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fession of all degrees, who had the best opportuni- his shirt too, and took the same his poor host had then ties of concealing him; for it must never be denied, on. Though he had foreseen that he must leave his that some of that religion had a very great share in boots, and his landlord had taken the best care he his majesty's preservation.
could to provide an old pair of shoes, yet they were The day being spent in the tree, it was not in the not easy to him when he first put them on, and, in a king's power to forget that he had lived two days with short time after, grew very grievous to him. In this eating very little, and two. nights with as little sleep; equipage he set out from his first lodging in the beso that, when the night came, he was willing to make ginning of the night, under the conduct of this guide, some provision for both; and he resolved, with the who guided him the nearest way, crossing over hedges advice and assistance of his companion, to leave his and ditches, that they might be in least danger of blessed tree; and, when the night was dark, they meeting passengers. This was so grievous a march, walked through the wood into those inclosures which and he was so tired, that he was even ready to despair, were farthest from any highway, and making a shift and to prefer being taken and suffered to rest, before to get over hedges and ditches, after walking at least purchasing his safety at that price. His shoes had, eight or nine miles, which were the more grievous to after a few miles, hurt him so much, that he had the king by the weight of his boots (for he could not thrown them away, and walked the rest of the way in put them off when he cut off his hair, for want of his ill stockings, which were quickly worn out; and shoes), before morning they came to a poor cottage, his feet, with the thorns in getting over hedges, and the owner whereof, being a Roman Catholic, was known with the stones in other places, were so hurt and to Careless. He was called up, and as soon as he wounded, that he many times cast himself upon the knew one of them, he easily concluded in what condi- ground, with a desperate and obstinate resolution to tion they both were, and presently carried them into rest there till the morning, that he might shift with a little barn full of hay, which was a better lodging less torment, what hazard soever he ran. But his than he had for himself. But when they were there, stout guide still prevailed with him to make a new and had conferred with their host of the news and attempt, sometimes promising that the way should be temper of the country, it was agreed that the danger better, and sometimes assuring him that he had but would be the greater if they stayed together; and, little farther to go; and in this distress and perplexity, therefore, that Careless should presently be gone, and before the morning they arrived at the house designed; should, within two days, send an honest man to the which, though it was better than that which he had king, to guide him to some other place of security ; left, his lodging was still in the barn, upon straw and in the mean time his majesty should stay upon instead of hay, a place being made as easy in it as the the hay-mow. The poor man had nothing for him to expectation of a guest could dispose it. Here he had eat, but promised him good butter-milk; and so he such meat and porridge as such people use to have, was once more left alone, his companion, how weary with which, but especially with the butter and the soever, departing from him before day, the poor man cheese, he thought himself well feasted; and took the of the house knowing no more than that he was a best care he could to be supplied with other, little friend of the captain's, and one of those who had better, shoes and stockings; and after his feet were escaped from Worcester. The king slept very well in enough recovered that he could go, he was conducted his lodging, till the time that his host brought him a from thence to another poor house, within such a dispiece of bread, and a great pot of butter-milk, which tance as put him not to much trouble ; for having not he thought the best food he ever had caten. The poor yet in his thought which way or by what means to man spoke very intelligently to him of the country, make his escape, all that was designed was only, by and of the people who were well or ill affected to the shifting from one house to another, to avoid discovery. king, and of the great fear and terror that possessed And being now in that quarter which was more inthe hearts of those who were best affected. He told habited by the Roman Catholics than most other parts him, that he himself lived by his daily labour, and in England, he was led from one to another of that that what he had brought him was the fare he and persuasion, and concealed with great fidelity. But he his wife had ; and that he feared, if he should endea- then observed that he was never carried to any gentlevour to procure better, it might draw suspicion upon man's house, though that country was full of them, him, and people might be apt to think he had some- but only to poor houses of poor men, which only body with him that was not of his own family. How- yielded him rest with very unpleasant sustenance; ever, if he would have him get some meat, he would whether there was more danger in those better houses, do it ; but if he could bear this hard diet, he should in regard of the resort and the many servants, or have enough of the milk, and some of the butter that whether the owners of great estates were the owners was made with it.' The king was satisfied with his likewise of more fears and apprehensions. reason, and would not run the hazard for a change of Within few days, a very honest and discreet person, diet; desired only the man that he might have his one Mr Hudleston, a Benedictine monk, who attended company as often and as much as he could give it the service of the Roman Catholics in those parts, him; there being the same reason against the poor came to him, sent by Careless, and was a very great man's discontinuing his labour, as the alteration of assistance and comfort to him. And when the places his fare.
