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der his Fig-tree, from Dan even to Beera fheba.

He is gone to Rest, and we are entred into his Labours; and if the Lord hath still a Blessing for these Lands, (as I trust he hath) as our Peace hath been lengthned out to this Day, so shall we go on to reap the Fruit, and gather the Harvest of what his late Highness hath Town, and laid the Foundati

For my own part, being by the Providence of God, and the Disposition of the Law, my Father's Successor, and bearing that place in the Government that I do, I thought it for the Publick Good to call a Parliament of the three Nations, now united and enjoyned together into one Commonwealth, under one Government

It is agreeable, not only to my Trust, but to my, Principles, to govern these Nations by the Advice of my two Houses of Parliament'; I find it afferted in the humble Petition and Advice (which is the Corner-stone of this Building, and that which I shall adhere to). That Parliaments are the great Council of the chief Magistrate; in whofe Advice both he and these Nations may be most fafe, and happy. I can assure you I have that Efteem of them : And as I have made it the first Act of my Government to call you together, fo I. shall further let you see the Value I have of you, by the Answers that I shall return to


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the Advice that shall be given me by you, for the good of these Nations.

You are come up from your several Countries, as the Heads of your Tribes, and with Hearts (I perswade my self) to consult to gether their Good: I can say I meet you

with the same Desires; having nothing in my Deîgn, but, the Maintenance of the Peace, Laws, Liberties, both Civil and Christian, of these Nations, which I shall always make the Measure and Rule of my Government, and

We have fummoned you up at this time, to let you know tle State of our Affairs, and · to have your Adyice in them: "And I believe

a Parliament was never fummoned upon a more important Occasion.

It is true, as I have told you, we are, through the Goodness of God, at this time in Peace; but it is not thus with us, because we have no Enemies: There are enough, both within us and without us, who would soon put an end to our Peace, were it in their Powers, or should it at any time come into their Powers

It will be becoming your Wisdoms, to confíder of the securing of our Peace against those, who, we all know, are, and ever will be, our implacable Enemies; wliat the Means of doing this are, I shall refer unto you. :

This I can assure you, That the Armies of ". England, Scotland and Ireland, are true and



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faithful to the Peace and good Interest of these Nations, and it will be found fó, and that they are a consisting Body, and useful for any good Ends; and, if they were not the best Army in the World, you would have heard of Inconveniències, by reason of the great Arrear of Pay which is ñow due unto them, whereby fome of them are reduced to great Neceflities: But you shall have a particular Account of th ir Artears, and I doubt not but Consideration will be had thereupon, in some speedy and effectual Way. And this being Matter of Money, I recommend it particularly to the House of Commons:

You have, you know, a War with Spain, Cårried on by the Parliament? he is an old Enemy, and a potent one, and therefore it will be necessary, both for the Honour and Safety of these Nations, that that War be vigorously prosecuted.

Furthermore, The Constitution of Affairs in all our Neighbour Countries, and round about us (as well Freinds' as Enemies) are very confiderable, and calls upon us to be upon our Guard both at Land and Sea, and to be in a Posture able to maintain and conserve our own State and Interest.

Great and powerful Fleets are preparing to be set forth into these Seas, and considerable Armies of several Nations and Kings are now difputing for the Mastery of the Sound, with the adjacent Ilands and Countries;



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di among which is the Roman Emperor, with

other Popish States, I need not tell you of what Confequence these Things are to this States

We have already interposed in these Af fair's, in such manner as we found it necef fary for the Interest of England; and Matters are yet in such a Condition in those Parts, that this State may, with the Allistance of God, provide that their Differences máy, not prejudice us.

The other Things that are to be said, I shall refer to my Lord Keeper Finnes, and close up what I have to say, with only adding two or three Particulars to what I have already faid.

And first, I recommend to your Care the į People of God in these Nations, with their

Concernments. The more they are divided among themselves, the greater Prudence should be used to cement them.

Secondly, The good and neceffary Work of Reformation, both in Manners and in the Administration of Justice, that Profaneness may be discountenanced and suppressed, and that Righteousness and Justice may be executed in the Land.

Thirdly, I recommend unto you the Protestant Cause abroad, which seems at this time to be in some Danger, having great and powerful Enemies, and very few Friends;

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and I hope and believe, that the old English Zeal to chat Cause is still among us. < Lastly, My Lords, and you Gentlemen of the House of Commons, That you will in all your Debates maintain and conserve Love and Unity among your felves, that therein you may be the Pattern of the Nation, who have sent you up in Peace, and with ther Prayers, that the Spirit of Wisdom and Peace may be among you: And this shall also be my Prayer for you: And to this let ús: all add our urmoit Endeavours for the making this an happy Parliament.

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4 Seasonable Speech,made by Sir ANTHONY Ashly Coopér, in the House of Commons, 1659, against the new Peers, and the Power of the House of Lords. Mr. Speaker, 'HIS Days debate is but too clear a

Proof that we English Men are right INanders, variable and mutable like the Air we live in. For, Sir, if that were not our Temper, we should not be now disputing whether after all those Hazards we have run, that Blood we have spilt, that Treasure we have exhausted, we should not now sit down juft where we did begin, and of our

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