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cessarily spun out ; but, upon the whole, this is one of the most amusing of the fecond-rate novels. Ianthé, or the Flower of Caernarvon, a Novel.' Dedicated by Per

mission to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. By Emily Clark, Grand-daughter of the Inte Colonel Frederick, Son of Theodore, King of Corsica. 2 Vols. 6s. fewed. Hookham and Carpenter., 1798.

The performance of a descendant of this unfortunate family has claims upon the public benevolence, which it should never be the business of criticism to counteract. Among the multitude of novels that swarm from the press, those which are inferior to Ianthé are more numerous than those which surpass it. The Step-Mother : a Domestic Tale, from real Life. By a Lady. 2 Vols.

75. Boards. Longman. 1798. There is much merit in these volumes; but it is injudicious to give the history of two generations in the fame work. Each volume now comprehends a distinct story. He would be a Peer. An Engis Story.

2 Vols.

5s. ferved. Lee and Hurst. 1798. This is very far from being a good novel; but the absurdity of the story renders it diverting.

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MISCELLANEOUS LIST. The Law of Nature, or Priciples of Morality. Deduced from the

Physical Constitution of Mankind and the Universe. By C. F. Volney.

25. od. Steel. This is a translation of a little work entitled “ The Catechism of a French Citizen.” The author, M. Volney, is known in the literary world by several ingenious productions, and is also distinguished anong the luminaries of what is emphatically called the new philofophy - a philofophy which, rejecting the light of revelation and the doctrines of theology, refers the duties and the happiness of man solely to the principles of nature. However we may be difposed to controvert the superiority of such a system, and to lament the presumptuous yet inefficient use of the human faculties which it exhibits in some parts of the structure, we must allow that many of the moral and civil duties, essential to the coherence and happiness of society, are delineated in this publication with simplicity, force, and perfpicuity,

It was the opinion of Locke, that the moral science is capable of a degree of demonstration sufficient at least to render doubtful the exclusive and arrogant claim of mathematics. It was not, however, by trampling on revealed religion, that our great philosopher endeavoured to illustrate the operations and to exalt the pretensions

of the human intellect. Such a guide as M, Volney must be very cautiously trusted, and perhaps only on those topics which are inmediately connected with the concerns of social life.

Q. What is fociety? * A. Every aggregated re-union of men living together under the regulations of a contract tacit or expressed for their common prefervation,

• Q. Are the social virtues many in number?

' A. Yes; we may count as many as there are actions useful to fociety; but they may be all reduced to one principle.

Q. What is this fundamental principle ? * A. Justice, which itself alone comprehends all the social virtues.

Q. Why do you say that justice is the fundamental, and almoft only, virtue of social life?

“ A. Because it alone embraces the practice of all those actions which are useful to society; and that every virtue, under the name of charity, humanity, probity, love of country, fincerity, generofity, fimplicity of manners, and modesty, are but varied forms, and diversified applications of this axiom, “ Do unto another only that which thou wouldst he should do unto thee;" which is the definis tion of justice.' P. 133.

In admitting these points even from the pen of an unbeliever, the most devout politician may be justified by the maxim, fas eft et ab hofte doceri. De Legione Manliana Quæfiio ex Livio desumpta, et rei militaris

Romane ftudiofis propofita. Auctore Gulielmo Vincent, An Inquiry into the Form and Constitution of the Legion of the Con

ful Manlıus. 410. Cadell and Davies. The intention of Dr. Vincent, in this pamphlet, is to dispel the darkness which, notwithstanding the efforts of Lipfius, Fabricius, and Drakenborch, hath hitherto overhung the 8th, 9th, and 10th chapters of the viïith book of Livy. After having stated, that the Rorarii and Accenfi were unknown to Roman tactics, and are not mentioned by any Roman writer except Livy, and that he has only spoken of them in reference to the Manlian legion, the doctur proceeds to show what they were. Not only the former, he plausibly asserts, were heavy-armed soldiers (gravis armaturæ milites), but the latter also, though a contrary opinion has prevailed. With regard to the legion itself, he enters into a copious discussion of par. ticulars; and he has introduced a graphic plan of it. He fupposes it to liave confisted of three lines in the rear of the Haftati and Principes, made up of the Triarii, as usual (but having each ordu or platoon divided into three parts), with the Rorarii behind, and the Accenfi still more in the rear. To the augmentation of his army with the two last classes, the victory of Manlius is aferibed.

25.

Our author has thrown some light on the fubject; but doubts may yet remain. Of his Latin style we may obferve, that it is more perspicuous than elegant. The Student : No. I. (to be continued annually) Containing many

curious Elays, Receipts and Preparations ; Striking Experiments, Important Queries, Recent Discoveries, and New Improvements in the Arts and Sciences, In Six Parts. 1. Language, Grammar, and Criticism. 2. Polite and Useful Arts. 3. Natural and Experimental Philosophy. 4. Theoretic and Practical Chemistry. 5. Geometry and Mathematical Correspondence. 6. English and

French Poetry. Intended to inspire active Emulation, to supply rational Amufement, and to diffuse usefiel Knoculedge. The Whole fe

leeted from the valuable Contributions of many ingenious Artists, Mathematicians, and Philosopher's. 12mo. IS .6d. Vernor and Hood. 1798.