to which he carried him were at too great a distance After he had rested upon this hay-mow and fed to walk, he provided him a horse, and more proper upon this diet two days and two nights, in the even- habit than the rags he wore. This man told him, ing before the third night, another fellow, a little that the Lord Wilmot lay concealed likewise in a above the condition of his host, came to the house, friend's house of his, which his majesty was very glad sent from Careless, to conduct the king to another of, and wished him to contrive some means how they house, more out of any road near which any part of might speak together,' which the other easily did; the army was like to march. It was above twelve and, within a night or two, brought them into one miles that he was to go, and was to use the same place. Wilmot told the king that he had by very caution he had done the first night, not to go in any good fortune fallen into the house of an honest gentlecommon road, which his guide knew well how to man, one Mr Lane, a person of an excellent reputaaroid. Here he new dressed himself, changing clothes tion for his fidelity to the king, but of so universal with his landlord; he had a great mind to have kept and general a good name, that, though he had a son his own shirt ; but he considered, that men are not who had been a colonel in the king's service during sooner discovered by any mark in disguises than by the late war, and was then upon his way with men to having fine linen in ill clothes ; and so he parted with | Worcester, the very day of the defeat, men of all affec
tions in the country, and of all opinions, paid the old bours, and those who inhabited near them, but, upon man a very great respect ; that he had been very conference with their friends, could choose fit houses, civilly treated there; and that the old gentleman had at any distance, to repose themselves in security, from used some diligence to find out where the king was, one end of the kingdom to another, without trusting that he might get him to his house, where, he was the hospitality of a common inn; and men were very sure, he could conceal him till he might contrive a rarely deceived in their confidence upon such occafull deliverance.' He told him, he had withdrawn sions; but the persons with whom they were at any from that house, in hope that he might, in some time, could conduct them to another house of the same other place, discover where his majesty was; and hav- affection. ing now happily found him, advised him to repair to Mr Lane had a niece, or very near kinswoman, who that house, which stood not near any other.'
was married to a gentleman, one Mr Norton, a person The king inquired of the monk of the reputation of of eight or nine hundred pounds per annum, who this gentleman, who told him, 'that he had a fair lived within four or five miles of Bristol, which was estate, was exceedingly beloved, and the eldest justice at least four or five days' journey from the place where of peace of that county of Stafford; and though he the king then was, but a place most to be wished for was a very zealous Protestant, yet he lived with so the king to be in, because he did not only know all much civility and candour towards the Catholics, that that country very well, but knew many persons also they would all trust him as much as they would do any to whom, in an extraordinary case, he durst make of their own profession; and that he could not think of himself known. It was hereupon resolved that Mrs any place of so good repose and security for his ma Lane should visit this cousin, who was known to be jesty's repair to.' The king liked the proposition, yet of good affections, and that she should ride behind thought not fit to surprise the gentleman, but sent the king, who was fitted with clothes and boots for Wilmot thither again, to assure himself that he might such a service; and that a servant of her father's, in be received there, and was willing that he should his livery, should wait upon her. A good house was know what guest he received; which hitherto was so easily pitched upon for the first night's lodging, where much concealed, that none of the houses where he had Wilmot had notice given him to meet ; and in this yet been, knew or seemed to suspect more than that equipage the king began his journey, the colonel keephe was one of the king's party that fled from Wor-ing himn company at a distance, with a hawk upon his cester. The monk carried him to a house at a reason- fist, and two or three spaniels, which, where there able distance, where he was to expect an account from were any fields at hand, warranted him to ride out of the Lord Wilmot, who returned very punctually, with the way, keeping his company still in his eye, and not as much assurance of welcome as he could wish. seeming to be of it. In this manner they came to And so they two went together to Mr Lane's house, their first night's lodging ; and they need not now where the king found he was welcome, and conveni- contrive to come to their journey's end about the ently accommodated in such places as in a large house close of the evening, for it was in the month of Ochad been provided to conceal the persons of malig- tober far advanced, that the long journeys they made nants, or to preserve goods of value from being plun. could not be despatched sooner. Here the Lord Wildered. Here he lodged and ate very well, and began mot found them, and their journeys being then adto hope that he was in present safety. Wilmot re- justed, he was instructed where he should be every turned under the care of the monk, and expected night; so they were seldom seen together in the joursummons when any farther motion should be thought ney, and rarely lodged in the same house at night. to be necessary:
