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Queen. Give me no help in lamentation, The broken rancour of your high-swoln hearts, I am not barren.to bring forth laments : But lately splinter'd, knit and join'd together, All springs reduce their currents to mine eyes, Must gently be preserv'd, cherish'd, and kept: That I, being govern'd by the watry moon, Me seemeth good, that, with some little train, May send forth plenteous tearsto drown the world! 5 Forthwithfrom Ludlow the youngprincebefetch'd Ah, for my husband, for my dear lord Edward! Hither to London, to be crown'd our king. Chil. Ah, for our father, for our dear lord Cla- Rio. Why with some little train, my lord of rence!
Buckingham? Dutch. Alas, for both, both mine, Edward and Buck. Marry,
my lord, lest, by a multitude, Queen. What stay had I, but Edward? and he's 10 The new-heal'dwound of malicestiould break out: gone.
[gone. Which would be so much the more dangerous, Chil. What stay had we, but Clarence and he's Byhowmuchtheestateisgreen,and yetungovern'd: Dutch. What stays had I, but they? and they Where every horse bears his conimanding rein, are gone.
And may direct his course as please himself: Queen. Was never widow, had so dear a loss. 15 As well the fear of harm, as harm apparent, Chil. Were never orphans, had so dear a loss. In my opinion, ought to be prevented. Dutch. Was never niother, had so dear a loss. Glo. I hope, the king made peace with all of us; Alas! I am the another of these griefs;
And the compact is firm, and true in me. Their woes are parcell'd, mine are general. Riv. And so in me; and so, I think, in all: She for an Edward weeps, and so do 1; 20 Yet, since it is but green, it should be put I for a Clarence weep, so doth not she:
To no apparent likelihood of breach, These babes for Clarence weep, and so do I; Which, haply, by much company might beurg'd: I for an Edward weep, so do not they :- Therefore, I say, with noble Buckingham, Alas! you three, on me, threefold distress'd, That it is meet so few should fetch the prince, Pour all your tears; I am your sorrow's nurse, 25 Hast. And so say I. And I will pamper it with lamentations.
Glo. Then be it so: and go we to determine Dor. Comfort, dear mother; God is much Who theyshallbe that straight shall post to Ludlow. displeas'd,
Madam,--and you my inother,-- will you go That you take with unthankfulness his doing : To give your censures in this weighty business? In common worldly things,'tis call'dm-ungrateful, 30
[Exeunt Queen, &c. With dull unwillingness to pay a debt,
Manent Buckingham, and Gloster. Which with a bounteous hand was kindly lent; Buck. My lord, whoever journeys to the prince, Much inore, to be thus opposite with heaven, For God's sake, let not us two stay at home; For it requires the royal debt it lent you. [ther, For, by the way, I'll sort occasion,
Rir. Madam, bethink you, like a careful mo-35 As index' to the story we late talk'd of, Of the young prince your son: send straight for Topart the queen's proud kindred from the prince. him,
Glo. My other self, my counsel's consistory, Let him be crown'd: in him your comfort lives : My oracle, my prophet My dear cousin, Drown desp’rate sorrow in dead Edward's grave, I, as a child, will go by thy direction. And plant your joys in living Edward's throne. 40 Towards Ludlow then, for we'll not stay behind. Enter Gloster, Buckingham, Stanley, Hastings,
[Excunt. and Ratcliff
A Street near the Court.
[thy breast, 2 Cit. I promise you, I hardly know myself: Dutch. God bless thee; and put meekness in Hear you the news abroad? Love, charity, obedience, and true duty! 50 i Cit. Yes, that the king is dead. [better:
Glo. Amen; and make me die a good old man! 2 Cit. Ill news, by'r lady: seldom comes ą,
Enter another Citizen.
3Cit. Then,masters,looktosee a troublousworld. Edward the young prince, in his father's life-time, and at his demise, kept his household at Ludlow, as prince of Wales, under the governance of Anthony Woodville, earl of Rivers, his uncle by the mother's side. The intention of his being sent thither was to see justice done in the Marches; and, by the authority of his presence, to restrain the Welchmen, who were wild, dissolute, and ill-disposed, from their accustomed murders and outrages. - i. e. your opinions. i. e. preparatory-by way of prelude.
away so fast?
