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numbering six hundred scholars, two scholars in our schools and members flourishing day-schools, (the premises, of our Church. We also have reason costing £2,800, entirely free from to know that many, driven by the debt,) and congregations so large that cotton-famine to America, Australia, we are unable to meet the demand and New Zealand, are there labouring for seats. A few details may be as “unpaid agents” of our Foreign interesting. The mission was com Missionary Society. One man, who menced in the house of a godly man, went to New Zealand, writes to say, who, feeling concerned for the souls of that in that far country he has, his neighbours, commenced a prayer. by his own unaided efforts, gathered meeting. The first time he was alone: together a class of thirty members. opening his door, and throwing open As an illustration of the service his window, he sung, prayed, and con. home-missions render in finding out cluded by himself. He then invited former members and scholars, two the crowd that watched and jeered to facts may be interesting. I called at join him the following week. Numbers a house, and found a child dying on came: his house was filled. He next its mother's knee. The father, a obtained an old shuttle-shop, capable drunkard, who had his head bandaged, of holding about two hundred pcople. had been turned out of a good This soon became too small, and a situation, and with poverty and death large room in a mill, vacant through in the house, was realizing the penalty the cotton-famine, and capable of hold of his sin. I pointed to his neglected ing six hundred, was then taken. Bible, and appealed from the dying
Under the care of the late Rev. Joseph child to the hearts of the pareuts. We Edge—the home-missionary appointed then knelt in prayer. I found he was to Preston in 1861, whose name is a backslider; and that single visit was yet gratefully remembered the cause
blest to his conversion and recovery: grew rapidly. A scheme for building he is now an earnest member of our more suitable premises was started, Society. and the present commodious home A gracious work is now going on, and missiou chapel in St. Mary's Street forty have recently been added to the was erected. Here the work has con Lord. The mission is now being taken tinued to flourish. A branch formed into the Circuit proper, with every at Walton numbers thirty-two Church. prospect of being a substantial an1 members ; so that we have a total in helpful addition. this once hopeless district of two hundred and forty, with thirty-eight
6. AMBLESIDE.-From the Journal on trial. Besides contributing about of the Rev. T.J. Macartney to March £100 yearly to the Circuit funds, these 1st, 1873.- Very active clerical oppo. Societies and congregations have sent sition here seeks to injure our Sunday. last year upwards of £37 to the Foreign schools, and to hinder and destroy our Missionary Society, while other Con. work. We are not damaged by this nexional funds have been liberally impotent exhibition of bigotry. The supported. At the Sabbath-school work of God is deepening in our anniversary in April, the collections Church-members, whose lives justify realized £66, chiefly contributed by their profession. We are about to the scholars themselves.
spend £50 in the repair of our chapel. We have also spiritual results of a At Windermere the chapel is too small gratifying character to report. The for the congregation. At Grasmere we visits and services of the home are preparing for the erection of a new missionaries have resulted in the salva. chapel. I am enconraged in my work. tion of many souls, and in the discovery The Lord is blessing us, and many lost aud restoration of many who were once ones have been brought to God.
GENERAL RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE,
(The extracts which appear in our pages under the head of “General Religious Intelligence," are carefully taken from the most trustworthy sources at our command. We cannot undertake, however, to answer for the propriety, in all cases, of their literary style ; to guarantee, in every instance, the accuracy of dates, or of the names of persons and places; or to endorse all the views which, on particular subjects connected with evangelical enterprise, agents of the various Religious Societies and Committees may advance.)
ITALY: THE ITALIAN PARLIAMENT Opera, and of Don Pirlone in comedy, AND TBE JESUITS.—To understand the is always the butt of the bitter sarcasm warmth and passion, and almost and savage invective of an Italian frenzy, displayed by the Deputies in populace. On the first outbreak, or, the late debate on the definitive indeed, on the eve, of any popular exclusion of the Jesuits from the tumult at Naples, at Turin, at Milan, State, it is necessary to bear in mind and all other places, in 1831, 1848, the traditional feelings of the whole 1860, and at all epochs, the Jesuit of the Italian people towards that College has been invariably the first Order which one Pope did not origin. object against which the mob's fury ally admit without reluctance and sought a vent; and that fury was misgiving, and which another Pope almost as invariably bafiled by the deemed it necessary to repress. At crafty Loyola brethren, who, aware of the Restoration of 1814 the Jesuits the brewing storm, know how to bow were re-established, and placed at the before it and withdraw in good time. head of public instruction in every In 1848, Piedmont, then crushed by a State of Italy, excepting only disastrous war, found itself, between Lombardy, Parma, and Tuscany; for Custozza and Novara, compelled to these provinces were under