There have been many attempts to establish a mélange of this kind for the use of minor philosophers; and the present is at least equal in point of merit to the most successful publications of this kind. It will afford young people both amusement and information; and the author is entitled to praise for his disinterestedness; for the profits arising from the sale of the work are to be distributed in prizes among the correspondents. Three Letters on the Subject of Tithes and Tithe-Asociators; the.

two First addressed to Thomas Bradridge, Esq. Chairman of the Devonshire Tithe Association; the Third to the Writer who hath assumed the Signature of " A Country Curate." Together with an Introductory Preface, and some Addenda to the whole. By a Payer of Tithes, and Detector of Misrepresentation. Sva. Is. 6d. Cadell and Davies. 1796.

The association which has existed for some time in Devonflire for the abolition, or at least the commutation of tithes, we have had occation to mention; and, as we have delivered our sentiments on the subject, we thall pass over, in a more cursory manner than we otherwise Mould, the Three Letters before us. They appear to have been written on the spur of the occasion; and the author treats with severity not 'only the advocates of the scheme, but reformers in general. Observations on the Emigration of Dr. Joseph Priestley, and on the Jeveral Addresses delivered to him, on his Arrival at. New York, With Additions ;. containing many curious and interesting Facts on the Subject, not known when the former Editions were published : together with a comprehensive Story of a Farmer's Bull. By Peter Porcupine. The Fourth Edition. Svo. Is. 611. Wright. 1798.

To look into the writings of this author for fasts would be a waste of time'; but, as his misrepresentations are sometimes “ rious and interesting.” We took up this pamphlet to observe scur

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rility throwing off all disguise. The additions are such as might bave been expected from Peter Porcupine. They involve absurd comments, grofs misrepresentations, and impudent attacks both upon the dead and the living. A Description of the Town and Fortress of Mantua, together with a

true and concise Account of the Military Operations and Events, attending its Blockade and Siege, till its Surrender to the French. 410. Is. 6d. Vernor and Hood. 1797.

This is not an original work, but a translation from the German language. The account which it contains of a memorable fiege ạppears to be accurate : but the style is, in some parts, ridiculously pompous. Three illustrative engravings are annexed. Oratio ex Harveii Instituto habita in Theatro Collegii regalis Medi

corum Londinensis, 0.706. 19, 1796. A Gulielmo Saunders,

M. D. &c. 470. 1797. A Speech delivered in Honour of Dr. Barvey, in the Hall of the

College of Physicians, by Dr. Saunders, The language of this speech is preferable to that of some former orations; but the sentiments are merely recosta brambe. The fellows of the college must praise the institutor and their predecessors: these are therefore panegyrifed, till halting language pants after them in vain,' If it be alleged, that there periodical praises must be heard, are they to be heard exclusively? It was not in this way that Boerhaave, Hoffman, Stahl, and Morgagni, filled the hour in which they were regularly heard. The necessary compliments might be paid in five minutes; and the opinions of some of the orator's predecessors might furnish the subject of a short essay, wh ch, as the choice is great, might be rendered curious or inter-, esting. To suggest one, among the opinions of so many luminaries, might be deemed an insult; and perhaps the prefent hint may be considered as such. We fall only add, that our intentions are good. A History and Description of the Royal Abbaye of St. Denis, with

an Account of the Tombs of the Kings and Queens of France, and other distinguished Persons, interred there, & G. Extracted from the Records of St. Denis. 8vo. 25. Jordan.

We can hardly conceive the reason for publishing this pamphlet; which is only proper to be taken as a guide .in seeing this celebrated abbey. It seems to be a translation from the French.

ERRATUM.

In the last Appendix, p. 532, J. 6 from the bottom, for 508,

read 50°

CRITICAL REVIEW.

,

THE
N O V EM BE R, 1798.
Å Journey from Bengal to England, through the Northern

Part of India, Kashmire, Afghanistan, and Persia, and into.
Ruffia, by the Caspian-Sea. By George Forsier, in the Civil
Service of the Honourable the East India Company. 2 Vols.
4to. il. 165. Boards. Faulder. 1798.

THE author of this journey must not be confounded with
the companion of captain Cook, to whom we ojve, some in-
teresting works. The person who is the present object of our
attention, went from Bengal to the south-eastern borders of the
Caspian sea : there he embarked, and proceeded to Astracan,
whence he repaired to Petersburg. His journey, difficult and
dangerous in the extreme, is the more curious, as in modern
times fcarcely any European has pafled through the north of
India, and as, in a great part of his route, he traced in a retro-
grade direction the line of march pursued by Alexander when he
followed Bessus. We gave a general abftract of this journey *
in the words of major Rennel, who fpoke of the attempt and
its fuccess with astonithment, and expreifed his with that Mr.
Forster would publish his observations on the manners and'
prefent state of that part of Persia of which we know the
least, as well as of Caibmere, a subject yet more interesting
to the philosopher and naturalift.' We wish that the major's
map had been copied ; at leaft that part of it which contains
Mr. Forster's route, cast of the Caspian. In the map before
üs, that the whole of the journey may be comprehended; the
latitudes are strangely sacrificed. On each side they are diffe.
rently numbered, without a mark to determine the distinction,
have been a voided,
: In a judicious introduction, our author fpeaks with modesty
of his efforts, and wih confidence of his intentions of giving

* Sec our LXVIth volume, p. 275. • Curt. Rex, Vol. XXIV: Nov.,1798.

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