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duct, the Court are of opinion he ought, notwithjianding that, to be acquitted ; and he is acquitted accordingly.”.

Noc to dwell on the nonsense of the foregoing declaration, we fhall only. adă, that the Author, or Editor, of this copy of the trial has subjoined the following piece of information, viz." The Prelident delivered to the Vice-admiral his sword, with this short address : Sir, I am direcied by the Court to return you your sword.Art. 50. The Trial of Sir Hugh Palliser, Vice-Admiral of the

Blue Squadron, at a Court-martial, &c.--To which is prefixed a Glossary of the technical Terms and Sea-phrases used in the Course of the Trial.' 8vo. 35, 6 d. Murray.

SENTENCE. " The Court having taken the evidence into confideration," t " were of opinion, so far from the conduct of Sir Hugh Palliser- being reprehensible on the 27th and 28th of July, that in many parts thereof it appeared exemplary and highly meritorious; but it did appear to them that he should have taken fome steps, either by the Fox frigate, or otherwise, to make the disabled ftate of his ship known to the Admiral. However, all circumstances being duly weighed, they acquit him of the charges adduced against him, and he is hereby acquitted accordingly.”.

Here the attentive reader will observe a confiderable degree of vaa riation from the words of the sentence as given in the Portsmouth Copy ; but there is a ftill greater, a more glaring difference in the two accounts of the President's address to Sir Hugh, on delivering to him his sword : it stands here, as follows:

" Sir Hugh Palliser, I feel the highest satisfaction in being authorized by this Court to return your sword, which you have hitherto - worn with so much professional reputation, and which, I trust, will foon be drawn again in the honourable defence of your country.”

Now which of these two accounts ought we to believe? What say the Minutes printed by authority of the Admiralty? Here they are : Art. 51. Minutes of the Proceedings at a Court-Martial, af

sembled for the Trial of Vice-admiral Sir Hugh Palliser, Bart. As
taken by George Jackson, Esq; Judge Advocate of his Majesty's
Fleet. Published by Order of ihe Lords Commissioners of the Ad-
miralty. Folio. 45. Cadell.
SENTENCE. "

the Court"- "are of opinion that his" [Sir H. P.’s] “ conduct and behaviour on those days” [July 27 and 28] “ were in many respects highly exemplary and meritorious: at the same time cannot help thinking it was incumbent on him to have made known to his Commander in Chief the disabled ftate of the Formidable, which he might have done by the Fox at the time the joined him, or by other means.-Notwithstanding his omillion in that particular, the Court are of opinion he is not in any other respect chargeable with misconduct or misbehaviour on the days aforemen

+ The words omitted in our transcript, where the breaks occur, both in this and the following copy of the sentence, being merely formal, and no way affecting the matter either of censure or acquittal, are left out for the sake of brevity,

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tioned ; and therefore they acquit him, and he is hereby acquitted
accordingly."

Here we have fomething like sense and meaning ; but with respecht
to the President's complimentary address to Sir Hugh, on delivering
him his sword (as it stands in the trial printed for Mr. Murray],
the difference between that and the Portsmouth account cannot here
be adjusted, for the Judge-Advocate has said one word relative
to that circumstance. - Note, there is a fourth copy of these proceed-
ings, taken by Mr. Blandemor; but this is not yet come to our
hands.
Art. 52. A Friendly Address to the Jews in general. In a Series
of Letters.

1 s. 6 d. Brown. ' 1779.
These letters, we are given to understand, were written for the be-
neht of a Jewish family of the Author's acquaintance, who advised
with him about religion. How far the friendly intention of the Wri-
ter was answered, is not said ; but as in one paffage, he addresses
his correspondent as almost persuaded to be a Christian, we may
Suppose he had the satisfaction of completing the work. These let-
ters consist of plain exhortations; but we cannot think they apply to
or reach those objections that might be started by a fenable Jew not
previously disposed to listen to Christian doctrinesi

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.
Art. 53. The Nature and Extent of Intellectual Liberty, in a

Letter to Sir George Saville, Bart. occafioned by an Error or a fundamental principle of Legislation, supported by his Credit and Eloquence in the Debate on the Diffenting Bill, March 17, 1779. By the Rev. David Williams. 8vo.