the im. give in to the popular animosity, and mediate influence of Austria, which excluded the Jesuits, who had already at that time did not favour the Order been summarily ejected by an Act of Subsequently, however, the obnoxious the Sardinian Parliament which was Company regained its ascendancy at never repealed, and which is now law Vienna, and thereby at Milan, Parma, as well for Piedmont as for all the and Florence. The Milan Deputies provinces of the Italian kingdom, are men between thirty and sixty years Rome and her territory alone excepted. of age, and many of them received By the Bill placed before the Chamber, their education in Jesuit schools and Rome and her territory were brought colleges. Indeed, it is proverbial in under the common conditions of the this country that the pupils of the rest of Italy, with the single exception Jesuits, unless they enter the Order of the right of the present heads of almost invariably leave their establish. Orders to reside in their houses, an ments as their implacable enemies. exception made only in their favour, The detestation of these youths for and not of their successors, and last. their masters finds a responsive chord ing merely during their tenure of office, in the heart of every Italian of the that is, not beyond four years. lowest classes, among whom the name From the benefit of this exception the of “ Jesuit" is used as the most General of the Jesuits is by the result intolerable word of insult when the of the debate on the Bill again common vocabulary of abuse is excluded; and he will have to leave exhausted, and conveys the i'ea of his old home at once, though he may consummate hypocrisy. The bruad- take up his quarters at the Vatican, brimmed hat of Don Basilio at the where he has long had a pied à
terre,-or wherever else he may please. Apart from personal vagaries, with For, with respect to the Jesuits, there which it would be difficult to amuse
now two somewhat inconsistent the English public, the whole argu. laws in force in the Italian kingdom. ment on both sides reduces itself to There is the Piedmontese law of what has been condensed in the few 1848, which suppresses the Order and words above. Mancini and the Left banishes its members, and there is are afraid of the Jesuits ; Peruzzi and the Italian law of 1867, which sup- the Right have faith in liberty. The presses all religious Orders, in the so-called “Liberals” are partial to sense of depriving them of all civil the measures of Germany; the so-called rights and freely disposing of their conservatives follow the theories and property, but allows monks or nuns to the practice of England. But there is live together under any rule they may something to be said respecting both adopt, upon the principle of perfect views of the question. To those who freedom of association, and subject fear and would gladly put down the only to such restrictions as the com- Jesuits, one might ask, “Can you do mon law puts upon that right. By it?" Have not the Jesuits been supthe letter and spirit of that law there pressed, expelled, persecuted, and is nothing to prevent Franciscans, hunted out of all countries, and have Barnabites, White, Gray, or Black they not invariably come back stronger Friars, Trappists, or even Jesuits, re and more mischievous than before ? opening their convents, and there is Was not Switzerland divided into two even nothing to prevent the Jesuits camps for the sake of these very reopening their schools, provided only Jesuits at the time of the Sonderbund they comply with the laws of the War, and has not the victorious party country.
decreed the perpetual exclusion of the In the opinion of the Deputy Mancini Order from the Confederations? Yet and the "Ultra-Liberals ” of the Left is not the Confederation “plagued" this law is "too liberal” not to be with the Jesuits at the present day? fraught with danger, so far, at least, Then we must conclude the Jesuits as the Jesuits are concerned. To the will thrive, in spite of all repressive Loyola brethren, according to these measures. They will grope in the men, no quarter is to be allowed, and, dark, in spite of all obstacles which following Prince Bismarck's example, may be raised against them. they are to be arrested and banished, On the other hand, have not Eng. wherever they may be found.
land, America, Belgium, and other Extreme views on the other side countries, put their trust in freedom were supported by the Tuscan Deputy, to discredit Jesuit teaching, and Ubaldino Peruzzi, formerly a minister, allowed the Jesuits the full benefit of and now the mayor or syndic, who is the most liberal laws? Are not the 80 successfully “Haussmannizing” Jesuits allowed, within the limits Florence,-a man who despises the of the civil institutions of the Jesuits as "shallow humbugs ;" who country, to live in convents, to open thinks the country never had anything schools, and to do what all other to fear from their " diabolical arts," citizens have a right to do? Yet are except so long as the Order was backed not the Jesuits in Belgium the real by the overwhelming force of despotio sovereigns of the country, and are not Governments; that the Jesuits are their establishments flourishing in owls that could only prey in the dark; Great Britain and the United States and that as there is now light in Italy, as they flourish in no other comthe Jesuits should be allowed the full munity? Then the Jesuits will thrive benefit of it like other beings, and in spite of liberal institutions; they blink and Aatter in it as best they can. will thrive equally in the full light of
unlimited freedom of inquiry and dis. Jesuits; they simply slapped the cussion.
