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mation of this from the State of Free Subjects,
(a good Purchase, Mr. Speaker, under Dr.
Heylin's Favour) into that of Villains, they
disabled us by illegal and unvoluntary Sup-
plies to express our Affections to His Majesty,
and by that means to cherish his to us; that
is, to Parliaments. Mr. Speaker, the Cause
of all the Miseries we have suffered, and the
Cause of all the fealousies we have had that
we Mould yet fuffer more, is, that a most
Excellent Prince hath been most infinitely abu-
sed; his Judges telling him that in Law, his
Divines telling him that in Conscience, and
his Counsellors telling him that in Policy he
might do what he pleased. With the First
of these we are to deal now; which may be
a good Leading Card to the rest; and fure in
the Penning of those Laws, upon which these
Men have trampled, our Ancestors lave
shewed the utmost Care and Wisdom ; : how-
ever, this could not secure us ; Words having
done nothing, and yet have done all that
Words could do; we must therefore now be
forced to think of the Abolishing of our Grie-
vances, by. Abolishing our Grievers, by ta-
king away this Judgment, and these Fudges
together, and of Regulating their Excesses by
their most Exemplary Punishments, who.
would not Regulate themselves by most evi-
dent Laws. Of the Degree of this Punish-
ment, I will not speak; I will only fạy we
have accused a Great Person of High Treason,




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for intending to fubvert our Fundamental Laws, and introduce ArbitraryGovernment; whereas what we suppose he meant to do, we are sure they have done; there being no Law more Fundamental, than that they have already subverted, and no Government more Absolute, than that they have really introduced.

Mr. Speaker, Not only the Severe Punishment of these Men, but the sudden Removal

of them, will have a very large Effect in one · very important Consideration. Mr. Speaker,

we only Accuse, and the House of Lords Con demns, in which Condemnation they usually receive Advice, tho' not Direction from the Judges, and I leave it to every Man to imagine how Prejudicial this would be to us, that is, to the Common-wealth, and how Partial to their Fellow-Malefactors.

The Advice of such Judges is like to be most undoubtedly for their own Sake's; they will conduce to their power that every Account he adjudged to be a less fault, and each Person to be lefs faulty, than in Justice he

Amongst these, Mr. Speaker, there is one I must not lose in the Crowd, whom I doubt not but we shall find when we examine the rest of them: With what liopes they have been tempted, and by what Fears they have been aslayed, and by what and by whose Inaportunity they have been pursued, before they


ought be.

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Consented to do, what they did; I say I doubt not but we shall then find him to have been a most Admirable Sollicitor, through a most abominable Judge. d He it is who not only gave away with his, Breath what, our. Ancestors had purchased for, uş by so large an Expence of their Time, their Care, their Treafare, and their Blaod ; hut employed an Izdufry as great as his Injustice, to perfwade others not only to Foyn with him in that Deed. of Gift, but strive to root up those Liberties, which he had cut down and to make our Grievances immzontal, as well as our Slavery irxepairable, lest any part of our Posterity might want occasion to Curse him, he decla. red that Power to be fe Inherent in the Crown, that it was not in the Power of a Para liament to divide them.TH

Common Fame, Mr.Speaker, (and I think here that Common Fame is ground enough for this House to accufe upon, and then undoubtedly enough to be accused upon in this House) hath fo generally reported this, that I expect not, you should bid me Name him whom all know; Nor do I look to tell you News, when I tell you tis my Lord Keeper is but this I think to put you in mind of, That his Place admits him to his Majesty's Ear; and trusts him with his Majeftys. Conscience.; and liow pernicious every Moment must be to us, whilst the one gives him

means to infuse such unjuft Opinions of this Hoafe into his Majesty,


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(many believing him to have been the Prin
cipal Secretary) and the other puts the vaft
and almost unlimited Power of the Chanceryri
into súch Hånds, whịch in the Safest would
be Dangerous. For my part, I can think no
Man here secure that he fhall find himself
worth any thing when he riseth, whilft all
our Estates are in his Breast, who hath facri-
who 15
the keěping of the King's, and he who hathi
undone us already bý Whole-Jäbe, hath Power
left in him to undo us by Rétait.

Mr, Speaker, in the beginning of this Parliament, he told us, and I am confident every Man liere believed it before he told it, and not the niore for His telling, of it, the’ á forry Witness is a good Testimony against himself, That His Majesty never required any thing from any of his Ministers but Justice and In. tegrity, against which, if any one of them Itive trangreljed, upon their Heads, -and that deservedby, *vvas to fall And truly af: tér he hatky in this faying pronounced his own Condemnation, we thall be more partial to him, than he is to himself, if we be slow to pursue it, bnimir 191401

It is therefore my Fustand Humble Motion, That

t , odras, gve may Choose a Selex Conmmittee,

up his , thine the Carriage of this particulat, to make use of it in the Charge; and if he shall be


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found guilty of Tampering with Judges against the Publick Security, who has thought Tampering with Witnesses in a Private Caufe worthy of so severe Fine ; if he shall be found not only to have gone before, but beyond the rest in his Judgment, that in the Punishment for it, the Justice of this House may not deny him that due Honour both to precede and exceed the rest.

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The Lord FALKLAND's Speech to the Lords

of the Upper House of Parliament, the 14th of Jan. 1640. upon the carrying up the Impeachment against the Lord Keeper

FINCH. | My Lords, "HESE Articles against my Lord Finch

being read, I may be bold to apply that of the Poet, Nil repert tales versus qua voce leguntter, and doubt not but your LordShips must be of the fame Opinion, of which the House of Commons appears to have been, by the Choice they haye made of me, that the Charge I have brought, is such as needs no Affistance from the Bringer ; leaving not so much as the Colour of a Colour for any Defence, including all poflible Evidence, and all posfiblé Aggravation ; that Addition alone excepted, which he alone could make, and hath made; I mean bis Confession, inclu. ded in his Flight,


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