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eat in company with his father, will be performed here. This ce remony will occupy a considerable space of time, after which he will no longer be carried on men's Moulders, but be at liberty like others to walk about; but when this was to take place in respe&t of Otoo, I could not discover; for as often as the question was put, so often the period when the event was to take place varied. It was likewise very remarkable, that we never saw any person of consequence or respectability about the young monarch. His nearest relations, though they paid all possible respect to his high office, did not appear to regard or converse with him ; and those whose duty it was to attend him on his journies between Oparre and our encampment, were fervants from the lowest order of the people. Amongst these was a man named Peterrah, who apparently was a very litrewd, sensible fellow, on whose shoulders the young king never rode, but who, on all occasions, acted as messenger, and bore no higher office than that of a butler, or upper servant. I had originally taken this man for a priest and sort of preceptor; but, on repeated inquiries, they always pointed to my steward, as bearing the fame office with that of Peterrah.' Vol. i. P. 146.
At the Sandwich Iflands, the navigators met with Tianpa (celebrated in the voyage of Mr. Meares), who represented himself as one of the sovereigns of Owhyhee. They were also accosted in broken English by Tarehooa, who had been seven months with Mr. Ingram in America, and who, preferring the name of Jack, accompanied them in their present voyage. At Woahoo, they were treated with a cold civility, bordering on distrust and dislike. Their wants were supplied, and their presents received, with little regard or attention. A mode of behaviour fo distant from the warm friendly generosity of the Otaheiteans, is attributed by captain Vancouver to the difference of soil, to land less genial and fruitful in these more northern islands.
Their last fupplies were furnished at Attowai, where the same cold kindnels prevailed ; but the integrity of the inhabitants was in the end strikingly evinced. like that of Woahoo, was barren, and seemingly volcanic. Taro was the chief object of culture; and a wall
, supplying in a great measure the purpose of an aqueduct, was built with great ingenuity and labour. An Englishman, a Welchman, and an Irishman, were found here. They were left by an American vessel, to collect sandal-wood and pearls ; objects of considerable value in India. After some delay, our countrymen were visited by the prince and the regent. The picture of the former is so pleasing, that we shall COPY
I was much pleased with the appearance and behaviour of this young prince, who seemed to be about twelve years of age. In his countenance was exhibited much affability and cheerfulness; and, on closely observing his features, they had infinitely more the reseinblance of an European, than of those which generally characterize these islanders; being destitute of that natural ferocity fo conspicuous in the persons about him. In these respects, and in the quickness of his comprehension and ideas, he greatly surpassed his young friend and companion Tipoone. At first, he was not without considerable agitation, marked as evidently by the sensibility of his countenance, as by his actions; in constantly clinging to me, and repeatedly faluting me according to their custom, by touching noses. I soon dissipated his fears by a few trifling presents, and encouraged him to visit every part of the ship. His inquiries and observations, on this occasion, were not, as might have been expected from his age, directed to trivial matters; which either elcaped his notice, or were by hiin deemed unworthy of it; but to such circumstances alone, as would have authorized questions from persons of matured years and fome experience. He conducted himself with a great degree of good breeding, and applied to Rowbottom or Williams, who were with him, to know if he might be perintitted, or it were proper, to make this, or that inquiry; and never moved forward, or sat down, without first inquiring, if, by To doing, he should incur any displeasure. It was now about our dinner-time. His young friend Tipoone did not fail to partake of our repast, whilst the prince seemed infinitely more entertained with the "several new objects that surrounded him, and, I believe, i would have returned to the shore perfectly satisfied with his visit,
had I offered him nothing more. Considering, however, that - Tome acknowledgment was due for their care, and honesty in restoring not only the articles, which through neceflity had been committed to their charge, but such as were recovered from the sea, : when dinner was ended, I presented Tamooere with nearly a du
plicate afortment of the valuables I had, in the forenoon, given to Enemoh, with some few other things that'seemed particularly - to attract his attention. Amongst there was a quantity of wine and rum, for which these islanders, like our fouthern friends, have acquired no inconsiderable relish. I presented likewise to his friend a collection of valuables; and gave to each of his attendants some trivial article, with which they seemed agreeably furprized, as this compliment was expected by none of them. Vol. i. P. 181.
The integrity of these islanders was very conspicuous in their dealings with captain Vancouver ; but there is reason to fear that their suspicions are kept alive by the misconduct of some of their visitants. It is pleasing to reflect, that among these they distinguish the Engliih with particular marks of regard;
and the presence of the individuals left by the American vefsel will contribute to encourage this good opinion.
The Discovery and the Chatham then stood away to the north, and fell in with the coast of America in lat. 39° 27', long. 236° 25'. In the passage across the Pacific, vast nunbers of the medusa vililia, which covered the sea through the whole extent of seven degrees of longitude, were observed. We shall add Mr. Johnson's short description of them.
6 These small blubbers are of an oval form, quite flat, and measuring about an inch and an half the longest way; their under fide. is somewhat concave; the edges, for near a quarter of an inch in width, are of a deep blue colour, changing inwardly to a pale green; the substance being much thinner and more transparent there than on the upper side. Perpendicularly to the plain of their furface stands a very thin membrane, extending nearly the whole length of its longest diameter in a diagonal direction ; it is about an inch in height, and forms a segment of a circle. This membrane, which seemed to serve all the purposes of a fin and a fail, was fome times observed to be erect; at others lying flat, which was generally the case in the morning; but as the day advanced, it became extended. Whether this was voluntary, or the effect of the sun's influence, was a question not easily to be decided. When the membrane was down, these little animals were collected into compact clusters, were apparently destitute of any motion, and their colour at that time seemed of a dark green. Vol. i. P. 194.
