Page images


what is here said of it. The subject constant prayer, recommended by his is the second advent of Christ to mild and engaging manner, thought judgment. The text is from Rev. i. 7. he had made some considerable imBehold he cometh with clouds, and pression upon his mind. In the last every eye shall see him, and they also conference before his execution, hə which pierced him ; and all kindreds thanked' Mr. Horne very heartily for of the earth shall wail because of him. his goodness to him, and used these Even so. Amen.*

very remarkable words : “ Sir, you Besides his talent for preaching, may, perhaps, wonder at what I am which, from the beginning, promised about to tell you; but, I do assure (and has now produced) great things, you, I do feel at this moment no Mr. Horne had obtained so high a more sense of fear, than I should do character at Oxford, for his humanity, if I were going a common journey." condescension, and piety, that his re- To this Mr. Horne answered, that he putation came to the ears of a crimi- indeed

very much surprised; but nal in the Castle, under sentence of he hoped it was upon a right principle. death for one of the many highway And so let us hope: though the crirobberies he had committed. The minal was scarcely explicit enough to name of this man was Dumas; he was give due satisfaction, whether this inan Irishman by birth; and his appear- difference proceeded from Christian ance and address had so much of the hope or constitutional hardness. gentleman, that he was a person of 1 relate it as a singular occurrence, the first rank in his profession. This that when the mind of Mr. Horne man having heard of Mr. Horne, as was first filled with the design of coma person remarkable for his sense and menting upon the Psalms, he should goodness, requested the favour of his meet with a traveller in a stage-coach, attendance; to which, on a principle who was in principle the very reverse of conscience, he consented; though of himself. The man gave his judg. the office was such as would probably ment with all freedom on all subjects put the tenderness of his mind to a of divinity, and among the rest on the very severe trial. And so it proved use of the Psalms in the service of the in the event ; his health being consi. ' Church. The Psalms of David, he derably affected for some time after said, were nothing to us, and he wards. I do not find among his pa- thought other compositions might be pers any minutes of this affair pre- substituted, which were much more served in writing :f and though he to the purpose than David's Psalms. gave me a large account of it, to He happened to be speaking to a perwhich I could not but listen with son who could see deeper than most great attention, I cannot recollect so men into the ignorance and folly of much of it as I wish to do, at this dis- his discourse, but was wise enough to tance of time. This I know, that he hear him with patience, and leave used to think anxiously with himself him to proceed in his own way. Yet day and night, in what manner he this poor man was but the pattern of should address this unhappy man, and too many more, who want to be taught what kind of spiritual counsel would again that David was a Prophet, and be most likely to succeed with him; speaks of the Messiah where he seems for he found him, though ready and to be speaking of himself; as the apossensible enough in all common things, tle St. Peter taught the Jews, in the deplorably destitute of all religious second chapter of the Acts, and thereknowledge. To the best of my re- by converted three thousand of them membrance he always chose to be at once to the belief of Christ's resurquite alone with him when he attend- rection. ed; and by repeated applications, and A letter of July the 25th, 1755,

informed me that Mr. Horne, accordSee Sermons, vol. i. Discourse 6.

ing to an established custom at Mag† But the prayers he composed for the dalen College, in Oxford, had begun occasion are in one of his MSS.

to preach before the University, on May be

the day of St. John the Baptist. For had finished those for the first day of the preaching of this annual sermon the month, upon the following plan :* a perraanent pulpit of stone is inserted 1. An analysis of the Psalm, by way into the first Quadrangle; and, so of argument. 2. A paraphrase on long as the stone pulpit was in use each verse. 8. The substance di(of which I have been a witness) the gested into a prayer. “ The work Quadrangle was furnished round the said he) delights me greatly, and sides with a large fence of greek seems, so far as I can judge of my boughs, that the preaching might own turn and talents, to suit me the more nearly resemble that of John the best of any I can think of. Baptist in the wilderness; and a plea- who hath the keys of David, prosper sant sight it was: but for many years it in my hand; granting me the knowthe custom hath been discontinued, ledge and utterance necessary to make and the assembly have thought it safer it serviceable to the church !" Let any to take shelter under the roof of the person of judgment peruse the work, chapel. Our forefathers, it seems, and he will see how well the author were not so much afraid of being in has succeeded, and kept up the spirit jured by the falling of a little rain, or of it to the end. His application of the blowing of the wind, or the shin- the book of Psalms is agreeable to the ing of the sun upon their heads. The testimony so repeatedly given to it, preacher of 1755, pleased the au- and the use made of it, in the New dience

