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especially in a publick Good that may compose Animosities and prevent Distractions. Among other false Conceits of the Answerer, I remember he is pleased to assert, that Toleration is permitted no where but in Common-Wealths; (meaning, I suppose, Holland ;) not considering that it is otherwise in Poland, and many Principalities of Germany; where the Catholicks serve God in the Morning, and the Dislenters have their Liberty in the Afternoon, in the Same Church. The French gave Liberty to the Hugonots, till of late; and those whom many yearsWar couldnot subdue, Permission decreas'd. It migbt be wondred at, that Calvinists, Lutherans, and other Seats, sublift in other countries in Common-wealths with Catholicks; yet the Church of England, that is no where to be found but here, will not admit Competitors. The Cause was more visible, when I seriously considered it: The Church of England is only a Court. Invention, and their Ministers are a fort of an Ecclesiastical Guard to the Prince. When Hen. VIII. was first possessed by bis Scruples, like Numa, confulting with bis Goddess, he asked advice of their Oracle, which he knew wou'd suit with his own Opinion; and this made them acceptable; efpecially when Sacrilege, that was no little Game with our Courtiers and Gentry, countenanced the Innovation. Extravagant Opinions (like Diseases) have their Rise, Increase, and Declinations ; remsembling great Comets, that consume themselves.

But But

upon this unexpected Turn in Matters of Religion, every Man using his own Conceits in facred Controversie, divers Opinions ensued. The Diffenter (that distinguisheth not between Devotion and intention, having bis Mind fixt and intent upon an extempore Prayer or Sermon, and with great Earnestness and Difficulty expres. sech bis Conceptions) is (by himself and his Auditors) accounted Zealous, and contemns all Forms as infipid and without Edification. To answer these Objections, the Churchman producerh Authority and Antiquity from Catholic Authors: But when the Papist recurns his own Argunients against his Novelty, then he turns Phanatic, and believes no more than Reason and Sense; which in different Terms, is the Quakers Light within them, or the Presbyters divine Impulse or Illumination.

Considering then that she cannot fublilt but by a regal Power and Aslistance, be cannot admit a Toleration, whereby her specious Pretences may be discovered; and a Prince that will be engaged for her Cause, must disoblige the greatest part of the Nation. Since there Sediaries have not Truth and Eloquence sufficient to defend themselves, tbis most necessarily follows; The most zealous and faint hearted Party of 'em forsake the Land, as they did formerly to NewEngland, and now to Carolina or Pensilvania. The Stubborn and crafty remain, expe&ing an. Opportunity to be reveng'd of that King that upholds chem. Neitber can it be for the Securi



ty of a King to uphold a Court.Religion, because his Subjects will be always jealous of them both; since these are ready for their own interest and lucre, to Preach the Prince's Will for Gospel ; as in my Hearing before CHARLES the First, Do&or Sheldon, the late Archbishop upon that Text of Samuel, Hoc est Domini Re. gis - prov'd, That Kings might take away any Man's Possessions: Besides it's impossible that a. ny Security can be to a Protestant King, because the Diflenters being more Nomerous, will be always plotting his Destruction; as they did to CHARLES the First, and were near accomplishing that of CHARLES the Second. How much better is it, that Things, purely so, be committed to them that are truly Ecclesiasticks ; wherein the Prince is freed from the vain Scruples and Pretensions of his Subjects, in Religion. When the King gives the best Example of Piety, and the greatest Devotion, he shews us how much need we have of God's Grace and Mercy.

My most humble Duty to his Grace, wishing bim a perfect Recovery, much Health and Happinels.

I am yours, &c.

N. P.


1686. N. S.

A Letter from Sir George Etherege, to

the Duke of Buckingham. MY LORD

Ratiebon, Nov. 21 1

Received the News of your Graces retiring

into Yorkshire, and leading a fedate contemplative Life there, with no less Astonishment than I should hear of his Christian Majesty's turning Benedi&tine Monk, or the Pope's wearing a . long Periwig, and setting up for a flaming Beau in the seventy fourth Year of his age. We have a Picture here in our Town-hall, which I never look upon but it makes me think on your Grace ; and I dare swear you'll fay there is no Dilhonour done you, when you hear whose it is: In short, 'tis that of the fa. mous CHARLES the V. who (amidst all the Magrificence that this foolish World affords, amidst all his African Lawrels and Gallic Triumphs) freely divested himself of the Empire of Europe, and his hereditary Kingdoms, to pass the Remainder of his Life in Solitude and Retirement.

Is it possible that your Grace (who has seen ten times more Luxury than that Emperor ever knew, convers'd with finer Women, kept politer Company, poffess'd as much too of the true real Greatness of the World as ever he enjoyed) should in an age still capable of pleasure, and under a Fortune whose very Ruins would make up a comfortable Electorate here in Germany; Is


it possible, I say, that your Grace should leave the Play at the beginning of the fourth Act, when all the Spectators are in Pain to know what will become of the Heroe, and what mighty Matters he is referv'd for, that set out so ad. vantageously in the first? That a Person of your exquifite Taste, that has breathed the Air of Courts ever from your Infancy, should be content, in that part of your Life which is most difficult to be pleased, and most easie to be diso gusted, to take up with the Conversation of Country Parsons; a sort of People whom, to my Knowledge, your Grace never much admir'd, and do penance in the nauseous Company of Lawyers, whom, I am certain, you abominate.

Toraise our Astonishment higher, Who cou'd ever have prophesy'd (though he had a double Gift of Nostradamus's Spirit) that the Duke of Buckingham, who never voucbfafed his Embra. ces to any ordinary Beauty, wou'd ever condefcend to sigh and languish for the Heiress apparent of a thatch'd Cottage, in a straw Hat, Aannen Petticoat, Stockings of as gross a chrum as the Blew.Coat Boy's Caps at the Hospital, and a Smock (the Lord defend me from the wicked Idea of it!) of as course a Canvas as ever serv'd an Apprenticeship to a Mackarel Boat ? Who could have believed, till Matter of Fact had confirmed the Belief of it, (and your Grace knows that Matter of fact is not to be disputed) that the most polished, refined Epicure of his Age, that had regaled himself in the most ex.


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