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CHAPTER III.

ARTICULATION.

Articulation, derived from articulare= to divide into single members or joints, to furnish with joints, hence, to utter distinctly, giving each joint its due value and prominence, demands precedence, being the basis o: just Elocution.

JONATHAN BARBER says: “Students of elocutio, should always attend to articulation as the primari object; and in the first instance, it should be prosecute alone, as a distinct branch of the art, and prosecute until perfection in it is attained.”

The acquisition of an accurate and distinct articula tion is wholly mechanical. It demands nothing mor than industry and persevering elementary practice Wherein does it consist?

"In just articulation, the words are not hurriea over, nor precipitated syllable over syllable; nor, as it were, melted together into a mass of confusion. They should neither be abridged nor prolonged, nor swallowed, nor forced; they should not be trailed nor drawled, nor let slip out carelessly. They are to be delivered out from the lips as beautiful coins, newly issued from the mint; deeply and accurately impressed, perfectly finished, neatly struck by the proper organs, distinct, in due succession and of due weight.”—Austin's Chironomia.

Although it is impossible to classify all the elements of syllables and words exactly, the following classitication will be found comprehensive and accurate enough for cultivating the articulatory organs. Theory, however, will prove useless, unless swallowed up in practice.

Practice, and practice only, in every department of elocution, is the magic watchword that insures success.

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Lips.
Lips and teeth..

f Tongue and teeth.

th(in) th(y) Tongue and hard palate (forward)

Tongue and hard plate (back)...sh Tongue, hard, and soft palate..

y, 1 Tongue and soft palate.. Various places...

zh, r

ch j

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k h

Consonants are styled Momentary and Continuous, because the mute consonants, surds as well as sonants, are incapable of any appreciable duration; whereas the continuants may be sustained until the breath expires.

Consonants delivered with impeded tone, owing to their tone quality, are called “sonants;" consonants produced with breath sounds only, and those made by mute action, are called surds, because they are “toneless."

For the oral consonants, the passage through the nose must be wholly obstructed. It is the property of the soft palate to do this by being pressed like a valve on the wall of the pharynx, thus clearing the passage into the mouth.

The nasal consonants, m, n, ng, which are solely "sonants,” require the soft palate to be depressed, thus cutting off the passage to the mouth and rendering it necessary for the air to escape through the nostrils; e. g., twang, sing, wrong, lamb, etc.

The examples which follow have been culled with careful hand from Catholic gardens, and form a bouquet, exhaling the most wholesome fragrance.

While the specific object for their insertion was the exemplification of vowel-quality, withal, ibe teacher wil tind a broad field wherein his pupils may profitably explore for specimens of various kinds of Pitch, Force, Inflection, Emphasis, etc.

Vowels having identical sounds or closely allied, have been combined; for their correct pronunciation Webster's dictionary will afford the rules.

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An answer, not that you long for,
But diviner, will come one day;

Your eyes are too dim to see it,
Yet strive and wait and pray.

Adelaide A. Procter.

Weep on, weep on, your hour is past,

Your dreams of Pride are o’er;
The fatal chain is round you cast

And you are men no more.
In vain the hero's heart hath bled,

The sage's tongue hath warned in vain
Oh, Freedom! once thy flame hath, fled,

It never lights again!

Faith's meanest deed more favor bears

Where hearts and wills are weigh’d,
Than brightest transports, choicest prayers,

Which bloom their hour and fade.

Heaven but faintly warms the breast

That beats beneath a broider'd veil;
And she who comes in glittering vest

To mourn her frailty, still is frail.

Those hearts of ours—how strange! how strange!
How they yearn to ramble, and love to range
Down through the vales of the years long gone,
Up through the future that fast rolls on.

Father Ryan.

God is in all places; therefore, we owe Him respect in all places. There is no place in the universe which is not consecrated by the presence of His majesty: and in what place soever I am, I may say with Jacob: “This place is holy, and I knew it not."

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I've lived to know my share of joy,
To feel my share of pain,
To learn that friendship's self can cloy ;
To love, and love in vain;
To feel a pang and wear a smile,
To tire of other climes;
To like my own unhappy isle,
And sing the gay old times!

Old times! Old times!

The very earth, the steamy air

Is all with fragrance rife;
And grace and beauty every where

Are flushing into life.

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