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clearly made out to your Lordships, that it is the direct and ready way to be conquered by à Foreigner; and it may be a Policy of the French King, by those often Alarms of Armies and Fleets, to induce us to consume our Treasures in vain Preparations against him, and after he hath by this means made us poor and weak enough, the true Alarm may come;

he may then thunder upon us and destroy us. It is not, My Lords, the giving of a great deal, but the well-managing of the Money given, that must keep us safe from our Enemies. Your Lordships may be pleas’d to call to mind the Story of Sampson, who while he preserv'd his Hair, wherein his Strength lay, was still Victor over his Enemies : But when by the Inticement of his Dalilab his Hair was once cut off, the Philistines came upon him and overcame him.

And fo, My Lords, if we shall preserve and husband well our Treasures, wherein our Strength and the Sinews of War lie, and apply it to the right use, we shall be ftill redoubled by, and superiour to all our Enemies; but if we shall vainly and prodigally mispend it, we shall become an easy prey to them. Besides, My Lords, what is this but Ne moriare mori, and for fear of being conquer'd, to put ourselves into a condition almost as bad as if we were fo? My Lords, pardon me if I say, in some respects, a great deal worfe; for when we are under the

power of the Victòr, we know we can fall no lower,

and

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and the certainty of our Misery is some kind of diminution of it'; but in this wild way we have no certainty at all: for if you give thus much to day, you may give as much to Morrow, and so you may never leave giving, until you have given all that we have away, Now this anxiety of Mind, which ariseth from this our doubtful estate, is a high addi tion to our Affi&tions. “All that we beg, My Lords, is that we may be able to make fome estimate of our Selves. Would His Majesty! be pleas’d to have a quarter of our Estates, for my part he shall have it: Would His Ma jesty have half, for

for any part, upon good occalion, he thall have it : But I beseech your Lordships then that we may have soine Áffurance of the quiet enjoyment of the remainder, and know what we have to trust to. My Lords, the Commons have here fent us up a Bill for giving His Majesty the twentieth part of our Estates for a Year, 'át the full extended Value ; and I hear there are other Bills for Money also preparing, which together, according to the best Compute, will amount to Įittle lefs than Three Millions of Money: A prodigious Sum, and such that if your Lordfhips shall not afford relief, we must of necessity fink under the weight of so great a Pressure. My Lords, the Scripture tells us, that God Almighty fets Bounds to the Ocean, and says unto it, Hitherto fall thy proud Waves come, and no farther ; and so I hope your.

Lord

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Lordships, in imitation of the Divinity, will set some Bounds, some Limits to this our over-liberal Humour of the Commons; and say to them, Hither fball your Profuseness come, and no farther. My Lords, your Lordships can either deny or moderate a Bill for Money, coming from the Commons ; or if you cannot, then all your great Estates are at their Difposal, and your Lordships have nothing that you can properly call your own, and then let us pass this Bill without further Examination : But if

you can deny or moderate (as without question you can) your Lordships never had, nor poflibly ever will have such a fair Occasion to shew yourselves My Lords, upon the whole Matter, I most humbly propose to your Lordships, that your Lordships will be pleas'd at least to reduce the 12 d. per Pound to 8 d. and truly, My Lords, I have reason to hope, that if your Lordships duly reflect upon it, you will find it fit to do accordingly: For, in the first place, it will be so far from being a disserve to His Majesty, that your Lordships will do His Majesty in it the highest Service in the World; for tho' you shall thereby take from His Majesty a part of the Sum, you will give him a great deal more in the Love and Hearts of his Subjects; and there His Majesty must Reign if he will be Great and Glorious : And next, your Lordships will acquire to yourselves eternal Honour. You shall hereby indear yourselves to the whole Natiori; 웃

who

1

who, for the future, will look upon you as
the Ancients did upon their tutelary Gods;
nor shall the House of Commons, but the House
of Peers, be hereafter precious in their sight,
when your Lordships shall thereby express
your tender Care of the People, who are at
this time in so fad a condition, and lie under
so many Disadvantages and Pressures.
My Lords, Give me leave to mind your Lord-
ships, that Noble Ads are the Steps whereby
the Great Men of the World ascend the Throne
of Glory; and can there be a Nobler Ad than
to release a diftreffed Kingdom, which, by
languishing under so many Hardships, is going
about to be so much opprest? I do detain
your Lordships too long, and therefore shali
say no more ; but must beg your Pardon, and
submit to all your better Judgments.

This Speech was ordered to be burnt by the

Hands of the Common Hangman,

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394

The Earl of Shaftsbury's Speech in the

House of Lords, upon the Debate of appointing a Day for hearing Doctor Shirley's Cafe, Ot. 20. 1675.

My Lords, OUR

UR Al is at Stake, and therefore you

muft give me leave to speak freely before we part with it. My Lord Bishop of Salisbury is of Opinion, That we should rather appoint a Day to consider what to do upon the Petition, than to appoint a Day of Hearing : And my Lord Keeper (for 1 may name them at a Committee of the whole House) tells us in very eloquent and studied Language, That he will propose to us a way far less liable to Exception, and much less offensive and injurious to our own Privileges, than that of appointing a Day of Hearing. And I beseech you, My Lords, Did you not, after all these. fine Words, expect some admirable Proposals ? but it ended in this, That your Lordships should appoint a Day, nay a very long Day, to consider what you would do in it. And my Lord hath undertaken to convince

you, That this is your only Course, by several undeniable Reasons; the first of which is, That it's against your Judicature to bear this Cause, since it does not come properly before us, nor

ought

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