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2ork. ? My brother General, the Common-wealth, To Brother born an household Cruelty, I make my quarrel in particular.

Weft. There is no need of any such redress;
Or if there were, it not belongs to you.

Mcwb. Why not to him in part, and to us all,
That feel the bruises of the days before ;
And suffer the condition of these times
To lay an heavy and unequal hand
Upon our honours ?

Weft. O my good Lord Mowbray, confecrate the general's sword, 2 My brother general, &c. which was employ'd in the ser I make my quarrel in particular. ] vice of the church. To this The sense is this, My brother gen custom the line in question al- neral, the Common-wealth, wh ch ludes. As to the cant of unifor- ought to distribute its benefits mity of metaphor in writing, this equally, is become an enemy to those is to be cbserved, that changing of his own house, to brothersthe allufion in the same sentence born, by giving some all, and is indeed vicious, and what Quin- others none ; and this (says he) I ulian condemns, Multi quum ini- make my quarrel or grievance that tum à tempeftate fumferint, in- honours are unequally d tributed; cendio aut ruinâ finiunt. But when the constant birth of male-conone comparison or allusion is tents, and source of civil comfairly separated from another, by motions.

WARBURTON. distinct sentences, the case is dif In the first folio the second ferent. So it is here ; in one line is omitted, yet that reading, fentence we see the book of re- unintelligible as it is, has been bellion li ampt uith a seal divine; followed by Sir T. Hanmer. How in the other, the frord of civil difficultly sense can be drawn from difcord confecrated. But this change the best reading the explication of the metaphor is not only al- of Dr. Warburton may show. I lowable, but fit. For the dwell- believe there is an errour in the ing overlong upon one occasions first line, which perhaps may be the discourse to degenerate into rectified thus, a dull kind of allegorism.

My quarrel general, the commonWARBURTON. wealth, What Mr. Theobald says of To Brosker born an household two editions seems to be true, cruelty, for my copy reads, commotion's I make my quarrel in particul. r. bitter edge, but civil is undoubt- That is, my general cause of disedly right, and one would won content is publick mismanageder how bitter could intrude if ment, my particular cause a dociril had been written firit, per- meflick injury done to my natural haps the authour himself made brotber, who had been beheaded the change.

by the King's order.

Con

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* Construe the times to their necefities,
And you shall say, indeed, it is the time,
And not the King, that doth you injuries.
Yet, for your part, it not appears to me,
+ Or from the King, or in the present time,
That you should have an inch of any ground
To build a grief on. Were you not restor'd
To all the Duke of Norfolk's Seigniories,
Your noble and right-well remember'd father's ?

Mowb. What thing, in honour, had my father loft,
That need to be reviv'd and breath'd in me?
The King, that lov'd him, as the State stood then,
Was, force per force, compellid to banish him.
And then, when Harry Boling broke and he
Being mounted and both rowsed in their seats,
Their neighing Courses daring of the spur,
I Their armed staves in charge, their beavers down,
Their eyes of fire sparkling through sights of steel,
And the loud trumpet blowing them together ;
Then, then, when there was nothing could have staid
My father from the breast of Bolingbroke,
o, when the King did throw his warder down,
His own life hung upon the staff he threw;
Then threw he down himself, and all their lives,
That by indictment, or by dint of sword,
Have since miscarried under Boling broke.

Weft. You speak, Lord Mowbray, now, you know The farl of Hereford was reputed then In England the most valiant gentleman. Who knows, on whom fortune would then have smild? But if your facher had been victor there, * Coltrue the times to their the king, it appears not that you

ne ellities.] That is, judice have, for your part, been injured of what s done in theje tim s ac either by the king or the time. corting to the exigencies that over I Their ormod slaves in charge )

An arme i fiatje is a lance. To be + or from t'e Kins, &c] in charge, is to be fixed for the exWhether the faults of

governmeat be imputed to the time or

He

(not what.

rule us.

counter.

He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry ;
For all the country in a general voice
Cry'd hate upon him ; all their prayers and love
Were set on Hereford, whom they doted on,
And bless’d, and grac'd, indeed, more than the King.
But this is mere digression from my purpose.-
Here come I from our princely General,
To know your griefs, to tell you from his Grace,
That he will give you audience, and wherein
It shall appear that your demands are just,
You shall enjoy them ; every thing let off,
That might so much as think you enemies.

Mowb. But he hath forc'd us to compel this offer, And it proceeds from policy, not love.

