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ourselves with observing, that if he had mentioned, among the books which deranged his ideas so dreadfully, Traite complet de la Na. vigation, par Bougeur, or a later, edition of the same work, under the title Nouveau Traite de Navigation, par Bougeur, abrégé par M. l'Abbé De la Caille, there would not have been the least reason for anyone to dispute either the existence, the regularity, or distincte ness of his midnight visions. Every one is apt to dream, at night, of what he has seen or read the day before ; and therefore, as the whole of what this publication contains, plate included, is contained in that work, and almost in the fama order, such dreams might then have been naturally expected.

Some of our Readers may, perhaps, think it our indispensable duty to give an opinion of a work, especially where so much money is charged for so little matter : if so, we may observe, that it is posu fible that some may receive benefit from it. The means of percepe tion, even of the same idea, are, in different persons, as various as their faces; and this scheme may strike some when all other modes of instruccion have failed: but we must declare, for ourselves, that we think the Traverse-table, as it is usually called, folves every thing much more readily chan can be done by the method here re. commended; and, we apprehend, that the generality of persons will think, with more perspicuity also.

M E DICAL,
Art. 15: A Disertation on the Teeth and Gums, and the several

Disorders to which they are liable, &c. &c. By W. Bennett, Sur-
geon.

is. Harrison, &c. 1779.
Every writer naturally sets out with attempting to impress his
reader with an idea of the great importance of his particular subject;
but few whom we have met with go beyond the Author before us in
this respect, who affirms, “ ţhat one of the most material duties of a
person, intended for an orator, is that of attending to his teeth." This
is a matter that Cicero and Quintilian seem never to have thought
of, and may serve as an additional proof of the fuperior accuracy of
the moderns above the ancients in considering a scientific subject. It
is not only by his pamphler, but by a certain Dentilave Tincture and
Dentifrice that Mr. Bennett proposes to allift his countrymen in this
very effential point; the virtues of which we leave to be determined
by those who think fit to give them a crial.
Art. 16. The Infitutions of Medicinal Pathology. By H. D.

Gaabius, Profeffor of Chemistry in the University of Leyden.
Tranflated from the Latin by Charles Erskine, Surgeon. 8vo.
46. fewed. Edinburgh printed ; sold by Cadell, London. 1778.

We cannot but with that it might accur to-all who engage in the business of translation, that, humble and easy as their task is usually accounted, it requires a qualification which is not necessary in every species even of original composition ; this is, the accurate knowledge of two languages. Obvious as this remark may appear, we are con vinced, from disagreeable experience, that it is not impertinent now and then to remind authors of it. Were it sufficiently attended to, We certainly should not see translators blundering round about a meaning, in a style neither native nor , foreign, and often giving neither the sense of their author, nor any other.

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We are concerned at being obliged to rank the present attempt among those unfortunate products of presumption and ignorance

, which can reflect no reputation on its Author, nor afford initruction to the Reader. The following quotations, which we have made without selection, merely by opening the book at random, wil fully justify our censure : The learned Gaubius, treating on the Nature of Disease

, begias (fect. 35) by defining what is understood by the state of body; which He makes to comprehend all the defects, excesses, and changes of zhose things in the body, and its parts, which are required for the due exercise of the fundions. To this he adds, “ Nec facile quis impedimenta externa huc retulerit, nifi qui ludere in re feria velit."

By impedimenta externa, he certainly means those external circumfances which may, for a time, prevent the exercise of the functions, "bue do not reside in the body; but our translator senders it, “sor can any one offer objections, unless, &c,"

Sect. 36, the Author goes on to say, that medicine is concerned only in those disorders which arise from aberrations of the body; bu: which, he says, “ habent tamen, mutui nexus lege, primam fæpe originem in mente, hujusve operationes fua eficacia perturbant." The Tranflator says, They may, however, on account of the mutual connection of the mind and body, have their origin in the former, and the operations of it may obstruct its own cure.

Sect. 37. The clause " præcipua medici in opere versantis cura elle debec," is translated, " ought to be the principal care of the phycie cian having a fare in the work.

Sect. 38. The Author says, that since disease supposes a state of body deviating from a found one, “eo præsente effe&us, ex fanitate ut ex fua caufa profluentes, id eft a&tiones, quoque alienari neceffe eft.This is rendered, “ when it is present, ibe effects of bealth arising from their own cause, i. e. the functions, must necella rily be eltranged.”