1 Cit. No, no; by God's good grace, his son Because sweet flowers are slow, and weeds make shall reign.
[not hold 3 Cit. Woe to that land, that's govern'd by a Dutch. Good faith, good faith, the saying did 2 Cit. In him there is a hope of government;
In bim that did object the same to thee: [young, That, in his nonage, council under him, 5 He was the wretched'st' thing, when he was And, in his full and ripen'd years, himself, So long a growing, and so leisurely, No doubt, shall then, and till then, govern well. That, it his rule were true, he should be gracious.
1 Cit. So stood the state, when Henry the sixth Arch. And so, no doubt, he is, my gracious Waš crown'd in Paris but at nine months old.
madam. 3 Cit. Stood the state so? no, no, good friends, 10 Dutch. I hope, he is; but yet let mothers doubt. God wot;
York. Now, by my troth, if I had been reFor then this land was famously enrich'd
member'd?, With politick grave counsel; then the king I could have given my uncle's grace a flout, Had virtuous uncles to protect his grace. [mother. To touch his growth, nearer than he touch'd mine.
i Cit. Why, so hath this, both by his father and 15 Dutch. How, my young York? I pr’ythee, let 3 Cit. Better it were, they all came by his father;
me hear it. Or, by his father, there were none at all:
York. Marry, they say, my uncle grew so fast, For einulation now, who shall be nearest,
That he could gnaw a crust at two years old ; Will touch us all too near, if God prevent not. 'Twas full two years ere I could get a tooth. O, full of danger is the duke of Gloster; (proud : 20 Grandam, this would have been a biting jest. And the queen's sons, and brothers, haught and Dutch. I pr’ythee, pretty York, who told thee And were they to be rul’d and not to rule,
York. Grandam, his nurse.
[this? This sickly land night solace as before.
Dutch. His nurse! why, she was dead ere thou i Cit. Come, come, we fear the worst; all will
[me. be well.
[their cloaks;25 York. If’twere not she, I cannot tell who told 3 Cit. When clouds are seen, wise men put on Queer. A parlous' boy:-Go to, you are too When great leaves fall, then winter is at hand;
[child. When the sun sets, who doth not look for night? Dutch. Good madam, be not angry with the Untimely storms make men expect a dearth :
Qucen. Pitchers have ears. All may be well; but, if God sort it so, 301
Enter a Messenger. "Tis more than we deserve, or I expect.
Arch. Here comes a messenger: What news ? 2 Cit. Truly, the hearts of men are full of fear : Mes. Such news, my lord, as grieves me to You cannot reason almost with a man
Queen. How doth the prince? (unfold. That looks not heavily, and full of dread.
Mes. Well, madam, and in health. 3 Cit. Before the days of change, still is it so : 35 Dutch. What is thy news? By a divine instinct, nien's minds mistrust
Mes. Lord Rivers, and lord Grey, Ensuing danger; as, by proof, we see
Are sent to Pomfret, prisoners; and, with them, The water swell before a boist'rous storm. Sir Thomas Vaughan. But leave it all to God. Whither away?
Dutch. Who hath committed them ? [ham. 2 Cit. Marry, we were sent for to the justices. 40 Mes. The mighty dukes, Gloster and Bucking3 Cit. And so was I ; I'll bear you company.
Queen. For what offence? [Exeunt. Mes. The sum of all I can, I have disclos'd;
Why, or for what, the nobles were committed,
Is all unknown to me, my gracious lady.
145 Queen. Ah me, I see the ruin of my house! Enter Archbishop of York, the young Duke of York, The tyger now hath seiz'd the gentle hind;
the Queen, and the Dutchess of York. Insulting tyranny begins to jut Arch. Last night, I heard, they lay at Northamp- Cpon the innocent and awless * throne :-At Stony-Strattord they do rest to-night: ton Welcome destruction, blood, and massacre ! Tomorrow, or next day, they will be here. 501 sce, as in a map, the end of all.
Dutch. I long with all my heart to see the prince: Dutch. Accursed and unquiet wrangling days! I hope, he is much grown since last I saw biin. Ilow many of you have mine eyes beheld? Queen. But I hear, no; they say, my son of York
My husband lost his life to get the crown; Has almost overta'en him in his growth.
And often up and down my sons were tost, York. Ay, mother, but I would not have it so. 155 for me to joy, and weep, their gain, and loss : Dutch. Why, my young cousin: it is good to grow. And being seated, and domestick broils York. Grandam, one night as we did sit at supper,
Clean over-blown, themselves, the conquerors, My uncle Rivers talk'd how I did grow [ter, Make war upon themselves; brother to brother, More than my brother; Ay, quoth my uncle Glos- Blood to blood, self against self:-0, preposterous Small herbs huve gruce, great weeds do grow apace : 60 And frantick outrage, end thy damned spleen; And since, methinks, I would not grow so fast, Or let me die, to look on death no more! Wretched here means paltry, pitiful, being below expectation.
