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hensive that the first Protestant Daughter that ever any King of Spain had, would not probably bring so great Advantages to it as was pretended.

They have no mind to encourage the King to a War, we have had War enough; but they do not think he should so much fear a War, as out of the Dread of it to be at the disposal of any other Prince; and that when he hath freed his own Subjects from Wardships and from Liveries, that he should himself become a Ward to the King of Spain, and not Marry without his Approbation and Consent. They observed, that in the fame Memorials (I do not mean that which he last printed, but a former) in which the Spanish Ambassador threatens War if the King marries with Portugal; he presseth very earnestly the delivering up of Dunkirk and Jamaica; and it is plain enough he would have that Recompence for the Portion he would give; and, in truth, whoever is against the Match with Portugal, is for the Delivery of Dunkirk and Jamaica; a War being as sure to follow from the latter as from the former, and from neither, till the King of Spain finds it convenient for himself, which I hope he will not yet do. I will not enlarge upon the many Reasons, the King had told you the Conclusion. There was never a more unanimous Advice from any Council, not one Disfenting Voice, in the beseeching His Majefty to make this Marriage, and to finish it

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with all the Expedition imaginable. Upon this he sent for the Portugal Ambassador, des clared his Resolution to him, hath writ himself to Portugal, and is preparing his Fleet to fetch home our Queen. And I hope now he hath deserved all your Thanks, both for the Matter and the Manner ; and that not only ourselves, but the Ages that are to succeed us, shall have cause to bless God and His Majefty for this Resolution that he hath taken, and that he hath declared to us this Day, and hath reserved for this Day, having obliged his Council to Secrecy, that he might himself communicate it to his whole Kingdom at

There are some other particulars of Weight, but he will not mingle them with this great important one, which muft so much fill your Hearts and your Heads, but will reserve them till he fees you again, after you have chosen your Speaker, which he now leaves you to do, and to repair to your House for that purpose, that you may present your Speds ker unto him at Four of the Clock upon .. Friday.

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3729

The Speech of George Earl of

Bristol to the House of Commons, 1663.

Mr. Speaker, W!

Ere I to be wrought upon by the Arts

and Menaces of my Enemies, or by the Alarms of my Friends in my behalf, I, contrary to the firmness and assurance which a clear Heart and a good Conscience does always uphold in a Man of Honour, I should have appear'd in this place with such fear and trembling, as could not chufe but diforder any Man's Reason and Elocution: The niceness of the Subject upon which I am brought hither, were enough to discompose

but over and above that, I am not ignorant what personal prejudices I am under, and how industriously they have been improv'd among you. But when I look round this Illustrious Assembly, and see three parts of it composed of Men who wear, as I do, a Sword by their fides, and who have drawn it so often for the King's Service, Gentlemen of Birth, Integrity, Fortune, all apprehensi

one;

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ons vanish from a Man, who hath servd and
suffer'd for the King as I have done. Mr. Spea-
ker, I know the time of this House, upon
whose prudent Deliberations the Happinefs
of the King and Kingdom depends, is too pre-
cious to have any part of it spent in vindica-
tion of me: But since not only the Reputation
and Innocence of one of your Members de-
pends upon what I shall say, but even His
Majesty's Honour may in fome fort be con-
cern'd in the right apprehension of it, I hope
it will be thought no presumption in me to
beg of you, as I do, in all humility, one quar-
ter of an Hour's Patience and Attention.
Mr. Speaker, I am here exposed as the bearer
of a Message to His Majesty from Sir Richard
Temple, which he hath thought worthy to be
complained of to this House, and which Sir
Richard Temple affirms he never sent. Lay
your Hands upon your Hearts, Gentlemeri,
and say truly, does not your innate Candour
pity my Condition, brought into a streight, in
all appearance so inextricable? For, on the one
side, if I avow to have carried from Sir Rich.
Temple the Message, which His Majesty has
been pleas'd to make so high and fo unusual
an expression of his being offended at, and
which Sir Richard Temple denies to have fent,
how can Men of Honour forgive me so un-
gentlemanly a proceeding towards a Person
who hath trusted me, as a Friend, to do him
(as he thought) a good Office with His Ma-

jesty?

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jesty? On the other side, Mr. Speaker, should

disavow the having deliver'd the Message from Sir Richard Temple, which His Majesty hath thought fit to affirm, that he receiv'd from him and by me, what Subject can be strong enough not to link for ever under the weight of such a Contradiction to his Sovereign ? I ask you again, Gentlemen, does not the Condition you see me brought into, by the Arts of my Enemies, move you at the same time to Pity and Indignation ? Mr. Speaker, when David was put to his choice of one of the three Calamities, he made election of the Plague. And why? that he might fall into the hands of God, and not of Men. In like manner, Mr. Speaker, if one of the two Extreams, with which I am threatned, be, as it appears, unavoidable, let me fall into the hands of God's Vicegerent the King : The World will never pardon me an unworthy Adion, his Goodness, I am sure, would in time pardon a generous Fault. But when you have heard me out, Gentlemen, I am confident you will find, that I shall need neither the World's Pardon nor the King's, but only yours. In the first place, Mr. Speaker, I am bound to clear Sir Richard Temple, which I here do. upon my Honour, that he never sent by me a Message to the King, that had in it the Jeast tincture of an undertaking of his, which I conceive could be the only part, that could give offence to His Majesty, or be a ground

for

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