Weft. Mowbray, you over-ween to take it so;
This offer comes from mercy, not from fear.
For, lo! within a ken, our army lies,
Upon mine honour, all too confident
To give admittance to a thought of fear.
Our battle is inore full of names than

yours,
Our men more perfect in the use of arms,
Our armour all as strong, our cause the best.;
Then reason wills, our hearts should be as good.
Say you not then, our offer is compellid.

Mowb. Well; by my will, we shall admit no parley.

West. That argues but the shame of your offence, A rotten case abides no handling.

Haft. Hath the Prince John a full commission,
In very ample virtue of his father,
To hear and absolutely to determine
Of what conditions we shall stand upon

West. That is intended in the General's name :
3 And tlefi'd and grac'd more

very near to the Traces of the than the King himseif.] The corrupted Reading. THEOBALD. Two oldest Folio's (which firit 4 This is intended in the Gegave us this Speech of Weftmor

neral's name : ) That is, iard) read this Line thus ; this power is inclu ied in the name And blejs’d and grac'd and did or office of a generalWe won

more thar the King. der that you can ask a question lo Dr. Thiriby reform'd the Text difling.

I muse,

4

X 3

I muse, you make so night a question.

York. Then take, my lord of Westmorland, this For this contains our general grievances. [schedule, Each several article herein redress'd ; All members of our cause, both here and hence, That are infinewed to this action, Acquitted by a true * substantial form ; And present executions of our wills s To us, and to our purposes, confin'd; • We come within our awful banks again, And knit our powers to the arm of peace.

[lords, West. This will I shew the General. Please you, 7 In sight of both our battles, we may meet; And either end in peace, which heav'n so frame ! Or to the place of difference call the swords, Which must decide it.

York. My lord, we will do so.

[Exit West.

Subfiantial form.] That is, To us and to our PROPERTIES by a pardon of due form and legal confin'd; validity.

i. e. we defire no more than le5 Tous, anilo our PURPOSES, curity for our liberties and friper

confid;] This schedule we ties : and this was no unreasonasee consists of three parts, 1. A ble demand. WARBURTON redress of general grievances. This passage is so obscure that 2. A pardon for those in arms. I know not what to make of it. 3. Some demands of advantage Nothing better occurs to me, for them. But this third part than to read consign’d, for confin'd. is very strangely expressed. That is, let the execution of our

And present execution of our wills demands be put into our hands acTo us and to our PURPOSES con- cording to our declared purposes.

6 We come within our AWFUL The first line shews they had

banks again, something to demand, and the We should read LAWFUL. WARB. fecond expresses the modesty of Awful barks are the proper lithat demand. The demand, says mits of reverence. the speaker, is confined to us and 7 The old copies : We may meet 10 our purposes. A very modelt At either, end in peace; which kind of refriction truly! only as

Heav'n 10 frame?] extenfive as their appetites and That easy, but certain, Change pasions. Without question Shake- in the Text, I owe to Dr. Tbirispear wrote,

by.

THEOBALD.

8

SCENE

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Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom tells me, That no conditions of our peace can stand.

Hat. Fear you not that; if we can make our peace
Upon such large terms and so absolute,
As our conditions shall insist upon,
Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains.

Mowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such,
Thac ev'ry night and false-derived caule,
Yea, ev'ry idle, nice and wanton reason,
Shall to the King talte of this action.
* That, were our loyal faiths martyrs in love,
We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind,
That ev'n our corn shall seem as light as chaff,
And good from bad find no partition.

York. No, no, my lord, note this, the King is weary
* Of dainty and such picking grievances :
For he hath found, to end one doubt by death,
Revives two greater in the heirs of life.
And therefore will he 'wipe his tables clean,
And keep no tell-tale to his memory,
That may repeat and history his lois
To new remembrance. For full well he knows,
He cannot so precisely weed this land,
As his misdoubts present occasion ;
His foes are so enrooted with his friends,
That, plucking to unfix an enemy,
He doth unfasten so and shake a friend.
So that this Land, like an offensive wife,
8 In former Editions:

* Of dainty and fucb picking Thal, were

our royal faiths grievances ) I cannot but martyrs in love. If royal think that this line is corrupted, faiths can mean faith to a king, and that we thould read, it yet cannot mean it without

Of picking out such dainty griev. much violence done to the lan: guage. I therefore read, with 9-wipe his tables clean,] Sir 1. Hanmer, loyal faiths, which Alluding to a table-book of Rute, is proper, natural, and suitable ivory, c, WARBURTON. to the intention of the speaker.

That

ances.

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