To be remembered is used by Shakspeare to imply, to have one's memory quick, to have one's thoughts about one. 3 Parlous is keen, shrewd, i. e. not producing awe, not reverenced. To jut upon is to encroach.
Queen. Cômė; conie, my boy; we will to sancMadam, farewell .
(tuary. Dutch. Stay, I will with
you. Queen. You have no cause. Arch. My gracious lady, go.
And thither bear your treasure and yout goods. for iny part, I'll resign unto your grace The seal I keep: And so betide to me, As well I tender you, and all of yours ! 5 Come, I'll conduct you to the sanctuary [Exeunt.'
Persuade the queen to send the duke of York
15 C'nto his princely brother presently? In London.
If she deny,_lord Hastings, you go with him, The trumpets sound. Enter the Prince of Wales, And from her jealous arins pluck him perforce.
the Dukes of Gloster and Buckingham, Cardinal Card. My lord of Buckingham, if my weak Bourchier, and others.
oratory Buck. WELCOME, sweet pririce, to London, Can from his mother win
the duke of York, to your
chamber'. (reign : Anon expect hinı here: But if she be obdurate Glo. Welcome, clear cousin, my thoughts' sove
To mild entreaties, God in heaven forbid The weary way hath made you melancholy.
We should infringe the holy privilege, Prince. No, uncle; but our crosses on the way
Of blessed sanctuary! not for all this land, Have made it tedious, wearisome, and heavy:
25 Would I be guilty of so deep a sin. I want more uncles here to welcome me. (years
Buck. You are too senseless-obstinate, my lord, Glo. Sweet prince, the untainted virtue of your
Too ceremonious, and traditional?: Hath not yet div'd into the world's deceit:
Weigh it but with the grossness of this age, No more can you distinguish of a man,
break not sanctuary in seizing him. Than of his outward shew; which, God he knows, 30 The benefit thereof is always granted Seldom, or never, jumpeth with the heart. To those whose dealings have deserv'd the place, Those uncles, which you want, were dangerous ;
And those who have the wit to claim the place: Your grace attended to their sugar'd words,
This prince hath neither claim'd it, nor deservdit; But look'd not on the poison of their hearts :
Therefore, in mine opinion, cannot have it: God keep you from them, and froin such false 35 Then, taking him from thence, that is not there, friends!
You break no privilege nor charter there. Prince. God keep me from false friends! but
Oft I have heard of sanctuary men; they were none.
But sanctuary children, ne'er till now. Glo. My lord, the mayor of London comes to
Card. My lord, you shall o’errule my mind 401
for once.Enter the Lord Mayor, and his Train.
Come on, lord Hastings, will you go with me? Mayor. God bless your grace with health and
Hast. I go, my lord. happy days!
Prince. Good lords, make all the speedy haste Prince. I thank you, good my lord:-and thank
you may. 451
(Exeunt Cardinal, and Hastings I thought, my mother, and my brother York,
Say, uncle Gloster, if our brother come, Woula long ere this have met us on the way :
Where shall we sojourn 'till our coronation? Fie, what a slug is Blastings ! that he comes not To tell us, whether they will come, or no.
Glo. Where it seems best unto your royal self.
If I may counsel you, some day, or two,
50 Your higliness shall repose you at the Tower: Buck. And, in good time, here comes the Then where you please, and shall be thought sweating lord. [mother come?
most fit Prince. Welcome, my lord: What, will our For your best health and recreation.
Hast. On what occasion, God he kuows, not I, Prince. I do not like the Tower, ofanyplace:The queen your mother, and your brother York, 55 Did Julius Cæsar build that place, my lord? Have taken sanctuary: The tender prince Glo. Hedid, my gracious lord, begin that place; Would fain have comewith meto meet your grace, Which, since, succeeding ages have re-edify'd. But by his mother was perforce withheld.
Prince. Is it upon record? or else reported Buck. Fie! what an indirect and peevish course Successively froni age to age, he built it? Is this of hers? --Lord cardinal, will your grace 1601 Buck. Upon record, my gracious lord.
London was anciently called Camera regia. * Ceremonious for superstitious; traditional for adherent to old customs.
Prince. But say, my lord, it were not register'd;
Glo. How? Methinks, the truth should live from age to age,
York. Little. As 'twere retail'd' to all posterity,
Prince. My lord of York will still be cross in Even to the general all-ending day.
tak ;Glo. So wise so young, they say, do ne'er live 5 Uncle, your grace knows how to bear with him. long?