Very much by his manner and Testament. This question is stated style, and all agreed that he had å and settled beyond a doubt, in a learnvery fine imagination : but he was ed preface to the work. The style is not very much pleased with the com- that of an accomplished writer; and pliment. As a Christian teacher, he its ornaments distinguish the vigour was much more desirous that his of its imagination. That all readers hearers should receive and under. should admire it as I do, is not to be stand, and enter into the spirit of the expected; yet it has certainly met doctrines he had delivered; but in with great admiration; and I have this he found them slower than he seen letters to him, from persons of wished, and laments it heavily in a the first judgment, on the publication private letter. Two sermons on the of the book. It will never be negsubject of St. John the Baptist were lected, if the church and its religion printed, and many others succeeded should continue; for which he prayed which were not printed : for the au- fervently every day of his life. When thor, at last, on a review of what he it first came from the press, Mr. Daniel had done, thought it more advisable Prince, his bookseller, at Oxford, was to throw the matter out of that form, walking to or from Magdalen Coland cast an abridgment of the whole lege with a copy of it under his arm, into the form of Considerations.* “What have you there, Mr. Prince ?"

If there be any Christian reader said a gentleman who met him. who wishes to know what a saint is, “ This, Sir, is a copy of Dr. Horne's and aspires to be one himself, let him Psalms, just now finished. The Prekeep before his eyes that beautiful and sident, Sir, began to write very young finished picture of St. John the Bap- but this is the work in which he will tist, to the executing of which but one always live." In this Mr. Prince person of the age was equal. judged very rightly; he will certainly

But the greatest work of his life, live in this work: but there are many of which he now began to form a de- others of his works, in which he will sign, was a Commentary on the whole not die, till all learning and piety shall Book of Psalms. In the year 1758, die with him. he told me how he had been medi- His Commentary on the Psalms tating on the Book of Psalms, and

* This plan he afterwards thought pro*This work is now republishing in the per to alter, and, as it is judged; for the Christian Journal.


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

was under his hand about twenty received. With those who could read years. The labour to which he sub- English, it was so much in request, mitted in the course of the work, was that I was told the book was never prodigious; his reading, for many out of hand ; and I apprehend more years, was allotted chiefly to this sub- copies were sent for. Every intelliject; and his study and meditation to gent Christian, who once knows the gether produced as fine a work, and value of it, will keep it to the end of as finely written, as most in the Eng. his life, as the companion of his relish language. There are good and tirement : and I can scarcely wish learned merf who cannot but speak greater blessing to the age, than that well of the work, and yet are forward it may daily be better known and to let us know that they do not folu more approved. low Dr. Horne as an interpreter. I (To be continued.) believe them: but tbis is one of the things we have to lament: and, while they may think this an honour to their The true and Apostolical Mode of im. judgment, I am afraid it is a symptom parting Religious Knowledge, and that we are retrograde in theological of propagating the Gospel, exemplilearning The author was sensible, fied in un Eulogium on the Society that, after the pleasure he had re- (in England) for Promoting ceived in studying for the work, and Christian Knowledge. the labour of composing and correcting, he was to offer what the age was

[The author of the following extract,

the Rev. Christopher Wordsworth, D. D. ill prepared to receive. This put him on his guard; and the work is in

Dean of Bocking, is but little known in some respects the better for it, in this country, except through the medium others not so good; it is more cau

of the Christian Observer, in which he is tiously and correctly written, but, per

censured on account of his opposition to haps, not so richly furnished with the British and Foreign Bible Society. matter as it might have been. Had We trust our readers, however, will not he been composing a novel, he would be deterred by this circumstance from a have been under none of these fears: candid perusal of the following extract his imagination might then have taken from a Sermon preached by him before a its course, without a bridle, and the Committee of the Society for Promoting world would have followed as fast as Christian Knowledge. The superior he could wish.

