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Chapter 63. AN ACT relating to the University of Wisconsin, and amendatory of section nine
chapter one hundred and fourteen of the general laws of 1866, entitled “ an act to re-organize and enlarge the University of Wisconsin, and to authorize the county of Dane to issue bonds in aid thereof.”
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
SECTION 1. Section nine (9) of chapter one hundred and fourteen (114) of the general laws of 1866, entitled an act to re-organize and enlarge the University of Wisconsin, and to authorize the county of Dane to issue bonds in aid thereof," is hereby amended so as to read as follows; One suitably qualified pupil from each assembly district whenever a vacancy shall occur, to be nominated by the representative of such district in the legislature of the state, who, other things being equal, shall prefer an orphan of a soldier who has died in defense of his country, and all graduates of any graded school of the state who shall have passed an examination at such graded school satisfactorily in the Faculty of the University for admission into the sub-freshman class and of the college classes of the University, shall at once and at all times entitled to free tuition in all the colleges of the University.
SECTION 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage and publication.
Approved March 16, 1872.
As the editor of the “Query Box has not time to write over the questions and answers submitted, and make them intelligible to the printers, he would suggest that they be written plainly, with ink, on one side of the paper only, and without abbreviations.
We have received answers from S. LITTLEFIELD, J. W.LEVERETT, W.J. HUGHES, L. A. PRADT, G., H.D., P. SCHNEIDER and others, of various mathematical questions previously discussed (including a good solution of problem' 61, by BENJ. SIMMONDS), which we oinit for reasons given last month. We are none the less obliged to these gentlemen for their contributions.
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS.-OLD SERIES. 93.-Given, 841 square feet of three inch plank. Required, the length of one edge of a cubical box, which can be made from the plank, allowing no waste in sawing. Arithmetical solution required.
The answer to this, of R. W., in the April No, of the JOURNAL, is incorrect. He does not seem to understand the question, but considers it as surface only without thickness. I will give a rule for working such questions. From the given number of square feet subtract twice the square of the thickness. Divide the remainder by six, extract the square root of the quotient, and to the root add the thickness of the plank. The result will be the length of an edge of a cubical box as required. In the example referred to, twice the square of the thickness of the plank is 18 square inches, or Ys of a square foot. 8442-48=84.375; 84.375+6= 14,0626; v 14,0625=3.75.
3.75 +44 (thickness of the plank) =4 feet. Answer,
The reason for the rule is this : Six square blocks of equal thickness will form a cubical box, all except two opposite corners. Therefore in the first place, deduct from the given number of square feet, enough to form the two corners, which is
twice the square of the thickness of the plank. Divide the balance into six equal parts and to the square root add the thickness.-SAMUEL PARKS, Avoca.
B. R. A., Kilbourn City, sends a corrected solution, reaching the same result; also, J. W. LEVERETT, Humbird, and W. ELDEN, Jefferson, Iora.
100.-Which of the district officers has the most authority ?
All have equal authority, except as the law devolves particular duties upon different members of the board.
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS--NEW SERIES. 1.-In the sentence, “It is wrong to do so,” how are the indicated words to be parsed ? "It is wrong to do so," being equivalent to “ To do so is wrong,
"" To do 80,” is an infinitive phrase, nominative case, subject to the verb is. Wrong” being attribute to the sentence is a noun, third person, singular, neuter gender, nominatave case, nominative after the verb is.-HENRY NEILL, Caledonia.
By Analysis we say it, with the explanatory phrase (w to do so”) is the subject. Wrong is an adjective modifying it ; to do is an infinitive, explanatory of it; hence in apposition with it, 80 an abverb modifying to do.-B. R. A.
Wrong is an adjective modifying the subject it, and is also the attribute. The infinitive phrase to do, modifies or qualifies the adjective wrcng. To is the leader, and do, the subsequent. So, an adverb, and relates to do, or, modifies it.-G. K., Belleville.
2.- In the sentence,“ The pipers loud and louder blew; the dancers quick and quicker flew,” are loud and quick different parts of speech? The sentence is in Kerl's Grammar, page 261, 4th exercise, and is so noted as to imply that the author considers the words as different parts of speech.
There is no sound grammatical reason for quick being an adjective, as indicated; I think it is an oversight.-B. R. A.
3.-Parse the indicated words: It is forty feet high. He is aged twenty years. It is well worth the money.
