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alla all its taste, and that white-wine affumes a colour, and fours ; cate that the air is so impregnated with fulphur, as to leave no 2. Other than a fulphureous taste in the mouth, nor any other odour

in respiration ;-that the skin of the face opens and swells, and arised the lips are covered with bladders. MONTHLY CATALOGUE,

For FEBRUARY, 1779. Fate :

POLITICA L. his et Art. 10. A Vindtcation of the Lords of the Admiralty, on their

Conduct towards Admiral Keppel : In Answer to a late Address.
By a Gentleman of the Inser TEMPLE. 8vo. 15, Bowen. 1779.

HE Address to which this pamphlet is an answer, appea ed in
THE

our last Month's Review: See Catalogue, Art. 1. The Author's aim is to prove, that the Lords of the Admiralty could not, conaftently with the declared justice of the laws of England, have refused to admit the charge of Sir Hugh Palliser againft Admiral Keppel; in consequence of which they legally, juftly, and prudently, ordered an immediate trial of the latter by a court-martial. This vindicator of the Admiralty-board, reasons with coolness and judgment on the subject; and in our opinion, has completely overturned the objections made by the addresser ; who, however, was not to be considered as a contemptible antagonist. Art, 11. Altercation; being the Substance of a Debate which took place in

on a Motion to censure the Pamphlet of Anticipation. 8vo, 19.

is. Whieldon, See below, Art. 12. Deliberation, or the Substance of what may be spoken in the of

in the Course of this Month. 8vo. 6 d. Browne.

Successful, original, writers, are always followed by fervile imitators. The very ingenious Author of Anticipation could not fail of being honoured by attendants of this class. Art. 13. Recantation ; or a Second Letter to the Worshipful the

Dean of Guild, and the Merchants and Manufacturers of the City of Glasgow: being a complete refutation of every thing that has been advanced, or can hereafter be offered, in Favour of the Irish Bills

, &c. 8vo. 15. Fielding and Walker. 1779. Ironical and witty. The Author's first letter * was pleasant, though on a very serious subject; and he till keeps op his humour-still laughs, though we fear, with little prospect of winning. "Art. 14. Å Speech on some Political Topics, the Substance of

which was intended to have been delivered in the House of Commons, on Monday the 14th of December 1778. When the Etti. mates of the Army were agreed to in the Committee of Supply. 8vo. 19. 6d, Cadell,

1779: The subftance of the following speech (the Author + tells his Readers in the previous Advertisement) was partly conceived before,

See Review for May 1778, p. 391. + Henry Goodricke, Esq. as we learn from the advertisements of this pamphlet in the public papers.

and

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and partly during the debate to which it refers.' Some circom. stances, it is added, "prevented its being delivered at the time. Ima mediately on coming home from the house, the Author committed the principal heads and out-lines of it to writing ; and has occasionally employed his leisure-time since, in extending and drawing them ous in that free ityle of discourse, in which he would have addressed the Speaker of the House of Commons. In that form it is now submitted to the public judgment, with the addition of some notes and illufrations."

In this treatise, for we must no longer call it a speech, the Author ranges the whole field of our American disputes; he defends the con, duct of government with regard to the main question, the first coercive measures against the colonies, but condemns them on certain subordinate points, particularly the late unsuccessful commifsion, which he censures as the worit of all poslible measures. He is severe on the gentlemen in opposition, whom he confiders as largely accesary to the existence, protraction, ill success, and evil consequences of the war. He concludes with advising a continuance of our military efforts in America, with such degrees of energy or moderation as opportunities may happen to require: which, we imagine, is pretty nearly the ca binet idea at.present. Mr. G. writes well, and reasons plausibly, at least, if not conclusively.

AMERICAN CONTROVERSY. Art. 15. An Address to the Natives of Scotland residing in America,

being an Appendix to a Sermon preached at PRINCETON, on a general Fajt appointed by the Congress. By John Witherspoon, D.D. Prem fident of the College at New Fersey. 8vo. 6d. Fielding and Walker. 1778..

