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he early imbibes a prejudice in favour of the common notion; and he cannot without great difficulty be brought to believe, that the translators of the Greek text have led him into an error, and that the word alwvios, which they have translated everlasting, has not that extensive import. On this point, with which our author begins, we with that he had dwelt longer, as the great hinge of the question turns on the meaning of the word. The other arguments, however, in support of final salvation, are brought forward in such a manner as to reflect great credit on his reading and judgement, and to merit the attention of those who are not loft in the prejudice of their Sect or party, and who wish to see, in a short compass, the principal points that can be urged in favour of a benevolent, if an erroneous, position. That the scriptures do not maintain the eternity of torment to any individual, is our firm opinion: that the ruler of the world will do right, no one can hesitate to assert: buit in what manner the virtuous Mall be separated from the wicked on the day of the resurrection, will remain to that moment involved in awful obscurity, The Tochin; or an Appeal to Good Senfe. By the Rev. L. Dutens,

Hiftoriographer to his Majesty, Rector of Elfdon in Northumberland, and F. R. S. Transated from the French, by the Rev.

Thomas Falconer. 8vo. Is, 6d. Cadell and Davies. 1798. This work was first published at Rome in 1769. The purpose of the writer was to warn the public of the atheistical conspiracy which was then in agitation. It is now reprinted in the hope that it may aid the cause of Christianity against the efforts of that philofophy which is hostile to revealed religion. It comprehends the usual arguments in favour of Christianity, enforced by a contrast of its beneficial effects with the gloomy tendencies of Deisin and Materialism. An Appeal to the Nation, on the Subject of Mr. Gilbert Wakefield's

Letter to William Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. To which are subjoined
Four Sermons, on important Subje&is, connected with the Appeal.
By the Rev. George Hutton, B. D. &c. 8vo. 35. Cadell and
Davies. 1798.

This appeal is written with a good intention ; but the nation will "not have the patience to read it. We used our utmost exertions to get through it. We found paragraphs of several pages in length, periods of a page, the matter also as heavy as the manner! The nation, perhaps, would sooner give up its right of determining on the merits of Mr. Wilberforce and his antagonist, than listen to this accusation of the one and defence of the other. The fermons are on subjects of great importacce; but they labour under the pressure of the author's style. So ftrong a soporifiç has not for a long time fallen into our hands.

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A Sermon preached at the Visitation, held in Grantham, May 14,

1798; and dedicated, with due Repelt, to the Rev. John Pren, tyman, D. D. Archaeacon, and to the Clergy of the Hundred of Bela tishloe. By Samuel Hopkinson, B. D. late Fellow of Clare-Hall, and Vicar of Morton. 8vo. 15. Newbery. 1798.

From 1 John, iv, 1. this author takes occasion to remind his brethren of the necessity of diftinguithing that which is most proper and most acceptable to God, of all the various modes in which ise has been worshiped. From this he passes to a history of methodism, the merits and defeets of which are candidly stated : then is introduced the old story of the living of Aldwincle; and, in the conclusion, the clergy are exhorted to a more serious and striking mode of performing the funeral service. Mr. Hopkinson's fentiments towards disienters are liberal, and his concern for the prospe. rity of the church is worthy of praise; but his manner of treating the topics of his discourse is rather pinconnected, and his style is coafuled by a mixture of brief quotations from the Bible, Horace, Virgil, Shakspeare, Pope, Junius, Gibbon, Soame Jenyns, and Blair! A Discourse, delivered in the Church of St. John Baptist, Wakefield,

June the 25th, 1799, before the Society of Free and Accepted MaSons of the Lodge of Unanimity. (No. 202) and a numerous 4/Sembly of Visiting Brethren from the Lodges of Leeds, Shefield,

Halifax, and Huddersfield. By Brother the Rev. Richard Munk hous, D. D. Svo. Js. Cawthorn. 1798.