In this manner the colonel hawked two or three days, In this station the king remained in quiet and till he had brought them within less than a day's blessed security many days, receiving every day in- journey of Mr Norton's house, and then be gave his formation of the general consternation the kingdom hawk to the Lord Wilmot, who continued the journey was in, out of the apprehension that his person might in the same exercise. fall into the hands of his enemies, and of the great There was great care taken when they came to any diligence they used to inquire for him. He saw the house, that the king might be presently carried into proclamation that was issued out and printed, in some chamber, Mrs Lane declaring that he was a which a thousand pounds were promised to any man neighbour's son, who:n his father bad lent her to ride who would deliver and discover the person of Charles before her, in hope that he would the sooner recover Stuart, and the penalty of high treason declared against from a quartan ague, with which he had been miserthose who presumed to harbour or conceal hin, by ably afflicted, and was not yet free.' And by this which he saw how inuch he was beholden to all those artifice she caused a good bed to be still provided for who were faithful to himn. It was now time to con- him, and the best meat to be sent, which she often sider how he might get near the sea, from whence he carried herself, to hinder others from doing it. There might find some means to transport hinself; and he was no resting in any place till they came to Mr Norwas now near the middle of the kingdom, saving that ton’s, nor anything extraordinary that happened in it was a little more northward, where he was utterly the way, save that they met many people every day unacquainted with all the ports, and with that coast. in the way, who were very well known to the king; In the west he was best acquainted, and that coast and the day that they went to Mr Norton's, they was most proper to transport him into France, to which were necessarily to ride quite through the city of he was inclined. Upon this matter he communicated Bristol--a place and people the king had been so well with those of this family to whom he was known, that acquainted with, that he could not but send his eyes is, with the old gentleman the father, a very grave abroad to view the great alterations which had been and venerable person ; the colonel, his eldest son, a made there, after his departure from thence; and very plain man in his discourse and behaviour, but of when he rode near the place where the great fort had a fearless courage, and an integrity superior to any stood, he could not forbear putting his horse out of temptation; and a daughter of the house, of a very the way, and rode with his mistress behind him round good wit and discretion, and very fit to bear any part about it. in such a trust. It was a benefit, as well as an incon They came to Mr Norton's house sooner than usual, venience, in those unhappy times, that the affections and it being on a holiday, they saw many people of all men were almost as well known as their faces, about a bowling-green that was before the door; and by the discovery they had made of themselves in those the first man the king saw was a chaplain of his own, sad seasons in many trials and persecutions; so that who was allied to the gentleman of the house, and men knew not only the minds of their next neigh- I was sitting upon the rails to see how the bowlers
played. William, by which name the king, went, and the king gave him directions to inquire after walked with his horse into the stable, until his mis- some persons, and some other particulars, of which tress could provide for his retreat. Mrs Jane was when he should be fully instructed, he should return very welcome to her cousin, and was presently con- again to him. In the mean time, Wilmot lodged at ducted to her chamber, where she no sooner was, than a house not far from Mr Norton's, to which he had she lamented the condition of “a good youth who been recommended. came with her, and whom she had borrowed of his
After some days' stay here, and communication befather to ride before her, who was very sick, being tween the king and the Lord Wilmot by letters, the newly recovered of an ague ;' and desired her cousin king came to know that Colonel Francis Windham
