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in our opinion, never without justice. The present is a burlesque parody on the whole work, the monk being here a methodist preacher, and his first temptation a leg of pork, &c. There is considerable humour in some parts, and particularly in the poetical imitations; but the undertaking, upon the whole, was too great for the author's stock of wit. Vulgarity and indecency are frequently observable; and the description of the new monk's death is disgusting. The author's purpose would have been more successfully answered by a selection of certain passages. The whole of the Monk cannot be injured by ridicule.

MISCELLANEOUS LIST. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of Landaf in June

1798, by R. Watson, D.D. F. R. S. Bishop of Landaff. 8vo. Is. Faulder. 1798.

The zealous episcopal politician who, at the beginning of the year, endeavoured to animate his countrymen' amidit the alarm of threatened invasion, now appears in a character more suited to his station, as the adviser and admonisher of the clergy of his diocese. The present pamphlet, however, is of a similar complexion with the prelate's address to the people in general, though it is oftensibly confined to the ministers of the church. He informs us, that he had no intention of publishing this charge, but that the request of his clergy, and a formal application from the magiftrates of the county of Monmouth, induced him to present it to the world.

He enters upon politics before he treats of religion. He professes himself to be still actuated by those principles on which the Revolution was founded; but declares, that he feels no dislike to any one for thinking differently from him, and that he has no propensity to profelyte others to his sentiments.'

Indeed' (he adds) all prejudices and predilections with respect to particular men, all petty differences of political opinions, ought not, in the present situation of the country, to be fo much as mentioned. For the question is not now, as it has usually been, whether this or that man shall be the minister of the crown ; but whether we shall have a government to be administered: -Not, whether the ministers or their opponents are the wisest and most disinterefted statesmen; but whether both parties are not infinitely wiser, and more disinterested, and fitter to serve the country, than the self-erected committee of England, associated with a French directory --The question is not now, as it was in the rebellions of fifteen and forty-five, whether we shall have a monarch of the house of Brunwick, or of the house of Stuart; but whether we Ihall have any monarch at all :--The question is not "now, as it was in the great rebellion, whether the church of England fhall be governed by presbyters, or by bifhops; but whether we Mall any longer have a church of any kind

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In reference to the contest in which we are engaged with enca mies who will to erect a republic in this country, the questions are nearly such as the bishop has stated : but it seems also to be a question of some moment, whether the administration should continue to be exercised by those who have lorg swayed the cabinet.

The prelate admits, that'some things might be altered for the better, both in church and state ;' and he speaks of a parliamentary reform, as a desirable measure ; but he, at the same time, de. clares his opinion, that no plan of that kind

• Ought to be attempted, or adopted, in the present crisis of the fate of the nation. When the contagion of French principles snall have been corrected by an experience of the mischief attending them ; when the audacity of French ambition shall have been checked by the courage of this country; when peace shall be reftored, and Europe shall be tranquillized; then, perhaps, but certainly not till then, ought the question of reform to be agitated by the legil ture of the kingdom. I say by the legislature of the king dom--for, whenever it shall be discussed, I hope it will be weighéd with impartial and comprehensive wisdom, by those who are capable of discerning its utility or inexpediency, and not decided by clamorous meetings of ill-infornied or ill-designing men.' P. 9.

He proceeds to take notice of the spirit of turbulence and disaffection, of envy and difrespect to superiors, and of hardened impiety, by which certain individuals in many parts of the kingdom' are infiuenced. He advises the. clergy to exercise their pastoral care' in reclaiming such persons, and judiciously exhorts them to use, on such occasions, .gentle language and found argu , ment,' rather than have recourse to ' severity of expoftulation and harthness of rebuke.

In speaking of the rights of men,' of liberty, and equality,'. he argues as if the last expreilion, in the application intended by those who make use of it, referred to an equality of property or condition ; a misconception which we have before had occasion to correct. Of the effects which would follow the success of our enemies in an invasion, he has drawn a picture which, we fear, would be realised. "The nation' (he says)' will be ruined by exorbitant impositions --our naval power will be destroyed, our commerce transferred to France, - our lands will be divided (not amongst those who wickedly covet their neighbours' goods), but amongst French foldiers, who will be every where stationed, as the Roman soldiers were of old, to awe the people, and collect the taxes,—the fower of our youth will be compelled to serve in foreign countries, to promote the wicked projects of French ambition, -Great Britain will be made an appendage to continental despotisin.'

The remainder of the charge contains a reprobation of demon cracy, arguments in favour of the doctrine of the immortality of the soul, and various incidental remaks,

P. 18.

The ne

A Letter to the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, by

William Frend, Candidate for the Lucafian Profefforship. Svo. 6d. White. 1798.

