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we left, and shall think we liave been hitherto like the Prodigal, and that now when our Necessities perswade us (i. e.) that we are almost brought to Herd it with Swine, now ’tis high time to think of a Return. Let's without more ado, without this motly Mixture, even take our Rulers as at the first, so that we can be but reasonably secured to avoid our Councellors as at the beginning.

Give me leave, Sir, to dismiss your Patience with a short Story. Livy tells there was a State in Italy, an Aristocracy where the Nobility stretch'd the Prerogative too high, and presumed a little too much on the Peoples Liberty and Patience, whereupon the Discontents were so general and so great, that they apparently tended to a Diffolution of Government, and the turning of all things into Anarchy and Confusion. At the same time, besides these Distempers at Home, there was a Potent Enemy, ready to fall on 'em from abroad, who had been an over Match for them, at their best Union, but now in these Disorders was like to find 'em a very ready, and a very easy Prey. A Wise Man, Sir, in the City who did not at all approve of the Insolency of the Nobility, and as little liked Popular Tumults, bethought of this Stratagem, to Couzen his Country into Safety. Upon a pretence of Council he procured the

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Nobility to meet altogether, which when they had done, he found a way to lock all the Doors upon’em, goes away himself, and takes the Keys with him; then immediately he Summons the People, tells 'em by a Contrivance of his, he had taken all the Nobility in å Trap:; that now was the time for 'em to be revenged on 'em for their Insolencies, that therefore they should immediately go along with him and dispatch 'em. Sir, "The Officers of the Army, after a Fast, could not be more ready for the Villany than these People were, and accordingly they made as much hafte to the Slaughter as their Lord Protector could desire 'em." But, Sir, this Wise Man I told you of was their Protector indeed: As soon as he had brought the People where their Parliament was sitting, and when they expected but the Word to fall to the Butchery and take their Heads, Gentle, men, says he, Though I would not care home foon this work of Reformation was over, yet in this Ship of Common-wealth we must not throw the Steersmen overboard, till we have provided others for the Helm. Let's consider before we take these Men away, in what other Hands we may securely trust our Liberty, and the Management of the Coninon-wealth. And so he advised 'em before the putting down of the former, to bethink themselves

of constituting another House. He begins and no

minates that

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minates one, a Man highly cry'd up in the Popular Faction, a confiding Man, one of much Zeal, little Sense, and no Quality, you may suppose him, Sir, a Zealous Cobler, the People in conclusion murmur'd at that, and were loth their Fellow-Mutineer, for no other Vertue but Mutinying, should come to be advanced to be their Master, and by their Looks and Murmur, sufficiently expressed the Discontent they took at such a Motion : Then he nominates another, as mean a Me chanick as the former, you may imagine him, Sir, a bustling, rude, Drayman, or the like; he was no sooner named, but some burst out a laughing, others grew Angry, and railed at hiin, and all detested and scorned him, Upon that a third was named for a Lord Pro tector, one of the fame Batch, and every way qualified to fit with the other Twó. The People then fell into a confused Laugh and Noise, and enquired if such were Lord's, who (by all the Gods) would be content to be Commoners.

Sir, Let me be bold (by the good Leave of the other House, and yours,) to ask the fame Question. But, Sir, to conclude the Story, and with it, the other House, When this Wife Man, I told you of, perceived they were now sensible of the Inconvenience and Mischief they were running into, and faw

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that the pulling down their Rulers would prove, in the end, but the setting up of their Şervants; he thought them then prepared, and told 'em, Tou see, says he, As bad as this Government is, we cannot, for any thing I fee, agree upon a better : What then, if after the Fright we have put our Nobility in, and the Demonstration we have given 'em of our Power, we try 'em once more, whether they will mend, and for the Future, behave themfelues with more Moderation. That People, Mr. Speaker, were fo wise as to comply with the Wise Proposition, and so think it easier to mend their Rulers, than to make New. And, I wish, Mr. Speaker, we may be so wise as to thịnk so t09.

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344

General Monk's Speech (deliverd in Wria

ting) to the House of Commons in 1649. concerning the settling the Conduct of the Armies of the Three Nations for the Safety thereof, and for the providing sufficient Maintenance for them, and for the appointing a Council of State with Authority te settle the Civil Government and Judicatories in Scotland and Ireland, and the summoning a Parliament of the Three Nations, and for the Difolution of the present Parliament, to make way for the Succession of Parliaments.

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Gentlemen,
OU are not, I hope

, ignorant, what Care and Endeavours have been used, and Means essayed, for healing the Breaches of our Divisions amongst our selves; and that in order thereunto, divers Conferences have been procur'd between you, though to small effect; yet having at length receiv'd fuller Satisfaction, from those worthy Gen

tlemen

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