This sermon contains a more pompous panegyric on the virtues of free-masonry than has been usual on such occasions. thor's zeal carries him great, and sometimes whimsical, lengths in elevating the craft above the rest of mankind. Perhaps, indeed, since the appearance of professor Robison's work, it may be ne. cellary to recover lost ground. Noah's ark, we are told, was the firf lodge; and the brethren are invited to that heavenly lodge, where the Almighty himself sits as granıl inafter.Are not fuch allusions too familiar? Would it not have been better, if the preacher had exhorted his hearers (to nse another of his phrases) to tyle their hearts again it every thing that tends to lessen the respect due to the Almighty A Sermon, preached at the Confecration of a Chapel at Cradley by

the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester, on Wednesday the 12th of September, 1798, by the Rev. John. Plumptre, M. A. &c. Svo. 61. Robinsons. 1798.

• We let you here into the secret, how truly to appretiate the things of this world ;--- how to pass with comfort and security through this world; and we conduct you, when this world shall be no more, to a world of happiness and immortality hereafter.' R. 16,

The au.

If the minister had been contented with letting his congregation into the secret, this discourse would, without farther publication, have answered all the good purposes which it is intended to promote. An Extract from the Journal of Mr. John Nelson, Preacher of the

Gospel, &c. Written by Himself, I 2mo. is. Lee and Hurst, 1798.

From the title of this work, our readers may suppose it calcuJated for the followers of John Wesley's itinerant converts. From a mason, Mr. Nelson became a preacher, and afterwards, unwille: ingly, a soldier ; but lady Huntingdon procured his discharge. He appears to be a well-ineaning enthufiait, with some portion of {hrewdness,

MEDICINE.

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A Treatise on the Causes and Cure of Swelled Legs ; on Dropfiese

and on the Modes of Retarding the Decay of the Conflitution in the

Decline of Life ; with the Description of a New-Invented Inftrum ment for drawing off the Water, in Female Dropfies, &c. By William Rowley, M. D. & C. To which is added, a Tract on the ahsolute Necessity of Encouraging the Study of Anatomy, &c. &c, Svo. 25. 6d. Newbery. +796,

The works of Dr. Rowley generally meet with our approbation. We find clearnefs and fimplicity in his views and plans; and, when success does not follow our imitation of them, we are led ra, ther to blame our own want of discrimination or of perseverance, than the author. Perhaps each may be in fault; and the latter, seduced by the fimplicity of his objects and his means, may fome. tintes consider them as more successful than they really are.

The present work contains a valuable account of what relates to the undisputed causes and the most successful remedies of drophies, unencumbered with doubtful theories or unjust prepoffeffions. The alterative part of the plan requires a few words of explanation. Dropfies are known not to be often idiopathic diseases : they are most frequently symptoms of disealed viscera. But, when such primary affections are not evident, they are sometinies to be fu-' spected; and, when no decisive symptoms of such affections aps pear, the obstinacy of the dropfy leads to farther investigation. In these circumitances, our author recommends steel and mercury, seemingly with a view to a diseased liver. The latter we have long fince supposed likely to be serviceable, as a general {timulant, to Tupport the due action of the fanguiferous systein, or even to induce an increased action. The idea was borrowed from the French practitioners, who alternate or join cordials and evacuants; but, with the latter, as with the foriner, our faccess has not hitherto been confiderable.

The concluding tract, on the expediency of encouraging the ftu. dy of anatomy, particularly for the purpose of supplying the army and navy with skilful physicians and surgeons, deserves our praise, A Treatise on Scrophulous Diseases, faerving the Good Effects of

Factitious Airs : Illustrated with Cases and Observations. By Charles Brocun. Svo. 35. 6d. Boards, Glendinning. 1798,

The diseases of which our author treats, as species or forms of scrofula, are the usual tumours denominated scrofulous, phthisis, tabes scrofulofa, ophthalmia tarsi, hydarthus (white swellings), bronchocele, hydrocephalus, lambar abscess, and rachitis. These are all, in his opinion, scrofulous disorders, and may be cured by vital air, though he condescends to join other remedies, particularly mercurial purgatives and blitters.