This shrewd and able writer has distinguished himself in the cause of the Americans, and it is said, is admitted a member of the Congress. The Faft sermon at Princeton, to which this Address is an Appendix, we noticed at the time of its republication in England * The Appendix then omitted, has since been published separately

. The Writer first attempts a vindication of his countrymen, the Scots, from the reproach so generally cast upon them in the American controversy; and expresses himself with what some will think a more than jut severity against John Wilkes, Efq; and his adherents. He then endeavours to itir up the minds of the natives of Scotland, resident in America, to unanimity in opposing the claims of the British government, and sets before them the following arguments in favour of American independency:—That it is become absolucely nécessary--that it will be honourable and profitable to America and that it will be no injury, but a real advantage to the island of Great Britain.

Under the second of these heads, he reprelents in a very flattering light, the opportunity the Americans will have for forming plans of government upon the most rational, just, and equitable principles. I confels (says he) I have always looked upon this with a kind of enthufianic fatisfaction. The case never happened fince the world began. What the Author urges on the last head, the advantages of American independence to Great Britain is felf,' ap. pears, if it be not yet too late, worthy the serious consideration of the Vid. Rev. March, 1778, p. 246. 4

British

British legislature. He thews that the taxation intended would in. crease the influence of the crown, and the corruption of the people; and that for every snilling gained by taxes, we should lose ten in the way of trade. In answer to the objection against allowing the Americans a free trade, he shews, 'that' an exclusive trade is not easily maintained, and that where it is, the restriction is commonly more hurtful than beneficial.' But the circumstance which he apprehends will contribute most to the interest of Great Britain in American independence is, its influence in peopling and enriching that great continent.' For what he advances on that head we must refer to the pamphlet itself.

N. B. We are informed that a fifth edition of the fermon has been advertised with this Appendix, price is. Art. 16. A Proposal for Peace between Great Britain and North

America; upon a New Plan, In a Letter io Lord North. By D. M. Knight. Svo. 6 d. Baldwin,' 1779.

The plan proposed by Mr. Knight is--that the American's be acknowledged by Great Britain, a free and independent people; that the whole be united into one body, and a great council or parliament established in America like that of Great Britain; that an arıny and navy be kept by them for their protection; that no article be demanded by Great Britain from America, but what should be reciprc. cally granted by Great Britain to America ;-that the United Colo. nies in America shall acknowledge George, Prince of Wales, for the Sovereign of their empire, with all the powers and privileges enjoyed by the Kings of Great Britain, and under the same regulations as the kingdom of Great Britain ; that the government of the mothercountry should serve as a model for that to be erected in America. Those who wish to see the rest of our Author's proposals, must have recourse to the pamphlet. Art. 17. Genuine Abstracts from two Speeches of the late Earl of Chatham; and his Reply to the Earl of Suffolk With some in. troductory Observations and Notes. Svo, i s. 6 d. Dodsley. 1779.

The first of the speeches, of which we have here an abstract, was made on January 200h, 1775, accompanying a motion for removing his Majesty's troops from Boston.— The second was made on No. vember 20th, 1777, and his Majesty's molt gracious speech of that day is prefixed, that the confidence and hopes expressed in it by his Majesty's ministers, may fairly stand in contrast, says the Editor, with the opinions of Lord Chatham.--He leaves is to history to form the comment. · As few, if any of our Readers, can be supposed to be unacquainted with the fentiments which Lord Chatham expressed, with so much spirit and energy, on these two memorable days, we shall give no extract from his speeches,--of the authenticity of which there is no reafon to doubt.

In his preface the Editor explains the manner in which the abstracts have been preserved, and tells us with what allowances they must be read.- The encomiams he paffes on Lord Chatham's oratory are such as in our opinion, must force a smile from the most enthufiaftic of his admirers.

Art.

HORTICULTURE, &c. Art. 18. The Planter's Guide ; or, Pleasure Gardener's Companion :

giving plain Directions, with Observations, for the proper Dispo. fition and Management of the various Trees and Shrubs for a Pleafure Garden-Plantation. To which is added, a List of hardy Tree's and Shrubs for ornamenting such Gardens : concisely exhibiting at one View, the Genera, Class, Order, and Species of each Kind; the Countries they are Natives of; the Height each usually grows 10; their Foliage, Flowers, Fruits, and Seeds; the Soil they thrive beit in ; and their Propagation.-Embellished with Copper-plates. By James Meader, late Gardener to che Duke of Northumberland. Price 3 s. 6 d. Robinson. 1779.

