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rhapsodies, no metaphorical absurdity. His language is that of nature; and the heart owns it. We are pleased to find that he has chosen the better path, and that our drama
boast another writer who possesses the eye that can see nature, the heart that can feel nature, and the resolution that dares follow nature.'
Sermons on various Subjects ; more particularly on Christian
Faith and Hope, and the Consolations of Religion. By George Henry Glasse, M. A. &c. 8vo. 75. Boards. Cadell and Davies. 1798. In the perufal of these discourses, the unseemly warmth which prevails in inany of them, and the boldness of assertion in others, struck us more particularly than any instances of merit or excellence in the compofition. At times, even when we agree with the author in his positions, we fear that his mode of expression may excite misapprehension; and we could wish to have seen some few qualifications, which would by no means have derogated from the orthodoxy of his faith. He is indeed strictly orthodox; yet we have no doubt that some of his hearers must occasionally have been startled at his expressions. Thus, from the present application of the word Unitarian to supposed heretics, they would fcarcely be pleased at being blended in such positive terins with that fect.
• The church of England, established on the most fure basis of Christianity, is, in conformity to the letter and spirit of her blessed Master's doctrine, strictly Unitarian. Let not my beloved brethren be startled at the word. Let them not shrink from a title, which is the glory of the true believer, because it has been profaned and contaminated by the enemies of our holy faith : because innovating heretics have dared to stigmatize us with idolatry, and to challenge for themselves, by a bold ufurpation, the name of Unitarians, as if we had gods many, and lords many, while in fact we have but.“ one God, and his name one;" his holy, reve. rend, incommunicable name,'
57. There cannot be a doubt that the church of England is Unitarian ; and the preacher properly introduces, in proof of his affertion, the firit of the thirty-nine articles. Yet perhaps he would have displayed more wisdom, if he had difcriminated with greater coolness between the unity ascribed by the Unitarians to the Deity, and that which is attributed to the same divine being by the church of England and the great body of Trinitarians. He obferves with reason, that, if the Son and Holy Ghost are worshiped,
. It is so far from militating against the unity of God, that while we adore the blessed and glorious Trinity, we disclaim, and from our hearts disavow any plurality of worship.' P. 61.
He then proceeds to the proofs that our Saviour was a man ; but, when he examines the other point, that of the divinity, he does not select those which are the strongest, and introduces what will not be acknowledged as such by the majority of Trinitarians. - Without controversy, great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the fleth.' He should have recollected, that this is a doubtful paffage, and that the Catholic church reads which for God in its testaments and fervices.
The spirit of our author breaks out in various passages.
• When the establishment of the church of England is openly and undisguisedly attacked by those who have long been attempting its demolition in secret, we know not what may ensue ; we know not to what trials our Divine Corrector may think it necessary to call us. Though it may be urged that our dangers are apparently lessened, let us not too fondly trust to the specious calm. Let us not think that it is peace, so long as the devices of anti-christian sedition, and her witchcrafts are so many.' P,
• That there are, even in this country, busy, restless, malicious adversaries—that they have long been secretly meditating our destruction, and that, of late years, they have attempted it in a more open and decisive manner, is a truth, which we must be blind indeed not to acknowledge. The spirit, which at all times lurketh in the children of disobedience, and which hath ever moulded them to his purpose fince the first-born Cain fhed the blood of an innocent martyr, hath in these latter days walked abroad with a degree of triumphant elevation. Fatally fuccefsful elsewhere, his emiffaries attempted to give effect to their stratagems here. “ They who have turned the world upside down, came hither also.” Our ecclesiastical and civil establishment was the object of their avowed hostility. Could they but have accomplished the overthrow of either part of our system, they doubted not that the downfall of its allociate would speedily follow. Therefore did they encourage themselves in mischief-therefore did they proclaim inveterate war against loyalty and religion, and set up their banners for tokens. Fain would they have planted their « abomination that maketh defolate" amidit the ruins of thrones and altars : that tree, whose fruit is unto profanation, and the end thereof everlasting death: that tree, which (like the fabled poison-shrub of the eastern world) causes all other vegetation to languith and die; which creates a desert around its noxious trunk, and rejoices in horror and devasta rion.' P. 134
If the infidels or heretics receive from him such fevere chaftisement, popery is treated by him with extraordinary favour.
Alas! were the faithful pastors, who have fallen under the daggers of affaffination, finners above all the servants of Christ? Far otherwise. As gold in the furnace have they been tried, and received as a burnt-offering. However we may differ from them on fume important doctrinal points, we must be loft to a fenfe of all that is great and glorious, if we do not applaud their heroic constancy, their unconquerable zeal, and that hope, full of immortality, which surmounted the fear of dissolution. Faithful confeffors, intrepid martyrs, they rejoiced in following the steps of their Redeemer-and their church, folitary, and a widow, is more ve. nerable, more lovely amidst its tears, than in all the pride and pageantry of bridal magnificence.'
We think, however, that the Romith church was at no time venerable or lovely in the eyes of the true protestant.
We cannot applaud the preacher's knowledge, either of the phænomena of nature or of theological criticism. He pretends to explain one of the causes of the deluge.
• What alterations do we behold in the frame of nature! Lo, the fountains of the great deep are broken up:" the internal abyss of waters, (rarified and dilated by the central fire) with a shock most tremendous, with an explosion beyond all idea, bursts the terrestrial globe into innumerable fragments.' P. 37.
