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courage the economical administration of it, and thereby doubly to augment the population, are far more substantial and efficacious causes of national aggrandizement, much more deserving of the civic crown, and the applauses of future generations, than the acquisition of distant territories at an enormous expence of blood and treatures. The powers of the community will be more energetic, in proportion as they are condenied. And to strengthen the attachment of the increasing population to their government and native roil, by promoting a more ger:eral distribution of the national domain, and diffusing in streams of comfort the consolidated mafies, which have been accumulated by gradually fubtracting from the wages of incessant labour every surplus above a bare fubfiftence, is a source of defence and prosperity much more to be confided in, than the possession of distant colonies, which will watch every opportunity of renouncing the authority of their political superior. How much greater must be the quantity of happiness, when the means of enjoyment are disseminated in equal portions through the mass of the community, than if they are collected in the hands of an inconfiderable proportion, that possess the exclusive privilege, if so it may be called, of uninterrupted indolence, and the means of commanding every gratification of a luxurious and vitiated fancy; a species of prosperity, in appearance, insulting over the distresses of their inferiors, though, in reality, destitute of substantial and permanent enjoyment. P. 95, A Journal of Occurrences at the Temple, during the Confinement of
Louis XVI, King of France. By M. Cléry, the King's Valetde-Chambre, Translated from the original Manuscript by R. C. Dallas, Esq. Author of Miscellaneous Writings, &c. 8vo. 6s. Sold by the Author. 1798.
There can be no reason to question the authenticity of this journal. It is an interesting account which only excites unmingled pain in the reader, by giving- a minute detail of circunstances which, for the honour of human nature, he would wish to forget, M, Cléry has written with affectionate zeal, but has not attempted to excite the passions of his readers by his own comments. The Source of Virtue and Vice; or, a few Remarks as well on the
Impropriety of great Part of the Bishop of Landaff's Reasoning, in his Apology for the Bible, as in Favour of " The Age of RedSon." By John Michaël Baloudoufroutskou. 8vo. Is. Crosby. 1797 One quotation will prove the absurdity of this pamphlet.
One of my chief occupations for these nine years' (says the author) has been to explore the means, how to give ourselves virtuous, and how to avoid vicious inclinations, and, by thousandfold experiments, I have found that the eating and driqking of certain things with a few other circumstances in the way of living,
are the only causes of virtuous and vicious inclinations within us.'
Amazing discovery! but still dark to unenlightened man; for the writer does not produce one of his thousand-fold experiments on virtuous and vicious diet, throws no light on the inclinations within us which arise from hfh, flesh, or fowl, says not a word of the integrity which vegetables give, and omits the other circumstances in the way of living,' to which our good and bad deeds are to be traced. We hope that Mr. Baloudoufroutskou will immediately publish the result of his thousand experiments, by way, of commentary on Mrs. Glasse's cookery, and point out to persons of all descriptions what they are to eat and drink in order to be saved.' The Turkish Refugee : being a Narrative of the Life, Sufferings,
Deliverances, and Conversion, of Ihmael Bahaw, « Mahometan Merchant, from Consi antinople, vuho was taken Prisoner by the Spaniards, and made a wonderful Escape to England. Where, having become a Convert to the Christian Faith, he was publicly baptized, with the Approbation of the Right Reverend the Lord Bijlop of Lincoln.
Conder. This narrative (the preface informs us) was taken, unsolicited, from the lips of the unhappy stranger to whom it relates ; and it is printed with no other view than to his benefit, and that of his distressed family. Under these circumstances, we cannot conlider it as an object of criticisin; but it has a fufficient variety to render it 'interesting, and purchasers will have the satisfaction of gratifying a reasonable curiosity, and aliiting the indigent, at a very small expense. The Red Bafil Bock, or, Parish Register of Arrears, for the Main
tenance of the unfortunate Offspring of illicit Amours; with a forther, Developement of mojt shameful and unprecedented Acts of Abuse in ihe Town of Manchester. Part the Firft. By Thomas Batte. Svo. 25. 6d. Hopper and Son, Manchester.
The title of this work fufficiently explains its contents. We shall not dwell upon local disputes; but, if any readers Mould wish to enter into the fubject, he will find, on wading through many pages of a list of bastards, and a series of illustrations, that Manchetter is not a place of the purest morals, and that there are many very worthy men in office, who find the laws of chastity more profitable ' in the breach than the observance." Religious and Philanthropic
. Tracts, &c. By James Cowe, M. A. Vicar of Sunbury, Middlesex. 8vo. 25. 6d. Robson. - 1797.
Some judicious hints on the state of the poor are contained in this work. We shall extract one, which, from our knowledge of its utility, we can recommend to our readers. The plan is adopted in several provincial towns,
"A fufficient quantity of linen is purchased, and lent to each poor married woman during her lying-in; and about half a guinea is given towards defraying her expences. The fund, by which this' institution is supported, is raised by a subscription of 6s. 6d. per quarter ; on admission, each subscriber pays 7s. for the purchase of linen, and one quarter in advance; and any poor inhabitant becomes an object of relief, whether a parishioner or not. So that a lying-in charity of this fort may be easily established in any parish, and solicits the attention of the benevolent.' P. 89.
