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The same story, without the names of the persons, is printed among the jefts of John Taylor, the Water poet, in his works, folio, 1630, p. 184, N° 39 : and, with some variations, may be found in one of Hearne's pocket books.'


Mr. Pope the fingular course which he pursued in his edition of Shakspeare. "Remember," fays Oldys in a MS. note to his copy of Langbaine, Article, Shakspeare, “what I observed to my Lord Oxford for Mr. Pope's use. out of Cowe ley's preface.” The observation here alluded to, I believe, is one made by Cowley in his preface, p. 53. edit. 1710, 8vo. "This has been the case with Shakípeare, Fletcher, Jonson, and many others, part of whose poems I should pre

, sume to take the boldness to prune and lop away, if the care of replanting them in print did belong to me; neither would I make any fcruple to cut off from fome the unnecessary young fuckers, and form others the old withered branches; for a great wit is no more tied to live in a vast volume, than in a gigantick body; on the contrary it is commonly more vigorous the less space itanimates, and as Statius says of little Tydeus,

totos infusa per artus, Major in exiguo regnabat corpore virtus." Pope adopted this very unwarrantable idea; striking out from the text of his author whatever he did not like: and Cowley himself has suffered a sort of poetical punishment for having suggested it, the learned Bishop of Worcester [] Dr. Hurd) having pruned and lopped away his beautiful luxuriances, aș Pope, on Cowley's suggestion, did those of Shakspeare. MALONE.

3 --The same story-may be found in one of Hearne's pocket books. ] Antony Wood is the first and original author of the anecdote that Shakspeare, in his journies from Warwicka fhire to London, used to bait at the Crown-inn on the west Gde of the corn market in Oxford, He says that D'Avenant the poet was born in that house in 1606.

" His father (he adds) John Davenant, was a fufficient vintner, kept the tavern now known by the sign of the Crown, and was mayor of the faid city in 1621.

His mother was a very bcautiful woman, of a good wit and conversation, in which



One of Shakspeare's younger brothers," who lived to a good old age, even some years, as I she was imitated by none of her children but by this Wil. lien [the poet.) The father who was a very grave and discreet citizen, (yet an admirer and lover of plays and playinakers, especially Shakspeare, who frequented his house in his journies between Warwickshire and London,) was of a melancholick disposition, and was seldom or never seen to laugh, in which he was imitated by none of his children but by Robert his eldest son, afterwards fellow of St. John's college, and a venerable Doctor of Divinity.” Wood's Ath. Oxon, Vol. II. p. 292. edit. 1692. I will not suppose that Shakspeare could have been the father of a Doctor of Divinity who never laughed, but it was always a co ant tradition in Oxford that Shakspeare was the father of Davenant the And I have seen this circumstance expressly mentioned in some of Wood's papers. Wood was well qualified to know these particulars; for he was a townsman of Oxford, where he was born 1632. Wood says, that Davenant went to school in Oxford., Ubi supr.

As to the Crown-Inn, it still remains as an inn, and is an old decayed house, but probably was once a principal inn in Oxford. It is directly in the road from Stratford to London. In a large upper room, which seems to have been a fort of Hall for entertaining a large company, or for accommodating (as was the custom) different parties at once, there was a bow-window, with three pieces of excellent painted glass, About eight years ago, I remember visiting this room, and proposing to purchase of the landlord the painted glass, which would have been a curiosity as coming from Shakspeare's inn. But going thither soon after, I found it was removed; the inn-keeper having communicated my intended bargain to the owner of the house, who began to suspect that he was pose sessed of a curiosity too valuable to be parted with, or to remain in such a place : and I never could hear of it afterwards, If I remember right, the painted glass consisted of three armorial fhields beautifully stained.

I have said so much on this fubject, because I think that Shakspeare's old hostelry at Oxford deserves no less respect than Chaucer's Tabarde in Southwark. T. WARTON.

