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The following letter may serve as a specimen of this proa duction.
. We've read of three Graces attending on Venus,
The white little things, Sir, ran quite to my heart.
• As here I stood pleas'd with a pastime so rare,
• The balls in this land are so much of a kin,
Distinguishes most from a four-legged brute ;
- A party next offer'd of just half a score,
VII. Ionian Antiquities, published with Permission of the Society
of Dilettanti. By R. Chandler, M. A. F. S. A. N. Revett,
Architect; W. Pars, Painter. Fol. Pr. 11. 11s. 6d, Docisley. A Society of noblemen and gentlemen, entitled' by rank,
and enabled by fortune to pursue the most refined luxuries of life, places at the head of their enjoyments the cultivation of the fine arts, and of those they give the preference to the revival of Greek architecture in its purest Itile. They dedicate a sum of money to that noble purpose, and in this work they exhibit to the public the fruit of their researches. They had resolved, " That a person, or persons, properly quaI ficd, should be sent, with sufficient appointments, to certain parts of the East, to collect informations relative to the formér state of those countries, and particularly to procure exact descriptions of the ruins of such monuments of antiquity as are yet to be seen in those parts.'
Three persons were elected for this undertaking. Mr. Chandler, of Magdalen College, Oxford, editor of the Mar. mora Oxonienfia, was appointed to execute the claffical part of the plan. The province of architecture was alligned to Mr. Revett, who had already given a satisfactory specimen of his accuracy and diligence, in his measures of the remains of antiquity at Athens. The choice of a proper person for taking views, and copying bass reliefs, fell upon Mr. Pars, a young painter of promising talents. A committee was appointed to
fix fix their salaries, and draw up their instructions ; in which, at the same time that the different objects of their respective de partments were diftinaly pointed out, they were all ftri&tly eno joined to keep a regular journal, and hold a constant correo spondence with the society. i "They embarked on the ninth of June, 1964, in the An. glicana, captain Stewart, tound for Constantinople, and were put on shore at the Dardanelles on the twenty-fifth of August. Having visited the Sigéan Promontory, the Ruins of Troas, with the Islands of Tenedos and Scio, they arrived at Smyrna on the eleventh of September. From that city, as their head quarters, they made several excursions. On the twentieth of August, 1765, they failed from Smyrna, and arrived at Athens on the thirty-first of the same month, touching at Sunium and Ægina in their way. They staid at Athens till the eleventh of June, 1765, visiting Marathon, Eleusis, Salamis, Megara, and other places in the neighbourhood. Leaving Athens, they proceeded, by the little island of Calauria, to Troczene, Epidaurus, Argos, and Corinth. From this they visited Delphi, Patræ, Elis, and Zante, whence they failed, on the thirty-first of August, in the Diligence brig, captain Long, bound for Bristol, and arrived in England the second of November following.' • And here the classical reader will perhaps recollect, that a Roman admiral with a powerful feet was once in imminent danger of being surprised by the enemy in this port. The relation given by the historian Livy is too minutely connected with the view not to be inserted.
The fociety directed them to publish what they had found most worthy of their attention in Ionia, a country in many respecls curious, and, perhaps, after Attica, the most deserv. ing the attention of a classical traveller. Our editors question, whether upon the whole, letters and arts do not owe as much to Ionia, and the adjoining coast, as to any country of antiquity ?
O'The knowledge of nature, say they, was first taught in the Ionic fehool : and as geometry, astronomy, and other branches of the mathematics, were cultivated here sooner than in other parts of Greece, it is not extraordinary that the first Greek navigators, who passed the Pillars of Hercules, and extended their commerce to the Occan, Tould have been Ionians. Here history had its birth, and there it acquired a considerable degree of perfection. The first writer, who reduced the knowledge of medicine, or the means of preserving health, to an art, was of this neighbourhood: and here the father of poetry produced a standard for compofition, which no age or country have dared to depart from, or have been able to surpass. But architecture belongs inore particularly to this country than to any other; and of the Greek orders it seems juftly entitled to the honour of having invented the two first, though one of them only bears its name; for though the Temple of Juno at Argos
suggested the general idea of what was after called the Doric, its proportions were first established here. As to the other arts which also depend upon design, they have flourished no where more than in Ionia ; nor has any spot of the same extent pro. duced more painters and sculptors of distinguished talents."