This Book is intended to reform a glaring impropriety, which we have often remarked, even in our most celebrated GREAT GARDENS, or ornamental Plantations; and which our Author thus reprehends in his Preface: "The reason,' says he, 'why many plantations after eight or ten years planting, appear unsightly, is owing to an improper intermixture of the plants; whereas, had they been rightly dirposed, we should not fee so many hollows or openings, nor bottoms of trees with decayed branches, but che whole covered with verdure, down to the very front, in an easy, theatrical manner, and in summer fcarce a stem visible; but how often may be seen a tall growing tree near the front of a plantation, and further back various humble fhrubs, rendered still more diminutive by the over spreading branches of such tree, whose proper place hould have been behind those less growing plants, where they might more freely enjoy the benefit of fun and air, so necessary for vegetables.' • The Author adds many observations on this circumstance of injudi. cious arrangement; likewise on the common error of mixing, where the plantations are not very large, deciduous trees with evergreens. He lays down particular directions with respect to the methods of planting, --the seasons—the soils, &c. &c. and gives a catalogue of the principal varieties of each species of the trees and thrubs proper for such plantations as are here treated of.

PHILOSOPHICAL, Art. 19. A Physical and Moral Enquiry into the Causes of that in.

ternal reflefness and disorder in Man, which has been the complaint of all Ages. By James Vere, Esq. izmo. 2 s. 6d. White,

1778. · A grave but not very profound attempt to explain the structure and operations of the human mind, in which those who are accustomed to metaphysical speculations, will meet with nothing new or interesting. The Author indeed talks much concerning certain somethings which make a part of the human constitution, to which he gives the title of animal or corporeal spirits, and which he describes as pasive agents auxiliary to the soul: but till he has more clearly proved their exiftence, explained their nature, and ascertained the laws by wbich they act, he will not be thought to have contributed materially to the extension of science, on the difficult subject of human nature. ...

MEDICALI

MEDICA L. Art. 20. An Essay on the evil Consequences attending injudicious.

Bleeding in Pregnancy. By George Wallis. M. D. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Bell.

We are far from understanding, with this gentleman, that indifa criminate bleeding in pregnancy is the general practice at present in this country. We are certain that if the agreement of all the best modern writers and lecturers on the subject, have weight with the public, it cannot. If any thing is wanting to confirm the dictates of their experience, we fear it must not be expected from the diffuse reasonings in the present work, which is only a prolix commentary on a very simple aphorism, viz. that when the state of body is weak, it is hurtful to weaken it further by the loss of blood. . Art. 21. A Physical Journal' kept on Board his Majesty's Ship

Rainbow, during three Voyages to the Coaft of Africa and the Weft In dies, in the Years 1772, 1773, and 1774 : To which is prefixed,

a particular Account of the remitting Fever which happened on - Board of his Majelty's Sloop Weasel, on that Coast, in 1769. By · Robert Robertson, Surgeon of his Majesty's. Navy. 450. 25

Dilly, &c.

The Author of this work evidently appears to be a man of industry and observation, and well killed in the branch of his profession which he has undertaken. He offers several practical remarks to his brethren in the same line, which we doubt not, they may attend to with advantage ; at the same time we are obliged to observe, that they are so confounded in a mass of tedious and uninteresting materials, as to be much less striking and useful than a better writer might have ren. dered them. The long diaries of weather, longitude and latitude, &c. will, we apprehend, be thought extremely dry and uninstructive by the generality of readers; and of the cases related, we imagine a great proportion will fall under the same imputation.

Some reasons offered for a government supply of that invaluable remedy the bark to the ships of war employed on foreign service, appear deserving of the attention of those in power. The Author has clearly thewn, that the navy surgeons, cannot possibly afford out of their pay to purchase such a quantity of it as may be necessary in the malignant epidemics of hot climates, and for the want of which a fhip's crew may suffer more severely, than from all the other casualties to which they are exposed. Art. 22. A Letter to Dr. Hardy, Physician, on the Hints he has

given concerning the Origin of the Gout, in his late Publication on the Devonshire Cholic. By Francis Riollay, Physician at Newbury, Berks, and late Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford. 8vo. ise Oxford printed ; and sold by Rivington, London.

When Dr. Hardy {ported his hypothesis that lead taken internally was the cause of the gout, we thought it too manifestly chimerical and extravagant to excite any public notice. The Author before us, bowever, has thought it a bafis fufficient to build a pamphlet upon, which will at least ferve to Thew that he has made this fashionable diftemper the subject of his contemplation. It cofts him little pains to refute Dr, Hardy's idle notion ; which he does by a few remarks

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