Where we have been acquainted with the institution, about twelve ladies conducted the charity, affisted by the subscriptions of . feveral gentlemen. Each object requiring aflistance was put under the care of one of the ladies, whose business it was to visit her two or three times a week, and to give her that comfort by friendly calls, which the poor valued almost as much as the real assistance from linen or money.
Thus a connection, which was highly advantageous to both parties, was giadually formed in the town between the rich and the poor. A Letter to the Society of Protestant Difenters, at the Old Meeting,
Yarmouth, from Thomas Martin, on his Refignation of the Office of Minister, among them. 8vo. 15. Jóhrison. 1797.
It appears from this letter, that the writer had entertained, with regard to such notions as his hearers disapproved, fome speculative points in divinity, and that it became necessary for him to break off a connection which ceased to be mutually agreeable, and consequently ceased to be conducive to edification. In this letter, he explains the nature of their differences, and is of opinion that they were not such as ought to have created a disunion of interests. The truth is, however, that the doctrine of the Trinity is not confidered by many persons as a speculative point, but as affecting the terms of salvation; and if this, as we have reason to think, was the case with Mr. Martin's congregation, a connection with bim could not have been maintained without polemic animosity, which he has wisely avoided by his resignation. A Word of Remembrance and Caution to the Rich. By Fohn Woola man, late of New Jersey. 18mo. 6d.
18mo. 64. Darton and Harvey. This pamphlet contains common thoughts on the abuse of riches, in the course of which the author seems to lean to the side of equality in the distribution of wealth. If he were permitted to trace back the poffeffion of great portions of landed property, he would not show much respect to charters and deeds of conveyance. Infant Inftitutes, Part the Firft. Or, a Nurserical Elay on the
Poetry, Lyric and Allegorical, of the earlier Ages. With an ApLendix. 8vo.
15. 6d. Rivingtons. 1797. This pamphlet contains some learning, little wit, and less libe
rality. A short extract will show the kind of wit in which the author indulges himself.
. Our faid ancestors indeed, in merry Old England, seem to have been as well acquainted as Horace himself was, with the true value of the “ defipere in loco;" and, were it not that soine perfons might suppose I was only founding my own trumpet, I would this moment undertake to demonstrate the vast superiority of real genuine nonsense, over many of those things pretending to be sense, with which the public is so continually pestered. As this subject is curious in itself, and may be ranked among the arcana of literature, it will not, I presume, be unentertaining to my reader, if I produce, as a fample of this kind of writing, the two first stanzas of a non-sequitur, which chuses to call itself
• An Elegy on the Battle of Landen.
And eke with scratching get the itch;
Ingend'ring wind-mills, and a melted witch !"" P. 48.
ANSWER TO A CORRESPONDENT.
FROM Mr. Wilkinson (the author of Elays Phyfiological and Philosophical *) we have received a letter, in which we observe some objections to our critique on his performance : but his remarks are unimportant and unsatisfactory. Among the contents of his epistle we also perceive an intimation of the advantages attending the use of his instruments in distortions or curvatures of the fpine. Of the distinct efiay which he promises on this subject, and of his Essay on Electricity, we shall give, in due course, our unbiased sentiments.
ERRATA.-In our last volume, p. 466, line 23, for their literary compositions,' read the literary compositions of the French; and, in p. 542, line 20, for Elinrich, read Hinrich.
* Sve our last Volume, p. 457.
The View of Hindooftan. 2 Vols: 4to.
2 Vols: 4to. 21. 125. 6d. Boards, .
White. 1798. A Considerable part of Mr. Pennant's life has, we understand, been employed in preparing a work, which he has entitled Outlines of the Globe. His object has been to describe different countries in the course of imaginary travels—to coast along the regions of the earth, trace the outlines of their form, examine their natural and civil history, antiquities, &c. It was intended that no part of the work should appear before his death ; but many of his admirers, impatient of the delay, requested a part of it; and, in compliance with their wishes, the · View of Hindooftan,' which forms the fourteenth and fifteenth volumes of the great work, is now published. The first difficulty being surmounted, some other portion, perhaps, may follow, even in the author's life.
From a careful examination of the volumes before us, we have reason to be satisfied with the execution of the plan. The work is professedly a compilation ; but the best geographers and narrators of travels have been consulted, and many private communications of considerable value have been added. An elegant and correct map is prefixed ; and engravings of different persons and scenes contribute to the embellishment and elucidation of the descriptions. But we must not pass over a work of this kind with general commendations. We must follow more closely our accurate and entertaining author.
The bold adventurer Kouli Khan annexed the province of Sind to the Persian einpire ; and the Indus consequently became the western boundary of Hindooftan. The Sind (for that is the ancient appellation of the river) flows to the sea from the north, without receiving, for a long space, any tributary streams; but, about 29 of northern latitude, the accessory rivers from the east and welt divaricate considerably; and five of these include the territory known by the name of CRIT. REY, VOL. XXIV. 08. 1798.