We were not prejudiced in favour of this young writer from his denying, with little reserve, what general experience has established, that scrofula is an hereditary disease. We are constrained to remark, that an overweening conceit, and an undisguised contempt of men of learning and abilities, pervade his work. With refpect to the difeases in question, we must allow, that, if vital air fails, little time and few advantages will be lost by the delay, as the usual medicines do not often succeed. Mr. Brown, however, ought to reflect that experience has not found vital air useful in phthifis, but with reason prefers its opposite, hydrogen ; and that saline applications and fea-bathing have been really advantageous in scrofula, though they contain or communicate no oxygen.

Though Mr. Brown may now, from youth and contidence, be superior to the dull drudgery of accumulating facts, he, like every young author, will find, that, as he advances in years, he increases in doubt, and that the real effect of learning and experience is to suggest timid hesitation and apprehensive diffidence. Medical Discipline ; of, Rules and Regulations for the most Effec

tual Preservation of Health on Board the Honourable East India Company's Ships. In a Letter addrelled to the Hon. the Court of Directors, and published with their Approbation. By Alexander Stewart,

25. 6d.. Johnson. 1798. We are pleased with this little work; and, with a few exceptions, : we recommend its regulations to the attention of the court of directors. The exceptions are not important, and need not be particularly noticed, as they scarcely dimninin the value of the whole.

Β Ο Τ Α Ν Υ.
Observations on the Structure and Economy of Plants: to which is

added, an Analogy between the Animal and Vegetable Kingdom.
By Robert Hooper, M. D. F. L. M. S. and Fellow of the Linnean
Society. 8vo. 35. 6d. Boards. Rivingtons. 1798.
The extensive knowledge of the vegetable kingdom, the judicious

I 2190.

12 mo.

selection of instances, and the perfpicuous abstract of the principal fa&ts, displayed in this volume, demand our warm approbation. We have a correct view not only of the vegetable economy, but of its parallel or contrast with the animal; and the reader will here find the substance of many volumes. We do not enlarge on the obfervations, because they pretend not to novelty: we strongly recominend them, because they are judicious and instructive. Synopsis Plantar um Infulis Britannicis indigenarum, comple&tenf'

Characteres genericos et specificos secundum Systema sexuale difri

butos, curanto J. Symons, A. B, Societ, Lin. Socio. A Synophis of British Plants, including the generic and specific Cha

racters, distributed according to the sexual System ; edited by 7. Symons.

55.

Boards. White. 1798. This is an improved edition of Broughton's Enchiridion. The catalogue is that of the third edition of Withering, with a few additions of plants since discovered. The effential characters are taken from the 13th edition of the System of Nature, the 14th of thc Syftem of Vegetables, and the second of the Species Plantaruin.

The cryptogamniæ are defective : we find only the ferns, and fome miscellaneous genera, chiefly flags. This synopsis, however, may be recommended to our botanical readers as worthy of their attention.

EDUCATION. Analysis of Education : and Plan of a Seminary for Young Ladies :

with the Form of Morning and Evening Prayers used at Sutton Houfe. ' By Mifs Jones. 4to. 15. Longman. 1798.

Every circumstance of moment, relative to female education, is mentioned in this analyfis. There is little, if any, novelty in the performance, though many of the remarks are not injudicious. The prayers, we think, are not well compiled or selected. The Infant's Friend. Part I. A Spelling Book. -- Part II. Read ing Lefons. By Mrs. Lovechild.

15. 8d. Newbery. 1797.

It is sufficient to say of these little volunies, that they are well calculated for early instruction. Parfing Lessons for Young Children : resolved into their Elements, for the Alistance of Parents and Teachers. By Mrs. Lovechild, 12mo. Newbery, 1798.

Parling Lessons for Elder Pupils. These productions will be found particularly useful to those pas rents wb

are not conversant in the principles of granımar, and their utility will also be felt in diminishing the trouble of others who undertake the task of teaching children.

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