that a chamber might be provided for him, and a lived within little more than a day's journey of the good fire made, for that he would go early to bed, and place where he was, of which he was very glad; for, bewas not fit to be below stairs.' A pretty little cham- sides the inclination he had to his eldest brother, whose ber was presently made ready, and a fire prepared, wife had been his nurse, this gentleman had behaved and a boy sent into the stable to call William, and himself very well during the war, and had been goto show him his chamber; who was very glad to be vernor of Dunstar castle, where the king had lodged there, freed from so much company as was below. when he was in the west. After the end of the war, Mrs Lane was put to find some excuse for making a and when all other places were surrendered in that visit at that time of the year, and so many days' jour-county, he likewise surrendered that, upon fair conney from her father, and where she had never been ditions, and made his peace, and afterwards married before, though the mistress of the house and she had a wife with a competent fortune, and lived quietly, been bred together, and friends as well as kindred. without any suspicion of having lessened his affection She pretended that she was, after a little rest, to go towards the king. into Dorsetshire to another friend.' When it was The king sent Wilmot to him, and acquainted him supper-time, there being broth brought to the table, where he was, and that he would gladly speak with Mrs Lane filled a little dish, and desired the butler him.' It was not hard for him to choose a good place who waited at the table to carry that dish of porridge where to meet, and thereupon the day was appointed. to William, and to tell him that he should have some After the king had taken his leave of Mrs Lane, who meat sent to him presently.' The butler carried the remained with her cousin Norton, the king and the porridge into the chamber, with a nakpin, and spoon, Lord Wilmot met the colonel ; and in the way he met, and bread, and spoke kindly to the young man, who in a town through which they passed, Mr Kirton, a was willing to be eating.
servant of the king's, who well knew the Lord Wilmot, The butler, looking narrowly upon him, fell upon who had no other disguise than the hawk, but took his knees, and with tears told him, he was glad to no notice of him, nor suspected the be there; see his majesty' The king was infinitely surprised, yet that day made the king more wary of having him yet recollected himself enough to laugh at the man, in his company upon the way. At the place of meetand to ask him what he neant ?' The man had ing, they rested only one night, and then the king been falconer to Sir Thomas Jermyn, and made it went to the colonel's house, where he rested many appear that he knew well enough to whom he spoke, days, whilst the colonel projected at what place the repeating some particulars which the king had not king might embark, and how they might procure a foryot. Whereupon the king conjured him 'not to vessel to be ready there, which was not easy to find, speak of what he knew, so much as to his master, there being so great a fear possessing those who were though he believed him a very honest man. The fel- honest, that it was hard to procure any vessel that low promised, and kept his word; and the king was was outward-bound to take in any passenger. the better waited upon during the time of his abode There was a gentleman, one Mr Ellison, who lived there.
near Lyme, in Dorsetshire, and was well known to Dr Gorges, the king's chaplain, being a gentleman Colonel Windham, having been a captain in the of a good family near that place, and allied to Mr king's army, and was still looked upon as a very Norton, supped with them; and being a man of a honest man. With him the colonel consulted how cheerful conversation, asked Mrs Lane many questions they might get a vessel to be ready to take in a couple concerning William, of whom he saw she was so care of gentlemen, friends of his, who were in danger to be ful, by sending up meat to him, how long his ague arrested, and transport them into France. Though no had been gone? and whether he had purged since it man would ask who the persons were, yet it could not left him?' and the like ; to which she gave such an but be suspected who they were; at least they conswers as occurred. The doctor, from the final preva- cluded that it was some of Worcester party. Lyme lence of the Parliament, had, as many others of that was generally as malicious and disaffected a town to function had done, declined his profession, and pre- the king's interest as any town in England could be, tended to study physic. As soon as supper was done, yet there was in it a master of a bark, of whose honesty out of good nature, and without telling anybody, he this captain was very confident. This man was lately went to see William. The king saw him coming into returned from France, and had unladen his vessel, the chamber, and withdrew to the inside of the bed, when Ellison asked him when he would make anthat he might be farthest from the candle; and the other voyage ?' And he answered, ' as soon as he could doctor came and sat down by him, felt his pulse, and get lading for his ship.' The other asked whether asked him many questions, which he answered in as he would