+ One of Skakspeare's younger brothers, &c.] Mr. Oldys feeins to have studied the art of us marring a plain tale in the


compute, after the restoration of King Charles II. would in his younger days come to London to visit his brother Will, as he called him, and be a spectator of him as an actor in some of his own plays.

telling of it;" for he has in this story introduced circumstances which tend to diminish, instead of adding to, its credibia lity. Male dum recitas, incipit esse tuus. From Shakspeare's not laking notice of any of his brothers or fifters in his will, except Joan Hart, I think it highly probable they were all dead in 1616, except her, at least all those of the whole blood; though in the Register there is no entry of the burial of either his brother Gilbert, or Edmund, antecedent to the death of Shakspeare, or at any subsequent period,

The truth is, that this account of our poet's having performed the part of an old man in one of his own comedies, came originally from Mr. Thomas Jones, of Tarbick, in Worcestershire, who has been already mentioned, (see p. 6, n.7.) and who related it from the information, not of one of Shakspeare's brothers, but of a relaiion of our poet, who lived to a good old age, and who had seen him act in his youth. Mr, Jones's informer might have been Mr. Richard Quiney, who lived in London, and died at Stratford in 1656, at the age of 69; or Mr. Thomas Quiney, our poet's son-in-law, who lived, I believe, till 1663, and was twenty-seven years old when his father-in-law died; or some one of the family of Hathaway. Mr. Thomas Hathaway, I believe Shakspeare's brother-in-law, died at Stratford in 1654-5, at the age of 85,

There was a Thomas Jones an inhabitant of Stratford, who between the years 1581 and 15go had four fons, Henry, James, Edmund, and Isaac: fome one of these, it is probable, setțled at Tarbick, and was the father of Thomas Jones, the relater of this anecdote, who was born about the year

1613. If any of Shakspeare's brothers lived till after the Relloration, and visited the players, why were we not informed to what player he related it, and from what player Mr. Oldys had his account? The fact, I believe, is, he had it not from a player, but from the above-mentioned Mr. Jones, who likewife communicated the stanza of the ballad on Sir Tho. mas Lucy, which had been printed in a former page.


This custom, as his brother's fame enlarged, and his dramatick entertainments, grew the greatest support of our principal, if not of all our theatres, he continued it seems so long after his brother's death, as even to the latter end of his own life. The curiosity at this time of the most noted actors (exciting them) to learn something from him of his brother, &c. they justly held him in the highest veneration. And it may be well believed, as there

, was besides a kinsman and defcendant of the family, who was then a celebrated actor among them, [ Charles Hart." See Shakspeare's Will. ) this opportunity made them greedily inquisitive into every little circumstance, more especially in his dramatick character, which his brother could relate of himn. But he, it seems, was so stricken in years, and possibly his memory so weakened with infirmities, (which might make him the easier pass for a man of weak intellects,) that he could give them but little light into their enquiries; and all that could be collected from him of his brother Will in that station was, the faint, general, and almost lost ideas he had of having once seen him act a part in one of his own comedies, wherein being to personate a decrepit old man, he wore a long beard, and appeared so weak and drooping and unable to walk, that he was forced to be supported and carried by another person to a table, at which



Charles Hart, ] Mr. Charles Hart the player was þorn, I believe, about the year 1630, and died in or about 1682. If he was a grandson of Shakspeare's fifter, he was probably the son of Michael Hart, her youngest fon, of whose marriage or death there is no account in the parish Register of Stratford, and therefore I suspect he settled in London.


he was feated among some company, who were eating, and one of them sung a long.” See the character of Adam, in As you like it, A& II. sc. ult.

“ Verses by Ben Jonson and Shakspeare, occafioned by the motto to the Globe Theatre --Totus mundus agit histrionem.

• If, but fage actors, all the world displays,
"Where Thall we find spectators of their plays?"

• Little, or much, of what we see, we do ;
• We are all both actors and Speflators too.'

Poetical Characteristicks 8vo. MS. Vol. I. fome time in the Harleian Library, which volume was teturned to its owner.

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" Old Mr. Boman the player reported from Sir William Bishop, that some part of Sir John Falftaff's character was drawn from a townsinan of Stratford, who either faithlessly broke a contract, or spitefully refused to part with some land for a valuable consideration, adjoining to Shakspeare's, in or near that town.”

To these anecdotes I can only add the following.

At the conclusion of the advertisement prefixed to Lintot's edition of- Shakspeare's Poems, it is faid, “ That most learned prince and great patron of learning, King James the First, was pleased with

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