The western coast of America which captain Vancouver first saw, was that of New Albion; and, froin the latitude mentioned, he advanced 10 lat. 42° 38', where he gave the name of Cape Orford to a headland. We shall transcribe his remarks on the natives of western America, as they appeared at the first visit.
• A pleasing and courteous deportment diftinguished these people. Their countenances indicated nothing ferocious; their fea, tures partook rather of the general European character; their colour a light olive; and belides being punctuated in the fashion of the South-Sea islanders, their skin had many other marks, apparently from injuries in their excursions through the foreits, poffibly, with little or no clothing that could protect them; though some of us were of opinion these marks were purely ornamental, as is the fashion with the inhabitants of Van Dieman's land. Their itaturo was under the middle size ; none that we faw exceeding five feet fix inches in height. They were tolerably well limbed, thongh fiender in their perfons ; bore little or no resemblance to the people of Nootka ; nor did they seem to have the leaft knowledge of
that language. They feemed to prefer the comforts of cleanliness to the painting of their bodies ; in their ears and noses they had fmail ornaments of bone; their hair, which was long and black, was clean and neatly combed, and generally tied in a club behind; though some amongst them had their hair in a club in front also. They were dressed in garments that nearly covered them, made principally of the skins of deer, bear, fox, and river otter ; one or two cub skins of the sea otter, were also observed amongst them. Their canoes, calculated to carry about eight people, were rudely wrought out of a single tree; their thape much resembled that of a butcher's tray, and seemed very unfit for a fea voyage or
any di. stant expedition. They brought but a few triffing articles to barter, and they anxiously folicited in exchange iron and beads. In this traffic they were scrupulously honest, particularly in fixing their bargain with the first bidder ; for, if a second offered a more valu. able commodity for what they had to sell, they would not confent, but made signs (which could not be mistaken) that the first fhould pay the price offered by the fecond, on which the bargain would be clofed. They did not entertain the leatt idea of accepting presents; for on my giving them some beads, medals, iron, &c. they instanta ly offered their garments in return, and seemed much astonished, and I believe not less pleased, that I chose to decline them. The first man, in particular, gave me some trouble to persuade him that he was to retain both the trinkets and his garment.' Vol. i.
The navigators ranged along the coast, seeing at a distance various capes, &c. fimilar to those noticed by other voyagers, but in different latitudes, which captain Vancouver endeavoured to reconcile. They arrived in lat. 46° 14', without finding any inlet which promised a passage, or seeing any natives. This part of the coast is represented as extremely fertile and beautiful ; but it was defended by a reef of rocks, which did not allow any passage. The vessels passed Destruction Idland; and at last entered the suppoled strait of John de Fuca, about, lat. 48° 20'.
No bait could have been offered more tempting to commercial enterprise, than the fuppofition, that a maritime communication existed between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans ; and that, from Hudson's Bay to Nootka Sound, the voyage might be completed within three weeks. We readily believe all that we wish ; and whatever fancy had adduced as probas bilities, lialty presumption converted into arguments of
mighty weight and import.' De Fonte's Archipelago, and De luca's Strait, were again brought into notice, though, the existence of the former navigator was problematical, and the voyage of the other doubtful. The western coait of North-America, from 50° to 569 of northern latitude, was
Imperfectly examined by captain Cook; and, in this space, the straits and the archipelago were fuppofed to exist. Captain Dixon (whose voyage we noticed in our fixty-feventh voluine) more nearly approached the coast, and saw that what his predecessor supposed to have been headlands of the continent, consisted of a cluster of islands, about the latitude of 53°. Mr. Meares (whose voyage we considered in the first volume of our new arrangement) was confident that the defired paffage exifted, since the strait of De Fuca had been discovered by an American vessel, which failed inland some way, and might perhaps have gone farther, --- might have reached Hudson's Bay and the Atlantic. We pointed out the delusive nature of the arguments which to us seemed to have inifled him, and anticipated what the present voyage has afcertained. The strait exists; Nootka Sound is one part of a cluster of islands, within which there is a navigable passage ; but, on the east of these, the continent is discovered, with infurmountable impediments to the long-fought navigation. Though what De Fuca observed, with respect to the strait, is true, we must doubt the rest of his account, or resign the truth of astronomical observations, the inland travels of the traders from Hudson's Bay, and every Indian tradition, from men who have no interest in misleading. It is remarkable, that the ship Washington, commanded by captain Gray, is said to have entered this strait, to have passed to the eastward of Nootka, and to have again failed into the Pacific, a little above the 55th degree of latitude. Gray, however, when captain-Vancouver met him in these feas, declared that he had advanced only fifty miles within the strait, and returned the same way. Yet this strait is found to be continued, and to terminate, according to the route which the American captain is said to have pursued.
When captain Vancouver had passed through the strait, he met with an island, of the picturesque beauties of which he speaks in high terms. To the south of this island, is a va. luable port. The southern inlets he followed with the utmoft çare; and they were found to terminate either in rivulets or fandy shallows. The foil was very fertile, though few of the more useful esculent plants were found in it. The birds were numerous, but thy; the animals few ; the fiil neither in plenty nor of good kinds. There were few rivulets, but the water was good. On the whole, the prospect was delightful, but the refreihments were fcanty. The inhabitants in persons and manners, resembled those of Noorka. Various tall poles were discovered, on one of which was found a human skull; and probably each had at first a similar ornament; nor can We avoid fufpeâing that these Americans are, or have been,