucate. Lipsiz. 1797. An Efey on the Clul-formed Mushrooms, stating the Differ

ences of all the known Species, and particularising the Synonyms ; accompanied with four coloured Engravings.

8vo. Imported by Efcher. THE essay now re-published deserves great commendation; but it is necefiary to explain its object more par-ticularly.

The clavariæ are the long, round, or branched mushrooms. They seem to have been noticed by the early botanists, by whom they were called digitelli, barba caprina, &c. By subsequent writers they were denominated clavariæ; and, under this appellation, Linnæus, who formed the genera of his cryptogamia from external habit, included them in one genus. But, when the fructification of

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