Sect. 40. The word infuetudo, “ disuse,” is rendered by its oppofite, babit,

In our short progress we had marked the subsequent sections-41, 43, 44, 45, as containing blunders equally destructive of she fenfe of the original; but we apprehend our Readers will not think it neceffary for us to quote any farther. Nor shall we add to these proofs of the Translator's ignorance of Latin, the innumerable instances we could produce of his equal incapacity to write English. We have done enough to prevent the Public from being milled, and we wish to do no more. Art. 17. Formule Medicamentorum Selecte; or, Select Prescrip

tions of the most eminent Physicians, for various Diseases incident to the human Body. By Edward Fox, Apothecary in Ordinary to her Royal Highness Princess Amelia, 8vo.

7 s. bound. Cadell

. Here is a goodly volume manufactured in the easiest manner that can be conceived. The matter is all taken from an apothecary's file'; and the arrangement cannot have cost the Compiler much trouble, since it is only an alphabetical list of intermixed names of diseases and classes of medicines, part Latin, part English. There are, doubtless, many elegant and efficacious formula in the collec.

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tion; and there are many more neither uncommon por excellent
Our general opinion of collections of this kind is, that they cannot

be used without a considerable degree of previous medical knowKledge, and that to persons lo qualified they are not at all necessary.

Our present Compiler hopes they may at lealt be useful to those who ,
live at a diftance from the metropolis. The country practitioners
are obliged to him for his intentions;;; but as they derive their prin•
ciples from the same matters with their London brethren, we appre-
hend they will not expect much improvement from turning over a
parcel of their prescripcions.

POLITICA L.
Art. 18. The Conduet of Admirals Hawke, Keppel, and Palliser

compared. 8vo. 1 s.' Bew. 1779.
A dispassionate remonftrance against the behaviour of an Admiral
reported to have 'refused his farther services to his country, unless he
is gratified by removal of the first officer over the naval department:
'a conduct which the Writer deduces from party spirit ; and considers
as an unbecoming example, destructive to all the ties of political
subordination.

Whenever a commander suffers private pique to take place of his of

obligations to his country, there is some consolation in knowing
that men of military merit are always to be found, equally able and
willing to undertake the duties of superior stations
Art. 19. Strictures on the Philadelphia Mischianza, or Triumphi

upon leaving America unconquered. With Extracts, containing the
principal Part of a Letter published in the “ American Crisis.”
In order to shew how far the King's Enemies, think his General
deserving of public Honours. 8vo. I s.

Another cwelve-penny worth on the truly ridiculous military raree-
fhew in America! Verily, if all these pamphlets * have answered the
Writer's purpose, he has made a pretty penny of his subject, and is in
duty bound to thew his gratitude by trying one at least on the other
fide.
Art. 20. Observations upon the Conduct of S-rW-MH-

at the White Plains ; as related in the Gazette of December 30.h,
1776. '8vo. Bew.

1779
General Howe having invited a public inquiry into his conduct in
America, I must make hatte, quoth this ready Observer, and get
the start of it. Accordingly taking the Gazette letter for his text, and
as part of his pamphlet, which, by the bye, is making it answer a
twofold purpose, and without waiting for any farther knowledge of
circumstances to explain the brief relation of facts; out comes twelve.
penny worth of fashionable abuse, for the good of our country.

All that perhaps ought to be said on a pending subject, will be to
advise those who wilh' to form a mature judgment, to have a little
patience, for the benefit of more ample and more authoritative infor-
mation, than is to be expected from those who' kindly undertake to
guide our opinions without intitling themselves to our confidence.

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* Review, March, p. 236, Art. 39. Rey, May, 1779

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Art. 21. The R- Register. With Annotations by another Hand. Vols. Il. and III. 1200. 25. 6d, each. Bew. 1779.

In our Journal for February, 1778, p. 153, we gave an account of the firft volume of this pretended Royal Register, intimating the plan, and exhibiting a specimen of the execution. The work is mach superior to the common catch-penny things. The Writer has acquired information; he poffefses ability to make the most of it; and his remarks are eolivened by the number and variety of characters and anecdotes with which these little volumes abound. In brief, this Register may be considered as one of the more tolerable fort of fcanda. lous chronicles; for Itrict joftice is done to some worthy personages, whole portraits serve as triking contrafts, not companions, to some of the ill-favoured figures which are grouped in this motley exhibition. Art. 22. The Earl of Brifol's Speech, taken exactly down, as

spoken in the House of Lords, Die Veneris, 23° Aprilis, 1779. 460. 1s. Almon.

