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men that were fecluded, than formerly; I was bold to put you all to the trouble of this Meeting, that I might open my self to you all, even with more Freedom than formerly: But lest I might be misapprehended or mistaken, as of late it befel me, I have committed to Writing the Heads of what I intend to Difcourse to you, and desire it may be read openly to you all,

Gentlemen,

It appears unto me, by what I have heard from you and the whole Nation, that the Peace and happy Settlement of these bleeding Nations, nėxt under God, lieth in your Hands. And when I consider that Wisdom, Piety, and Self-denyal, which I have reason to be confident, lodgeth in you, and how great a Share of the Nations Sufferings will fall upon you, in Case the Lord deny us now a Settlement, I am in very good Hopes, there will be found in you all, such melting Bowels towards these poor Nations, and towards one another, that you will become Healers, and Makers up, of all its woful Breaches. And that such an Opportunity may clearly appear to be in your Hands, I thought Good to assure you, and that in the presence of God, that I have nothing before my Eyes but God's Glory, and the Settlement of these Nations upon Common-Wealth Foundations,

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In pursuit whereof, I shall think nothing too dear; and for my own particular, I shall throw my self down at your Feet to be

any thing or nothing, in order to these great Ends. As to the way of future Settlement, far be it froin me to impose any thing; I desire you may be in perfect Freedom; only give me leave to mind you, that, the Old Foundations are by God's Providence fo broken, that, in the Eye of Reason, they cannot be reftored but upon the Ruins of the People of these Nations, that have engaged for their Rights, in defence of the Parliament, and the great and main Ends of the Covenant, for uniting and making the Lord's Name one in the three Nations: And also the Liberty of the Peoples Reprefentatives in Parliament will be certainly lost s før if the People find, that after so long and bloody a War against the King for breaking in upon their Liberties, yet at last he must be taken in again, it will be out of question, and is most manifeft, he may for the future govern by his Will, di, {pose of Parliaments and Parliament-men as he pleaseth, and yet the People will never more rise for Adiltance.

And as to the Interest of this famous City (which hath been in all Ages the Bulwark of Parliaments, and unto whom I am for their great Affection so deeply engaged) certain

ly

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ly it must lie in a Common-wealth; that Government only being capable to make them, through the Lord's Blessing, the Metropolis and Bank of their Trade for all Christendom ; whereunto. God and Nature hath fitted them above others.

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And as to 'a Government in the Church, the want whereof hath been no small Cause of these Nations Distractions, it is most manifest, that if it be Monarchical in the State, the Church must follow, and Prelacy must be brought in; which these Nations, I know, cannot bear, and against which they have sa solemnly sworn.

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And indeed moderate, not rigid Presbyterian Government, with a sufficient Liberty for Consciences truly Tender, appears at present to be the most indifferent and acceptable way to the Churches Settlement,

The main thing that seems to lie in the way, is the Interest of the Lords, even of those Lords who have shew'd themselves noble indeed, by joyning with the People, and in defence of those just Rights, have adventured their dearest Blood and large Estates. To that I shall only say, that though the State of these Nations be such, as cannot bear their fitting in a distinct House; yet,

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certainly, the Wisdom of Parliament will find out such Hereditary Marks of Honour for them as may make them more noble in after Ages.

Gentlemen,

Upon the whole Matter, the best result that I can make at present for the Peace of these Nations, will be, in my opinion, that you forthwith go to sit together in Parliament, in Order,

I. To the settling the Conduct of the Armies of the Three Nations in that manner, as they may be serviceable to the Peace and Safety of them, and not to its own, and the Nations Ruin, by Faction and Division.

II. To the providing sufficient Maintenance for them; that is, for the Forces by Land, and for the Navy by Sea, and all the Arrears of both, and other Contingencies of the Government.

III. To the appointing a Council of State with Authority to settle the Civil Government and Judicatories in Scatland and Ireland, and to take Care for the issuing of Warrants for the Summoning a Parliament of these three Nations united, to meet at Wesiminfter the 20th Day of April next,

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with such Qualifications as may secure the Publick Cause we are all engag'd in, and according to such Distributions as were used in the Year 1654. Which Parliament so called, may meet and act in freedom, for the more full establishing of this Commonwealth, without a King, fingle Perfon, or House of Lords.

IV. To a Legal Dissolution of this Parliament, to make way for the Succeffion of Parliaments.

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And in Order to these Good Ends, the Guards will not only admit you, but faithfully both my self, and every the Officers under my, Command; and I believe the Officers and Soldiers of the Three Nations will spend their Blood for you and successive Parliaments.

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If your Conjunction be directed to this End, you may part honourably, having made a fáir Step to the Settlement of these Nations, by making a Way for successive Parliaments.

But I must needs fay, that if any different Counsel should be taken (which I have no Reason to fear) these Nations will presently be thrown back into Force and Violence, and

all

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