Dr. Milner and Mr. Frend were candidates for the profefforship, vacant by the death of Dr. Waring. Mr. Frend objects to the right of his competitor to be a candidate ; proposes a new mode of claffing equations; and gives fome demonstrations from a work pow in the press, as a specimen of his inathematical abilities. Rejecting entirely the generation of equations, he gives a direct demonstration of the values of the co-efficients of the unknown terms, in some cases of cubic equations. To those who hold the position, that an equation has as many roots as it has dimensions, he proposes the following equation,

99 53

x + 301 x 30.1 and offers one half of the profits of the professorship to the ingenious workman who may discover the ninety-nine roots. gative algebraists, as Mr. Frend calls the advocates for negative and impossible roots, are attacked with some spirit; and, with regard to the doctrine of Auxions, hints are thrown out, from which it appears, that the writer is not entirely satisfied with the decision of the controversy on that subject in the beginning of the century. Mr. King's Apology ; or a Reply to his Calumniators. 8vo. 25,

Wilkins. 1798. The real Calumniator detected : being candid Remarks on Mr. King's

Apology; or, Reply to his Calumniators. 8vo. Is. ód, Downes. 1798.

From these pamphlets it appears that Mr. King was accused of an offence of a very indelicate nature, and that this accusation induced him to write a long apology, in which he says, the subjects treated will be found materially to concern every person who resides in a great metropolis.' The detector attempts to contradict Mr. King's statements; with what truth, it is impossible for us to judge ; and indeed the decision does not lie within our province. The Life and Adventures of Peter Porcupine, with a full and fair

Account of all his authoring Transactions; being a sure and infallible Guide for all enterprising young Men who wish to make a Fortune by writing Pamphlets. By Peter Porcupine himself. 12mo. 15. Wright. 1797.

The authoring transactions of this writer have been sufficiently notorious; and, if they have excited the desire of many persons to know who Peter Porcupine is, such curiosity may be amply gratified in the present pamphlet, where his origin and edu. cation will be found to correspond with the taste and delicacy of his literary productions. Some pages, and those not the least va.. luable, are employed in refuting the charge, that our minifters

had hired the author's pen. Perhaps fewer words might have answered this purpose ; but the admirers of Mr. Pitt will not be displeased at the labour that has been beftowed on rescuing the character of that statesinan and his affociates from so foul an accu. sation A Letter addressed to the Honour able Couft of Lieutenancy on the

present State of the Discipline of the armed Associations of the City of London. By an Officer of the London Militia. 8vo. 6d. Debrett. 1798.

The writer of this letter urges, that the different corps of the city of London should pot only be united under one head, but fhould observe an exact uniformity of discipline. At present scarcely two corps are drilled in the same manner; and this difference our author justly considers as an error that might be fatal, if the various companies should ever be required to act as one body. But such a case is not likely to occur, unless we can suppose an invading enemy to approach the very walls of the city. The utility of these associations, in our opinion, consists in the defence which they may afford against partial riots and commotions. The fubject, however, is worthy of consideration in other lights. Virtue's Friend; consisting of Elays, first published periodically, on

Subjects connected with the Duty and Happiness of Mankind. Vol. 1. 12 mo. 25. Johnson, 3798.

These essays exhibit little vigour of composition, or variety of fancy; yet they may be useful to young persons. A vein of just thinking pervades them :- the duties recommended are illustrated by apt instances; and the whole work tends to impress the mind with proper distinctions between virtue and vice, and to give it a turn for rational' pursuits.

· ANSWER TO A CORRESPONDENT.

A READER condemns Mr. Browne's vindication of a passage in Addison's works (see p. 88 in this volume); but we do not altogether agree with the objector. The same correspondent affirms, that, in our critique on a series of plays, “appears a hostile declaration against metaphor ;' but this is a grots mis-statement; for we objected to metaphorical absurdity, not to the judicious use of me. taphors, which, when introduced with skill, give a pleasing variety to language.

THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

CRITICAL REVIEW.

DE CE M B E R, 1798.

Proceedings of the Asociation for promoting the Discovery of

the interior Parts of Africa, containing an Abstract of Mr. Park's Account of his Travels and Discoveries, abridged from his own Minutes, by Bryan Edwards, Esq.; also geographical Illufirations of Mr. Park's Journey, and of North Africa at large, by Major Rennel. Printed for the Afrociation. 460.*

MR. PARK'S journey to the inland parts of a continent which few Europeans have visited, and his various dangers in a country where fanaticism and cruelty reign uncontrolled, and in which the most malignant passions of the heart are not checked either by humanity or by true religion, have strongly excited the curiosity of the public. This, we dubt not, will be amply gratified in his o v. work, which we impatiently expect. In the present article we must content ourselves with exhia biting the outline of his travels in a geographical view; and, as we have the all tance of to able a guide as major Ren-'. nel, we shall endeavour to extend the knowledge of Africa, from the only part of his illustrations which we can conveniently abridge, viz. the concluding chapter.

This vast country, which, in the time of Rome's fipremacy, was the scene of proconíular magnificence, and might, if Carthage had triumphed, have been the mistress of the world, continued to be, even in the most enlightened periods, the scene of wonders ; and quid novi fert Africa, vas a question as common as at present. The knowledge, which the generality of the Romans acquired of it, was confined to the maritime regions, bordering on the Mediterranean, where magnificent ruins (which have been described by various travellers, particularly Shaw and Bruce) ftill exist: but it was better known by the philosopher's and geo raphers. The Phænicians were

* It does not appear that this work is on sale. CRIT. REV. VOL. XXIV. Dec. 1798. Cc

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