undertake to carry over a couple of gentlefew words as was possible, and expressing great incli- men, and land them in France, if he might be as well nation to go to his bed ; to which the doctor left him, paid for his voyage as he used to be when he was and went to Mrs Lane, and told her that he had freighted by the merchants? In conclusion, he told been with William, and that he would do well;' and him he should receive fifty pounds for his fare.' The advised her what she should do if his ague returned. large recompense had that effect, that the man underThe next morning the doctor went away, so that the took it; though he said he must make his provision king saw him no more. The next day, the Lord Wil- very secretly, for that he might be well suspected for mot came to the house with his hawk, to see Mrs going to sea again without being freighted, after he Lane, and so conferred with William, who was to con was so newly returned.' Colonel Windham being sider what he was to do. They thought it necessary advertised of this, came, together with the Lord Wil. to rest some days, till they were informed what port mot, to the captain's house, from whence the lord and lay most convenient for them, and what person lived the captain rid to a house near Lyme, where the masnearest to it, upon whose fidelity they might rely; l ter of the bark met them; and the Lord Wilmot being
satisfied with the discourse of the man, and his wari- wife told him 'she was sure he was doing somewhat ness in foreseeing suspicions which would arise, it was that would undo him, and she was resolved he should resolved that on such a night, which upon considera- not go out of his house ; and if he should persist in tion of the tides was agreed upon, the man should it, she would tell the neighbours, and carry him bedraw out his vessel from the pier, and, being at sea, fore the mayor to be examined, that the truth might should come to such a point about a mile from the be found out. The poor man, thus mastered by the town, where his ship should remain upon the beach passion and violence of his wife, was forced to yield when the water was gone, which would take it off to her, that there might be no farther noise, and so again about break of day the next morning. There went into his bed. was very near that point, even in the view of it, a And it was very happy that the king's jealousy sinall inn, kept by a man who was reputed honest, to hastened him from that inn. It was the solemn fastwhich the cavaliers of the country often resorted; and day, which was observed in those times principally to the London road passed that way, so that it was sel-inflame the people against the king, and all those who dom without company. Into that inn the two gentle- were loyal to him; and there was a chapel in that men were to come in the beginning of the night, that village over against that inn, where a weaver, who had they might put themselves on board. All things being been a soldier, used to preach, and utter all the vilthus concerted, and good earnest given to the master, lany imaginable against the old order of government. the Lord Wilmot and the colonel returned to the and he was then in the chapel preaching to his concolonel's house, above a day's journey from the place, gregation when the king went from thence, and tellthe captain undertaking every day to look that the ing the people that Charles Stuart was lurking somemaster should provide, and, if anything fell out con- where in that country, and that they would merit trary to expectation, to give the colonel notice at such from God Almighty if they could find him out.' The a place where they intended the king should be the passengers, who had lodged in the inn that night, day before he was to embark.
had, as soon as they were up, sent for a smith to visit The king being satisfied with these preparations, their horses, it being a hard frost. The smith, when came at the time appointed to that house where he he had done what he was sent for, according to the was to hear that all went as it ought to do; of which custom of that people, examined the feet of the other he received assurance from the captain, who found two horses, to find more work. When he had observed that the man had honestly put his provisions on them, he told the host of the house that one of those board, and had his company ready, which were but horses had travelled far, and that he was sure that four men, and that the vessel should be drawn out his four shoes had been made in four several counties; that night; so that it was fit for the two persons to which, whether his skill was able to discover or no, come to the aforesaid inu: and the captain conducted was very true. The smith going to the sermon, told them within sight of it, and then went to his own his story to some of his neighbours, and so it came house, not distant a mile from it; the colonel remain- to the ears of the preacher when his sermon was done. ing still at the house where they had lodged the night Immediately he sent for an officer, and searched the before, till he might hear the news of their being em- inn, and inquired for those horses ; and being inbarked.