This celebrated Speech will, no doubt, be considered as a valuable itate-tradt, relative to the present condition of the British navy ; according io the view taken of it, by an anti-ministerial investigator. It is well known in what manner, and with what eclat, Lord Sand. wich triumphed over this formidable attack upon his administration. Art. 23. La Cafette Verte de Monsieur de Sartine, &c. The

Green Box of M. de Sartine, foond in the Dreffing-room of Mad. du Thé. The Fifth Edition, revised and corrected according to the Editions of Leipfic and Amsterdam. Printed at the Hague for the Widow Whiskerfeld, in the Platte Borse, near the Vrydagmerkt. 8vo. 2 s. Sold by Becket, &c.

It is not necessary to read so far in this truly humourous performance, as the plan of operations for the ensuing campaign, to perceive that it comes from the fame pen which produced the pampbles • Anticipation,' of ludicrous memory. The present work has, if possible, ftill more of the vis comica; and Mr. T. if he has written The French, which we are led to believe from several errors in idiom, displays great versatility of genius, in describing foreign manners and characters, in a foreign language, wich a degree of humour that unites the strength of Swift and the grace of Voltaire. In the domeitic part of the work the Shelburn party are painted with a bold severity of ridicule, scarcely paralleled but in the “ clouds of Arifo tophanes.” The learned reader will draw a comparison between the edifying speculations of the Socratic school, and the physico-politicotheological reveries of his Lordship and his friends. It belongs to the Public to determine whether the satire against the English stater. man be equally unjust with that against the Athenian sage. There is, doubtless, great originality in the execution of this performance; but the design and title of it have, probably, been borrowed from a lively effüsion of French gaiety, intitled, “ Le Petit Poste devalisé *."

• " The Penny. Poft robbed." The full import of devalisē cannot, we believe, be translated inco English.

РоЕті. Po ÉTICA L. Art. 24. An Elegy on the Death of the Rev. John Langhorne, D.D.

Prebendary of Wells, and Rector of Blagdon in Somersetthire. 400. - 15. Portal. 1779. '

Productions of this kind being commonly didáted by perfonal friendship, ought, whatever be their merit, to be exempied from the severity of criticism. Where they are excellent, it is but justice to praise them; where they fall short of that character, humanity will interpose, were it only in tenderness to the subject and occasion. In general, the faire part which a journalist can a?, in these cases, iš to let the performance speak for itself, by a specimien indifferentiš extracted ; we shall follow this rule, in regard to the present Article

Yet, gentle Bard ! if from that fining sphere,

Where, to high praise, thy sacred numbers flow,
Thou can'ft to friendship's figh incline thine ear;

And love the fond fincerity of woe,
Deem not disgraceful this heart-labourd strain,

Though far beneath my lofty aim it rises
Than praises drawn from friend thip’s hallow'd pain,

What purer. incense can affect the kies?
But should each torgue, and ev'ry lyte be mute,

No grateful muse thy honour'd ashes mourn,
The Maids of Mem'ry would sustain thy lute
· Enwreach'd with flowers, and place it o'er thy urna
Still on the banks of Eden's parent stream

The grateful Naiad's shall thy songs rehearse,
Still wave his willows o'er thy golden dream,

And elve's bound lightly to thy magic verse. This modest and honet Writer is well known in the Poet's walk; on account of his former publications, which have, in general, been favourably received. The pieces here alluded io are, Olindo and Sophronia, a Tragedy ; Innocence, a poetical Essay; War, an Ode; and Nuptial Elegies. Art. 25. A Funeral Eulogium to the Memory of David Garrick, Elg:

a Poem. Dedicated to Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Esq; 4to. iso Etherington. .

A poor attempt to traduce the memory of Garriçki
Art. 26. The Apotheofis of Punch : A satirical Masque : With à
Monody on the Death of the late Master Punch; as row perform-
ing at the Patagonian Theatre, 8vo. is. Wenman.

Alias & idem?
Art. 27. Reflections on the Death of Miss Martha Raj; bý

Gentleman who was accidentally present at the latt Scene of her dreadful Murder. 4to. 6 d. Harrison.

The mistress of Lord S- is here lamented as a virtuous chose ratter :

But why lament her fall? She fell to rise, .

If Virtue fill ascends its native skies. Is a farther account, or a larger specimen necessary * Ode to River Eden.

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