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rent facts related by the evangelists are collected; and those circumstances in the narration, which are incompatible with the idea of forgery, are judiciously pointed out. Exercises of this kind are very
useful to the theological student; and, as the author hints intention of dedicating himself to the miniftry, the specimen here given of his attention to the scriptures cannot fail of recommend. ing him for the service of the church. A Sermon, prenched in the Parish Church of Swindon, at the Vifita
tion, and published at the Request of the Rev. Arthur Coham, A. M. Archdeacon of Wilis. By the Rev. 7. Hare, A. M. &c. 410. 25. Rivingtons, 1797.
This is rather a learned dissertation, than a sermon, on the utility of revealed religion in the promotion of every advantage nected with our present and future happiness. In the illuftration of this point, great use is made of the Roman and Greek histories, as well as the early parts of our ecclesiastical histories; and the author has well establithed, in favour of the superiority of the Christian system, some of those arguments which it is the fashion in our days to impugn. The Universal Restoration ; exhibited in a Series of Extraits, from
Winchester, White, Sieg volk, Dr. Chauncy, Bishop Newton, and Petitpierre : fome of the most remarkable Authors, who have written in Defence of that interesting Subject. 12mo. 25. Boardse Lee and Hurft. . 1798.
This is the most copious and cheap collection that we have feen of the arguments in favour of univertál restoration ; a doctrine which, in spite of its apparent allurements, has yet made a flow progress among the religious of this nation. In North-America, it is said to have been more favourably received. A Sermon, delivered in the Parish Church of Sheffield, to the original
United Lodge of Odd Fellows, on Monday July 9, 1798 (being their second Annual Festival). By George Smith, M. A. &C. 8vo. 6. Matthews. 1798.
The society of Odd Fellows in Sheffield having been fufpected of hostility to the religion and government of the country, their purpose in going to church on this occafion was to convince the world, that they did not associate to encourage anti-christian or antimonarchical principles. There is much good advice in the fermon that was preached before them, though-it was delivered, we think, with an air of suspicion, which, however, the odd fellozus did not take amiss, as they requested that it might be printed.
CHEMICAL AND MEDICAL PHILOSOPHY. Outlines of a Cours of Lectures on Chemistry. By T. Garnett,
M. D. &c. 8vo. 45. Cadell and Davies. 1797. The author's view in publishing this work will appear from a part of the preface,
It was printed
• At the request of his auditors, who wished to have a text book which might contain the most striking fa&ts. This text book was intended to be confined to those who attended his lectures, but it having been suggested by some friends, whose judgment and advice he respects, that such a work might be useful in refreshing the memories of others, he has ventured to make it more public.' P. i.
The laws of chemistry are briefly frated : the different metals, and other substances, are described at greater length; and a variety of useful information is given, A Lecture on the Preservation of Health. By T. Garnett, M. D.
Esc. Svo, Cadell and Davies. 1797, In late years, medical writings have afiumed a more popular dress, and the principles of the science have been exhibited in more easy and attractive points of view. However this may be condemned by some, as a dangerous innovation, we cannot but rejoice that knowledge is diffufing itself generally among the different classes of society. In matters of science, indeed, some flight inconveniences may arise from such general information ; but we are confident that they will be considerably overbalanced by the proportion of good that must ultimately be produced. The lecture now before us has much of this caft, and is chiefly intended for the use of the public. It contains little new matter ; but what is given is well introduced. It is placed in such a light as must render the subject more clear and intelligible to the ordinary capacity, than it has hitherto been.
Dr. Garnett begins his lecture by showing the laws which govern life; and he thence proceeds to those which regulate the action of external powers on living bodies. He infers, that there are three statęs in which bodies exist :
First, a state of accumulated excitability. ? Second, a state of exhausted excitability.
• Third, when it is in such a state as to produce the strongest and most healthy actions, when acted upon by the external powers.' P. • 30.
Life therefore depends upon the constant action of external powers on the excitability; and good health, in a great degree, depends on the due operation of these powers.
The effects of air are well explained : on colds, and the means of preventing them, the reader will find judicious observations: on food, liquors, and exercise, many considerations of importance are enforced; and the essay may be very usefully perused by those who think the preservation of health an object that deserves their constant attention.
Β ο Τ Α Ν Υ.
Eager to encourage not only every work of genius, but every effort to engage the mind in elegant and useful amusement, we take an early opportunity of noticing this first number of select specimens of British plants. With this specimen we are much pleased, though the editor, by an injudicious preface, has raised a smile, which might have been fatal to a work of inferior merit. The drawings, we find, are by two ladies. The engraver and colourer are distinct from the editor, who recommends himself to the notice of the public, as having fuperintended the engravings for illuftrating the mechanism of a horse's foot.'
This and other informa. cion might have been spared ; and the engravings of the horse's foot, which can have little connection with botanical plates, might have rested on their own merits.