York. You mean to bear me, not to bear with Prince. What say you, uncle?
Glo. I say, without characters, fame lives long. Uncle, my brother mocks both you and me; Thus, like the formal vice ?, Iniquity,
Because that I am little, like an ape. I , } aside.
10 Hethinksthatyoushouldbeariconyourshoulders. Prince. That Julius Casar was a famous man; Buck. With what a sharp-provided wit he reaWith what his valour did enrich his wit,
sons ! His wit set down to make his valour live: To mitigate the scorn he gives his uncle, Death makes no conquest of this conqueror; He pretuily and aptly taunts himself: For now he lives in fame, though not in life. 155o cunning, and so young, is wonderful. P'll tell you what, my cousin Buckinghain. Glo. My lord, will 't please you pass along? Buck. What, my gracious lord?
, and my good cousin Buckingham, Prince. An if I live until I be a man,
Will to your mother; to entreat of her, I'll win our ancient right in France again, To meet you at the Tower, and welcome you. Or die a soldier, as I liv'd a king.
1000 York. What, will you go into the Tower, my Glo. Short summers lightly * have a forward
lord ? spring.
[ Aside Prince. My lord protector needs will have it so.
York. I shall not sleep in quiet at the Tower. Enter York, Hastings, and the Cardinal. Glo. Why, what should you fear? Buck. Now, in good time, here comes the 25. "York. Marry, my uncle Clarence' angry ghost; duke of York.
[brother? My grandam told me, he was murther'd there. Prince. Richard of York, how fares our loving Prince. I fear no uncles dead. York. Well, my dread lord; so must I call you
Glo. Nor none that live, I hope.
Prince. An if they live, I hope, I need not fear. Prince. Ay, brother; to our grief, as it is yours:30 But come, my lord, and, with a heavy heart, Too late he died, that might have kept that Thinking on them, go I unto the Tower. title,
[Exeunt Prince, York, Hastings, Cardinal, Which by his death has lost much majesty:
and Aitendunts. Glo. How fares our cousin, noble lord of York: Buck. Think you, my lord, this little prating York. I thank you, gentle uncle. O, my lord, 35
York You said, that idie weeds are fast in growth: Was not incensed by his subtle mother, The prince my brother hath outgrown me far. To taunt and scorn you thus opprobriously? Glo. He hath, my lord.
Glo. No doubt, no doubt; 0,'tis a parlous boy; York. And therefore is he idle?
Bold, quick, ingenious, forward, capable ; Glo. O my fair cousin, I must not say so. 40 He's all the mother's, from the top to toe. York. Then is he more beholden to you, than I. Buck. Well, let them rest.-Come hither, Glo. He may command me, as my sovereign;
Catesby; thou art sworn But you
in me, as in a kinsman. As deeply to citect what we intend, York. I pray you, uncle, give me this dagger. As closely to conceal what we impart: Glo. My dagger, little cousin with all my heart. 45 Thou know’st our reasons urg'd upon the way;Prince. A beggar, brother?
What think'st thou ? is it not an easy matter. York. Of my kind uncle, that I know will give: To make William lord Hastings of our mind, And, being bút a toy, which is no gift to give. For the instalment of this noble duke
Glo. A greater gift than that I'll give my cousin. In the seat royal of this famous isle ?
not he? In weightier things you'll say a beggar, nay. Cates. He will do all in all as Hastings doth. Glo. It is too weighty for your grace to wear.
Buck. Well then, no more but this : Go, gentle York. I weigh it lightly", were it heavier.
Catesby, Glo. What, would you have my weapon, little And, as it were far off, sound thou lord Hastings, lord?
How he doth stand affected to our purpose; York. I would, that I might thank you as you calll And summon him to-morrow to the Tower,
ie, diffused, dispersed. · A proverbial line. 3 By vice the author means not a quality, but a person. See note , p. 492. *i.e. commonly, in ordinary course. 5 i.e. too lately, the loss is too fresh in our memory: i.e. I should still esteem it but a trifling gift, were it heavier.
To sit about the coronation.