formed that they were gone, he caused horses to be They found many passengers in the inn, and so sent to follow them, and to make inquiry after the were to be contented with an ordinary chamber, which two men who rid those horses, and positively declared they did not intend to sleep long in. But as soon as that one of them was Charles Stuart.' there appeared any light, Wilmot went out to discover When they came again to the colonel, they presently the bark, of which there was no appearance. In a concluded that they were to make no longer stay in word, the sun arose, and nothing like a ship in view. those parts, nor any more to endeavour to find a ship They sent to the captain, who was as much amazed ; upon that coast; and without any farther delay, they and he sent to the town, and his servant could not rode back to the colonel's house, where they arrived find the master of the bark, which was still in the in the night. Then they resolved to make their next pier. They suspected the captain, and the captain attempt in Hampshire and Sussex, where Colonel suspected the master. However, it being past ten of Windham had no interest. They must pass through the clock, they concluded it was not fit for them to all Wiltshire before they came thither, which would stay longer there, and so they mounted their horses require many days' journey ; and they were first to again to return to the house where they had left the consider what honest houses there were in or near the colonel, who, they knew, resolved to stay there till he way, where they might securely repose; and it was were assured that they were gone.
thought very dangerous for the king to ride through The truth of the disappointment was this: the man any great town, as Salisbury or Winchester, which meant honestly, and inade all things ready for his might probably lie in their way. departure; and the night he was to go out with his There was, between that and Salisbury, a very vessel, he had stayed in his own house, and slept two honest gentleman, Colonel Robert Philips, a younger or three hours; and the time of the tide being come brother of a very good family, which had always been that it was necessary to be on board, he took out of a very loyal, and he had served the king during the war. cupboard some linen and other things, which he used | The king was resolved to trust him, and so sent the to carry with him to sea. His wife had observed that Lord Wilmot to a place from whence he might send he had been for some days fuller of thoughts than he to Mr Philips to come to him; and when he had used to be, and that he had been speaking with sea- spoken with him, Mr Philips should come to the men who used to go with him, and that some of them king, and Wilmot was to stay in such a place as they had carried provisions on board the bark; of which two should agree. Mr Philips accordingly came she had asked her husband the reason, who had told to the colonel's house, which he could do without her that he was promised freight speedily, and there- suspicion, they being nearly allied. The ways were fore he would make all things ready.' She was sure very full of soldiers, which were sent now from the that there was yet no lading in the ship, and there army to their quarters, and many regiments of horse fore, when she saw her husband take all those mate- and foot were assigned for the west, of which division rials with him, which was a sure sign that he meant to Desborough was commander-in-chief. These marches go to sea, and it being late in the night, she shut the were like to last for many days, and it would not be door, and swore he should not go out of his house. fit for the king to stay so long in that place. ThereHe told her he must go, and was engaged to go to upon he resorted to his old security of taking a woman jea that night, for which he should be well paid.' His behind him, a kinswoman of Colonel Windham, whom
he carried in that manner to a place not far from could never have accomplished those designs without Salisbury, to which Colonel Philips conducted him. the assistance of a great spirit, an admirable circumIn this journey he passed through the middle of a spection and sagacity, and a most magnanimous resoregiment of horse, and, presently after, met Des- lution. borough walking down a hill with three or four men When he appeared first in the parliament, he seemed with him, who had lodged in Salisbury the night be to have a person in no degree gracious, no ornament fore, all that road being full of soldiers.
of discourse, none of those talents which use to conThe next day, upon the plains, Dr Hinchman, one ciliate the affections of the stander-by. Yet as he of the prebends of Salisbury, met the king, the Lord grew into place and authority, his parts seemed to be Wilmot and Philips then leaving him to go to the raised, as if he had had concealed faculties, till he sea-coast to find a vessel, the doctor conducting the had occasion to use them; and when he was to act king to a place called Heale, three n iles from Salis- the part of a great man, he did it without any indebury, belonging then to Serjeant Hyde, who was after-cency, notwithstanding the want of custom. wards Chief Justice of the King's Ben :h, and then in After he was confirmed and invested Protector by the possession of the widow of his elder brother-a the humble petition and advice, he consulted with house that stood alone from neighbours, and from any very few upon any action of importance, nor commuhighway-where coming in late in the evening, he nicated any enterprise he resolved upon with more supped with some gentlemen who accidentally were than those who were to have principal parts in the in the house, which could not well be avoided. But execution of it; nor with them sooner than was absothe next morning he went early from thence, as if he lutely necessary. What he once resolved, in which had continued his journey; and the widow, being he was not rash, he would not be dissuaded from, nor trusted with the knowledge of her guest, sent her ser endure any contradiction of his power and authority, vants out of the way, and at an hour appointed re but extorted obedience from them who were not willceived him again, and accommodated him in a little ing to yield it. room, which had been made since the beginning of the Thus he subdued a spirit that had been often troubles for the concealment of delinquents, the seat troublesome to the most sovereign power, and made always belonging to a malignant family.
