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Aromatical Savour, or to bitter Pills gilded over, by which they are made more acceptable, or less offensive, which îndeed are bitter and unpleasant to take : And for my own Part, were it not for Conscience-fakė, to discharge the Duty that God hath laid upon me, and to maintain his Glory, and keep you in Safety, in Mine own Disposition, I should be willing to resign the Place I hold to any other, and glad to be freed of the Glory with the Labours; for it is not my Desire to Live nor to reign longer, than my Life and Reign shall be for your Good. And tho? you have had, and may have many mightier and wiser Princes sitting in this Seat, yet you never had, nor shall have

any that will Love you better.

Thus, Mr. Speaker, I commend me to your Loyal Loves, and yours to my best Care and your further Councels; and I pray you, Mr. Controller, and Mr. Secretary, and you of my Councel, that before these Gentlemen depart into their Countries, you bring them all to Kiss my Hand.

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The Lord FALKLAND's Speech the 7th of De

cember 1640. in the House of Commons,
against the Lord Keeper Finch and other
of the Judges:
Mr. Speaker,

Rejoyce very much to see this day, and

the want hrath not lain in my Affections, but în my Lungs, if to all that hath paft my Yea hath not been as loud as any Man's in the House: Yet truly my Opinion is, Wehaye yet done nothing if we do no more. I shall add what I humbly conceive ought to be added, as soon as I have said something with reference to him that said it.

I will first desire the Forgiveness of this House, in qught I say I seem to intrench upon another's Profession, fince I have been entrusted by the

Report of a Learned Committee, and confirmed by the uncontradicted Vote of the whole House; since I shall say nothing of this kind but in order to fomewhat further: And (what moves me mòst to venture my Opinion and to expect your Pardon,) since I am confident that this Cafe alone is sufficient to shew this Judgment contrary to our Laws, and Logick alone is sufficient to prove it de structive to our Property, which every Free ånd Noble Person values no less than his Poffeffion.


I will

I will not profefs that I know my self, yet all those who know me, know this of me, that my Natural Disposition is far from inclining to Severity, much less to Cruelty; that I have no particular Provocation from their Perfons, and have particular Obligations to their Callings, against whom I am to speak , fo I hope it will be believ'd, that only the Publick Interest hath extorted this from me, which I would not fay, if I conceived it not both so true and necessary, that no Meat undigested can lie heavier upon the Stomach, than this unsaid would have fain upon my Conscience.

Mr. Speaker, the Conftitution of this Common-wealth - hath eftablished, or rather endeavoured to establish to us the Security of Goods, and the Security of good Laws, which should secure us our Goods, by appointing for us Judges, fo settled, fo sworn, that there can be no Oppression, but they of neceffity must be accesary; since if they neither deny por delay us Justice (which neither for the Great nor little they ought to do ) the greateft Person in the Kingdom cannot continue the least violence upon the meanest. But this Security, Mr. Speaker, hath almost been our Ruine: This Bulwark for us hath been turn'd, or rather hath turn'd it felf into a Battery against us; and those Persons that should have been as Dags to defend the Flock, have 'become the Wolves to worry it.


These Judges Mr. Speaker, (to instance not in them only, but their greatest Crime) have delivered an Opinion and a Judgment: The First in an Extrajudicial Manner, and both upon Extrajudicial Matter ; tliat is, such as came not within their Cognizance : They being Judges of Law, and not of Necessity, (that is, being Judges, and neither Philosophers, nor Politicians) in which, when it is évident and absolute, the Law of the Land çeaseth, and that of general Reason and Equity, by which Particular Laws at first were framed, returns to hier Throne and Government; I mean that which is the Salts Populi, becomes not only the Supreme, but Sola Lex; at which time, and to which end, wliosoever would difpense with the King to make use of our Money, dispenseth equally with us to make use of musia Judgment they Contradicted many and clear Atts and Declarations of Parliament, and those in this very Reign; fo that for them they needed to have consulted with no other Records but thieir own Meniories.

Secondly, they have contradicted apparent Evidences; by supposing Mighty and Emihent Dangers in the most serene Quiet and Halcyon Days that could possibly be imagined; a few contemptible Pirates being our most formidable Enemies, and there being neither Prince nor State, with which, and



from whom, we had not either Ambaffadors, Or Amity, or both.

Thirdly, They contradicted the Writ ít self, by supposing these Supposed Dangers to be so sudden, that they could not stay for a Parliament, which required but Forty days stay; the Writ being in no such hafte, but being content to stay Seven Months, which is that time four times over.

Mr. Speaker, It seemed generally strange that they who saw not the Law, which all Men else saw, should see that Danger, which no Man else fáw but themselves; yet tho this begot the more general Admiration, the other Particulars begot the more general

Indignation. The First of all their Reasons for this Fudgment was such, that they needed not any from the Adverse Part to help them, to convert those few who had before the least Suspicion of the Legality of that most Illegal Writ; there being fewer that approved of the Judg: ment, than there were that Judged it; for. I am confident they did not that themselves.

Secondly, When they had allowed to the King the Sole Power in Necessity, and the Sole Judgment of Necessity, and by that enabled him to take from us both what he would, when he would, and how he would, they yet Contemned us enough to offer to perSwade us they had left us our Properties.

TheThird and last, (and that which I confess moved me most) that by the Transfor

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