Hast. Go, fellow, go, return unto thy lord; If thou dost find him tractable to us,
Bid bin not fear the separated councils: Encourage him, and tell hiin all our reasons : Flis honour, and myself, are at the one; If he be leaden, icy, cold, unwilling,
And, at the other, is my good friend Cateshy; Be thou so too; and so break off the talk, 5 Where nothing can proceed, that toucheth us, And give us notice of his inclination:
Whereof I shall not have intelligence. For we to-morrow hold divided' councils, Tell him, his fears are shallow, wanting instance': Wherein thyself shalt highly be employ'd. And for his dreams,- I wonder, he's so fond Glo. Commend me to lord Williain: tell him, To trust the mockery of unquiet slumbers: Catesby,
10 To fly the boar, before the boar pursues, Ilis ancient knot of dangerous adversaries Were to incense the boar to follow us, To-morrow are let blood at Poinfret-castle ; And make pursuit, where he did mean no chase. And bid my friend, for joy of this good news,
Go, bid thy master rise and come to me; Give mistress Shore one gentle kiss the more. And we will both together to the Tower, Buck. Good Catesby, go, etfect this business 15 Where, he shall see, the boar will use us kindly. soundly.
[can. Mes. I'll go, my lord, and tell him what you Cates. My good lords both, with all the heed I
[Erit. Glo. Shall we hear from you, Catesby, ere we
Enter Catesby. Cates. You shall, my lord.
[sleep Cates. Many good morrows to my noble lordi Glo. At Crosby-place, there you shall find us 20 Hast. Good morrow, Catesby; you are early both. [Erit Catesby.
stirring; Buck. Now, my lord, what shalī we do, if we What news, what news, in this our tottering state? perceive
Cates. It is a reeling world, indeed, my lord;.. Lord Hastings will not yield to our complots? And, I believe, will never stand upright, Glo. Chop off his head, man ;---somewbat we 25'Till Richard wear the garland of the realm. will do:
Hast. How ? wear the garland? dost thou mean.. And, look, when I am king, claim thou of me Cates. Ay, my good lord. [the crown? The earldom of Hereford, and all the moveables Hast. I'll have this crown of mine cut from Whereof the king my brother was possess'd.
my shoulders, Buck.I'llclaimthatpromise at your grace's hand. 30 Before I'll see the crown so foul misplac'd.
Glo.And look to have it yielded withallkindness. But canst thou guess that he dothaimat it? (ward Come, let us sup betimes; that afterwards
Cutes. Ay, on my lite; and hopes to find you forWe may digest our complots in some form. Upon his party, for the gain thereof :
[Ereunt. And, thereupon, he sends you this good news,
35 That, this same very day, your enemies, SCENE
The kindred of the queen, must die at Pomfret.. Before Lord Hastings' house.
Hast. Indeed, I am no mourner for that news, Enter a Messenger.
Because they have been still my adversaries :
But, that I'll give my voice on Richard's side, Mes. My lord, my lord,
40 ro bar my master's heirs in true descent, Hast. [iV'ithin.] Who knocks ? Mes. One from lord Stanley.
God knows, I will not do it, to the death. (inind !
Cales. God keep your lordship in that gracious Hast. What is't o'clock?
Hast. But I shall laugh at this a twleve-month Mes. Upon the stroke of four.
hence, Enter Hastings.
45 That they, who brought me in my master's hate, Ilast. Cannot thy master sleep these tedious I live to look upon their tragedy nights?
Well, Catesby, ere a fortniglit make me older, Mes. So it should seem by that I have to say. l'll send some packing, that yet think not on't. First, he commends him to your noble self. Cates. 'Tis a vile thing to die, my gracious lord, llast. And then,
50 When men are unprepar'd, and look not for it. Mes.Then certifies your lordship, that this night Hast.Oinonstrous,inonstrous! and so falls it out He dreamt, the boar had rased? off his helm : With Rivers, Vaughan, Grey: and so 'twill do Besides, he says, there are two councils held; With some men else, whothink themselves as safe And that may be determin’d at the one,
As thou, and I; who, as thou know'st, are dear Which may make you and biin to rue at th'other.55 To princely Richard, and to Buckingham. Therefore he sends to know your lordship's plca- Cates. The princes both make high account of If presently you will take horse with him, sure,
you. And with all speed post with him toward the north, Forthey account his head upon the bridge. [Aside. To shun the danger that his soul divines.
Hast. I know they do; and I have well deserv'dit. ! i.e. a prirate consultation, separate from the known and public council. 2. This term rased or rashed is alway given to describe the violence inflicted by a boar. By a boar, throughout this scene, is meant Gloster, who was called the boar, or the hog, as has been before observed, from his having a boar for his cognizance, and one of the supporters of his coat of arms. • i.e, wanting some example or act of malevolence, by which they may be justified.