claims of this Society above those of The first edition in quarto was pub. more modern origin, are set forth in this lished in the year 1776, when the au

eloquent address, with great simplicity, thor was vice-chancellor; and it hap- clearness, force, and candour. The true pened, soon after its publication that I and apostolical mode of imparting reliwas at Paris. There was then a Christian University in the place! Gospel, finds in this writer a powerful ad

gious knowledge, and of propagating the and I had an opportunity of recom

vocate.] mending it to some learned gentle. men who were members of it, and WHEREFORE, brethren, if your de- . understood the English language well. sire be to do good, and to communiI took the liberty to tell them, our cate; if ye seek the edifying of the church had lately been enriched by a Church; if it be your care, as ye have Commentary on the Psalms; the best opportunity to do good unto all men, in our opinion that had ever appeared; especially unto them who are of the and such as St. Austin would have household of faith—then we say, perused with delight if he had lived Come hither. Bring your gifts to this to see it. At my return the author treasury of the Lord. Lay_your ofwas so obliging as to furnish me with ferings upon this altar.

Promote, a copy to send over to them as a pre with your best efforts, that special obsent; and I was highly gratified by ject for which we are met together the approbation with which it was this day. I fear no contradiction when I affirm, that let the pretensions and the Gospel of peace; that he must claims of other institutions be what take the helmet of salvation, and the they may, to you there is none which sword of the spirit, which is the word can enter into any comparison with of God; fighting under the banner of that now before us: to all, I mean, the Author and Captain of his salvawho are true patriots, wise citizens of tion, and remembering that the aim the world, and conscientious members and end of all his earthly pilgrimage and lovers of the Church of England. is this, that he too should one day " I speak as to wise men, judge ye spurn this lower world, and leave it what I say."

behind him, passing through the ever1. This Society, discerning the im- lasting doors of heaven, and welcomed portance of a solid foundation, begins there, all his toils being now over, by wisely with man in his infancy. To the joyful acclamations of the angels promote the erection and good go. that stand before the presence of God, vernment of schools for the children and by the glorious Church triumof the lower orders of the people, phant, and by the heart-piercing words has ever been an object of its most of Jesus, his Master and King, “ Well anxious regard and concern. And in done, gond and faithful servant, enter this one department only, the bene. thou into the joy of thy Lord ?". Are fits derived to every corner of our these things, I say, in good degree, land, and indeed to the Christian acknowledged and felt, and acted upon world at large, from the aid, the in- by all; then, let it not be forgotten, fluence, and the example of this in- that very much of this wisdom has stitution, are inestimable.

been derived from the labours of this Yes: it is now generally acknow- Society. It led the way, when these ledged amongst us, that while the duties were comparatively little unwelfare of states most depends on a derstood. Its members have ever contented, industrious, and virtuous been in the first ranks to contend for peasantry, this condition of things is and to establish these great truths ; best secured, their own happiness, and its charitable labours have every and that of their families, is best pro- where confirmed the voice of reason, moted, by inuring children to the by the sure test of experience. And yoke of discipline, and by imparting to therefore let it be your care, that it them the blessings of a Christian edu- may go on as heretofore, rather with cation, and training them to habits of continually increasing ability and zeal, useful industry? Do all now under- testifying throughout our land a dutistand, that it is the baneful and foolish ful obedience to the merciful charge delusion of a shallow, pretended phi- of our Lord to his Apostle, “ Feed. losophy, which would withhold in- my lambs ;" and accomplishing, to struction from the young, under the the best of its ability, the word of plea of keeping their minds unbiassed, prophecy spoken of the day of the and free from I know not what preju- Messiah, “to the poor the Gospel is dices? Do all agree, that the poor preached.” man, not less than the rich, is to un- 2. Therefore, again, as the next derstand, that he was born for nobler great step to this blessed consummapurposes than to pass a few short tion, has God given from heaven his years here, drudging and toiling among holy Scriptures, for our instruction the clods of his kindred earth; that and consolation : his law to be a lamp he too has within him a divine particle unto our feet, and a light unto our of God's holy and immortal spirit; paths; the word of his Gospel, to that he has a Father and Master in make us wise unto salvation? Has he the heavens; that, therefore, his mind spread a table for us in the wilderlikewise must be raised, ever and ness, and prepared manna, angel's anon, to high and heavenly things; food, to be our refreshment in this that he too is to have an eye open to earthly sojourn ? Has he opened a see, and an ear to hear; that his feet fountain of living waters, sweeter than must be shod with the preparation of honey to the throat? Is it his will