Westminster Hall as obedient and subservient to his Here he lay concealed, without the knowledge of commands as any of the rest of his quarters. In all some gentlemen who lived in the house, and of others other matters, which did not concern the life of his who daily resortod thither, for many days; the widow jurisdiction, he seemed to have great reverence for herself only attending him with such things as were the law, rarely interposing between party and party, necessary, and bringing him such letters as the doctor As he proceeded with this kind of indignation and received from the Lord Wilmot and Colonel Philips. haughtiness with those who were refractory, and durst A vessel being at last provided upon the coast of Sussex, contend with his greatness, so towards all who comand notice thereof sent to Dr Hinchman, he sent to plied with his good pleasure, and courted his protecthe king to meet him at Stonehenge, upon the plains, tion, he used great civility, generosity, and bounty. three miles from Heale, whither the widow took care To reduce three nations, which perfectly hated him, to direct him; and being there met, he attended him to an entire obedience to all his dictates ; to awe and to the place where Colonel Philips received him. He, govern those nations by an army that was indevoted the next day, delivered him to the Lord Wilmot, who to him, and wished his ruin, was an instance of a very went with him to a house in Sussex recommended by prodigious address. But his greatness at home was Colonel Gunter, a gentleman of that country, who had but a shadow of the glory he had abroad. It was jerved the king in the war, who met him there, and hard to discover which feared him most, France, Spain, had provided a little bark at Brighthelmstone, a or the Low Countries, where his friendship was cuismall fisher town, where he went early on board, and, rent at the value he put upon it. As they did all by God's blessing, arrived safely in Normandy. sacrifice their honour and their interest to his plea
sure, so there is nothing he could have demanded that [Character of Oliver Cromwell.]
either of them would have denied him.
To conclude his character: Cromwell was not so He was one of those men, quos vituperare ne inimici far a man of blood as to follow Machiavel's method; quidem possunt, nisi ut simul'audent; whom his very which prescribes, upon a total alteration of governenemies could not condemn without commending him ment, as a thing absolutely necessary, to cut off all at the same time ; for he could never have done half the heads of those, and extirpate their families, who that mischief without great parts of courage, industry, are friends to the old one. It was confidently reand judgment. He must have had a wonderful un- ported, that in the council of officers it was more than derstanding in the natures and humours of men, and once proposed, “ that there might be a general masas great a dexterity in applying them ; who, from a sacre of all the royal party, as the only expedient to private and obscure birth (though of a good family), secure the government, but that Cromwell would without interest or estate, alliance or friendship, could never consent to it; it may be, out of too great a conraise himself to such a height, and compound and tempt of his enemies. In a word, as he was guilty of knead such opposite and contradictory tempers, hu- many crimes against which damnation is denounced, mours, and interests into a consistence, that contri- and for which hell-fire is prepared, so he had some buted to his designs, and to their own destruction ; good qualities which have caused the memory of some whilst himself grew insensibly powerful enough to cut men in all ages to be celebrated ; and he will be off those by whom he had cliin bed, in the instant that looked upon by posterity as a brave wicked man. they projected to demolish their own building. What was said of Cinna may very justly be said of him,
BULSTRODE WHITELOCKE. ausum eum, quæ nemo auderet bonus ; perfecisse, que a nullo, nisi fortissimo, perfici possent—[ he attempted BULSTRODE WHITELOCKE (1605-1676), an eminent those things which no good man durst have ventured lawyer, who wrote Memorials of English Affairs from on, and achieved those in which none but a valiant the beginning of the reign of Charles I. to the and great man could have succeeded.') Without doubt, Restoration, was of principles opposite to those of no mar, with more wickedness ever attempted any. Lord Clarendon, though, like Selden and other modething, or brought to pass what he desired more rate anti-royalists, he was averse to a civil var. wickedly, more in the face and contempt of religion Whitelocke was the legal adviser of Hampden during and moral honesty. Yet wickedness as great as his the prosecution of that celebrated patriot for refusing