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On His Grace,
Late Duke of BUCKINGHAM.
Written by Mr. Tho. Brown.
HE Duke of Buckingham's Name is Panegyrick sufficient to recommend the following Miscellany to all Gentlemen that have a true
taste of Pleasure and Wit. His Grace was not only bred up with the politest Prince, that ever sate upon the English Throne,
but was the greatest Ornament of his Court ; which for refin'd Luxury, for Elegance, and an exquisite Taste, was little inferiour to that of Augustus. His Speeches in Parliament show how steady a Maintainer he was of his Country's Constitution, and how well be understood it; and the Rehearsal, the justest and truest Satyr the World ever saw, will be an everlasting Demonstration of his Wit.
But because the Testimony of a Foreigner may go farther with some People, than an
Encomium, tho never so just, * Monsieur de Vervillein bis from one of his own CountryMemoirs de la men, it
it may be convenient to Cour d'Angle. observe what an eminent * Au
thor of a Neighbouring Nation has said of him.
As for bis Person, says he, Hewas one of “ the finest Gentlemen, that Europe ever saw ; “ his Conversation was easie and charming, “ serious when occasion requir'd it, but ge-nerally Facetious, and turning upon Mirth
j He had a Genigs, that fitted bim for the
highest Posts of the State ; but pleasure, “ which was his predominant Passion, made
bim ridicule all manner of Business and as “ ill Habits are not eafily left off, this at long
run, made him incapable of it. So ftrange a negled of himself and Affairs, exposid him
to the Villany of the City Ulurers, who “cheated him of the greater part of his Estate, and made an incredible Advantage of
his careless Temper. In his younger Days no. Nobleman of England had ventured
more for the Service of his Prince, whom "! be accompanied in the fatal Battle of Wor
cester' ; .as at the Restauration, and some
Years after; no Min appeard with more “ Warmth and Zeal for the Prerogative. In
the latter part of his Life he alter d his Conduct, and was a vehement Affertor of the Privileges of Parliament, and Liberty of the Subject. Whether this new Change ia bim was owing to any real Alteration
of his Sentiments, or whether it proceeded " only from his being disgusted with the
Court, 'tis certain he sufferd himself to run " into the contrary Extreme, and oppos'd " the King in some Junctures, wbere he ought
not to have appear'd. This refle&ed fevere
ly upon his Gratitude, no Man baving “ such personal Obligations to the Royal Family , - as himself ; since King Charles I. run the Risque of disobliging his Parliament, fo fatal afterwards to his Affairs, rather than abandon bis Father to his Ene
mies of the lower House, who were re“ folved, to ruine him. But Gratitude is too
tender a Plant to flourish in the English Climate." At ' his Majesty's happy return, the
Duke found bimself possess'd of one of the “ most considerable Estates in the Kingdom,
which he ruin'd by his profuse way of Living; tho' his Negligence, and the vast
« Confidence he reposed in the Integrity of " his City-Friends and Servants, suin'd it
much more than his Profufeness. As great as his fortune was, 'he affected a Magnificence much above it: What wonder is it then, if when such insatiable Drainers as Building, Musick, Chymistry, not to mention his Amours, that were fufficiently expensive to him, exhausted him at once, that' his Patrimony fenfibly decay'd." The most Christian King Phew'd him a greater Respect than ever any Foreign Embaffador was known to receive ; and as he knew him to be un homme de plaisir, he entertain'd him accordingly, when he came in the Year 1670. to break the famous Tripple League, nothing could be so welcome to the Court " of Versailles as the Message he came about “ for which Reason' a Regale was prepared “ for him, that might have befitted the Mag
nificence of the Roman Emperors, when “ Rome flourished in its highest Grandeur.
What fits worst upon his Character, and shows he took a delight not only to cross his Master in bis politick Affairs, but even
in bis Amours, 'Tis observable, that if he " could not enjoy his Mistresses, he would “ render them suspected, and at last get them “ discarded ; a living Testimony of wbich & truth' is the Dutches of Cl-Id. In short,
having by hịs irregular Conduct : 'utterly ruind himself at Court, and his prodigious