Our editors, with great judgment, dedicated their labours in this classical country to the structures, sanctified by the approbation of Vitruvius and other antient writers, for their elegance and magnificence ; a circumstance of rare felicity, as it gave them an opportunity of vindicating the taste of that standard writer upon architecture by actual inspection and menfuration, without trusting to the heightnings of imagination, or hazarding the uncertainty of conjecture. The three capital works they examined were the temple of Bacchus at Teos, the country of Anacreon; the temple dedicated to Minerva, at Priene, by Alexander of Macedon; and the famous temple of Apollo Didymæus, near Miletus.
We are sorry to observe that our editors have been able to give us only one elevation, which is the front of the temple of Bacchus; but it exhibits a specimen of what we may call magnificent fimplicity. This they have been enabled to do, parily from the ruins, and partly from Vitruvius, who, in describing the euftylos, gives this temple as an example, calling it the o&tostylos, by which he means the dypteros, specified by the number of columns in the front.
To describe description is an absurdity, and therefore we must refer our reader to the original plates of this superb pub. lication. He will consult them with a mixture of concern and pleasure. The members, which taken separately, are elegant and beautiful, lie in heaps, and form a rudes indigestaque moles. The sculptures are executed to great advantage, but the more exquisite the objects are, our regret rises in proportion. The cornices, architraves, capitals, volutes, bases, triglyphs, Aut. ings, and other architectural ornaments, are here to be seen in the highest perfection, and the most lamentable disorder. Every member is twice exhibited, first in an outline, and then in that outline shaded.
We are not to consider this work as merely architectural. The secret relation which runs through all the liberal arts and sciences has connected it with the most curious parts of antient history.
• The scite of Teos, (says he, speaking of that temple) is now called Bodrun ; is uninhabited and the port choaked up; so that the vessels and small craft, employed in carrying on the Night commerce of these places, frequent Gerefticus alone.
• In the war between Antiochus and the Romans, L. Æmi. lius Regillus the prætor, who commanded with eighty ships in these feas, suddenly steered for Teos, on intelligence the city had supplied the royal fleet with provisions; and moreover promised 10 furnish, for its use, five thousand vessels of wine. He ranged his ships in this port, behind the town, and disembarked his troops with orders to lay waste the territory about the city.
• The Teians, beholding the ravages thus begun, sent forth orators with the sacred fillets and veils, as suppliants, to the prætor; but he refused to recall the party, unless the citizens would afford to the Romans the same aid, they had so readily bestowed on the enemy. The orators returned, and the ma. giftrates assembled the people to consult.
in the mean time, Polyxenidas, admiral of the royal fleet, had failed from Colophon with eighty-nine ships, and being iniormed of these motions of the prætor, and that he occupied this port, conceived great hopes of attacking the Ro. man ficet now, in the same manner he lately did the Rhodian at Samos, where he beset the mouth of the port Panormus, in which it lay; this resembling that spot, the promontories ap. proaching each other, and forming an entrance so narrow that two Mips could scarcely pass through together. His design was to seize on this ftrait, which is seen in the view, by night, and fecure it with ten ships, to attack the adversary on either side on coming out; and by setting an armed force ashore from the remaining fleet, to overpower him at once by sea and land.
This plan, the historian remarks, would have succeeded; but, the Teians complying with his demand, the prætor put round into the port before the city, which was deemned more commodious for sipping the stores. Eudamus too, who commanded the squadron from Rhodes, was said to have pointed out the peril of their Itation ; two ships entangling and breaking their oars in the strait. The prætor had also a farther reafon for bringing his fleet round, being insecure from the continent, as Antiochus had a camp in the neighbourhood. On gaining the port, both soldiers and sailors, quitting their velfels, were busicd in dividing the wine and provisions, when a peasant informed the prætor, that Polyxenidas approached. The lignal was instantly founded for reinbarking immediately, Tumult and confusion followed, each Nip hastening out of