15. Dodsley, &c.

As it is imposible, within our narrow limits, to do complete justice to the arguments used by the several late writers on the nice, difficult, and important fubject of Intelle&ual Liberty, we shall only give the titles of the controversial tracts which have been occasioned by the Difjinters Bill just passed, together with a slight intimation of the leading principle of each author,

The firft of these, in the order of publication, is the abovementioned letter to Sir G. S. in which Mr. W. says many friking, and some extravagant things. He decides absolutely against the bill; which he considers as injurious and dangerous to truth and liberty. This Gentleman carries the argument higher than any other advocate on the fame side of the quellion ; for he contends for á full and free toleration of all opinions and doctrines. He says, I do not see why thieves should not be allowed to preach the prin. ciples of theft; murderers of murder ; feducers of feduction ; adal terers of adultery; and traitors of treason; adding, “If any man be fo weak as to think, that advantages would arise to iniquicy from it, he cannot be benefited by any reafoning which can

be offered him.'

Ms. W. foars on long pinions indeed ;-and he seems to appre. hend no danger of their being clipped, -notwithstanding his fears for the consequences of the present limited toleration.

The ' error on a fundamental principle which procured Sir G. the honour of this epistle, was his admitting that "there were fome

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is being opinions and thoughts which could not be tolerated ;' instancing

* those of a right to murder or to plunder." What the spirited beating letter-writer says in opposition to Sir G.'s notion is curious at leaft; 4, C94 if not convincing. ** ; Art. 54. Confiderations on the Disenters' Bill; or, the Propriety

of Proteftant dissenting Ministers acceding to a Declaration of their Belief in the Holy Scriptures, annexed to a Bill now depending in Parliament, for the farther Enlargement of religious Liberty. 8vo. 6d. Robson, &c. 1779

This candid and judicious advocate for the bill, as it has passed, In since the appearance of these considerations, with the Declaration

annexed, fets out with facing, in general terms, the dissenters' plea for the right of private judgment, and the free exercise of his religion; and then proceeds to enquire whether, on the different grounds of conscience and of expedience, a diffenting minister may accede to the proposed declaration? This question, in both respects, but especially in the latter, he determines in the afirmative ; and every moderate reader, we apprehend, will approve his reasoning; which extends to every important point and argument involved in this great and comprehenfive fabject of inveftigation. With respect, however, to án acknowledgment of the magiftrase's right to demand of any man a declaration of his faith, there are, among the dissenters, many rational and worthy ministers, who entertain sentiments different from those of our Author. of this number, is the writer of the cract

which is the subject of the following article. bisa

Art. 55. Free Thoughts on the Inconsistency of conforming to any

religious Test, as a Condition of Toleration, with the true Principle of Protestant Dissent. By John Palmer, Minister to a Society of Protestant Diflenters in New Broad-ftreet. 8vo.

is. Johnson. These free thoughts seem to have been chiefly intended as an anfwer ro the preceding confiderations. The writer does not enter Targely into the general question concerning the just limits of the civil power. The particular point to which his remarks chiefly bear reference, is the interference of the magiftrate in requiring of protestant diffenting minifters, cators, and schoolmasters, a declara. tion of faith in the fcriptures, as the condition of their enjoying a legal toleration to exercise their respective functions : and his leading confideration is, whether such a requisition can be complied with, in consistence with the true principle of protestant dissent ?" This is, indeed, the main object of the present du bate; and our fenfible Author, who appears to be a' staunch difsenter on principié, decides totally against the bill :--so true is the remark of good Sir Roger De Coverly (which we may apply to almost every controversy), “that much may be said on both sides."

*** There are some orber publications on this interesting subjed; but we must defer them to our next Month's Review. Art. 56. A feasonable Caution against the Abominations of the Church of Rome. By C. De Coetlogon, M. A.

Į2mo, 6 d. Keith.

1779.

Candor 'and moderation toward persons of every religious denomination, we must wish to be encouraged; brat the history of the whole Chriftian world, fo clearly proves the ill tendency of popit

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principles and ufurpations on che rights and consciences of men, that we cannot be too much guarded against them. This Author gives on the whole a proper view of his subject. He intends his book for the common people, believing that the youth of this nation, cipe. cially of the poorer fort, are in danger of being educated in the horrid principles of the church of Rone; thousands, he says, 'having been invited, and many received into Popish seminaries in feveral parts of Great Britain.' At the same time he admonishes his readers, that it is his design . not to attack perfons but things, to form that kind of error, which in its nature is fatal to the civil and religious liberties of Englihmen.' We do not intirely approve of one or two of his terms, such as diabolical council, hypocritical zeal," because there are no doubt fincere and worthy persons in this party of Chritians

1

, as well as in others. His account of articles of faith necejsary to salva. tion discovers, perhaps, a mind much too narrow;, and posibly, on enquiry, he may find it savours a little of that fpirit of papery which inculcates that out of their church there is no salvation. We join, however, with him in his concluding paragraph: 'The fate of the nation is alarming; the state of religion is much more fo; therefore, as men, as citizens, as christians, BE WARE.' Art. 57. A Defence of the Clergy of the Church of Scotland, who

have appeared in Opposition to the Intention of an unlimited Repeal of the Penal Laws against Roman Catholics. By John M'Farlan, D. D. one of the Ministers of Canongate. Edinburgb. 8d. Dickson, Edinburgh.