"It is forty feet high.” “Forty” is numeral adjective, qualifying the noun feet. “Feet," common noun, third person, plural. Nominative after the verb is. “High ' is an adverb qualifying the verb is. 2. “ Years" is in the nominative case; nominative after the neuter verb is, “ aged ” being adjective and part of the attribute. 3. “Well worth the money," is attribute to the sentence. “Well ” is an adverb; qualifies the adjective worth. “Worth " an adjective, relating to the subject it. • The ” is adjective, relating to the noun money, Money” is a common noun, third person singular, neuter gender, nominative case after the neuter verb is.H. NEILL.
Forty, is a numeral adjective modifying feet; feet, is a noun, objective, modified byof, understood, being equivalent to,-It is the height of forty feet. Years, objective case, governed by of, understood. In the sentence—“ It is well worth the money”-worth is an adjective modifying it; well, an adverb modifying worth; money objective, governed by of, understood.-B. R. A.
6.-Where and when was the first session of the territorial legislature of the state of Wisconsin held :-D. MOWRY, Windsor.
See “Wisconsin Chronology," in this number, p. 184. Answered also by G. K., Belleville.
8.-What is the name and age of the youngest and oldest President of the United States, when the oath of office was administered.
Wm. H. HARRISON, aged 68; ULYSSES S. GRANT, aged 45.
9.-" Whatever is, is right.” “ To be, or not to be, that is the question.” Will some of the contributors to the Query Box produce us an analysis of the above sentences ?
1. “Whatever is, is right.” A complete declarative sentence. The subject is the dependent clause, whatever is; predicate, is; and attribute, right; connective, the double relative, whatever. Subject of dependent clause, whatever; predicate · is. There are no modifiers.
2. “To be, or not to be, that is the question." A simple declarative sentence. Subject, that; predicate, is; attribute, question. “ To be" is an infinitive used as a noun, and is represented in the sentence by the relative pronoun that; and is put by apposition in the same case. Or” is the connective of the two infinitives. Subject and predicate, unmodified. Attribute modified by the adjective adjunct the.-H. NEILL.
10.-(See April No. of JOURNAL).
This question seems to explain itself. The United States Supreme Court long ago decided that this article applied only to cases tried in United States Courts. That is, United States Courts have no common law jurisdiction.
12.-How many female teachers are actually employed in the state, in the course of a year?
The whole number of teachers employed some part of the last school year, was 9, 168. Certificates were given to 2,272 gentlemen and to 4,953 ladies. Assuming this to indicate the proportionate division of the work between the two sexes, 6,283 ladies were employed as teachers, in the state during some part of the last school year.-J. B. P.
13.-Will some one inform the readers of the JOURNAL, through its column, of the names of the different state officers?
In answer, D. MOWRY, of Windsor, sends a list of the state officers, from the first ozganization of the state, which is too long for insertion. The names of the present state officers are: C. C. WASHBURN, Governor; MILTON H. PETTIT, Lieut. Governor; LLYWELYN BREESE, Secretary of State; HENRY BÆTZ, State Treasurer; STEPHEN S. BARLOW, Attorney General; SAMUEL FALLOws, State Superintendent; GEO. F. WHEELER, State Prison Commissioner; and OLE C. JOHNSON, Conumissioner of Immigration.
16.—What president was inaugurated on the 5th of March?
Zachary Taylor, in 1849, the 4th of March being Sunday.-A. S., Le Roy, G. K., Belleville, D. M., Windsor, and A. S. J., Sumpter.
There were two presidents inaugurated on the 5th of March: James Monroe, March 5, 1821, and Zachary Taylor, March 5, 1848.-I. W. B., Sandusky.
17.-Is it right to require scholars to answer "perfect" or "imperfect" on calling the roll at night?-W. H.
We think it is entirely right. Scholars that have even a small amount of regard for themselves will so do during the day that they may conscientiously be able to answer at night "perfect.” It also exercises the scholar's idea of right and wrong.-D. M.
I think the temptation to make a false report is too great. I was visiting a high school not long since where there were fifty pupils. At roll call I noticed that all but eight answered perfect. Now I had seen more than half the pupils whispering and doing other things that were out of order. I asked the principal if he didn't think the temptation to make a false report too great. He said “No, these eight who were imperfect are new scholars, I think they all report correctly.” I thought the fact that the eight were
was suggestive. Perhaps, when they have been in school a little longer they too can report “perfect.”—W. ELDEN, Jefferson, Iowa.