The plan of this work Mall be selected from the preface,
"The plan of the work is this: to publil in periodical numbers, each containing five plates, such plants, natives of this kingdom, as, on account either of their beauty or their rarity, are most likely 'to recommend themselves. In the execution of this work, the most minute attention will be paid to a faithful delineation of the figure, the size, the colour, and habit of the plant.
· They will all be drawn from nature, and chiefly upon the spot on which they grew in their wild state. The representation of each will generally contain the root, and stem ; the leaves, flower, and fruit. The parts which constitute its characteristic distinctions will be delineated apart, and magnified when neceffary.
• Each plate will be accompanies, by a concise botanical explanation. This will begin with the generic and trivial names : those of the class and order will follow next; after which the generic and specific characters will be given. The technical terms will be taken for the most part, if not always, from the last edition of the Syftema Naturæ, by Gmelin. A few of the synonyms, and a reference to the plates, will follow. The general habit and appearance, the places of growth, tiine of flowering, and whatever other circumstance may ferve to illustrate the history of it, will conclude the whole, in a more diffuse, but less scientific description.'
• The letter-press will contain merely such concise definitions, and so plain and simple a description of each plant, as, by ascertaining to the reader its proper station in the Linnæan system, may enable him to have recourse to more detailed accounts for such fariler ia. formation as he may require. This is the utmost merit which the writer of the following descriptions lays claim to.'
The plates represent the faxifraga granulata and hypnoides; the serapias latifolia, and the brassica oleracea.
The generic and trivial names are those of Linnæus ; the synonyms are those of Ray, Withering, Hudson, Curtis, &c. The descriptions are fufficiently full and appropriate,
The drawings are executed with spirit, elegance, and accuracy; and the colouring is managed with great delicacy. A water-colour, which, in few instances, has been applied to botanical prints, seems to have been used. Its effect is striking, as its transparency shows the finest strokes of the burin, A Colleftion of Exoties from the Illand of Antigua. By a Lady.
Numbers I. II. III. Folio. 21. 25. White. 1798. It is with pleasure that we notice the elegant labours of a young lady from the West-Indies, whose pencil seems to be free and spirited, and whose drawings have been well copied by the engraver. The work is, we believe, published by subscription only; and we do not think ourselves at liberty to mention a name added with the pen to the copy which has reached us.
The first number contains fix plates. In the first we observe the filk cotton tree. The flower resembles the peach blossom, and is very beautiful; the filaments are long and very fine. In the same plate is represented the wild ipecacuanha; a strong poison, fometimes used in small doses medicinally. The second plate exhibits the flower fence of Antigua; the third, the medicinal guaiacuin ; the fourth, the rolicou, whose clustered seeds produce an oily matter, and whose large beautiful leaves render it
ornamental; the fifth, the riciņus palma Christi (whose feeds, not unlike beans, furnish the castor oil), of which we had not before so accurate a representation ; the sixth, the plant called the cut-leaved lilac : from *its habit and flower, - however, it is evidently a hemlock, which it resembles in its finell and strong poisonous quality.
In the second number are three plates only. The plants are the wild cinnamon, the canker-berry, the papaw tree, and a species of fenfitive plant.
The third number displays the female pspaw tree, the potatoe vine (the root of which differs from the American potatoe, now natyralised among us), and the coffee tree.
EDUCATION, The Plan of Education pursued in Mrs. Landen's Academy, No.48, Hans-place, Sloane-street,
15. Ridgway. 1798. This scheme, upon the whole, is well digested ; but, as it appears to be a boarding-school puff, it is doubtful whether the plan is strictly followed.
Abrégé de la Grammaire Françoise de M. l'Abbé de Lévizac. Abridgement of the French Grammar of the Albé de Lévizac. 12mo.
Dulau. 1798. This abridgement is well executed; but it will not be fo generally
I 2 mo.
aceeptable to learners as if the rules had been given in the English language. Keeper's Travels in search of his Master. 12mo. is, 6d. Newbery.
1798. This narrative, of which a dog is the hero, will not only amuse but instruct children, The moral is, that one error, though trivial in itself, may expose us to the whole train of vices and fortows.'
POETRY Poetry. By T. Morgan.
Lee and Hurst.
1797. The pieces which compose this small volume are of the lighter kind. None of them can be said to surpass mediocrity ; and few of them even rise to that point. The verses on wit are dull and inelegant..
• When polish'd wit refines the soul
The thoughts of men are great,
Th' expanded heart dilate.
That poisons life and glee;
For ever follows thee !' The Pastoral Ballad was written in imitation of Shenstone, The sentiments are natural; and some of the stanzas are pleasing.
The address to Laura, who · lamented that none of her numerous friends had ever addressed her in rhyme,' is not calculated to please a lady who has a good taste for poetry. The four last stan2as are these :
« Ah! where shall the wretches, devoted by love,
Seek their cares, their distresses to hide ?
Or dare they in hope to confide?
So long shall our passions endure :
That absence and time cannot cure.
That eloquence often is fpewn,
But finding no thought I posseft,
In the strength of that figure mult reft.' P. 35.