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thereon, and desired a King of a more active Spirit: Then a Stork was sent them, which stalking amongst them, daily devoured them. King Richard's Mildness had bred in us this Scorn, interpreting it to be Cowardise and Dulness of Nature; I dare not say (yet give me leave to suspect) with greater Courage, we may find greater Cruelty. And thus Í have declared my Opinion with more Words, you may perhaps conjure, than Wisdom yet fewer than the weight of the Cause did l'equire. And I do resolutely conclude, that we have neither Power nor Policy, either to depose King Richard, or in his place to Elect Duke Henry: That King Richard remaineth still our Sovereign Lord, and therefore it is not lawful for us to give Judgment against him: That the Duke, whom you are pleased to stile King, liath more transgressed against the King and Realm, than Richard háth done either against him or us: For he being banished the Realm for ten Years by the King and Councel (amongst whom his own Father was chief) and haying given Oath not to return without special License; he hath not only broken his Oath, but disturbed the Peace of the Land, dispossessed the King of his Royal Estate, and now demandeth Judgment against his Person, without Offence proved, or Defence heard : If this Injury move not, yèt let both our Private and Publick Dangers somewhat withdraw us from these violent Proceedings.
Queen Elizabeth's Speech to her lasi Parliament, upon her Reassumption of several Grants that were a Grievanc; to the Subject, &c. 1598. Mr. Speaker,
E perceive your coming is to present
Thanks unto us; Know I accept them with no less Joy than your Loves can have desire to offer such a Present, and do more esteem it than any Treasure or Riches; for those we know how to prize, but Loyalty, Love and Thanks, I account them invaluable: And tho'God hath raised me high, yet this I account the Glory of my Crown, that I have reigned with your Loves. This makes that I do not so much rejoyce that God hath made Me to be a Queen, as to be a Queen over fo thankful a People, and to be the mean under God to conserve you in Safety, and preserve you from Danger; yea, to be the Instrument to deliver you from Dishonour, from Shame, and from Infamy: To keep you from out of Servitude, and from Slavery under our Enemies, and cruel Tyranny, and vile Oppression intended against us : For the better withstanding whereof, We take very acceptably your intended Helps and chiefly
in that it manifesteth your Loves and Largeness of Heart to your Sovereign. Of My felf · I must say this, I never was any greedy scraping Grasper, nor a striet Fast-holding Princess, nor yet a Waster : My Heart was never set upon any worldly Goods, but only for My Subjects Good. What you do bestow on Me, I will not hoard up, but receive it to bestow on you again : Yea, Mine own Properties I account yours, to be expended for your good, and your Eyes shall see the Bestowing of it for your Welfare.
Mr. Speaker, I would wish you and the rest to stand up, for fear I shall yet trouble you with a longer Speech.
Mr. Speaker, You give me Thanks, but I am more to thank you, and I charge you thank them of the Lower-house from Me; for had I not receiv'd Knowledge from you, I might have fallen into the lapse of an Error, only for want of true Information.
Since I was Queen I did never yet put My Pen to any Grant, but upon pretext and semblance made Me, that it was for the good and avail of my Subjects generally, tho' a private Profit to some of my ancient Servants, who had deserved well : But that my Grants shall be made Grievances to my People, and Oppressions to be privileged under colour of our Patents, our princely Dignity shall not suffer it.
When I heard it, I could give no rest unto my Thoughts until I had reformed it, and thosé Varlets, lewd Persons, Abusers of
my Bounty, shall know I will not suffer it. And, Mr. Speaker, tell the House from me, I take it exceeding grateful, that the Knowledge of these Things are come unto me from them. And, tho' amongst them the principal Members are such as are not touch'd in Private, and therefore, need not speak from any feeling of the Grief; yet we have heard that other Gentlemen also of the House, who stand as free, have spoken as freely in it; which gives us to know that no Respects or Interests have moved them, other than the Minds they bear to suffer no diminution of our Honour, and our Subjects Love unto us. The zeal of which Affection, tending to ease my People, and knit their Hearts unto us, I embrace with a princely Care far above all earthly Treasures. I esteem my People's Love, inore than which I desire not to merit : And God that to fit, and placed me over you, knows that I never respected my self, but as your Good was conserved in me ; yet what Dangers, what Practises, and what Perils I have pafsed, fome, if not all of you know: But none of these things do move me, or ever made me fear; but it is God that hath deliver
gave me here
And in my governing this Land, I have ever set the last Judgment-day before mine Eyes, and to Rule, as I shall be judged, and answer before a higher Judge, to whose Judgment Seat I do appeal in that never thought was cherished in my Heart, that tended not to my People's Good.
And if my princely Bounty hath been abused, and my Grants turned to the hurt of my People, contrary to my Will and Meaning; or if any in Authority under me have neglected, or converted what I have committed unto them, I hope God will not lay their Culps to my Charge.
To be a King, and wear a Crown, is a thing more Glorious to them that see it, than it is Pleasant to them that bear it : For my self, I never was so much inticed with the glorious Name of a King, or the Royal Authority of a Queen, as delighted that God hath made me his Instrument to maintain his Truth and Glory, and to defend this Kingdom from Dishonour, Damage, Tyranny, and Oppression. But should I ascribe any of these things unto my self, or my sexly Weakness, I were not worthy to Live; and of all most unworthy of the Mercies I have receiv’d at God's Hands ; but to God only and wholly all is given and ascribed.
The Cares and Troubles of a Crown I cannot more fitly resemble than to the Drugs of a Learned Physician, perfumed with some