Jesuit general in the face ; and the With respect to the Italians, action ministers had no greater tenderness is to a great extent impeded by politi- for the Black Pope than the rest of cal considerations. Were they even their countrymen. Now that the "moral inclined to follow the example of slap” is administered, the Jesuits and Bismarck, and deal what is supposed to their general need fear no further be a final blow to the Jesuits and their interference.-Correspondent of the kindred Orders, they would be re- “ Times." strained, first, by the peouliar relations in which they stand with foreign, PROFESSOR ROSSEUW ST. HILAIRE and especially with Catholic, powers; ON THE EVANGELIZATION OF FRANCE. and, second, by the restrictions which At the late Annual Conference of the they put upon themselves when they British Organization of the Evange. voted the Bill of Papal Guarantees. lical Alliance, held at Brighton, ProModeration in their dealings with the fessor St. Hilaire was present, and Jesuits, with the other ks, with addressed one of its assemblies in a their three hundred bishops, with remarkable speech, of which the their three hundred thousand priests, following is the substance. He spoke is the price that the Italians volun. with a strong French accent, but with tarily undertook to pay for Rome. much emphasis and feeling; and he They declared that they only claimed was listened to with earnest attention. the right to take from the Pope and Having expressed his regret at the the Church their temporalities, and absence of his friend, Pastor Monod, that in return they would allow them who was to have spoken upon the prothe full and free exercise of their gress of evangelization in France, he spiritual anthority. They could not said that the subject allotted to him touch the persons of the Jesuits or was a dangerous one,-that of endea. of their general, Father Beckxo, the vouring to explain why Protestantism “ Black Pope,” as he called. But obtained in the north and Catholicism their property in lands or houses was in the south. This was a great quesat their discretion, and it was only by tion; but there was another which way of a further effort towards recon. dominated the whole. True Chris. ciliation that the King's government tianity had no home on the globe. It had proposed to allow the heads of was a plant which grew everywhere, Orders and the general of the Jesuits received by the savage, in order to the permanent enjoyment of their civilize him; and by the civilized, in premises. This the Parliament will order to sanctify and purify him. The pot brook. It reduced the occupation angel of the Lord was spreading tho of their houses by the Heads of all Gospel everywhere, and the nineteenth other Orders to a very short period, century had seen more missions than and insisted on the immediate evic- the whole of the eighteen centuries tion of the general of the Jesuits. that had preceded it. He thanked the The government has had to yield the Lord for this blessing. point with a good grace, and was vir. If Christianity were spreading and tually defeated. Are we to conclude that growing everywhere, he must confess they greatly regret the course things there was & wide difference in its have taken--that they are much extent. He must confess that, as the grieved that the Chamber should have rule, Protestantism prevailed in the been stronger than themselves ? I north and Catholicism in the south ; believe their defeat is not unwelcome but there were many exceptions to to them. The Italians saw no other this rule. In his own country, way to show their ill-will to the France, poor France !-where had
Protestantism taken deepest root? It it was immortal. Sin was at he was in the south, in those mountains bottom, the very bottom of their which they knew by name and nature, and no human religion knew honoured in their memories. The how so to accommodate itself to sin Protestants in the south were those as Romanism had done. Nor did he who held fast in their arms the great think reform possible. Romanism King, le Grand Roi! Having devoted was irreformable; and he was happy his whole life to the history of Spain, to say this before an English audience. and having been in every corner of that No; it could not become better. Did country, what did Spanish history they know why? He was now tell him? In the sixteenth century, seventy years old, and his whole life the precious seed of the Christian had been dedicated to that question. truth was sown in the south of Spain, - At twenty-eight years of age, having in Andalusia ; and though smothered religious wants that could not be satisthen by torture and flames, it was not fied, he tried honestly and sincerely to destroyed; and three centuries after. become a stanch and faithful Roman wards—in 1859-it sprang up in a Catholic. He practised for one year, remarkable manner. Like the grains but he did not read the Gospel; and of corn in the tomb of the Pharaohs, it here was his error and his weakness, was destined to yield a glorious har- and he could not satisfy himself. For vest, after having slept for so long a this reason he left Romanism, and period. He hoped political events for seventeen years he was without would not kill the noble movement of any religion. He was ashamed to the Gospel in Spain.
speak of this ; but it was not of him. If he spoke to them of their own self, but of millions of French people country, he was struck by one fact. who, like him, when they were going He would not like to offend any one ; to Jesus, were stopped on the way by but, having been everywhere in Europe Romanism. O, could they but know except Russia, and having seen many the pangs he felt at that time! “ To forms of Catholicism in different feel that the Lord was before him, countries, he had seen it nowhere so but that the priest, or the Pope, or the bad as in Ireland, though that island Virgin, or a whole army of saints, was formed a part of Great Britain. placed between him and Jesus, BO
The precious seed he was speaking that he could not reach Him. Don't of was mingled everywhere it might pity him, because he had found the grow everywhere; though generally truth. But he pitied his dear countrythe north was Protestant, and the
He had been rambling in south was Catholic. Why was Catho. France, from city to city, since the licism a plant growing more easily in war, talking politics to them as a way the south? Because the south was to go to the Gospel, speaking upon more sensual, and required a material social questions in order to awaken religion, which caught the people, and them, through these, to the Gospel appealed to the external. Why was truth. The French listened to what Protestantism a plant of northern he said. An English gentleman had growth? Because the people of the told him that he did not know there worth had more reflective powers, wero was a man in France who could tell less impressionable to the outward so many truths and have people to senses, and were more open to the listen to him. But they could do inward speaking of the Lord to the everything in France, except make soul. This, he believed, was the lasting impressions." general explanation of the fact. Did Professor St. Hilaire next proceeded they think that Catholicism would to speak, in impassioned language, of soon die ? Ah, no! it could not die : the Reformatiou and of the spread of