This central fire is mere fancy. Froin the material we turn to the invisible world; and here Mr. Glasse is more decisive.
• The fact then is certain, and incontrovertible, that there is, in the unseen world (the existence of which no one doubts, who has either the faith of a christian, or the common sense of a man) a restless, active, malignant Spirit,' P, 321.
Now we understand that several respectable ministers of the church of England are of a very different opinion; and a difference of sentiment upon such a subject, does not violate the main articles of the church, found orthodoxy, or common fenfe. But our preacher delights in positive affertions; and he evidently cannot bear contradiction.
• Under the fanction of this high authority, I shall endeavour to shew, that to believe in God, without believing in Christ, is vain and fruitless---nay, that it is impoflible- nor shall I scruple the assertion, harsh as it may sound, that he who is not a Chriftian, is virtually, though not nominally, an atheist—and that to believe in God and in Christ is one inseparable act of faith; is indeed only one operation of the mind--which, if we allow not that Christ is
God, can never take place; and therefore the acknowledgement of our blessed Saviour's divinity, in which alone our hope of everlasting joy is founded, will be the glorious result of our enquiries.' P. 230
These extracts fufficiently show the temper of the writer : a temper which cannot be productive of the Christian love described by St. Paul, whether its effusions proceed from the pulpit or the closet. We shall only make one other remark, intimating that his dogmatical assertions, unattended by any extraordinary graces of style or of composition, will be treated with ridicule by the infidels, and must be disgusting to every one who has a taste for the true eloquence of the pulpit.
A General View of the State of Portugal; containing a Topo
graphical Description thereof. In which are included, an Account of the Physical and Moral State of the Kingdom; together with Observations on the Animal, Vegetable, and Mineral Productions of its Colonies. The Whole compiled from the best Portuguese Writers, and from Notices obtained in the Country, by James Murphy. Illustrated with Plates. 4to. 1l. 75. Boards. Cadell and Davies. 1798.
NOTWITHSTANDING the long and intimate connexion, both political and commercial, between the British and Portuguese nations, the state of Portugal is very imperfectly known to our countrymen. Many volumes have, indeed, been published upon the subject by different travellers ; but the accounts given by these writers are superficial and inaccurate. Even the natives have not been fo ftudious of complete exploration as they might be expected to have been ; but their statements are more likely to be authentic than the reports of occasional visitants of a part of their country, or the intimations of general geographers. We are therefore pleased with the appearance of such a work as the present; for it is calculated to extend our knowledge of an interesting country, by a reference to the best sources of information.
Sensible of the inadequacy of the hafty sketches of travellers to the communication of full and satisfactory intelligence, Mr. Murphy was not content with publishing the memoranda of his tour in Portugal *, but was eager to undertake the task of compiling, from the works of natives, a more faithful and complete account of that kingdom than the English had before seen in their language.
* For a review of his Travels, see our XVth Vol. New Arr, p. 364.
The work consists of thirty chapters, devoted to different objects. The three first treat of the situation, provincial divisions, and principal mountains. The country between the Douro and the Minho is the most populous, though the least extensive, of the fix provinces. Its inhabitants are • hardy, industrious, and enterprising ; and, next to Algarve, it furnishes the best soldiers. The province of Tras-os-Montes is the most mountainous part of the kingdom ; and the people are represented as rude and clownish.
rude and clownish. Beira and Estreniadura are blessed with a very fertile foil, and a falubrious air ; but the former is ill-cultivated. Alentejo is ill-peopled; but the territory is fruitful. The corn and fruits of Algarve are excellent; and its fisheries are very productive. The chief mountains of Portugal are the Arrabida, Estrella, Montejunto, and Offa. Cintra, near Lisbon, is well known to navigators, as • being the most westerly part of all Europe'of the continent of Europe, Mr. Murphy should have faid.
After an account of the four principal rivers, for which Portugal is indebted to Spain, mineral waters form the subject of a distinct chapter. The most celebrated of these springs are the Caldas da Rainha, which
• have been much frequented of late years by valetudinarians, not only from the different provinces of the kingdom, but also from foreign countries, particularly from Great Britain, all of whom are said to have experienced their salutary effects. They are fituated in a small village named Caldas, in the province of Eftremadura, about 13 leagues north of the city of Lisbon.
• The time is not exactly known when the virtues of these waters were first discovered, but it appears, from different vestiges of ancient baths found here, that they were frequented by the Romans when Lusitania was subject to them. However that was, it is certain that from the beginning of the fifteenth century they have been held in great estimation. Queen Leonor, confort of king John II. moved with compassion for the poor who resorted hither, founded, or rather rebuilt an hospital for their reception in the year 1484, and hence they are called Caldas da Rainha, that is to fay, the queen’s baths.
• To the munificence of John V. these baths are indebted for the present hospital, and many other improvements. The accommodation and comfort of the visitants, however, do not as yet appear to be fufficiently provided for. Doctor Nunes Gago, who wrote a treatise on the waters of the Caldas, wishes there was a fund establithed to support a number of musicians, in order to recreate the patients during the time of their bathing, and drinking of the waters ; he also recommends the establishment of places for their amusement and exercise.
• The respećtable doctor above mentioned, on analizing these