that all should be built up in his holy and obey the injunction of God, by faith, should walk in the paths of his his servant Moses, to the people Is commandments, and so, in the end, rael, “ These words which I comattain everlasting life? Then, here mand thee this day shall be in thine likewise, let not this our Institution heart; and thou shalt teach them dilibe deprived of its due tribute of gently unto thy children, and shalt praise.

talk of them when thou sittest in thine More than one hundred years has house, and when thou walkest by the the Society for promoting Christian way, and when thou liest down, and Knowledge faithfully laboured in this when thou risest up."* By the friendly vineyard, co-operating with the divine aid of this Institution, the seaman purposes of mercy. It saw many likewise, as he ploughs the trackless hungry for the bread of life, their deep, is invited to fix his eye on the soul meanwhile fainting within them, load-star of Christian hope, to gather by reason of their adversity, and it fresh strength to encounter the storms compassionated their destitute condi- and billows of life's tempestuous sea, tion. Therefore, it called aloud to to steer his course by the unerring all who feel for the sorrows of hu- compass of God's word, and so to manity, and who feel a concern for reach in the end that haven of ever. the welfare of Christ's Church, to lasting peace, where his soul would bring in their aid, to remedy the most be: and the soldier it inspires with pitiable of all necessities, a dearth of strength unknown before, while he is the word of God. This' call it has armed with the sword of the spirit, ever since continued to prefer; and, which is the word of God; and marches thanks be to the Almighty Giver of under the shelter of that shield of all good, not without distinguished faith, whereby he is able to quench success.

all the fiery darts of the wicked one. Here then you see a second leading To the prisoner it seeks to point out branch of this Society's Christian and the way, how, though his body be in beneficent designs. It stands forth, chains, yet his immortal spirit shall with the book of the holy Scripture be no longer bound for ever, but shall in its hand, testifying that these are receive the fulfilment of that gracious the words whereby we must be saved. promise of God's word, " If the Son Its desire is, that all should know make you free, ye shall be free inthe Lord, from the least unto the deed:” and to the sick man's bed it greatest, and hear his voice, and me- brings the glad tidings of that physiditate thereon day and night: and cian, who shall pour wine, and oil into while it' seeks that all from their ten- the wounds of his afflicted spirit; and der years should know letters, it ne- by whose might and grace, even while ver ceases likewise to testify aloud, the outward man is perishing, the inthat all learning is vain, the founda- ward man shall be renewed day by tion of which is not laid upon that day. volume, which alone is able to make 3. But further : what is it, in the men wise unto salvation.

estimate of the wise Christian, that Therefore, in pursuit of these cha- stands next in importance to the word ritable purposes, it enters the cotta- of God? It is, surely, his worship. ger's abode, there to reposite this pre- Is it fit that men should lift up holy cious boon. And here, it says to the hands to God in supplication?' Is it weary labourer, is the sweetest solace his desire, that they should

with of all thy toils, and the surest guide the heart, and pray with the underto contentment on earth, and to all standing also ? Yea, is it a joyful and that share of happiness to thee and pleasant thing to be thankful ? And thine, which is ever allotted to man does the Lord himself call us to go here below. Learn, therefore, in into his gates with thanksgiving, and these leaves to commune with thine into his courts with praise ? Here own heart, to sit meekly at the feet of thy Saviour, listening to his voice ;


* Deut. vi. 6.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »