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Parkhurst's Hebrew Lexicon;Godwin's Moses and Aaron; Owen's Exercitations on the Hebrews; the Latin translation of several treatises of Maimonides, which are mentioned where they are used; Buxtorff De Synagoga Judaicâ ; and Basnage's History and Religion of the Jews.
The account of the synagogue and its service has been carefully collected from the works of Lightfoot, Buxtorff, and others.
On the laws of the Jews, the author derived much information from the large and learned work of Spencer “ De Legibus Hebræorum ritualibus ;” and on the wide field of Jewish customs, climate, productions, &c. besides his own collection of facts, which are given to these authors in their proper places; it would be injustice done to Harmer and Parkhurst, not to acknowledge the many facts and illustrations, with which they have enriched his volumes, although they have not been always distinctly acknowledged.
The ground plans of the temple and its courts have been constructed from the descriptions of these places with the strictest accuracy; and in part ii. sect. 13, it is attempted to be shown (contrary to what is commonly understood) that the descriptions of Josephus and the Talmud are not only not at variance, but that they perfectly agree.
Perhaps it may be thought by some that the Hebrew words and phrases which appear in the following pages might have been better omitted; but those who are conversant with the Hebrew language, and know the uncertainty of its pro
nunciation, will not only pardon their insertion, but be gratified by them. It gives a certainty and satisfaction to the Hebrew scholar, which the mere spelling them in English can never produce.
Should any take the trouble to compare this publication with Godwin's Moses and Aaron, and Dr. Jennings's Jewish Antiquities, (the books which are usually consulted,) they will find the line of research widely different. For while the plan of Godwin, which is very systematic and condensed, did not allow of that diversity of subject and illustration, and Dr. Jennings, who commented on a part only of Godwin's plan, professes to despise Rabbinical learning; the author of the present publication has taken a wider range; he has accepted, with gratitude, the labours of the Talmudical writers, in the absence of more authentic information; and has endeavoured to make the discoveries of science, and the information of travellers, subservient to the elucidation of his subject.
It is more than probable, that amidst such a variety of materials, he may have sometimes been mistaken as to the use he has made of them; but he can honestly say, that no pains have been spared to ascertain the truth, and to render the subject generally interesting to the Christian inquirer. Nay, he even indulges the hope, that it may be an acceptable present to the posterity of Abraham, to whom the religion and usages of their fathers must ever be an interesting subject of inquiry.
the widow's mite explained ; the Pharisee and publican. Several other par-