20.—Why will not a watch, keeping correct or unvarying time, always agree with the sun.
Owing to the unequal motion of che earth around the sun, and the oblique position of its axis to its orbit, the interval between any apparent noon and the next is not uniform, or exactly 24 hours. Therefore a watch keeping correct time will not agree with the sun always; but if the watch is started right or with the sun, at any time, and runs correctly for just one year, it will then agree with the sun beause the average time between the apparent noors during one year is taken and this average is just 24 hours.
NLW QUESTIONS. 22.—The longest side of a triangle is 150 rods, and each of the other sides 75 rods. Required, the value of the grass at $10 per acre.-DUANE MOWRY, Windsor.
23.—What three figures multiplied by 2 will produce precisely three?-Ib.
24.-A snake desires to get up a wall 20 feet in height; during the it climbs 5 feet, but slips back 4 feet every night; how many days would it take to reach the top?-16.
25.–What is the best theory that the interior of the earth is composed of a fiery molten mass?-Ib.
26.-Will some one mention the objects of interest in nature in Wisconsin, with a brief description of the same?-16.
27.-Who will send us the names of the Chief and Associate Justices of the United States Supreme Court, and the name of the State they reside in, and the number and territory of circuit?-Ib.
28.—What are electoral votes, and how are the President and Vice President elected?-Ib.
29.-What is the population of the ten largest cities in the United States and in the State of Wisconsin, according to the census of 1870 and 1860?-Ib.
30.-Will the series of fractions used in Phyllotaxy apply anywhere else in nature?—W. E., Jefferson, Iowa.
31.-Is a teacher doing her duty when she disregards the requirements of the state and county superintendents and of the School Code, in neglecting to exercise in writing those pupils who read in the second and third reader and who study geography, provided she receives the unanimous approval of the pupils and their parents ?-HENRY CROUSE, Eau Galle.
32.-Which member of the Convention that met to form a Constitution for the State of Wisconsin, has since been Superintendent of Public Instruction? Which member now holds a high public position in the state 2–W. H. S., LeRoy.
STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. The next ses n, as has already been announced, will be in this city, July 9–11. The President and Executive Committee are getting up a good practical programme of Exercises, as we learn, and making as far as possible, satisfactory arrangements for the comfort and convenience of those who attend. In the June number we expect to give the Programme and all needful information in detail.
STATE CERTIFICATES. We would again call attention to this matter. The following Board of Examiners has been appointed, for the issuing of State Certificates the ensuing year: Prof. ROBERT GRAHAM, Prof. SAMUEL SHAW and Miss ETTA S. CARLE. They will examine applicants for both kinds of certificates now provided by law-the unlimited certificate, good for life, and limited certificate, good for five years. The first examinatio will be held in connection with the annual session of the State Teachers' Association, which will be in Madison, July 9–11. Other examinations for both of these certificates will be held in other parts of the State, which will be announced in due time.
For the limited certificate, the candidate is examined in all the branches required for a first grade county certificate, with the addition of English Literature and Mental Philosophy. For the unlimited certificate, Botany Zoology, Chemistry, Geology and Political Economy are added.
AN IMPORTANT DECISION.–The Supreme Court of Iowa has decided that boards of education have the authority to make punctual and regular attendance at school a condition of membership. It holds that the rule requiring regular attendance is for the good of the pupil and the whole school, and that it secures the very object for which public schools are established. Tardiness is held to be an injury to the punctual pupils, and the court adds :
“The good of the whole school can not be sacrificed for the advantage of one pupil who happens to have an unreusonable father; and as the law now is, no other means can be devised for enforcing regular and prompt attendance than the penalty of expulsion."
EDUCATIONAL LEGISLATION. The laws passed at the last session of the Legislature, relating to Common Schools, are reprinted in this number of the JOURNAL, and several copies will be furnished in pamphlet form, to each town clerk, to be distributed to the district clerks. Any other person wishing a copy will be furnished on application.
The most important change made, is by chapter 101, which authorizes the school board to hire the teacher, without giving any precedence as heretofore to the clerk. Whether this will mend matters, remains to be seen. The amendment does not affect any contracts entered into in the old way, previous to April 4.
The term of one hundred days is declared to constitute the “five months” school required by law, and discretionary power is given to the State Superintendent in regard to apportioning money to districts that have failed to maintain school so long for some "unusual and unlooked for cause.”
But the reader is referred to the laws themselves, and to the introductory remarks which precede them.