Whether Dr. M Farlan's apprehensions of the bad consequences to be dreaded from an unlimited repeal of the penal laws againt papists are, or are not, well-grounded, we shall not take upon us to determine. We are bound in charity to believe, that the Doctor, and fuch of his brechren as agree with him upon this subject, are men of integrity, and act from principle. On this fupponition, the Defence befo e us does them honour, both as Christians and as Protettants. Art. 58. Confiderations on the Spirit of Popery, and the intended

Bill for the Relief of Papilis in Scotland, By John Erskine, D. D. one of the Ministers of Edinburgh. 8vo. 6 d. Printed at Edin. burgh.

In regard to these Confiderations, we can only repeat what we said in the preceding article, viz. that, whatever ground there may, or may not be, for apprehending danger from Roman Catholics, Dr. Erkkine's zeal in a cause, wherein he thinks the lives, liberties, and religion of protestants are intimately concerned, merits commenda. tion. Art. 59. Popery dissected : or, a Speech against the Popish To

leration Bill: intended to have been delivered in the Pantheon {Edinburgh), Nov. 12, 1778. Now greatly enlarged. · By W. Drysdale, Teacher of Languages, &c. Edinburgh. 8vo. Edinburgh. 1779. Sold by Fieiding and Walker, London.

Full of zeal, and learning, and bad English. The last mentioned circumftance is rather unfortunate in a publication set forth by a feather of languages. For this Mr. Drysdale may apologize, perhaps, as did the learned Mr. of Newington, who advertised to cure

" defects

I S.

se defeats in the organs of speech." When Dr. — , who stammered rather too much for a preacher, applied to the advertiser, he was greatly surprised to find the gentlemản ltammering worse than him. self, and objected accordingly.;-?" Oh! S-i-ir," faid the quack, “ my b-b-bufin-e-ss is to cu-cu-re other pe-pe-ple, not myse-se elf: for who will p-p-pay me for th-th at ? Art. 60. A Scripture Catechism, hiftorical, doĉtrinal, and practical:

in which the Answers are expreffed in the Words of the Bible only. With Prayers for Children, moitly in Scripture language. 12mo. 4d. Buckland. . 1777.

We cannot easily say by what means this little performance has escaped an earlier notice. It appears to us to merit attention both from the nature of its design, and from its execution. We cannot give our Readers a better view of it than by reciting a passage or two from the preface. After having observed that adding to the number of catechisins already published may need an apology, it is said, " The only apology which the Author has to offer is, that a catechism in Scripture words seemed to him, on the whole, preferable to any other, particularly in the following views: It is calculated most easily and effectually to promote the knowledge of Scripture, as well as cherish in the minds of children a high veneration for it. Ic muft, one would imagine, afford a greater satisfaction to instructors of youch, to have only the pure word of God to explain, than the words of fallible men, however excellent: And those points which have been long matier of warm debate in the Christian church cannot be so well expressed, or so safely taught, in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, as in those which the Holy Gbol teacheth. It is not pretended that divine truth cannot, or ought not to be expressed in human words, or that it may not be useful thus to express it first, and afterward prove it from Scripture. “But to assere divine truth, in divine qvord's, is both the faser and the easier method, as it carries its proof along with it. To teach children inmediately from the Scriptures, is leading them to the founiain-head, where they will find the water pure,' In another part of the preface it is obscrved; ' It is not pretended that the delign here: pu sucd is new, or she execution of it' intirely the Author's own. He thinks it a much better recommendation of it to say, that sumething of this kiod has been attempted many years ago by persons of far superior judgmeat and nose in the church, A Scriprure catechism was published by Mr. Henry Jefre, and another by Mr. O.zven Stockton, born of them ejected minulleis of great eminence. Another was printed above fifty years ago, whichi has been commonly ascribed to Mr. Famos. Peirce. It was from this last (though in lome views exceptionable) chat the firit hint of the present work was taken; and it has since been improved by comparing it with a fimilar work published by Mr. Benjamin Stinton in the year 1719, as well as other collections of Scripture-texis. It was at first privately printed for the use of the Author's catechumens; but a few friends having had the light of ii, and recommended it to others, there has been a greater demand for it than could be conveniently answered in a private way. This determined him to publith it, after having made fuch alterations in it as wcre suggered by the remarks of some judicious friends.'

We

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